Herbal_Artist Training

Muscular system week..10 words

The muscular system is responsible for the movement of the human body. Attached to the bones of the skeletal system are about 700 named muscles that make up roughly half of a person’s body weight. Each of these muscles is a discrete organ constructed of skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons and nerves. Muscle tissue is also found inside of the heart, digestive organs, and blood vessels. In these organs, muscles serve to move substances throughout the body.
Anatomy of the Muscular System
Muscle Types
There are three types of muscle tissue: Visceral, cardiac, and skeletal. Visceral muscle is found inside of organs like the stomach, intestines, and blood vessels. The weakest of all muscle tissues, visceral muscle makes organs contract to move substances through the organ. Because visceral muscle is controlled by the unconscious part of the brain, it is known as involuntary muscle-it cannot be directly controlled by the conscious mind.The term “smooth muscle” is often used to describe visceral muscle because it has a very smooth, uniform appearance when viewed under a microscope. This smooth appearance starkly contrasts with the banded appearance of cardiac and skeletal muscles.

Cardiac Muscle
Found only in the heart, cardiac muscle is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body.
Cardiac muscle tissue cannot be controlled consciously, so it is an involuntary muscle. While hormones and signals from the brain adjust the rate of contraction, cardiac muscle stimulates itself to contract. The natural pacemaker of the heart is made of cardiac muscle tissue that stimulates other cardiac muscle cells to contract. Because of its self-stimulation, cardiac muscle is considered to be autorhythmic or intrinsically controlled.
The cells of cardiac muscle tissue are striated- that is, they appear to have light and dark  stripes when viewed under a light microscope. The arrangement of protein fibers inside of the cells causes these light and dark bands. Striations indicate that a muscle cell is very strong, unlike visceral muscles. The cells of cardiac muscle are branched X or Y shaped cells tightly connected together by special junctions called intercalated disks. Intercalated disks are made up of finger like projections from two neighboring cells that interlock and provide a strong bond between the
cells. The branched structure and intercalated disks allow the muscle cells to resist high blood pressures and the strain of pumping blood throughout a lifetime. These features also help to spread electrochemical signals quickly from cell to cell so that the heart can beat as a unit.

Skeletal muscle is the only voluntary muscle tissue in the human body-it is controlled consciously. Every physical action that a person consciously performs (e.g. speaking, walking or writing) requires skeletal muscle. The function of skeletal muscle is to contract to move parts of the body closer to the bone that the muscle is attached to. Most skeletal muscles are attached to two bones across a joint, so the muscle serves to move parts of those bones closer to each other.
Skeletal muscle cells form when many smaller progenitor cells lump themselves together to form long, straight, multinucleated fibers. Striated just like cardiac muscle, these skeletal muscle fibers are very strong. Skeletal muscle derives its name from the fact that these muscles always connect to the skeleton in at least one place. Most skeletal muscles are attached to two bones through tendons. Tendons are tough bands of dense regular connective tissue whose strong collagen fibers firmly attach muscles to bones. Tendons are under extreme stress when muscles pull on them, so they are very strong and are woven into the coverings of both muscles and bones. Muscles move by shortening their length, pulling on tendons, and moving bones closer to each other. One of the bones is pulled towards the other bone, which remains stationary bone that is connected via tendons to the muscle is called the origin. The place of the moving bone that is connected to the muscle via tendons is called the insertion. The belly of the muscle is the fleshy part of the muscle in between the tendons that does the actual contraction. Skeletal muscles are named based on many different factors, including their location, origin and insertion, number of origins, shape, size, direction, and function.

Location: Many muscles derive their names from their anatomical region. The rectus abdominis and transverse abdominis, for example, are found in the abdominal region. Some muscles, like the tibialis anterior, are named after the part of the bone (the anterior portion of the tibia) that they are attached to. Other muscles use a hybrid of these two, like the brachioradialis, which is named after a region (brachial) and a bone (radius).

Origin and Insertion: Some muscles are named based upon their connection to a stationary bone (origin) and moving bone (insertion). These muscles become very easy to identify once you know the names es of the bones that they are attached to. Examples of this type of muscle include the sternocleidomastoid (connecting the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid process of the skull) and the occipitofrontalis (connecting the occipital bone to the frontal bone.
Number of Origins: Some muscles connect to more than one bone or to more than one place on a bone and therefore have more than one origin. A muscle with two origins is called a biceps. A muscle with three origins is a triceps muscle. Finally, a muscle with four origins is a quadriceps muscle.
Shape, Size, and Direction: We also classify muscles by their shapes. For example, the deltoids have a delta or triangular shape. The serratus muscles feature a serrated or saw-like shape. The rhomboid major is a rhombus or diamond shape. The size of the muscle can be used to distinguish between two muscles found in the same region. The gluteal region contains three muscles differentiated by size-the gluteus maximus (large), gluteus medius (medium), and gluteus minimus (smallest). Finally, the direction in which the muscle fibers run can be used to identify a muscle. In the abdominal region, there are several sets of wide, flat muscles. The muscles whose fibers run straight up and down are the rectus abdominis, the ones running transversely (left to right) are the transverse abdominis, and the ones running at an angle are the obliques.

Function: Muscles are sometimes classified by the type of function that they perform. Most of the muscles of the forearms are named based on their function because they are located in the same region and have similar shapes and sizes. For example, the flexor group of the forearm flexes the wrist and the fingers. The supinator is a muscle that supinates the wrist by rolling it over to face palm up. In the leg, there are muscles called abductors whose role is to abduct (pull together) the legs. Groups Action in Skeletal Muscle: Skeletal muscles rarely works by themselves to achieve movements in the body. More often they work in groups to produce precise movements. The muscle that produces any particular movement of the body is known as an agonist or prime mover. The agonist always pairs with an antagonist muscle that produces the opposite effect on the same bones. For example, the biceps brachii muscle flexes the arm at the elbow, As the antagonist for this motion, the triceps brachii muscle extends the arm at the elbow. When the triceps is extending the arm, the biceps would be considered the antagonist. In addition to the agonist/antagonist pairing, other muscles work to support the movements of the agonist. Synergistic are muscles that help to stabilize a movement and reduce extraneous movements. They are usually found in regions near the agonist and often connect to the same bones. Because skeletal muscles move the insertion closer to the immobile origin, fixator muscles assist in movement by holding the origin stable. If you lift something heavy with your arms, fixators in the trunk region hold your body upright and immobile so that you maintain your balance while lifting.

Skeletal muscle fibers differ dramatically from other tissues of the body due to their highly specialized functions. Many of the organelles that make up muscle fibers are unique to this type of cell. The sarcolemma is the cell membrane of muscle fibers.  The sarcolemma acts as a conductor for electrochemical signals that stimulate muscle cells. Connected to the sarcolemma are transverse tubules (T-tubules) that help carry these electrochemical signals into the middle of the muscle fiber. The sarcoplasmic reticulum serves as a storage facility for calcium ions (Ca2+) that are vital to muscle contraction. Mitochondria, the “power houses” of the cell, are abundant in muscle cells to break down sugars and provide energy in the form of ATP to active muscles. Most of the muscle fiber’s structure is made up of myofibrils, which are the contractile structures of the cell.  Myofibrils are made up of many proteins fibers arranged into repeating subunits called sarcomeres. The sarcomere is the functional unit of muscle fibers.
Sarcomere Structure: Sarcomeres are made of two types of protein fibers, thick filaments and thin filaments is the protein that causes muscles to contract. Thick filaments are made of many bonded units of the protein myosin. Myosin is the protein that causes muscles to contract. Thin filaments are made of three proteins. Actin forms a helical structure that makes up the bulk of the thin filament mass. Actin contains myosin-binding sites that allow myosin to connect to and move actin during muscle contraction. Tropomyosin is a long protein fiber that wraps around actin and covers the myosin binding sites on actin. Troponin, bound very tightly to tropomyosin, troponin moves tropomyosin away from myosin binding sites during muscle contraction.

Function of Muscle Tissue: The main function of the muscular system is movement. Muscles are the only tissue in the body that has the ability to contract and therefore move the other parts of the body related to the function of movement is the muscular system’s second function, the maintenance of posture and body position. Muscles often contract to hold the body still or in a particular position rather than to cause movement. The muscles responsible for the body’s posture have the greatest endurance of all muscles in the body-they hold up the body throughout the day without becoming tired.
Another function related to movement is the movement of substances inside the body. The cardiac and visceral muscles are primarily responsible for transporting substances like food from one part of the body to another. The final function of muscle tissue is the generation of body heat. As a result of the high metabolic rate of contracting muscle, our muscular system produces a great deal of waste heat. Many small muscle contractions within the body produce our natural body heat. When we exert ourselves more than normal, the extra muscle contractions lead to a rise in body temperature and eventually to sweating.

Skeletal Muscles as Levers: Skeletal muscles work together with bones and joints to form lever systems. The muscle acts as the effort force, the joint acts as the fulcrum, the bone that the muscle moves acts as the lever and the object being moved acts as the load. There are three classes of levers, but the vast majority of the levers in the body are third class levers. A third class lever is a system in which the fulcrum is at the end of the lever and the effort is between the fulcrum and the load at the other end of the lever. The third class levers in the body serve to increase the distance moved by the load compared to the distance that the muscle contracts.
The trade off for this increase in distance is that the force required to move the load must be greater than the mass of the load. For example, the biceps brachii of the arm pull on the  radius of the forearm, causing flexion at the elbow joint in a third class lever system. A very slight change in the length of the biceps causes a much larger hand, but the force applied by the biceps must be higher than the load moved by the muscle. Motor Units: Nerve cells called motor neurons control the skeletal muscles. Each motor neuron controls several muscle cells in a group known as a motor unit. When a motor neuron receives a signal from the brain, it stimulates all of the muscles cells in its motor unit at the same time. The size of motor units varies throughout the body, depending on the function of a muscle. Muscles that perform fine movements-like those of the eyes or fingers-have very few muscle fibers in each motor unit to improve the precision of the brain’s control over these structures. Muscles that need a lot of strength to perform their function-like leg or arm. Muscles have many muscle cells in each motor unit. One of the ways that the body can control the strength of each muscle is by determining how many motor units to activate for a given function. This explains why the same muscles that are used to pick up a pencil are also used to pick up a bowling ball.

Contraction Cycle: Muscles contract when stimulated by signals from their motor neurons. Motor neurons contact muscle cells at a point called the Neuromuscular Junction (NMJ). Motor neurons release neurotransmitter chemicals at the NMJ that bond to a special part of the sarcolemma known as the motor end plate. The motor end plate contains many ion channels that open in response to neurotransmitters and allow positive ions to enter the muscle fiber. The positive ions form an electrochemical gradient to form inside of the cell, which spreads throughout the sarcolemma and the T-tubules by opening even more ion channels.
When the positive ions reach the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca2+ ions are released and allowed to flow into the myofibrils. Ca2+ ions bind to troponin, which causes the troponin molecule to change shape and move nearby molecules of tropomyosin. Tropomyosin is moved away from myosin binding sites on actin molecules, allowing actin and myosin to bind together.
ATP molecules power myosin proteins in the thick filaments to bend and pull on actin molecules in the thin filaments. Myosin proteins act like oars on a boat, pulling the thin filaments closer to the center of a sarcomere. As the thin filaments are pulled together, the sarcomere shortens and contracts. Myofibrils of muscle fibers are made of many sarcomeres in a row, so that when all of the sarcomeres contract, the muscle cells shortens with a great force relative to its size. Muscles continue contraction as long as they are stimulated by a neurotransmitter. When a motor neuron stops the release of the neurotransmitter, the process of contraction reverses itself. Calcium returns to the sarcoplasmic reticulum; troponin and tropomyosin return to their resting positions and actin and myosin are prevented from binding. Sarcomeres return to their elongated resting state once the force of myosin pulling on actin has stopped.

Types of Muscle Contraction: The strength of a muscle’s contraction can be controlled by two factors, the number of motor units involved in contraction and the amount of stimulus from the nervous system.
A single nerve impulse of a motor nueron will cause a motor unit to contract briefly before relaxing thiis small contraction is known as a twitch contraction. If the motor neuron provides several signals within a short period of time, the strength and duration of the muscle contraction increases.
This phenomenon is known as temporal summation. If the motor neuron provides nerve impulses in rapid succession, the muscle may enter the state of tetanus, or complete and lasting contraction. A muscle will remain in tetanus until the nerve signal rate slows or until the muscle becomes too fatigued to maintain the tetanus. Not all muscle contractions produce movement. Isometric contractions are light contractions are light that increase the tension in the muscle without exerting enough force to move a body part. When people tense their bodies due to stress, they are performing an isometric contraction. Holding an object still and maintaining posture are also the result of isometric contraction.

Functional Types of Skeletal Muscle Fibers: Muscle tone provides a slight tension on the muscle to prevent damage to the muscle maintain some amount of muscle tone at all times, unless the muscle has been disconnected Skeletal muscle fibers can be divided into two types based on how they produce and use energy: Type I and Type II.
Type I fibers are very slow and deliberate in their contractions. They are very resistant to fatigue because they use aerobic respiration to produce energy from sugar. We find type I fibers in muscles throughout the body for stamina and posture. Near the spine and neck regions, very high concentrations of Type I fibers hold the body up throughout the day.
Type II fibers are broken down into two subgroups. Type II A and Type II B
Type II A fibers are faster and stronger than Type I fibers, but do not have as much endurance. Type Il A fibers are found throughout the body, but especially in the legs where they work to support your body throughout a long day of walking and standing. Type II B fibers are even faster and stronger than Type Il A, but have even less endurance. Type Il B fibers are also much lighter in color than. Type I and Type ll A due to their lack of myoglobin, an oxygen-storing pigment. We find Type ll B fibers throughout the body, but particularly in the upper body where they give speed and strength to the arms and chest at the expense of stamina.

Muscle Metabolism and Fatigue: Muscles get their energy from different sources depending on the situation that the muscle is working in. Muscles use aerobic respiration when we call on them to produce a low moderate level of force. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen to produce about 36-38 ATP molecules from a molecule of glucose. Aerobic respiration is very efficient, and can continue as long as a muscle receives adequate amounts of oxygen and glucose to keep contracting. When we use muscles to produce a high level of force, they become so tightly contracted that oxygen carrying blood cannot enter the muscle. This condition causes the muscle to-create energy using lactic acid fermentation, a form of anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration is much less efficient than aerobic respiration-only 2 ATP are produced for each molecule of glucose. Muscles quickly tire as they burn through their energy reserves under anaerobic respiration. To keep muscles working for a longer period of time, muscle fibers contain several important energy molecules. Myoglobin, a red pigment found in muscles, stores oxygen in a manner similar to hemoglobin in the blood The oxygen from myoglobin allows muscles to continue aerobic respiration in the absence of oxygen. Another chemical that helps to keep muscles working is creatine phosphate. Muscles use energy in the form of ATP to ADP to release its energy. Creatine phosphate donates its phosphate group to ADP to turn it back into ATP in order to provide extra energy to the muscle. Finally, fibers contain energy-storing glycogen, a large macromolecule made of many linked glucoses. Active muscles break glucoses off of glycogen molecules to provide an internal fuel supply.

