First off, your blood is not a very sweet beverage. Normal fasting blood sugar is slightly less than one teaspoon of sugar in your five or so quarts of blood. What happens when you drink a sugar-sweetened drinks that contains ten teaspoons of sugar?
When you eat any food, even fat, will raise your insulin level. Higher amounts of refined carbohydrates- aka sugar or simple sugars will raise your insulin faster and in higher amounts. The greater the fiber content of what you eat, the slower insulin is raised and the more natural the process.
When you eat a large meal, regardless of the type of calories, it causes a large surge in insulin. Insulin is a taxicab for calories, its goal is to take blood sugar as its passenger to various locations in the body that needs it. It helps if you are active as some of the sugar is more likely to be wanted by cells in the body, especially muscle cells. this is why regular exercise helps burn up and remove some of the excess sugar.
Some say blood sugar is fuel to the body, like gasoline is to a car. Your brain must have a regular supply or your head conks out. I guess the difference is your car’s thank when its full it just cant hold anymore, but the body doesn’t come with that type of check valve to say it is full and can’t take any more sugar, so now the body begins to breakdown because of too much sugar (“the number one source of fuel to the body”) yea ok.
Following a meal your insulin taxis are busy transporting sugar through your circulation and out to your cells, hoping to find cells that need some sugar. In a “healthy person”, insulin drops off a whopping sixty percent of the sugar in your liver which turns it into the body’s toxic warehouse, the body then signals the liver to begin converting blood sugar to glycogen for storage. Insulin is released by your pancreas in two phases, the first phase is from insulin that is already made and stored in your pancreas, which is just waiting for some food to come along. This is your first wave of taxis coming to pick up the first set of blood-sugar passengers. The release of this insulin triggers your pancreas beta cells to start making more insulin to deal with the rest of the meal. As you are eating, some of the insulin transports blood sugar to your white adipose tissue or stored fat aka (waste).