When muscles run out of energy during either aerobic or anaerobic respiration, the muscle quickly tires and loses its ability to contract. This condition is known as muscle fatigue. A fatigued muscle contains very little or no oxygen, glucose or ATP, but instead has many waste products from respiration, like lactic acid and ADP. The body must take in extra oxygen after exertion to replace the oxygen that was stored in myoglobin in the muscle fiber as well as to power the aerobic respiration that will rebuild the energy supplies inside of the cell. Oxygen debt (or recovery oxygen uptake) is the name for the extra oxygen that the body must take in to restore the muscle cells to their resting state. This explains why you feel out of breath for a few minutes after a strenuous activity. With their rich supply of blood, skeletal muscles are fairly resistant to infection. When following a healthy lifestyle, few people will experience a life-threatening muscular ailment. Though rare serious disorders can target the muscles. A few disorders can affect the muscles indirectly by attacking the nerves that stimulate muscles. Among these ailments are botulism and tetanus.

Herbs and Remedies for the Muscular System: More than 100 plants are known to have pain-relieving properties, but some are really outstanding. Reporting on herbal painkillers for arthritis, a review of clinical trials in the Clinical Journal of Pain says devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens), capsaicin from hot chiles (Capsicum spp.). gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) from seed oils, and certain blended herbal extracts are especially good. Other studies indicate broader pain-relieving benefits from these as well as two traditional favorites, white willow (Salix spp.) and peppermint (Mentha piperita).
Herbal Help: Devil’s Claw and Capsaicin.

Devil’s claw is a South African herb with medicinally active roots. This herb eases muscular tension or pain in the back, shoulders and neck. A popular treatment for osteoarthritic pain, it may ease rheumatoid arthritic pain as well. The herb’s active ingredients are harpagide and harpagoside, both iridoid glycosides with analgesic (pain-relieving) and inflammatory actions. Devil’s claw extract has been shown to reduce osteoarthritic hip or knee pain by 25 percent and improve mobility within a few weeks.

Capsaicin puts the heat in hot peppers. It manipulates the body’s pain status by hindering pain perception, triggering the release of pain-relieving endorphins and providing analgesic action. Commercial capsaicin-containing creams such as Zostrix, Heet and Capzasin-P are used topically for arthritis and nerve pain. Creams containing capsaicin can significantly reduce osteoarthritic pain when applied to joints four times daily. A higher concentration  best for peripheral nerve pain-such as that from diabetic nerve damage, HIV and pain following cancer surgery. When using topical capsaicin productsbe sure to avoid touching your eyes and other sensitive areas. Capsaicin also can be taken internally to help with chronic digestive discomfort, or dyspepsia. If you like to munch hot peppers, rest assured that they do not aggravate stomach ulcers as is commonly believed, and they actually might protect your stomach from prescription-drug damage.
More Pain-relieving Herbs

Arnica.. available in creams,oils and tablets, relieves osteoarthritis pain in the knee and pain following carpal-tunnel release surgery. It contains helenin, an analgesic, as well as anti inflammatory chemicals.

Boswellia.. contains anti-inflammatory and analgesic boswellic acids that can soothe pain from sports injuries and also can help osteoarthritic knee pain. Clove is a popular home remedy for a toothache. Apply a drop or two of this excellent anti-inflammatory directly to your aching tooth or tooth cavity. Fennel.. seeds are stocked with 16 analgesic and 27 antispasmodic chemicals. It makes a pleasant licorice-flavored tea and is especially good for menstrual cramps. But avoid the herb while pregnant or nursing because of its estrogenic effects.

Feverfew.. is a remedy many people swear by for headaches including migraines. Feverfew can reduce both the frequency and severity of headaches when taken regularly.

Ginger root..has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that can alleviate digestive cramps and mild pain from fibromyalgia.

Green tea.. is great for stiff muscles, it has nine muscle-relaxing compounds, more than just about any other plant.

Licorice root ..is recommended by the German Commission E for sore throat. Not surprising, considering its nine anesthetic, 10 analgesic and 20 anti-inflammatory compounds.

Oregano.., Rosemary and Thyme are herbs you should be sprinkling liberally onto your food, as they are replete with analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory compounds. (Oregano alone has 32 anti-inflammatories!) Mix and match these garden herbs into a pain-relieving tea. Aromatherapy: Experience the Sweet Smell of Pain Relief Ever thought of using your nose to help ease your pain? Volatile in essential oils can easily enter your body via your olfactory system and adjust brain electrical activity to alter your perception of pain. Clinical aromatherapists commonly use lavender, peppermint, chamomile, and damask rose for pain relief and relaxation. A report from Nursing Clinics of North America says that massage with lavender relieves pain and enhances the effect of orthodox pain medication. Lavender and chamomile oils are gentle enough to be used with children and, in blends, have relieved children’s pain from HIV, encephalopathy-induced muscle spasm and nerve pain. Both oils contain anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic chemicals, and exert sedative, calming action. Rose essential oil contains pain-reducing eugenol, cinnamaldehyde and geraniol, but the report’s author suggests it may also alter perception of pain because it embodies the soothing aromas of the garden.


https://youtu.be/xNMChCY5lcE
week 9 lntake/rltuals

00:19:38 Brittany Rolle: Full moon for me is a period of releasing, so what i write down what I intend to release (anger, resentment, etc.) and burn the paper. I visualize everything I want to release in the flames
00:22:13 Brittany Rolle: Do you have water in your chart Melissa?
00:22:26 Melissa Vargas: yes i do
00:23:05 Brittany Rolle: yes that figures! always water signs drawn to Yemaya 🙌🏾
00:27:08 Melissa Vargas: so true
00:30:04 Melissa Vargas: Damn so true
00:33:58 Brittany Rolle: astral projection and travel
00:47:49 Melissa Vargas: yooo
00:51:37 Melissa Vargas: a kid asked me today why is the sun hot ! lol
00:55:18 Melissa Vargas: what’s going on in your environment?
00:55:36 Celesteal Light: what time do you feel pain?
00:56:02 Jamee Jory: How often are you bowel movements?
00:56:06 Melissa Vargas: we need more info lol
00:56:18 Celesteal Light: fish has parasites
00:56:36 Jamee Jory: Something is constricting your blood flow.
00:56:53 Celesteal Light: It has an effect on your overall digestion.
00:57:00 Celesteal Light: okay
00:57:06 Melissa Vargas: what does your daily routine look like?
00:57:29 Celesteal Light: are you eating mostly raw or cooked foods?
00:58:02 Melissa Vargas: do you exercise?
00:58:04 Celesteal Light: when was the last time you flushed and detoxed
00:58:10 Melissa Vargas: when is that
00:58:30 Melissa Vargas: explain to me what does every now and then mean
00:58:41 Melissa Vargas: for exercising
00:58:48 Celesteal Light: your diet should be 80%raw foods and 20% cooked or acidic
00:59:02 Celesteal Light: you need live foods to feed the body
00:59:26 Melissa Vargas: yes
00:59:29 Celesteal Light: and to release toxins and parasites out of the body.
01:00:17 Celesteal Light: when you eat do you drink immediately?
01:00:30 Celesteal Light: its fermented food
01:00:42 Celesteal Light: build up if gas between fecal matter
01:00:54 Celesteal Light: high air pressure between
01:00:59 Melissa Vargas: when you poop and its hurting this means you are lacking water to get a painless bowel movement. what time do you have your last meal?
01:02:07 Melissa Vargas: pain also mean transformation, so your body is also asking you to pain attention to your digestive system.
01:02:42 Brittany Rolle: earth dominant so needs water to soften
01:02:49 Brittany Rolle: and keep it flowing
01:03:28 Brittany Rolle: water
01:04:27 Melissa Vargas: no
01:04:54 Melissa Vargas: temporary
01:09:35 Melissa Vargas: when combined with other herbs too..this aloe works within the 30 mins for sure.
01:10:33 Melissa Vargas: true very true
01:11:14 Melissa Vargas: I used this with aloe alone.. when I had a irritated stomach…
01:16:56 Melissa Vargas: same
01:18:36 Melissa Vargas: headaches are usually an indication of poor blood circulation.
01:18:44 Celesteal Light: adrenal fatigue
01:19:26 Melissa Vargas: blood circulation can be interrupted by a few things such as sugar, chemical, etc.
01:20:10 Melissa Vargas: the alcohol is interrupting your blood circulation. especially if you’re not drinking enough water.
01:21:05 Jamee Jory: I always say you should be drinking at least half your body weight in ounces
01:22:40 Aliyyah Blake: 🤔
01:28:25 Melissa Vargas: nah f*** that lol
01:29:16 Melissa Vargas: yes. yes. so true
01:30:28 Melissa Vargas: Thats crazy
01:31:54 Melissa Vargas: omg my nephew told me I remind him of that doctor lol 😂
01:36:34 Melissa Vargas: trueeee
01:37:04 Melissa Vargas: yooooo yesss
01:37:41 Melissa Vargas: Thats a good quote right there lol
01:39:40 Melissa Vargas: Thats was so good
01:40:57 Melissa Vargas: tell me about it
01:42:52 Melissa Vargas: true
01:43:28 Aliyyah Blake: charge for the consultation
01:46:26 Melissa Vargas: lol right
01:48:32 Melissa Vargas: right. I ain’t trying to do Lyft for too long lol
01:51:30 Melissa Vargas: ase! yes lol
01:52:31 Jamee Jory: Earlier you said “Everybody has parasites”… Do we ever completely eliminate them? Or is that why we do a cleanse 2-3 times a year?
02:05:36 Aliyyah Blake: lol
02:05:44 Aliyyah Blake: dont put me on the map!!!
02:05:58 Hannah Sydney: this happened to me, my body grows eczema on the elbows and I have a foot fungus on my left foot. when I eat really clean this stops itching and it goes away on my elbow.
02:07:23 Melissa Vargas: Lmao damn
02:08:25 Hannah Sydney: yeah that’s nasty, I know I don’t want to be in that place anymore. I want to feel clear.
02:08:38 Celesteal Light: 😁
02:08:49 Celesteal Light: getting my confidence up
02:09:37 Jamee Jory: San Diego and LA.
02:09:39 Aliyyah Blake: I dont have time to help other ppl like that
02:09:46 Hannah Sydney: 🔥
02:09:51 Melissa Vargas: good night ya’ll great session
02:10:03 Celesteal Light: good night loves 😁⭐
02:10:22 Celesteal Light: Thank you


https://youtu.be/-Wof6Jabw2Y
week 9 alr element

00:23:58 Brittany Rolle: you can put chlorophyll or chlorella in the water to get more oxygen to the blood
00:25:47 Brittany Rolle: mucus
00:33:49 Melissa Vargas: like when you get blood work done they say take a deep breath
00:41:02 Melissa Vargas: a “gift from god”
00:45:59 Melissa Vargas: haha
00:48:38 Melissa Vargas: mad boogers lol
01:02:34 Melissa Vargas: what is galp?
01:04:41 Aliyyah Blake: gout
01:06:08 Aliyyah Blake: Gout : A form of arthritis characterized by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in joints. Pain and inflammation occur when too much uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the joints.

01:16:03 Melissa Vargas: everyone has been talking about the documentary …
01:16:24 Melissa Vargas: true
01:16:32 jazmin sadler: LOL!
01:16:47 Melissa Vargas: lol
01:17:12 Brittany Rolle: 😂 toks say no long talking
01:21:30 Melissa Vargas: right
01:21:37 Melissa Vargas: haha
01:24:38 Melissa Vargas: yes we do…
01:32:43 Melissa Vargas: word up
01:37:42 Melissa Vargas: lol
01:38:05 Melissa Vargas: I’m from Ny haha
01:38:11 Melissa Vargas: yeppp
01:40:44 Brittany Rolle: a lot of people put Vaseline on their lips for balm
01:41:59 Melissa Vargas: what are your thoughts on lavender farms?
01:44:39 Melissa Vargas: that’s a really good point!
01:45:41 Melissa Vargas: lmao
01:51:05 Celesteal Light: gn
01:51:08 Melissa Vargas: peace
01:51:09 Brittany Rolle: good night
01:51:15 Desiree A: Peace Everyone


https://youtu.be/jDdoKZerSms
Slmple salves


Alr element Week 9

ELEMENT AIR Air Element..personal growth. This element encompasses colors that are clear and energizing. These colors are greens associated  with growth and purple inviting abundance. Air represents energy that moves vertically and is therefore associated with cylinders and columns. Air is the gaseous form of matter which is mobile and dynamic.  Within the body, air (oxygen) is the basis for all energy transfer reactions It is a key  element required for fire to burn. Air is existence without form. By Air we mean the transparent, rarefied, kinetic force which sets the universe in motion. lt moves the blood through the vessels, wastes from the body, thoughts through the mind, it moves the birds to warmer climates in winter, it moves the planets around their suns.  

Qualities – weightless, mobile, cool, dry, porous and subtle. Action – motion or movement, evaporation, dryness wind, breeze, vayu, breath,prana, spirit Facilitates – touch and vibration. Substance – anything dry and airy, or that creates gas. Example-toast, cookies, cabbage, beans. Intake-increases coolness, dryness, movement, circulation and lightness.  

Invisible, unpredictable, unreliable, playful, soothing, destructive, inspiring and life giving. The element of Air / wind is all these things and much more. It is the representation of all that we cannot see our souls, our spirits, our minds, and our hearts, of that what lies beneath or beyond as some scholars say. Purity of the spirit and the heart, clarity of thought within the mind, focus of intent, unhindered sight, are all under the control of the clear soaring unfettered element of Air. Yet the Air is not always calm. Unpredictable and changing the element of Air can easily be a roaring hurricane as it can be a playful breeze. To quote an ancient saying, “Who can tell the mind of the Wind? Who can catch it and hold it in their hand? Who can tell where the Wind has been blowing? And who among the wise can foretell where it will go?  

Appearance Invisible, Air cannot be seen, but its influence can be clearly felt. Air in motion is moving things across the land unseen but felt. One cannot see the wind, nor hold it in their hands, wind cannot be captured, and wind cannot be tamed. Instead what we can see is the ripple upon the waters, the fallen leaves dancing in a circle, dust swirling across the path, or sees it invisible as it plays with one’s hair, Air can also be motionless and when wind is absent Air can no longer be as much as felt as detected. We breathe Air even if it does not move as Wind, and it surrounds us even still as an invisible force upon our lives. Contrary to the other elements that together form the basic elements of the word Air is the one element that seems to be less physical than spiritual. It is a fact, which the ancients see as proof that the physical world sprang from its wind that this element’s manifestation resulted in the genesis of the other ones thus ancients conclude, the term “wind” Is incorrect when referring to this element, as it does not represent the element’s original state, only its realization as matter. Humans often speak of Air” when referring to this element, contrary to the ancient people preference, which is closely related to their mythological roots, where Wind represents spirit and thus dominates all other elements. Therefore it shouldn’t surprise to see the reverse approach by human scholars compared to the ancient beings view when looking at this element.  

Let’s hear a definition by a philosopher named Whitebeard “Physical Air is mostly represented as Wind, or Air in motion. Wind cannot be seen, although it can be felt. Wind cannot be held, captured, or tamed. The invisible mover of things we can clearly see, the wind influences the weather, the seasons, and therefore in a sense the essence of time itself. Wind can be destructive as easily as it can be soothing. Wind can as soon be a howling tornado as it can be a gentle breeze and cannot be seen, invisible mover that plays among the flowers. Because we can see wind in the things it moves leaves or hair, we often associate the element of Air with the Wind. Yet air also has the capability of being still. Still Air is the invisible provider of life to our lungs. It should be noted that motionless Air can be the provider of gentle breath to our lungs but it can also stifle just as easy. Air can be oppressive, hot, and stifling just as easily as it can be cool and calming. In this way, Air is influenced by Fire and Water making Air heated or cooled”.  

Wind also has the ability to affect the other elements, if subtly. Wind, given time, can wear away earth, even the tallest mountain. Wind can spread fire, or whip it so that it blows the fire out just as a single breath can blow out a candle. It is a thought by the ancients that the Wind takes water back (as the ancients believe that Water originated from Wind) to carry it away if the fire gets too dominant. There are three main views concerning the spiritual nature of wind and wind in general. These views, although sometimes parallel are greatly different from one another. There exists an ancient view, the common human view, and the finally what some call the magical view. Of the three, the ancients view has been most influential concerning the more popular views of wind, yet despite this more common human view of the nature of wind maintains popularity among the common classes. The earth magical view in contrast is a view held by most wizards and is met with controversy by all. The earth magical view and the ancient view the two more educated views of the nature of Air, are constantly in debate and often  the two parties opposite have gathered just to debate what exactly the true nature of Air is. In order to maintain an impartial view, all three main views of the spiritual nature of Air have been included here. It is interesting to note how both the earth magical and ancient views influence the more prevalent human view of the element of Air.  

The ancient beliefs concerning the nature of wind is shared by most ancient tribes across the world with the notable exception of the elite ancients, whose controversial beliefs are viewed with scorn by any other tribe of the ancients. Ancient’s beliefs concerning the element of Air have been accepted by some human tribes although limited mostly to nobility, wealthy merchants, and in general more educated classes among the human tribes. Of all the views, ancient’s beliefs concerning the nature of Air is the most mystical and due to the fact that ancients are scattered throughout planet earth, it is the most widely held view. In the ancient view the element of Air is connected to the state of being, the creation, auratic transformation and restoration of entities in general, as the Air’s spiritual quality is always identified as the pure basis of “being” itself. Though the air may move or become altered due to the terrain it exists over, it is still always there, neither being born nor dying, only appearing in different forms and states of existence and being combined with other elements. The ancients, know the creation of (what we are taught to call) the world out of the thoughts (or the Dream) of a High spiritual being that kNOW that the element of Air  symbolizes these thoughts and the dream simply as it is now, representing ideas and concepts on how the world is laid out.  “What lies within the wind, is expressed in the supreme being, its auratic state, and the Air is what reigns the elemental connections.

The air could  be deemed to be nearest to the Thoughts of the Supreme Being, whereas the earth represents decay of all things, which can be seen and not felt by heart, leading away from the ideas the Air  represents. Although the elements of earth is thought to be alive, wind is the completeness that all life strives for. Wind as the spirit or soul stands for completeness, peace, tranquility, and a contentment to simply be, as the existence ultimate goal is to fall back into the eternal dream from where it sprang from. The unification with the original idea is what ancient people know. Wind as the mind stands for intellectual achievement, wisdom and learning in everything.   Although different human views concerning the spiritual nature of Air  vary from culture, the human view of air maintains popularity among the poorer classes of the world. In other words, the human view is that of the common folk, as a philosopher once said it so poignantly. “It is not an educated view in this sense but it is nonetheless an accurate one as said common folk rely on the kindness” of Air for their livelihood. The common human interpretation holds that spiritual Air represents those things that we cannot physically see, but whose presence clearly felt upon our lives. Air  is often associated with the spirit or soul. Emotionally, Air/wind is often associated with pride, high thinking, vanity, and loftiness, a point of view that ancient people or even spiritual leader may strongly contest. Conversely. Air can also represent emotions such as friendship, contentment, and sorrow. Mentally, Air represents achievement, learning, wisdom, clarity of thought, as well as illusion.

Air is lucid, creative, changing, shifting, and undependable unlike the steady reliability of earth. While Air is spirit, Earth is substance, the wind’s unwavering counterpart. Movement of Air by itself, the essence of Air, can also be connected to the soul essence of other beings if we chose to know wat we are. The alteration and manipulation of those essences means to create a desired effect, such as confusion or comfort of the spirit. Because one cannot see wind, the element of Air also has many properties that are unseen or trick the eye, such as illusion or confusion. This element has a reputation for being one of the more peaceful elements, but can, at times, lead to chaos and destruction as well through manipulation of mind and body. It is interesting to note that here lies a major difference between ancients and human concepts regarding the way how the elements are represented yet in all what we call races there ls dat one energy that one seeks. While humans see Air  as just one element among others, as a tool that can be manipulated, the ancients magic of nature sees the Wind as the crucial component through which magic works. It should be pointed out that ancients magic could best be described as original wind inspired alteration, while human wind magic was pure.  

The magic View The Air magic View of Wind, with the exception of the views held by the elite ancients are the most controversial. Many debates have been held between the more outgoing ancient cultures and the wizards. Although in their more honest moments, both parties admit that their views are very much similar to each as earth magic View gained most of their knowledge of Wind from the ancients even though they are primarily religiously motivated by the latter. The true difference in between the two views is that earth magic views. Wind as a tool and its views tend to be logical rather than the mystical, “romantically” of the ancients, as some put it. The earth magic view of wind is not widely accepted, indeed aside from the wizards educated at earth magic view and a few nobles or wealthy individuals educated at the universities.

What is Air words……..

The Atmosphere is a mixture of different gases, particles and aerosols collectively known as air which envelops the earth. The atmosphere provides various functions, not least the ability to sustain life. The atmosphere protects us by filtering out deadly cosmic rays, powerful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the Sun, and even meteorites on collision course with earth. Although traces of atmospheric gases have been detected well out into space 99% of the mass of the atmosphere lies below about 25 to 30 km altitude Atmospheric Layers Although air is well mixed throughout the atmosphere, the atmosphere itself is not physically uniform but has significant variations in temperature and pressure with altitude which define a number of atmospheric layers. These include the troposphere (0 to 16 km) stratosphere (16 to 50 km), mesosphere (50 to 80 km) and thermosphere (80 to 640 km). The boundaries between these four layers are defined by abrupt changes in temperature, an include  respectively the troposphere, stratopause  and mesosphere.

In the troposphere and mesosphere temperature generally drops with increasing altitude, whilst in the stratosphere and thermosphere temperature rises with the increase in altitude. In addition to temperature, other criteria can be used to define different layers in the atmosphere. The ionosphere, for example, which occupies the same region of the atmosphere as the thermosphere, is defined by the presents of ions, a physic-chemical criterion. The region beyond the ionosphere is known as the exosphere. The ionosphere and the exosphere together make up the upper atmosphere (or thermosphere). The magnetosphere is the region above the Earth’s surface in which charged particles affected by the earth’s magnetic field. Another well-known layer of the atmosphere is the ozone layer, occupying much of the stratosphere. This layer is defined by its chemical composition – where ozone is especially abundant. Exosphere The exosphere is the highest layer of the atmosphere. Together with the ionosphere, it makes up the thermosphere.

The exosphere extends to 10,000 km above the earth’s surface. This is the upper limit of our atmosphere. The atmosphere here merges into space in the extremely thin air. Air atoms and molecules are constantly escaping to space from the exosphere. In this region of the atmosphere, hydrogen and helium are the prime components and are only present at extremely low densities. This is the area where many satellites orbit the earth. Stratosphere The stratosphere is the second major layer of the atmosphere It lies above the troposphere and is separated from it by the tropopause, It occupies the region of atmosphere from about 12 to 50 km, although its lower boundary tends to be higher nearer the equator and lower nearer the poles. The stratosphere defines a layer in which temperatures rises with increasing altitude, At the top of the stratosphere the thin air may attain temperatures close to 0°C. This rise in temperature is caused by the absorption of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the Sun by the ozone layer.   Such a temperature profile creates very stable atmospheric conditions, and the stratosphere lacks the air turbulence that is so prevalent in the troposphere. Consequently, the stratosphere is almost completely free of clouds or other forms weather. The stratosphere provides some advantages for long-distant flight because it is above stormy weather and has strong, steady, horizontal winds The stratosphere is separated from the mesosphere above by the stratopause.

lonosphere The ionosphere is a layer of ionized air in the atmosphere extending from almost 80 km above the earth’s surface altitudes of 600 km and more. Technically, the ionosphere is not another atmospheric layer. It occupies the same region of the upper atmosphere as the thermosphere. In this region of the atmosphere the Sun’s energy is so strong that it break apart molecules and atoms of air, leaving ions (atoms with missing electrons) and free floating electrons. The ionosphere is the region of the atmosphere where the aurora occur. lonization of air molecules in the ionosphere is produced by ultraviolet radiation from the Sun, and to a lesser extent by high-energy particles from the Sun and from cosmic rays The large number of free electrons in the ionosphere allows the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Radio signals – a form of electromagnetic radiation – can be “bounced” off the ionosphere allowing radio communication over long distance. (where satellites orbit and use these particles to communicate).

Magnetosphere The Earth is like a huge magnet, and its magnetic influence extends far into space. The magnetosphere is that area of space, around the Earth, that is controlled by the Earth’s magnetic field. It is made up of positively charged protons and negatively charged electrons. All magnetic objects produce invisible lines of force that extend between the poles of the object. In the simplest terms, Earth can be thought of as a dipole (2-pole) magnet. Magnetic field lines radiate between Earth’s north and south magnetic poles just as they do between the poles of a bar magnet. Charged particles become trapped on these field lines forming the magnetosphere. Earth’s magnetic field lines are not as symmetrical as those of the bar magnet. The impact of the solar wind – the constant stream of high energy particles causes the lines facing towards the Sun to compress, while the field lines facing away from the Sun stream back to form Earth’s magnetotail. The magnetosphere extends into the vacuum of space from approximately 80 to 60,000 kilometers on the side toward the Sun, and trails out more than 300,000 kilometers away from the Sun. Earth’s magnetic field protects us from the harmful effects of the solar wind. A great deal of matter in the solar wind is deflected sideways around the Earth by the magnetosphere The solar wind would singe our atmosphere if not for the Earth’s magnetic field. Many of the remaining particles that are given off by the Sun are concentrated into belts or layers called the Van Allen radiation belts.

Mesosphere The mesosphere (literally middle sphere) is the third highest layer in our atmosphere occupying the region 50 km to 80 km above the surface of the Earth, above the troposphere and stratosphere, and below the thermosphere. It is separated from the stratosphere by the stratopause and from the thermosphere by the mesopause. Temperatures in the mesosphere drop with increasing altitude to about -100°C. The mesosphere is the coldest of the atmospheric layers. In fact it is colder than Antarctica lowest recorded temperature. It is cold enough to freeze water vapor into ice clouds. You see these clouds if sunlight hits them after sunset, They are called Noctilucent Clouds (NLC). NLCs are most readily visible when the Sun is from 4 to 16 degrees below the horizon. The mesosphere is also the layer in which a lot of meteors burn up while entering the Earth’s atmosphere. From the Earth they are seen as shooting stars.

Troposphere The lowest layer of the atmosphere is called the troposphere. It ranges in thickness from 8 km at the poles to 16 km over the equator. The troposphere is bounded above by the tropopause, a boundary marked by stable temperatures. Above the troposphere is the stratosphere. Although variations do occur, temperature usually declines with increasing altitude in the troposphere. Hill walkers know that it will be several degrees cooler on the top of a mountain than in the valley below. The troposphere is denser than the layers of the atmosphere above it (because of the weight compressing it), and it contains up to 75%of the mass of the atmosphere. It is primarily composed of nitrogen (78% and oxygen (21 %) with only small concentrations of other trace gases. Nearly all atmospheric water vapor or moisture is found in the troposphere. The troposphere is the layer where most of the world’s weather takes place. Since temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere, warm air near the surface of the earth can readily rise, being less dense than the colder air above it. In fact air molecules can travel to the top of the troposphere and back down again in a just a few days. Such vertical movement or convection of air generates clouds and ultimately rain from the moisture within the air, and gives rise to much of the weather which we experience. The troposphere is capped by the tropopause, a region of stable temperature. Air temperature then begins to rise in the stratosphere. Such a temperature increase prevents much air convection beyond the tropopause, and consequently most weather phenomena, including towering cumulonimbus thunderclouds, are confined to the troposphere. Sometimes the temperature does not decrease with height in the troposphere, but increases. Such a situation is known as a temperature inversion.

Temperature inversions limit or prevent the vertical mixing of air. Such atmospheric stability can lead to air pollution episodes with air pollutants emitted at ground level becoming trapped underneath the temperature inversion. Weather Weather is caused by the movement or transfer of heat energy. Energy is transferred wherever there is a temperature difference between two objects. There are three main ways energy can be transferred: radiation, conduction and convection. In the atmosphere, the main way energy is moved from hotter to colder regions is by convection. Convection involves the bodily movement of the more energetic molecules in air. Convection takes place both vertically and horizontally. Air convects or rises vertically when air near the ground becomes warmer, and therefore less dense, than air above it. This is common in the troposphere where atmospheric temperature usually falls with increasing altitude. Air convects horizontally with surface pressure differences, which develop because of temperature contrasts, generated wind. Horizontal convection is sometimes called advection. Regions nearer the equator receive much more energy than regions nearer the poles, and are consequently much warmer. These latitudinal differences in surface temperature create global-scale flows of energy within the atmosphere, giving rise to the major weather patterns of the world. At smaller scales, common weather systems like frontal depressions are formed when warm air masses rise above colder ones, generating clouds and rain. At the smallest scales, individual rain-bearing cumulonimbus thunderclouds, and even the smaller rain-free cumulus clouds, are phenomena of heat transfers via convection.

The troposphere is capped by the tropopause, a region of stable temperature about 12 km above the Earth’s surface. Air temperature then begins to rise in the stratosphere. Such a temperature increase prevents much air convection beyond the tropopause, and consequently most weather phenomena are confined to the troposphere. Energy The Earth’s atmosphere is full of energy. This energy drives the world’s weather, and shapes the climates. Over the longer term, changes to this energy can bring about variations in climate. “At the planetary scale, changes that are currently taking place as result of man-made greenhouse gas emissions may be causing global warming.” (any thoughts on this statement) All bodies emit energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. So are infrared heat, ultraviolet radiation, radio waves and x- rays. The type of radiation emitted by a body depends upon its temperature, Hotter objects release more energetic radiation. The Sun, for example, emits visible light and ultraviolet energy. The Earth and its atmosphere, being much cooler, emit radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum. Living things, including humans, also emit radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum. This energy is known as heat energy. When the Earth receives (light and ultraviolet) energy from the Sun, much of it is absorbed either by the atmosphere or at the Earth’s surface. The Earth re-radiates (infrared) energy back to space, such that there is a balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing energy from the Earth.

This global energy balance maintains a fairly even temperature at the surface of the Earth. Of course, there are differences in temperature between different parts of the world due to the different amounts of received sunlight. Regions nearer the equator receives much more energy than regions nearer the poles, and are consequently much warmer. These differences in surface temperature create flows of energy within the Earth atmosphere itself, which are the driving forces behind the world’s weather. Gases and aerosols in the Earth’s atmosphere affect the transfer of energy to and from the planet. The greenhouse gases absorb a lot of infrared energy that is trying to escape to space, and heat up the planet. For this reason, the Earth is on average 33°C warmer than the moon, which is a similar distance from the Sun. This natural warming process is called the greenhouse effect. Gases and aerosols in the atmosphere scatter incoming sunlight in all directions. Blue light is scattered the most, which is why the sky appears blue during the daytime. Different parts of the Earth’s surface also affect the transfer of energy. Polar regions covered in white snow and ice are much more reflective than darker areas of the planet, and proportionally less sunlight is absorbed there. Pressure Gravity pushes the layers of air down to the Earth’s surface. This push is called air pressure, consequently, 99% of the total mass of the atmosphere is below 32 km. Like all fluids (gases and liquids), the air exerts a pressure on everything within and around it, although we are not aware of it. Pressure is a force, or weight, exerted on a surface per unit area, and is measured in Pascals (Pa). The pressure exerted by a kilogram mass on the Earth’s surface is approximately 10 Pa. The pressure exerted by the whole atmosphere on the Earth’s surface is approximately 100,000 Pa. Usually, atmospheric pressure is quoted in millibars (mb). 1 mb is equal to 100 Pa, so standard atmospheric pressure is about 1000 mb. In fact, actual values of atmospheric pressure vary from place to place and from day to day. At sea level, commonly observed values range between 970 mb and 1040 mb. Note: Pressure decreases with altitude, pressure observed at various stations must be adjusted to the same level, usually sea level. Variations in atmospheric pressure lead to the development of winds that play a significant role in shaping our daily weather.

Blue Sky The light we receive from the Sun is electromagnetic energy which has a range of wavelengths. Usually we cannot differentiate between the different wavelengths the light appears white, but they become visible in a rainbow. In a rainbow we see seven colors. In order of decreasing wavelength these are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet. We cannot see electromagnetic energy that has a longer wavelength than red (inferred) or shorter wavelength than violet (ultraviolet). The Earth’s sky is blue because the air molecules (largely nitrogen and oxygen) are much smaller than the wavelength of light. When light encounters particles much smaller than its wavelength, light is scattered in all directions. This scattering is known as “Rayleigh scattering”. Blue light, however, is much more readily scattered than light of longer wavelength. In fact blue light is scattered some 16 times more strongly than red light. Consequently, the sky appears blue. Rayleigh scattering also provides the explanation for the color of skies at dusk and dawn. A setting or rising Sun appears red because the blue light has been scattered away from the direct sunlight. Occasionally, other colors of the sky can be seen. These are caused by the scattering of light by particles much bigger than air molecules, sometimes larger than the wavelength of light. Dust particles, from natural or man-made pollution, can be many times larger than air molecules but still small enough to not fall out to the ground. If the dust particles are much larger than the wavelength of light, the scattered light will be neutral in colors. For example white or gray. By the same principle water molecules in clouds are sufficiently large to scatter all wavelengths equally. Therefore the scattered light contains all wavelengths and clouds appear white.


lntake 3

https://youtu.be/VKALZqOwXLc
11..07..19

00:11:22	Desiree A:	Right
00:22:58	Desiree A:	digestive?
00:27:11	jazmin sadler:	for breast milk production should you drink blessed thistle before the baby or after?
00:27:53	Desiree A:	Will nettle be good for them for calcium during?
00:28:22	jazmin sadler:	ok .. she had trouble with her last baby , there was blood in her milk so she stopped
00:43:28	jazmin sadler:	wow.. definitely
00:43:38	Desiree A:	Build up of toxins
00:44:14	Brittany Rolle:	bile present
00:46:17	Desiree A:	Right there's no rest period and they don't rotate the land
00:47:17	Desiree A:	For pregnant women what are the best foods that are rich in the minerals they need
00:48:34	Melissa Vargas:	mint?
00:49:49	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
00:50:36	Desiree A:	parthogenesis lmao
00:50:58	Desiree A:	😂😂
00:51:16	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
00:51:59	Desiree A:	yes
00:53:03	Desiree A:	Thank You that was very helpful
00:53:52	Desiree A:	You mean to the womb?
00:54:11	Brittany Rolle:	you mean connecting to their unborn child?
00:54:11	Desiree A:	Yes, that is something I Am looking in to 
00:54:20	Desiree A:	I think I know what You are trying to say
01:01:55	Celesteal Light:	yes
01:02:57	Desiree A:	Peace every One I will see You next class
01:09:58	Melissa Vargas:	sorry!
01:10:10	Celesteal Light:	no worries
01:14:06	Hannah Sydney:	ether
01:14:11	Hannah Sydney:	that’s what I was thinking
01:15:23	Brittany Rolle:	she’s also lacking some minerals with the salty craving
01:15:34	Hannah Sydney:	she needs some earth to ground her like potatoes
01:17:20	Brittany Rolle:	and her diet lacks lot of fiber
01:17:38	Brittany Rolle:	I think she said no dairy
01:17:55	jazmin sadler:	lol if it’s raw why would she have problems with digestion?
01:18:38	Jamee Jory:	I would suggest to eliminate gluten. like breads, pastas, etc. vegan restaurants are loaded with gluten products. 
01:23:40	Jamee Jory:	Apples, Squashes 
01:24:25	Jamee Jory:	pears
01:27:01	Brittany Rolle:	callaloo
01:27:12	Brittany Rolle:	it’s callaloo
01:29:13	Brittany Rolle:	what about incorporating some sea moss to help with the digestion as well as give her the minerals she needs, she can make a smoothie with the fruits and add that
01:32:03	Jamee Jory:	What about her moderate breast lumps? is that also from digestion/ constipation? 
01:35:43	Brittany Rolle:	yes we make soursop and sea moss smoothie
01:35:49	Brittany Rolle:	smoothies
01:36:14	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂😂
01:37:21	Brittany Rolle:	thank you Jazmin for sharing the cinnamon suggestion
01:38:53	Jamee Jory:	Quinoa is good for grabbing. I learned this last night researching why I saw it in my poop. LOL
01:39:38	Jamee Jory:	fats and lubricants 
01:41:55	Jamee Jory:	stop eating from restaurants 
01:42:12	Aliyyah Blake:	tell her I cant help you until you tell the truth about your diet
01:49:52	Celesteal Light:	eggplant? 
01:49:59	Celesteal Light:	shape
01:50:38	Celesteal Light:	Casaba Melon


https://youtu.be/SavDdWp2orM
11/05/19

00:08:43	Desiree A:	it pumps 5 liters
00:14:40	Desiree A:	Yes
00:30:16	Melissa Vargas:	your mute
00:30:32	Melissa Vargas:	we hear you now
00:30:32	jazmin sadler:	yes
00:30:37	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:30:37	Celesteal Light:	now we do
00:30:49	Melissa Vargas:	clotting in the blood
00:33:30	Celesteal Light:	is that a single herb
00:33:42	Celesteal Light:	butchers brew*
00:33:51	Celesteal Light:	broom
00:33:52	Celesteal Light:	ok
00:33:55	Celesteal Light:	ty
00:35:33	Celesteal Light:	wow
00:35:52	Celesteal Light:	expand please
00:36:03	jazmin sadler:	tough exterior
00:36:07	Celesteal Light:	ridged
00:36:17	Desiree A:	callous
00:36:32	Celesteal Light:	how do we connect with that
00:37:09	Celesteal Light:	😍
00:37:18	Celesteal Light:	great answer
00:40:09	Melissa Vargas:	no
00:43:58	Celesteal Light:	so which herb
00:44:09	Celesteal Light:	helps produce more blood again
00:44:19	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:44:24	Celesteal Light:	okat cool
00:44:27	Celesteal Light:	okay
00:49:11	Desiree A:	that happened to my cousin around that same age smh
00:50:44	Desiree A:	i thought that was for stroke?
00:50:58	Desiree A:	the left side?
00:51:00	Celesteal Light:	slurred speech
00:51:30	Desiree A:	ok I see
00:52:15	Celesteal Light:	💚
00:54:04	Celesteal Light:	messes with Adrenal function
00:54:05	Melissa Vargas:	clogs the veins 
00:54:08	Celesteal Light:	over working
00:54:26	Celesteal Light:	inflammation
00:55:03	Celesteal Light:	yup lol
00:55:03	Melissa Vargas:	yeahh
00:55:03	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂😂
00:55:10	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂
00:55:42	Celesteal Light:	Juan Valdes 🐴☕
00:58:20	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:58:52	Celesteal Light:	how could you use the fruit part of it? 
00:59:15	Celesteal Light:	ginko
00:59:41	Celesteal Light:	the stinky part
00:59:43	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:59:53	Celesteal Light:	it tastes funky
00:59:58	Celesteal Light:	a bit
01:00:11	Celesteal Light:	ok
01:02:51	Celesteal Light:	how is that spelled? 
01:03:03	Celesteal Light:	gin
01:03:06	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:04:39	Celesteal Light:	say that again 
01:04:41	Celesteal Light:	please
01:05:04	Celesteal Light:	okay got cha
01:05:14	Celesteal Light:	no
01:05:29	Celesteal Light:	much work
01:06:00	Celesteal Light:	battle field
01:06:03	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:06:14	Celesteal Light:	makes sense
01:06:52	Melissa Vargas:	thinking
01:06:53	Melissa Vargas:	lol
01:08:09	Celesteal Light:	i do
01:08:12	jazmin sadler:	I do!
01:08:37	Celesteal Light:	is there a certain way we speak to them
01:10:26	Melissa Vargas:	nah
01:10:27	Celesteal Light:	yea
01:10:29	Hannah Sydney:	it’s tough love
01:10:34	Desiree A:	😂
01:10:45	Celesteal Light:	ive gotten back lashed for that
01:11:01	Celesteal Light:	🙏🏽
01:11:05	Desiree A:	Saving others at the expense of Self, played out
01:11:05	Celesteal Light:	ty
01:12:29	Celesteal Light:	Great Dad🙏🏽
01:15:39	Celesteal Light:	Thank you
01:15:45	Desiree A:	Much Truth in that
01:19:47	Celesteal Light:	thank you
01:19:55	jazmin sadler:	🙏🏽
01:21:22	Celesteal Light:	food
01:21:25	Celesteal Light:	😊
01:21:26	jazmin sadler:	😂
01:21:29	Celesteal Light:	mine too though
01:21:33	Celesteal Light:	fix my heart 
01:21:36	Celesteal Light:	🥗
01:22:48	Aliyyah Blake:	beets. onion & what 
01:22:59	jazmin sadler:	red potatoes
01:23:01	Celesteal Light:	red potato
01:23:05	Melissa Vargas:	lots of reds
01:23:10	Desiree A:	all red things
01:23:19	Celesteal Light:	💔❤
01:23:24	Aliyyah Blake:	in a soup & add those herbs or drink as a tea? 
01:23:34	jazmin sadler:	herbs will be like a base
01:23:42	Aliyyah Blake:	plus cayenne 
01:24:01	Aliyyah Blake:	that sounds so good
01:24:57	Aliyyah Blake:	what about purple cabbage & purple carrots? 
01:25:12	jazmin sadler:	chard is really good
01:25:18	Aliyyah Blake:	if u braise it
01:25:20	Celesteal Light:	chard yummy
01:25:25	Aliyyah Blake:	😋😋😋
01:25:30	Celesteal Light:	ooooh lala yall making me hungry
01:25:43	Celesteal Light:	who's cooking im coming
01:25:55	Aliyyah Blake:	what about sorrel?
01:25:56	Jamee Jory:	right!
01:26:15	Celesteal Light:	@Aliyyah facts
01:26:34	Desiree A:	wait say that again lol
01:26:48	Desiree A:	about the clockwise
01:26:48	jazmin sadler:	counter clock to lock
01:26:57	Celesteal Light:	clock wise when you make it
01:27:02	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
01:28:03	Celesteal Light:	when you say 1 part is that a tbl spoon each? 
01:28:13	Celesteal Light:	for herb
01:28:30	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:28:42	Celesteal Light:	ok
01:29:20	Celesteal Light:	wow your good
01:29:44	jazmin sadler:	wowwww lol
01:30:47	Celesteal Light:	failer
01:30:50	Celesteal Light:	lol more so 
01:30:53	Desiree A:	hmm right like not doing enough 
01:31:18	Celesteal Light:	facts
01:31:51	Desiree A:	lawd lol no need to worry 😊
01:33:11	Celesteal Light:	once I learn how to make the products and know how to use and blend them I would be more confident
01:33:56	Jamee Jory:	I'm not Amazon. LOL 
01:35:39	Celesteal Light:	wow
01:36:01	Celesteal Light:	whattttt
01:36:05	Celesteal Light:	scabies
01:36:09	Celesteal Light:	noooo
01:36:44	Celesteal Light:	awwww sis
01:37:47	Desiree A:	I have a disclaimer that I will post
01:38:19	Melissa Vargas:	thank you @desiree
01:39:46	Desiree A:	Yes ma'am 😆
01:39:55	Melissa Vargas:	right. and not everyone is your client although everyone may be coming to you
01:48:29	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
01:48:29	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:48:48	Aliyyah Blake:	I do it during 🤷🏾‍♀️
01:49:03	Melissa Vargas:	wait what’s a Dubee?
01:49:14	Aliyyah Blake:	🤭🤭
01:49:19	jazmin sadler:	lol!!
01:49:28	Aliyyah Blake:	😙🍃💨
01:49:43	Melissa Vargas:	lmao
01:53:19	jazmin sadler:	Yesss I need that 😂
01:56:33	Desiree A:	Peace All 🌻
01:56:40	Hannah Sydney:	😂😂 goo night
01:56:42	Melissa Vargas:	good night


Cardiovascular System.. week 8.. words 11/05

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The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and approximately 5 liters of blood that the blood vessels transport. Responsible for transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and cellular waste products throughout the body, the cardiovascular system is powered by the body’s hardest-working organ..the heart, which is only the size of a closed fist. Even at rest, the average heart easily pumps over 5 liters of blood throughout the body every minute.

Cardiovascular System Anatomy

The heart is a muscular pumping organ located medial to the lungs along the body’s midline in the thoracic region. The bottom tip of the heart, known as its apex, is turned to the left, so that about 2/3 of the heart is located on the body’s left side with the other 1/3 on right. The top of the heart, known as the heart’s base, connects to the great blood vessels of the body, the aorta, vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins.

Circulatory Loops There are 2 primary circulatory loops in the human body the pulmonary circulation loop and the systemic circulation loop.

Pulmonary circulation transports deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs, where the blood picks up oxygen and returns to the left side of the heart. The pumping chambers of the heart that support the pulmonary circulation loop are the right atrium and the right ventricle. Systemic circulation carries highly oxygenated blood from the left side of the heart to all of the tissues of the body (with the exception of the heart and lungs). Systemic circulation removes wastes from body tissues and returns deoxygenated blood to the right side of the heart. The left atrium and left ventricle of the heart are the pumping chambers for the systemic circulation loop.

Blood vessels are the body’s highways that allow blood to flow quickly and efficiently from the heart to every region of the body and back again. The size of blood vessels corresponds with the amount of blood that passes through the vessel. All blood vessels contain a hollow area called the lumen through which blood is able to flow. Around the lumen is the wall of the vessel, which may be thin in the case of capillaries or very thick in the case of arteries. All blood vessels are lined with a thin layer of simple squamous epithelium known as the endothelium that keeps blood cells inside of the blood vessels and prevents clots from forming. The endothelium lines the entire circulatory system, all the way to the interior of the heart where it is called the endocardium.

There are three major types of blood vessels, arteries, capillaries and veins. Blood vessels are often named after either the region of the body through which they carry blood or for nearby structures. For example, the brachiocephalic artery carries blood into the brachial (arm) and cephalic (head) regions. One of its branches, the subclavian artery, ru*/ns under the clavicle hence the-name subclavian. The subclavian artery runs into the axillary region where it becomes known as the axillary artery.

Arteries and Arterioles

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Blood carried by arteries is usually highly oxygenated, having just left the lungs on its way to the body’s tissues The pulmonary trunk and arteries of the pulmonary circulation loop provide an exception to this rule, these arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to be oxygenated.

Arteries face high levels of blood pressure as they carry blood being pushed from the heart under great force. To withstand this pressure, the walls of the arteries are thicker, more elastic, and more muscular than those of other vessels. The largest arteries of the body contain a high percentage of elastic tissue that allows them to stretch and accommodate the pressure of the heart.

Smaller arteries are more muscular in the structure of their walls. The smooth muscles of the arterial walls of these smaller arteries contract and expand to regulate flow of blood through their lumen. In this way the body controls how much blood flows to different parts of the body under various circumstances. The regulation of blood flow also affects blood pressure, as smaller arteries give blood less area to flow through and therefore increases the pressure of the blood on the arterial walls.

Arterioles are narrower arteries that branch off from the ends of the arteries and carry blood to the capillaries. They face much lower blood pressure than the arteries due to their greater numbers, decreased blood volume and distance from the direct pressure of the heart. Thus arteriole walls are much thinner than those of arteries. arterioles like arteries are able to use smooth muscle to control their aperture and regulate blood flow and blood pressure.

Capillaries are the smallest and thinnest of the blood vessels in the body and also the most. common They can be found running throughout almost every tissue of the body and border the edges of the body’s avascular tissues. Capillaries connect to arterioles on one end and venules on the other. Capillaries carry blood very close to the cells of the tissues of the body in order to exchange gases, nutrients, and waste products. The walls of capillaries consist of only a thin layer of endothelium co that there is a minimum amount of structure possible between the blood and the tissues. The endothelium acts as a filter to keep blood cells inside of the vessels while allowing liquids, dissolved gasses and other chemicals to diffuse along their concentration gradients into and out of tissue.

Precapillary sphincters are a band of smooth muscle found at the arterioles ends of capillaries. These sphincters regulate blood flow into the capillaries. Since there is a limited supply of blood, and not all tissue have the same energy and oxygen requirements, the precapillary sphincters reduce the blood flow to inactive tissue and allow free flow into active tissue.Veins and venules

Veins are the large return vessels of the body and acts as the blood return counterpart of arteries. Because the arteries, arterioles and capillaries absorb most of the force of the heart’s contractions, veins and venules are subject to very low blood pressures. This lack of pressure allows the walls of the veins to be much thinner, less elastic and less muscular than the walls of the arteries.

Veins rely on gravity, inertia and the force of skeletal muscle contractions to help push blood back to the heat. To facilitate the movement of blood, some veins contain many one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing away from the heart. As skeletal muscle in the body contract, they squeeze nearby veins and push blood through valves closer to the heart. When the muscle relaxes, the valve traps the blood until another contraction pushes the blood closer to the heart. Venules are similar to arterioles as they are small vessels that connect capillaries, but unlike arterioles, venules.connect to veins instead of arteries. Venules pick up blood from many capillaries and deposit it into larger veins for transport back to the heart.

Coronary Circulation

The heart has its own set of blood vessels that provide the myocardium with the oxygen and nutrients necessary to pump blood throughout the body. The left and right coronary arteries branch off from the aorta and provide blood to the left and right sides of the heart The coronary sinus is a vein on the posterior side of the heart that returns deoxygenated bloods from the myocardium to the vena cava. Hepatic Portal Circulation The veins of the stomach and intestines perform a unique function, instead of carrying blood directly back to the heart, they carry blood to the liver through the hepatic portal vein. Blood leaving the digestive organs is rich in nutrients and other chemicals absorbed from fuel (food). The liver remove toxins, stores sugars (sweets) and processes the products of digestion before they reach the rest of the body tissue. Blood from the liver then returns to the heart through the inferior vena cava.

Blood The average human body contains about 4 to 5 liters of blood. As liquid connective tissue, it transports many substances through the body and helps to maintain its energy by delivering nutrients to all cells, removing wastes from all cells and transfers gases. Blood is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and-liquid plasma.

Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes are by far the most common type of blood cell and make up about 45% of blood volume. Erythrocytes are produced inside of red bone marrow from stem cells at the astonishing rate of about 2 million cells every second. The shape of erythrocytes is biconcave-disks with a concave curve on both sides of the disk so that the center of an erythrocyte is its thinnest part. The unique shape of erythrocytes gives these cells a high surface area to volume ratio and allows them to fold to fit into thin capillaries. Immature erythrocytes have a nucleus that is ejected from the cell when it reaches maturity to provide it with its unique shape and flexibility. The lack of a nucleus means that red blood cells contain no DNA and are not able to repair themselves once damaged. Erythrocytes transport oxygen in the blood through the red pigment hemoglobin. Hemoglobin contains iron and proteins joined to greatly increase the oxygen carrying capacity of erythrocytes. The high surface area to volume ratio of erythrocytes allows oxygen to be easily transferred into the cell in the lungs and out of the cell in the capillaries of the systemic tissues. White blood cells also known as leukocytes, make up a very small percentage of the total number of cells in the bloodstream, but have important functions in the body’s immune system There are two major classes of white blood cells granular leukocytes and agranular leukocytes.

There are three types of granular leukocytes. Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils, each type of granular leukocyte is classified by the presence of chemical-filled vesicles in their cytoplasm that give them their function. Neutrophils contain digestive enzymes that neutralize bacteria that invade the body. Eosinophils contain digestive enzymes specialized for digesting viruses that have been bound to by antibodies in the blood. Basophils release histamine to intensify allergic reactions and help protect the body from parasites.

There are two major classes of agranular leukocytes, which are lymphocytes and monocytes.

Lymphocytes include T cells and natural killer cells that fight off viral infections and B cells that produce antibodies against infections by pathogens.

Monocytes develop into cells called macrophages that engulf and ingest pathogens and the dead cells from wounds or infections. Platelets also known as thrombocytes, platelets are small cell fragments responsible for the clotting of blood and the formation of scabs. Platelets form in the red bone marrow from large megakaryocyte cells that periodically rupture and release thousands of pieces of membrane that become the platelets. Platelets do not contain a nucleus and only survive in the body for up to a week before macrophages capture and digest them.

Plasma is the non-cellular or liquid portion of the blood that makes up about 55% of the blood is volume. Plasma is a mixture of water, proteins, and dissolved substances. Around 90% of plasma is made of water, although the exact percentage varies depending upon the hydration levels of the individual. The proteins within plasma include antibodies and albumins. Antibodies are part of the immune system and bind to antigens on the surface of pathogens that infect the body.

Albumins help maintain the body’s osmotic balance by providing an isotonic solution for the cells of the body. Many different substances can be found dissolved in the plasma including glucose, oxygen, carbon dioxide, electrolytes, nutrients, and cellular waste products. The plasma functions as transportation medium for these substances as they move throughout the body.

The Cardiovascular System has three major functions. transportation of materials, protection from pathogens and regulation of the body’s elements.

Transportation

The cardiovascular system transports blood to almost all of the body’s tissues. The blood delivers essential nutrients and oxygen and removes wastes and carbon dioxide to be processed or removed from the body. Hormones are transported throughout the body via the blood’s liquid plasma. The cardiovascular system protects the body through its white blood cells. White blood cells clean up cellular debris and fight pathogens that have entered the body. Platelets and red blood cells form scabs to seal wounds and prevent pathogens from entering the body and liquids from leaking out. Blood also carries antibodies that provide specific immunity to pathogens that the body has previously been exposed to or has been vaccinated against. The cardiovascular system regulates the body through the five elements to maintain the necessary energy for the body to maintain optimum performance. Blood vessels help maintain a body temperature by controlling the blood flow to the surface of the skin. Blood vessels near the skin’s surface open during times of overheating (spike in the fire element) to allow hot blood to dump its heat into the body’s surroundings. In the case of hypothermia, these blood vessels constrict (decreasing ether) to keep blood flowing only to vital organs in the body’s core. Blood helps regulate the body’s pH due to the presence of bicarbonate ions (recall the layers of the atmosphere) , which act as a buffer solution (ozone layer). Finally, the albumins in blood plasma helps the osmotic concentration of the body’s cells by maintaining an isotonic environment.

The heart some may consider a four-chambered “double pump,” where each side (left and right) operates as a separate pump.The left and right sides of the heart are separated by a muscular wall of tissue known as the septum of the heart. The right side of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the systemic veins and pumps it to the lungs for oxygenation. The left side of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it through the systemic arteries to the tissues of the body. Each heartbeat results in the simultaneous pumping of both sides of the heart, making the heart a very efficient pump.

Regulation of Blood Pressure Several functions of the cardiovascular system can control blood pressure. Certain hormones along with autonomic nerve signals from the brain affect the rate and strength of heart contractions. Greater contractile force and heart rate lead to an increase in blood pressure. Blood vessels can also affect blood pressure. Vasoconstriction decreases the diameter of an artery by contracting the smooth muscle in the arterial wall. The sympathetic (fight or flight) division of the autonomic nervous system causes vasoconstriction, which leads to increases in blood pressure and decreases in blood flow in the constricted region. Vasodilation is the expansion of an artery as the smooth muscle in the arterial wall relaxes after the fight-or-flight response wears off or under the effect of certain hormones or chemicals in the blood. The volume of blood in the body also affects blood pressure. A higher volume of blood in the body raises blood pressure by increasing the amount of blood pumped by each heartbeat. Thicker more viscous blood from clotting disorders can also raise blood pressure.

Hemostasis, or the clotting of blood and formation of scabs, is managed by the platelets of the blood. Platelets normally remain inactive in the blood until they reach damaged tissue or leak out of the blood vessels through a wound. Once active, platelets change into a spiny ball shape and become very sticky in order to latch on to damaged tissues. Platelets next release chemical clotting factors and begin to produce the protein fibrin to act as structure for the blood clot. Platelets also begin sticking together to form a platelet plug. The platelet plug will serve as a temporary seal to keep blood in the vessel and foreign material out of the vessel until the cells of the blood vessel can repair the damage to the vessel wall. Common Ailments of the Circulatory System Heart attack also called myocardial infarction; involves the death of a heart muscle.

Chest pain, also called angina pectoris, one of the symptoms of heart attack.

Coronary arteries, a blockage in these will result in heart attack.

Cholesterol, fatty element that clogs the coronary or heart arteries.

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, this occurs when excessive or too force is exerted against the artery walls as the heart pumps blood.

Obesity, the condition of being grossly overweight may cause hypertension.

Sphygmomanometer, a instrument used to measure systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Low blood pressure, also called hypotension, a disease that is caused by poor diet or by some chronic condition.

Anemia, most common blood disorder that is marked by abnormalities in the number or function of red blood cells.

Iron deficiency anemia, most prevalent type of anemia where there is a lack of iron to make hemoglobin.

Leukemia is a tyce of cancer which affects the blood or bone marrow. There is abnormal production of white blood cells which crowds our red blood cells and platelets.

Atherosclerosis is a condition where fatty deposits develop in the artery walls which cause them to harden.

Stress is a kind of feeling that causes a person to be anxious and worried.

Caffeine is a kind of food that can raise your blood pressure.

Aortic Aneurysm, the aorta is the major blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart. Weakening of the blood vessel wall causes a bulge, called an aneurysm. Large or fast growing aneurysms can rupture, causing significant loss of blood into the abdominal One cavity. Most aneurysms occur in the abdominal area, but some begin higher up in the a chest. Usually, aortic aneurysms do not cause symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may include back, chest or abdominal pain. A person might be aware of a pulsating feeling around the naval area. Treatment options range from watchful waiting to surgery, depending on the size and location of the aneurysm. Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, develops when plaque builds up in the the arteries. Plaques are made up of cells, connective tissue and certain fats. These deposits occur in patches along the inner walls of large and medium sized arteries. Growth of plaques can block blood flow and oxygen to the affected areas, possibly leading to a heart attack or stroke. Smoking and high blood pressure are two major risk factors for developing atherosclerosis.

Deep vein thrombosis, DVT-occurs when blood clots form in one of the deep veins typically the thigh or calf. Many people with the condition do not have symptoms, but hey may have leg pain, swelling or skin discoloration in the affected area. DVT can be life-threatening if the clot travels to the lungs-a condition called pulmonary embolism. This condition causes shortness of breath and pain with deep breathing. Factors contributing to the formation of a DVT are being bed ridden, prolonged sitting, and trauma to the area, pregnancy and obesity. Medication is typically used to break up clost. (in an emergency while you wait one can use cayenne pepper to ald in moving the blood. Polyarteritis nodosa, PAN is a serious inflammatory condition of the small to medium sized arteries. Many body systems are involved, including the skin, central nervous system, heart, kidneys and intestinal tract. PAN is commonly associated with hepatitis B infection, but in most cases the cause for the illness is unknown. Symptoms of PAN are quite variable, although fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, and muscle and joint aches are typical . Treatment of the condition depends on the extent of the illness and which parts of the body are involved. Corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs are often used.

Arteriovenous malformations, AVMs are abnormal tangles of blood vessels within an area of the circulatory system. They typically develop before or right after birth. AVMs that form in the brain or spinal cord can result in particularly severe problems and even death. Most people with AVMs in the brain or spinal cord experience few, if any symptoms. If they do occur, it is due to a decrease in oxygen to the area, bleeding, or pressing on a vital structure. Headaches, seizures and paralysis are some possible side effects. A few herbs that strengthen the cardiovascular system. Herbs have been in use for thousands of years and are used for their effectiveness in wellness and eliminating undesired conditions from the body. Herbs are very effective in boosting the immune system, increasing the body resistance to infections, eliminating allergies, and raising and renewing the body vitality.

Hawthorn One of the most valuable heart herbs is Hawthorn berries. Rich in bioflavonoids, hawthorn acts as a normalizer upon the heart, increasing blood flow and oxygen to that part of the body. Hawthorn helps to gently move the heart to normal levels of functioning, and it may safely be used in heart weaknesses and palpitations. Hawthorn is good for protection against the early stages of heart conditions, pressure/tightness in the chest, and mild arrhythmia. It’s known to speed-up vitality from heart attacks. The leaves and flowers of the plant are best for heart conditions. Hawthorn dilates the coronary (and other) blood vessels getting more oxygen to the heart. This herb contains enzymes that get the heart pumping with more force, and converts socall bad “LDL” (the body doesn’t produce anything bad) cholesterol into the “good” HDL kind. Hawthorn can also dissolve plaques deposits in arteries. The effects of hawthorn happen when taken over time.

Motherwort Another valuable cardio-tonic is motherwort. Motherwort, a member of the mint family, is specific for a racing heartbeat caused by anxiety and tension. The ancient Greeks and Romans used this herb to regulate heart palpitations and treat depression. A woman’s menstrual cycle is affected by motherwort because it regulates the related hormones. However, both sexes benefit from its effects on the heart. Motherwort in Latin is lion heart” It can strengthen the heartbeat without increasing the pulse. It increases circulation to the heart by sedating and relaxing coronary arteries. This herb is also used for heart irregularities caused by hyperthyroidism.

Because motherwort stimulates the uterus, pregnant women should avoid taking it.

Ginkgo biloba has been recommended by herbalists for over 5,000 years to improve circulation throughout the body. Some trees live 1,000 or more years, and researchers are just beginning to understand their medicinal value. The gingko biloba tree dates back more than 300 million years, making it one of the oldest species still alive. Not only does Gingko exert a positive effect upon the vascular system by delivering blood and oxygen more efficiently to the various organ systems, but it also improves memory and the ability to concentrate. Studies also show that gingko contains powerful antioxidants which may slow the aging process. Gingko reduces fibrous tissues in arteries which are like “Velcro” to plaque, causing arteries to narrow.

The production of the Butcher’s Broom, if you suffer from discomfort and pain caused by poor circulation in the legs (a heavy leg feeling) consider the using the herb butcher’s broom. This herb is particularly good for people who are on their feet most of the day. This herb will improve circulation in the hands and feet and reduce edema. This bush used to be dried and used as a broom which is, of course, how it was named. Both the root and the above ground part of the bush are used in herbal medicine. Butcher’s broom is known to cleanse blood vessels. It helps the blood to maintain viscosity and supports blood circulation, especially in the legs. Butcher’s broom may interfere with some high blood pressure medications.

Cayenne, when butcher’s broom is used in combination with cayenne, you have a powerful team to rebuild the circulatory system. Cayenne was brought to Europe from Central America in the 17th century. Cayenne is an anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory which is why it helps the circulatory system.lt also increases gastric juices, and supports metabolism. The substance in cayenne that makes a medicinal herb is capsaicin which is found in more than 130 species of pepper. A real wonder of the herbal world is Garlic. This amazing food and herbal medicine does everything from clearing up ear infections to preventing heart conditions. Include it in the daily eating and it will support the body in many ways, perhaps more than any other herb. Think of garlic as a basic food that augments the body’s health and protects it in general. Garlic helps keep the blood vessels clean along with maintaining its tugar allowing blood pressure to normalize, along with other foods and herbs blood cholesterol maintains good standing, it also fights infections, aids in digestion, relieves gas and helps with respiratory problems. The list of benefits goes on. Garlic lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels which in turn keeps blood platelets from getting sticky. Garlic also stimulates the process by which blood clots dissolve (fibrinolysis).

Ginseng another famous. There are many types of ginseng, but for our purposes, the most interesting two are panax ginseng also called Korean Red Ginseng, and American Ginseng. The American is somewhat “lighter” in its effects, and therefore more appropriate for people with high blood pressure. (Side note: a ginseng crop takes at least four years to mature). Ginseng means “root of man,” and it has the property of increasing physical and mental endurance. It has the power to move people to their physical peak, and many athletes claim that it gives them a competitive edge.

Ginseng has “adaptogenic” properties, which means it has a unique ability to normalize body functions. For example, if blood pressure climbs too high, or if blood sugar falls too low, an adaptogen will help to return the body to normal levels. It relaxes the lining in blood vessels.

https://youtu.be/_lgd03h3te8


https://youtu.be/b24-2mZUE3g

02:57:14	Melissa Vargas:	yayy
03:06:36	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
03:13:41	Melissa Vargas:	haha
03:30:42	Aliyyah Blake:	is this real?
03:34:30	Aliyyah Blake:	where we given this intake somewhere?
03:42:56	Brittany Rolle:	yarrow is great for stopping bleeding too
03:44:33	jazmin sadler:	yeah she may not be aware of the side effects..
03:45:57	Aliyyah Blake:	the side effects are printed on the medicine
03:51:32	Melissa Vargas:	yep..that was me a year ago
03:51:39	Brittany Rolle:	so true
03:56:18	Desiree A:	Parasite and Colon cleanse 
03:56:34	Celesteal Light:	kidney Flush too
03:56:48	Brittany Rolle:	she also mentioned itching, indication of parasites
03:57:00	Desiree A:	true
04:05:20	Desiree A:	cayenne stimulates digestion
04:09:50	jazmin sadler:	lemon balm?
04:09:54	jazmin sadler:	for sleep
04:10:20	Desiree A:	us Calendula for sleep?
04:10:25	Desiree A:	is*
04:11:12	Brittany Rolle:	I would recommend soursop leaf for sleep, works every time
04:11:17	Desiree A:	catnip helps digestion also
04:15:49	Desiree A:	laxative
04:18:10	Hannah Sydney:	adding hyssop for cough would that be too much? or licorice root? which helps to restore balance in the stomach lining.
04:21:34	Hannah Sydney:	cinnamon has a lot of fiber which could help solidify the stool
04:22:53	Desiree A:	chemicals and hormones influencing You too
04:32:26	Brittany Rolle:	help with sleep
04:40:23	Melissa Vargas:	lol
04:40:29	Melissa Vargas:	me too
04:45:45	Melissa Vargas:	agreed
04:55:08	jazmin sadler:	yesssss! 🙌🏽
04:55:42	Melissa Vargas:	word jazmin.. I'm waiting for that gr8 8
04:56:03	jazmin sadler:	coming veryyyyyyy soon! 🙌🏽🙌🏽
04:57:23	Melissa Vargas:	lol
04:58:00	Melissa Vargas:	that's that evil laugh
04:58:02	Brittany Rolle:	🤣🤣
04:59:43	Desiree A:	rejuvelac
04:59:46	Melissa Vargas:	what?!
05:01:41	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
05:01:46	Melissa Vargas:	haha
05:04:14	Brittany Rolle:	good night all
05:04:15	Desiree A:	Peace All🌻


Water dlscusslon..

https://youtu.be/qBPirxx-VoU
release and renewal

00:19:47	Melissa Vargas:	say that again lol
00:23:27	jazmin sadler:	That was real lol
00:23:39	Melissa Vargas:	fluff
00:29:22	Melissa H:	not for nutrients but it could help move waste out. not to be consumed regularly though
00:29:36	jazmin sadler:	I agree
00:29:43	Desiree A:	I drink distilled when I detox
00:33:43	jazmin sadler:	yeah we heard you
00:33:50	Melissa Vargas:	lol
00:38:43	jazmin sadler:	hmmmm!
00:47:31	Brittany Rolle:	hormones
00:50:25	jazmin sadler:	does menopause have a lot to do with diet?
00:51:09	Melissa H:	Yes. We don't have to go into menopause
00:51:34	jazmin sadler:	Yeah they say it’s “normal” lol
00:51:52	Melissa Vargas:	nooo lol
00:53:08	jazmin sadler:	if women have issue producing breast milk
00:53:14	jazmin sadler:	what does that mean?
01:01:41	Desiree A:	runny bowel movement
01:06:10	jazmin sadler:	I don’t feel that it changes
01:13:11	jazmin sadler:	So true!
01:14:11	Melissa H:	I've had downloads before
01:14:22	jazmin sadler:	All the time..
01:14:27	Melissa Vargas:	same
01:20:37	Melissa Vargas:	like "blue and red states"
01:27:30	Desiree A:	It's more concentrated?
01:29:55	Jamee Jory:	Does giving blood recycle the blood in your body?
01:34:39	Melissa H:	Yeah. I sat next to someone on a plane who worked for CDC and was on the team responsible for determining which flu shot to release each year. I told her I would never take it and she admitted that they don't know which strain to give. And that the strains mutate so quickly that they are never ahead of the actual flu, but following behind it trying to catch up. 
01:35:21	Melissa Vargas:	wow
01:35:51	Melissa Vargas:	scorpioss
01:36:49	Melissa H:	What type of water should we be using for our teas lol?
01:37:15	jazmin sadler:	I was gonna ask that too lol
01:42:44	Melissa H:	Non-water question: About herbs (we might have talked about this before, I just don't remember) - Once we have steeped the herbs for tea, is there any benefit to eating the herbs themselves?
01:43:35	Melissa H:	lol
01:43:47	Melissa Vargas:	calendula taste good 
01:44:16	Melissa H:	thanks.
01:44:20	Melissa Vargas:	right!
01:44:22	Melissa Vargas:	same!
01:44:25	Melissa H:	yes. me too
01:45:38	Melissa Vargas:	that's what I do too
01:45:52	Melissa Vargas:	yumm
01:46:06	Melissa Vargas:	please share I love tamarind 
01:46:09	Melissa Vargas:	right!
01:46:17	Aliyyah Blake:	we're all weird 🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:46:23	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss lol I'm ready
01:46:33	Melissa Vargas:	yes true
01:46:47	Melissa Vargas:	aooww that's what that was?
01:46:48	Aliyyah Blake:	I'm happy to know I wasnt trippin
01:47:09	Melissa Vargas:	lol
01:47:10	Melissa H:	actually could be a good idea to do a "tea tasting" and have each other's teas
01:47:17	Melissa H:	YES!
01:47:27	Melissa Vargas:	omg that would be cool Melissa 
01:47:50	Melissa Vargas:	yeah
01:48:41	Melissa H:	Maybe we can assign different weeks. There are 8 of us and we have until March
01:48:47	Desiree A:	No
01:51:55	Melissa Vargas:	haha lol
01:54:08	Melissa Vargas:	cool
01:54:16	Melissa H:	Ok. Thank you much!
01:54:24	Jamee Jory:	goodnight!


Water element.. week 7 words

water element

Element water Water element (release and renewal) – The element of water is expressed in dark blues and black. These colors invite personal wisdom. The energy of water element is represented by any shape that produces flow. Still water energy is represented by any shape that would holds water and creates a womb like effect. Moving water shapes are drawn as cascades or ripples. This energy flows to the sides and down. Water characterizes change and represents the liquid state. Water is necessary for the survival of all living things. A large part of the human body is made up of water. Our blood, lymph, and other fluids move between our cells and through our vessels, bringing energy, and carrying away wastes, regulating temperature, bringing disease fighters and carrying hormonal information from one area to another. Water is a substance without stability. By Water we mean to imply the cohesive aspects of reality which flows into and holds things together, perfectly and simply witnessed in the ubiquitous H20 molecule.  

Qualities- oily (unctuous), moist, cool, soft, and sticky Attribute – cohesion, lubrication.

Facilitates -fluidity and taste (via saliva) ocean, rain, snow, sweat and fountain.

Substance -anything liquid, fluid, Suppleness fluidity or watery.

Example – drinks, soups, melons, cucumber.

Intake – increases smoothness, coolness, softness and flow of fluids. Womb, kidney, bladder, circulatory system. Reproductive System and Reproductive Glands.

Water in its physical form is needed for life as we know it,  as one must drink or absorb in a way some form of Water to sustain life. Be it plant, animal even sentient life – seems to depend to a large degree on water. Water is often associated with emotions, art, time and especially healing and philosophy. It has the depth of a philosopher’s soul and is the inspiration of artist.  

Appearance: Water is liquid, while Earth is solid, Air/wind, gas and Fire the changeover between them…. It’s the most common liquid matter and therefore most people believe it to also represent the mother of all liquid matters. Therefore it can be said that the universal spirit didn’t only create the water, but also blood, breast milk, lymph and everything liquid. Water is often also interpreted as the purest form of liquid, as the “primal liquid,” which only appears in different shapes and forms, but in its transformation always retains its basic elemental properties. In its natural state water can be found salty (undrinkable for most living creatures) or fresh (the form most plants, animals and people require it). Fresh water is found in wells or in rivers. Salt water is mostly found on seas, wide open spaces filled with water, too big you can’t see land at the other side – in these gigantic seas of the world. Water is an unpredictable element, because it is so variable It can cause death and destruction upon those living near open water, but it also grants life – at humanoids for example it first appears in the function form of the sperm, later it helps to maintain the energy of ones body.  

Physical Water: Water is in physical form one of the things you need to survive. It’s something you quickly have enough of, or too less of. Water can only be trusted in small proportions, in wells or fountains. And even then it is a mysterious element, because it can disappear in no time on a hot day in front of your eyes. Nobody knows for sure where it has gone to if that happens, but it is a thought that the wind takes the water back (as the ancients believe water originated from wind). We know that what is taught to be ether, the space that allows water,air,earth an fire to be, the darkness where all life comes from. lf the Fire gets too dominant. The heat of the fire seems to represent the natural elemental enemy of the Water – but also vise versa – water can extinguish fire, fire can make water evaporate. Water has many properties which many people have learned to admire, but they also fear it. Water can carry boats to distant lands, water in wide open spaces also provide food in the form of  see veggies and fish. But be careful some say that everyone who fishes on the sea more than it is due is said that he will be taken by the sea like one takes the fish out of the sea water can be very destructive, as it can overflow its banks, taking things with in a flood. It is an element with two faces. For example from the skies in the form of rain, your crops need it, but if they get too much they will die because of it, and so will you.  

Water stands, like Fire, for deep, but also for variable, or expressed in a positive way “open” emotions, for the acceptance of diversity and the will for the new. Water also represents the contemplative moment, the searching in your inner self, for the discovering of the deepest and darkest things of ones being but also for unleashed chaos. Water, in opposition to the stability of earth, stands for inspiration for creation, for giving birth to ideas, longings and hopes, for moving and for changing. If Water stands still it will rot just like things made of derivative of the element of earth. The flowing and the constant re-arrangement as well as the inherent desire to increase, to overflow, to pave the way of the unknown, are also waters strength.   Water is the first idea to get started, reaching for a goal, where fire is the first step towards achieving these goals.  It is not incidentally that many a culture on planet earth sees the water as the source for all. Water means surviving or not surviving, life or death. Water stands  for the influence of the moon on the planet earth (supposed to control the tide through still disputed magical means) and mysteries.

Water stands for freedom and independence. Water is creation and destruction of prior things, care and wisdom, but also tranquility and healing to restore what was once lost. The element of water stands for cleanness and pureness, for innocence and virginity. Water is the force which changes people, minds, time and everything as water itself is constantly changing, but always the same, a constant pulse of life. Where fire transforms, water is the element which demands transformed and is transformation itself.   To represent Water alchemists often use the sign of a drop or the wave, depending on how the element is used in an alchemical formula. Art also is said to need water for inspiration, and is therefore dedicated to this element. The most common natural representations of water are the rain and the sea. Blue, purple and white are the colors of the Water. The circle, a symbol of the Sea, also a symbol of the water in general, probably because it is shapeless, but has the will to spread in all directions. The mythological beast of the Water is the sea-horse or the fish horse, It is a fine representation of the double meaning of Water. It can be a sign for fishers of a clean, fertile and pure sea, but it can also mean that there is a heavy storm approaching.


What is water.. their words…

Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state (ice), and gaseous state (water vapor or steam). Water covers 70.9% of the Earth’s surface, and is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, it is found mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Oceans hold 97% of surface water, glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers, lakes and ponds 0.6%.  A very small amount of the earth’s water is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. On earth water moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration.   Evaporation transpiration precipitation and runoff, usually reach the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute to the precipitation over land. Clean drinking water is essential to human and other life forms. Water plays an important role in the world economy, as it functions as a solvent for a wide variety of chemical substances and facilitates industrial cooling and transportation. Water in nature appears in all three common states of matter and may take many different forms on earth, water vapor and clouds in the sky, sea water and icebergs in the polar oceans, glaciers and rivers in the mountains and the liquid in aquifers in the ground. Water is a tasteless, odorless liquid at standard temperature and pressure.

The color of water and ice is, intrinsically, a very slight blue hue although water appears colorless in small quantities. Ice also appears colorless, and water vapor is essentially invisible  as a gas. Water is transparent, and thus aquatic plants can live within the water because sunlight can reach them. Only strong UV light is slightly absorbed. Water is a good solvent and is often referred to as the universal solvent. Substances that dissolve in water, e.g., salts, sugars, acids, alkalis, and some gases especially oxygen, carbon dioxide (carbonation) are known as hydrophilic (water- loving) substances, while those that do not mix well with water (e.g., fats and oils) are known as hydrophobic (water-fearing) substances. All the major components in cells (proteins, DNA and polysaccharides) are also dissolved in water.   Pure water has a low electrical conductivity, but this increases significantly with the dissolution of a small amount of ionic material such as sodium chloride. The boiling point of water (and all other liquids) is dependent on the barometric pressure. For example, on the top of Mt. Everest water boils at 68 °C (154 °F), compared to 100 °C (212 °F) at sea level. Conversely, water deep in the ocean near geothermal vents can reach temperatures of hundreds of degrees and remain liquid. Water has the second highest molar specific heat capacity of any known substance, after ammonia, as well as a high heat of vaporization (40.65 kJ-mol”) both of which are a result of the extensive hydrogen bonding between its molecules. These two unusual properties allow water to moderate earth’s climate by buffering large fluctuations in temperature.  

The maximum density of water occurs at 3.98 °C (39.16 F). It has the anomalous property of becoming less dense, not more, when it is cooled down to its solid form, (ice) It expands to occupy 9% greater volume in this solid state, which accounts for the fact of ice floating on liquid water. Water is miscible with many liquids, such as ethanol, in all proportions, forming single homogeneous liquid. On the other hand, water and most oils are immiscible usually forming layers according to increasing density from the top. As a gas water vapor is completely miscible with air. Water forms an azeotrope with many other solvents. Water can be split by electrolysis into hydrogen and oxygen. As an oxide of hydrogen, water is formed when hydrogen or hydrogen-containing compounds burn or react with oxygen or oxygen-containing compounds. Water is not a fuel it is an end-product of the combustion of hydrogen. The energy required to split water into hydrogen and oxygen by electrolysis or any other means is greater than the energy released when the hydrogen and oxygen recombine. Humans and other animals have developed senses which enable them to evaluate the portability of water by avoiding water that is too salty or putrid. The taste of spring water and mineral water, often advertised in marketing of consumer products, derives from the minerals dissolved in it. However, pure H20 is tasteless and odorless. The advertised purity of spring and mineral water refers to absence of toxins, pollutants and microbes.  

Water in the Universe Much of the universe’s water is produced as a byproduct of star formation. When stars are born, their birth is accompanied by a strong outward wind of gas and dust. When this outflow of material eventually impacts the surrounding gas, shock waves are created, compress and heat the gas. The water observed is quickly produced in this warm dense gas. (Water has been detected in interstellar clouds within our galaxy, the milky way. Water probably exists in abundance in other galaxies, too, because its components, hydrogen and oxygen, are among the most abundant elements in the universe. Interstellar clouds eventually condense into solar nebulae and solar systems such as ours).   Water Distribution Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the Earth. The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydro geology, of glaciers is glaciology, of inland waters is limnology and distribution of oceans is oceanography. Ecological processes with hydrology are in focus of ecohydrology. The collective mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet is called the hydrospherę. Earth’s approximate water volume (the total water supply of the world) is (we don’t know)1,360,000,000 km3 (326,000,000 mi), groundwater and fresh water are useful or potentially useful to humans as water resources. Liquid water is found in bodies of water, such as an ocean, sea, lake, river, stream, canal, ponds or puddles. The majority of water on Earth is sea water. Water is also present in the atmosphere in solid, liquid, and vapor states. It also exists as groundwater in aquifers. Water is important in many geological processes. Groundwater is present in most rocks and the pressure of this groundwater affects patterns of faulting. Water in the mantle is responsible for the melt that produces volcanoes at subduction zones, On the surface of the Earth, water is important in both chemical and physical weathering processes. Water and, to a lesser but still significant extent, ice, are also responsible for a large amount of sediment transport that occurs on the surface of the earth. Deposition of transported sediment forms many types of sedimentary rocks, which make up the geologic record of earth’s history.

Water Cycle The water cycle (known scientifically as the hydrologic cycle) refers to the continuous exchange of water within the hydrosphere, between the atmosphere, soil, water, surface water, groundwater, and plants. Water moves perpetually through each of these regions in the water cycle consist of the following transfer processes.

Evaporation from oceans and other water bodies into the air and transpiration from land plants and animals into air.

Precipitation from water vapor condensing from the air and falling to earth or ocean.

Runoff from the land usually reaching the sea.   Most water vapor over the oceans returns to the oceans, but winds carry water vapor over land at the same rate as runoff into the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute another 71 Tt per year. Precipitation, at a rate of 107 Tt per year over land, has several forms most commonly rain, snow, and hail, with some contribution from fog and dew. Condensed water in the air may also refract sunlight to produce rainbows.  

Surface Water Rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs-they all contain water flowing on the earth’s surface. Rivers and streams carry flowing water whereas as lakes, wetlands, and reservoirs hold or store water. Regardless of their role they are all surface-water resources that are replenished by precipitation. Rain falling on the land surface that does not seep into the ground becomes runoff water, which flows into rivers, streams, or lakes. The land area that drains water to a particular river, stream, or lake is called a watershed, which can be identified on a map by tracing a line along the highest elevations, generally a ridge, between two areas on a map. About 80 percent of the total freshwater that we use daily comes from surface water. The estimated amount of surface-water withdrawal in the United States was 323 billion gallons per day. Most of this water was used for irrigation and public supplies. Because surface water such a vital role in our lives, it is important to have accurate measures of stream flow to determine stream stage and discharge over time.  

Water runoff Water runoff often collects over watersheds flowing into rivers. A mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters is hydrological transport model. Some of water is diverted to irrigation for agriculture. Rivers and seas offer opportunity for travel and commerce. Through erosion, runoff shapes the environment creating river valleys and deltas which provide rich soil and level ground  for the establishment of population centers. A flood occurs when an area of land usually low-lying, is covered with water. It is when a river overflows its banks or flood from the sea. A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. This occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation.  

Fresh Water Storage Some runoff water is trapped for periods of time, for example in lakes. At high altitude, during winter, and in the far north and south, snow collects in ice caps, snow pack and glaciers. Water also infiltrates the ground and goes into aquifers. This groundwater later flows back to the surface in springs or more spectacularly in hot springs and geysers. Groundwater is also extracted artificially in wells. This water storage is important, since clean, fresh water is essential to human and other land-based life. In many parts of the world, it is in short supply.  

Ground Water Although it is hidden from view, vast quantities of water exist in the crevices, cracks, and pore spaces of rocks and soils that make up the Earth’s crust. As a matter of fact, more subsurface or “ground” water is contained below the land surface than is contained within all of the surface reservoirs and lakes, including the Great Lakes. The depth to groundwater may be within a few feet of land surface or several thousand feet below land surface. The age of groundwater may be just a few hours old at shallow depths or hundreds to thousands of years old at great depths.

Geologic materials that can store and freely transmit groundwater are called aquifers. The speed at which water moves through an aquifer depends on the size of the open void spaces containing the water and how well these spaces are connected. Where geologic materials are porous (many void spaces) and permeable (large, well-connected spaces), water can easily be transmitted to wells or springs. As with surface water, groundwater also is replenished by precipitation. Approximately 21 percent of the freshwater withdrawn in the united states supplies, livestock uses, irrigation, industry, and mining uses groundwater. Nearly 82 billion gallons a day were obtained from wells and springs to meet water needs.  

Thermoelectric water industrial Applications Thermoelectric power accounts for about half of total water withdrawals. Most of is derived from surface water and used for once-through cooling at power plants . About 52 percent of fresh surface-water withdrawals and about 96 percent of saline withdrawals are for thermoelectric-power use. Water is used in power generation. Hydroelectricity is electricity obtained from hydropower. Hydroelectric power comes from water driving a water turbine connected to a generator. Hydroelectricity is a low-cost, non-polluting, renewable energy source. The energy is supplied by the sun. Heat from the sun evaporates water, which condenses as rain in higher altitudes, from where it flows down. Discharge of untreated water from industrial uses is pollution. Pollution includes discharged solutes (chemical pollution) and discharged coolant water (thermal pollution). Self-supplied industrial water withdrawals accounted for about 5 percent of water use. Industrial water use includes water used for fabrication, processing, washing, and cooling, and also includes water used by smelting facilities, petroleum refineries, and industries producing chemical products, food, and paper products. Industrial water use has declined 24 percent since 1985 and in 2000 was at the lowest level since reporting began in 1950.

Public supply water is water withdrawn by public and private water suppliers, in contrast to self-supplied water, which is water withdrawn by a user. Public-supply water may be used for domestic, commercial, industrial, thermometric power, or public use purposes. Irrigation Water Use fresh water in the United States. Irrigation accounts for about a third of water use and is currently the largest use of freshwater in the u.s.  Irrigation water use includes water used for growing  crops, frost protection, as well as water used to maintain areas such as parks and golf courses. Sea water contains about 3.5% salt on average, plus smaller amounts of other substances. The physical properties of sea water differ from fresh water in some important respects. It freezes at a lower temperature (about-1.9″C) and its density increases with decreasing temperature to the freezing point, instead of reaching maximum density at a temperature above freezing. The salinity of water in major seas varies from about 0.7% Baltic Sea to 4.0% in the Red Sea. Tides are the cyclic rising and falling of Earth’s ocean surface caused by the tidal forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the oceans. Tides cause changes in the depth of the marine and estuarine water bodies and produce oscillating currents known as tidal streams. The changing tide produced at a given location is the result of the changing positions of the Moon and Sun relative to the Earth coupled with the effects of earth rotation and the local bathymetry. The strip of seashore that is submerged at high tide and exposed at low tide, the inter-tidal zone, is an important ecological product of ocean tides.  

Water Effects on Life From a biological standpoint, water has many distinct properties that are critical for the proliferation of life that set it apart from other substances. It carries out this role by allowing organic compounds to react in ways that ultimately allow replication. All known forms of life depend on water. Water is vital both as a solvent in which many of the body’s solutes dissolve and as an essential part of many metabolic processes within the body. Metabolism is the sum total of anabolism and catabolism, In anabolism, water is removed from molecules (through energy requiring enzymatic chemical reactions) in order to grow larger molecules. (e.g. starches, triglycerides and proteins for storage of fuels and information).In catabolism, water is used to break bonds in order to generate smaller molecules (e.g. glucose, fatty acids and amino acids to be used for fuels for energy use or other purposes). Without water, these particular metabolic processes could not exist. Water is fundamental to photosynthesis and respiration. Photosynthetic cells use the sun’s energy to split off water’s hydrogen from oxygen, Hydrogen is combined With CO2 (absorbed from air or water) to form glucose and release oxygen, All living cells use such fuels and oxidize the hydrogen and carbon to capture the sun’s energy and reform water and CO2  in the process (cellular respiration). Water is also central to acid-base neutrality and enzyme function. Water is considered to be neutral, with a pH (the negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration) of 7. Acids have pH values than 7 while bases have values greater than 7.  

Aquatic life forms Earth’s surface waters are filled with life. The earliest life forms appeared in water nearly all fish live exclusively in water, and there are many types of marine mammals such as dolphins and whales. Some kinds of animals, such as amphibians, spend portions of their lives in water and portions on land. Plants such as kelp and algae grow in water and are the basis for some underwater ecosystems.   Other Water Uses Combined withdrawals for self-supplied domestic, livestock, aquaculture, and mining activities represented about 3  percent of total water withdrawals. Self-supplied domestic withdrawals include water used for household purposes which is not obtain from public supply. Water use for human consumption is called drinking water. Water that is not potable may be made potable by filtration ar distillation, or a range of other methods. Water that is not fit for drinking but is not harmful humans when used for swimming or bathing is called by various names other than potable or drinking water, and is sometimes call safe water or safe for bathing. Chlorine is a skin and mucous membrane irritant that is used to make water safe for bathing and drinking…(lawd gad) Non potable water (wastewater) generated by humans may be referred to as grey water and black water which contains sewage and other forms of waste products……..  


https://youtu.be/BAjgH0Kjfrg
week 6.. lntake

00:20:53	SWP Sabrina:	🤣🤣🤣🤣
00:22:10	Desiree A:	Right, like white things. flour, starches
00:24:34	Aliyyah Blake:	herpes feeds off sugars too
00:33:16	jazmin sadler:	can someone write the list in the chat.. I missed some I only have 6 lol
00:33:41	Aliyyah Blake:	calendula 
00:33:50	Therese Prentice:	do you recommend drinking each of the individual herbs for us?
00:33:58	Melissa Vargas:	black walnut calendula cinnamon chips chaparral dandelion leaf lemon balm 
00:34:12	Melissa Vargas:	elecampane 
00:34:43	jazmin sadler:	thank you 💓
00:36:42	Melissa Vargas:	did he say parsley root?
00:36:55	jazmin sadler:	yes!
00:37:46	Nicole Sanchez:	How long do you steep the lemon balm for, I feel like it gets bitter fast.
00:43:32	Therese Prentice:	Dandelion Root is for Bowels?
00:44:19	Therese Prentice:	yess thanks
00:44:27	Desiree A:	Yes!
00:44:29	jazmin sadler:	all good!
00:44:35	Hannah Sydney:	it makes sense
00:45:02	Therese Prentice:	red Raspberry for Hormones and nourishing too
00:45:12	jazmin sadler:	red raspberry and red clover is my favoriteeee blend
00:46:57	Jamee Jory:	How many parts per blend for numerology? 
00:46:59	Therese Prentice:	I say that adaptagens go where they are needed
00:47:32	Melissa Vargas:	kava kava ?
00:47:57	Therese Prentice:	ashes Ganda is my favorite adaptagen
00:48:08	Therese Prentice:	and ashwaganda
00:48:36	Therese Prentice:	reishi mushroom
00:48:57	Therese Prentice:	maca is an adaptagen
00:49:14	Melissa Vargas:	st. john wort?
00:50:48	Desiree A:	st John's wort is more sedative too I think like for nerves
00:53:42	Therese Prentice:	can you speak more about rhodiola?
00:54:38	Therese Prentice:	I heard it takes longer to work?
00:56:56	Jamee Jory:	would you still use red raspberry if making this for a man?
00:57:15	Therese Prentice:	red raspberry for parasites?
01:01:39	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂😂😂
01:01:45	jazmin sadler:	lmaoooooo
01:01:47	SWP Sabrina:	🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:01:48	Therese Prentice:	love that analysis
01:01:58	Therese Prentice:	I got it
01:02:45	jazmin sadler:	I just don’t understand how you can tolerate herbal tea, it’s not bad at all lol
01:05:03	Desiree A:	Can You send that list @Aliyyah ?
01:08:34	Aliyyah Blake:	I'll put it in the other group chat
01:09:44	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss, I agree with this 1000%
01:11:00	Aliyyah Blake:	Desiree I sent it in the group chat
01:11:23	Desiree A:	Awesome, thank You!
01:16:19	Melissa H:	YESSSSS! This is so good!
01:18:25	Desiree A:	Yes, thank You for those nuggets!
01:34:05	Hannah Sydney:	does she take any medications?
01:34:33	Desiree A:	Yes but a lot of good information and it's relatable
01:43:58	Desiree A:	Yes, maybe add one to the day time like black walnut
01:47:08	Jamee Jory:	Maybe a bath with Epsom and magnesium? helps with minerals and relaxation at night.
01:50:21	Jamee Jory:	Maybe adding the herbs will help motivate better food choices?
01:53:19	jazmin sadler:	yes agreed!
01:58:35	jazmin sadler:	wowww
01:59:59	Therese Prentice:	you would be aggressive with her?
02:00:10	Therese Prentice:	lol
02:00:23	Therese Prentice:	Wow got it
02:00:25	jazmin sadler:	she’s too comfortable
02:00:46	jazmin sadler:	it will make her uncomfortable which is good
02:00:50	Therese Prentice:	ok cool
02:01:10	Therese Prentice:	damn
02:02:24	Jamee Jory:	🤣 I love that you put get rid of bf in 30 day goals! 
02:02:39	Melissa Vargas:	haha
02:02:47	jazmin sadler:	lol that was real
02:05:17	Jamee Jory:	Genius!
02:13:17	jazmin sadler:	and it shows how much they want the change
02:13:50	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
02:13:51	Jamee Jory:	How much does she pay a day in fast foods?
02:14:03	Melissa H:	good question Jamee
02:14:05	Melissa Vargas:	at least 12 dollars
02:14:08	jazmin sadler:	It’s a choice..
02:16:33	jazmin sadler:	boom!
02:16:41	jazmin sadler:	so simple
02:16:47	jazmin sadler:	if she’s serious..
02:18:03	jazmin sadler:	yeah.. she has to want it more for herself than you do!
02:19:10	Jamee Jory:	goodnight 
02:19:12	jazmin sadler:	have a beautiful night!
02:19:16	Desiree A:	All right! goodnight all


https://youtu.be/YZRPb-8gpYc


https://youtu.be/Q8ndOMevwPk
If you would like to be on the map please send me the info you would like me to display on there. please and thankyou


Simple Herb Clasifications

Plant Group

Aromatic/Pungent 

Major Phytochemicals

essential oils 

resins

allyl-sulphides

glucosinolates.

Primary Healing Actions

stimulating (warming or hot)

drying (disperse moisture and stagnation)

diaphoretic (stimulates perspiration)

carminative

expectorant

decongestant

antiseptic

cold and flu remedies

Single Herb Examples

Aromatic

eucalyptus

chamomile 

peppermint

sage 

rosemary 

oregano

thyme 

lavender 

fennel.

Pungent: 

capsicum

ginger

horseradish

clove.


Plant Group

Bitters

Major Phytochemicals

Alkaloids

iridolds

anthraquinone

glycosides.

Primary Healing Actions

detoxifying (enhance elimination)

cooling (reduce inflammation and fever)

blood purifying 

laxative

liver protective.

Single Herb Examples

goldenseal 

oregon grape

yellow dock 

milk thistle

cascara sagrada

buckthorn 

sarsaparilla

burdock 

dandelion root

yucca 

gentian 

orange peel,

lobelia 

chocolate 

myrrh gum 

hops.


Plant Group

Salty

Major Phytochemicals

mineral salts

Primary Healing Actions

nourishing (supplies minerals and nutrients)

softening (breaks up hard masses) 

gently detoxifying.

Single Herb Examples

dandelion leaf

chickweed

mullein 

celery 

barley grass 

parsley

red clover

nettles 

alfalfa

horsetail 

oat straw.


Plant Group

Sour

Major Phytochemicals

organic acids (citric,malic and ascorbic acid)

flavonoids

Primary Healing Actions

Cooling (reduces inflammation and fever)

antioxidant

nourishing and refreshing

protect cardio- vascular system

Single Herb Examples

lemon 

hawthorn 

plantain leaf

schizandra

elderberry

grape 

bilberry

mangosteen 

lyceum

willow bark.


Plant Group

Astringent

Major Phytochemicals

tannins.

Primary Healing Actions

tightening (contract tissue and arrest discharge)

styptic (stops bleeding)

vulnerary (helps wounds heal)

counteracts venom.

Single Herb Examples

White oak bark

uva ursi

bayberry root bark

red raspberry

yarrow

lady’s mantle

eyebright

kudzu.


Plant Group

Mucilant

Major Phytochemicals

mucilage

gums 

pectins.

Primary Healing Actions

Soothing (reduces irritation and inflammation)

absorbent (absorbs moisture and toxins)

vulnerary (tissue healing)

decongestant

bulk laxative.

Single Herb Examples

Psyllium hulls

slippery elm

marshmallow 

dulse 

gum arabic

guar gum

fenugreek

okra.


Plant Group

Sweet

Major Phytochemicals

immune stimulating.

Primary Healing Actions

Tonifying (strengthens body structure and function)

adaptagenic (helps body adapt to stress)

immune stimulating

energizing (builds energy reserves).

Single Herb Examples

licorice root

ginseng root

stevia

dong qual

eleuthero root

astragals

bee pollen.


https://youtu.be/MLBs00mvS3A
week 6 discussion

00:29:27	Desiree A:	True, they are becoming less covert about it though. meaning they are getting desperate.
00:29:32	Desiree A:	what is it called?
00:29:46	Brittany Rolle:	the game changers
00:32:59	Brittany Rolle:	red
00:33:02	Desiree A:	red
00:39:06	Desiree A:	No, is it protection?
00:39:06	Brittany Rolle:	excess
00:40:02	Jamee Jory:	vitamin D
00:51:11	Bea Divine:	the skins natural oils should protect from harmful rays also
00:59:51	jazmin sadler:	never INNERstood why they said vitamin D came from dairy. 🙄
01:00:12	Desiree A:	Lol right
01:08:13	Desiree A:	😂
01:21:41	Celesteal Light:	such a great Class!!!
01:21:46	Celesteal Light:	whoaaaa
01:23:22	Celesteal Light:	something citric? 
01:23:31	Celesteal Light:	lemon grass? 
01:23:40	Celesteal Light:	lemon balm
01:23:55	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:23:56	Jamee Jory:	what about just plain olive oil? 
01:24:35	Melissa Vargas:	chamomile is a great scent
01:24:38	Desiree A:	chamomile topically?
01:24:42	Desiree A:	Yes
01:41:59	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
01:42:18	jazmin sadler:	lmaooo
01:43:29	jazmin sadler:	That is interesting! Lol
01:43:57	Celesteal Light:	parasite
01:44:01	jazmin sadler:	programming.
01:44:01	Desiree A:	parasites
01:44:07	Bea Divine:	!!!
01:44:10	Desiree A:	it's a mind thing also
01:44:14	Melissa H:	yes jazmin lol
01:45:15	Desiree A:	I'm like that with beef and chicken
01:47:18	jazmin sadler:	isn’t that acidic ?
01:47:46	Desiree A:	I hear different things about acv
01:49:32	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
01:49:41	Desiree A:	😂😂😂
01:50:02	Desiree A:	You have to measure it right lol and mix it eotj the carrier oil
01:50:22	jazmin sadler:	I have a question before we go...
01:50:33	jazmin sadler:	how do you feel about colonics?
01:55:46	jazmin sadler:	for how long?
01:56:20	Celesteal Light:	one says Salt and the other calcium I dont know why
01:56:32	Celesteal Light:	one to ingest amd the other topical
01:56:39	Celesteal Light:	bentonite clay
01:57:36	Aliyyah Blake:	which brands?
01:58:13	jazmin sadler:	thank you!
02:00:00	Desiree A:	Do You take it before or after You eat?
02:00:39	jazmin sadler:	good question!
02:08:32	Melissa Vargas:	killa
02:27:24	Desiree A:	soap nuts?
02:33:24	Brittany Rolle:	good night everyone


The Skeletal System Week 6.. words

The skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in the body. Each bone is a complex living organ that is made up of many cells, protein fibers, and minerals. The skeleton acts as a scaffold by providing support and protection for the soft tissues that make up the rest of the body. The skeletal system also provides attachment points for muscles to allow movements at the joints. New blood cells are produced by the red bone marrow inside of our bones. Bones act as the body’s warehouse for calcium, iron, and energy in the form of fat. Finally, the skeleton grows throughout childhood and provides a framework for the rest of the body to grow along with it.

Skeletal System Anatomy

The skeletal system in an adult body is made up of 206 individual bones. These bones are arranged into two major divisions and the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
The axial skeleton runs along the body’s midline axis and is made up of 80 bones in the following regions:
Skull
Auditory ossicles
Sternum
Hyoid
Vertebral column
The appendicular skeleton is made up of 126 bones in the following regions:
Upper limbs
.Lower limbs
.Pelvic girdle
Pectoral (shoulder) girdle.

Skull
The skull is composed of 22 bones that are fused together except for the mandible. These 21 fused bones are separate in children to allow the skull and brain to grow, but fuse to give added strength and protection as an adult. The mandible remains as a movable jaw bone and forms the only movable joint in the skull with the temporal bone. The bones of the superior portion of the skull are known as the cranium protect the brain from damage. The bones of The the inferior and anterior portion of the skull are known as facial bones and support the eyes, nose, and mouth.

Hyoid and Auditory Ossicles
The hyoid is a small, U-shaped bone found just inferior to the mandible. The hyoid is the only bone in the body that does not form a joint with any other bone it is a floating bone. The hyoid’s function is to help hold the trachea open and to form a bony connection for the tongue muscles. The malleus, incus, and stapes known collectively as the auditory ssicles are the smallest bones in the body. Found in a small cavity inside of the temporal bone, they serve transmit and amplify sound from the eardrum to the inner ear.

Vertebrae
Twenty-six vertebrae form the vertebral column of the human body. They are named by region.

Cervical (neck)-7 vertebrae
Thoracic (chest) – 12 vertebrae
Lumbar (lower back)-5 vertebrae
Sacrum- 1 vertebra
Coccyx (tailbone) – 1 vertebra
With the exception of the singular sacrum and coccyx, each vertebra is named for the first letter of its region and its position along the superior-inferior axis. For example, the most superior thoracic vertebra is called T1 and the most inferior is called T12.

Ribs and Sternum
The sternum, or breastbone, is a thin, knife-shaped bone located along the mid-line of the anterior side of the thoracic region of the skeleton. The sternum connects to the ribs by thin bands of cartilage called the coastal cartilage. There are 12 pairs of ribs that together with the sternum form the rib cage of the thoracic region. The first seven ribs are known as “true ribs” because they connect the thoracic vertebrae directly to the sternum through their own band of costal cartilage. Ribs 8, 9, and 10 all connect to the sternum through cartilage that is connected to the cartilage of the seventh rib, so we consider these to be “false ribs.” Ribs 11 and 12 are also false ribs, but are also considered to be “floating ribs” because they do not have any cartilage attachment to the sternum at all.

The pectoral girdle connects the upper limb (arm) bones to the axial skeleton and consists of the left and right clavicles and left and right scapula.
The humerus is the bone of the upper arm. It forms the ball and socket joint of the shoulder with the scapula and forms the elbow joint with the lower arm bones. The radius and ulna are the two bones of the forearm. The ulna is on the medial side of the forearm and forms a hinge joint with the humerus at the elbow. The radius allows the forearm and hand to turn over at the wrist joint.
The lower arm bones form the wrist joint with the carpals, a group of eight small bones that give added flexibility to the wrist. The carpals are connected to the five metacarpals that form the bones of the hand and connect to each of the fingers. Each finger has three bones known as phalanges, except for the thumb, which only has two phalanges.

Pelvic Girdle and lower limb formed by the left and right hip bones, the pelvic girdle connects the lower limb (leg) bones to the axial skeleton. The femur is the largest bone in the body and the only bone of the thigh (femoral) region. The femur forms the ball and socket hip joint with the hip bone and forms the knee joint with the tibia and patella. Commonly called the kneecap, the patella is special because it is one of few bones that are not present at birth. The patella forms in early childhood to support the knee for walking and crawling. The tibia and fibula are the bones of the lower leg. The tibia is much larger than the fibula and bears nearly all of the body’s weight. The fibula is mainly a muscle attachment point and is to maintain balance. The tibia and fibula form the ankle joint with the talus, one of the seven tarsal bones in the foot. The tarsals are a group of seven small bones that form the posterior end of the foot and heel. The tarsals form joints with the five long metatarsals of the foot. Then each of the metatarsals forms a joint with one of the set of phalanges in the toes. Each toe has three phalanges except for the big toe, which only has two phalanges.

Microscopic Structure of Bones
The skeleton makes up about 30-40% of an adult’s body mass. The skeleton’s mass is made up of  bone matrix and many tiny bone cells. Roughly half of the bone matrix’s mass is water, while the other half is collagen protein and solid crystals of calcium carbonate and calcium phosphate.

Living bone cells are found on the edges of bones and in small cavities inside of the bone matrixc, Although these cells make up very little of the total bone mass, they have several very important roles in the functions of the skeletal system. The bone cells allow bones to..

. Grow and develop

. Be repaired following an injury or daily wear

.Be broken down to release their stored minerals

Types of Bones
All of the bones of the body can be broken down into five types, long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid.

Long bones are longer than they are wide and are the major bones of the limbs. Long bones grow more than the other classes of bone throughout childhood and so are responsible for the bulk of our height as adults. A hollow medullary cavity is found in the center of long bones and serves as a storage area for bone marrow. Examples of long bones include the femur, tibia, fibula, metatarsals, and phalanges.

Short bones are about as long as they are wide and are often cubed or round in shape. The carpal bones of the wrist and the tarsal bones of the foot are examples of short bones.

Flat bones vary greatly in size and shape, but have the common feature of being very thin in one direction. Because they are thin, flat bones do not have a medullary cavity like the long bones. The frontal, parietal, and occipital bones of the cranium along with the ribs and hip bones are all examples of flat bones.

Irregular bones have a shape that does not fit the pattern of the long, short, or flat bones. The vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx of the spine as well as the sphenoid, ethmoid and zygomatic bones of the skull are all irregular bones.

Sesamoid bones are formed after birth inside of tendons that run across joints. Sesamoid bones grow to protect the tendon from stresses and strains at the joint and can help to give a mechanical advantage to muscles pulling on the tendon. The patella and the pisiform bone of the carpals are the only sesamoid bones that are counted as part of the 206 bones of the body. Other sesamoid bones can form in the joints of the hands and feet, but are not present in all people. 

Parts of Bones

The long bones of the body contain many distinct regions due to the way in which they develop. At birth, each long bone is made of three individual bones separated by hyaline cartilage. Each end bone is called an epiphysis (epi = on; physis-to grow) while the middle bone is called a diaphysis (dia passing through). The epiphysis and diaphysis grow towards one another and eventually fuse into one bone. The region of growth and eventual fusion in between the epiphysis and diaphysis is called the metaphysis (meta- after). Once the long bone parts have fused together, the only hyaline cartilage left in the bone is found as articular cartilage on the ends of the bone that form joints with other bones. The articular cartilage acts as a shock absorber and gliding surface between the bones to facilitate movement at the joint.

Looking at a bone in cross section, there are several distinct layered regions that make up a bone. The outside of a bone is covered in a thin layer of dense irregular connective tissue called the periosteum. The periosteum contains many strong collagen fibers that are used to firmly anchor tendons and muscles to the bone for movement. Stem cells and osteoblast cells in the periosteum are involved in the growth and repair of the outside of the bone due to stress and injury. Blood vessels present in the periosteum provide energy to the cells on the surface of the bone and penetrate into the bone itself to nourish the cells inside of the bone. The periosteum also contains nervous tissue and many nerve endings to give bone its sensitivity to pain when injured.

Deep to the periosteum is the compact bone that makes up the hard, mineralized portion of the bone. Compact bone is made of a matrix of hard mineral salts reinforced with tough collagen fibers. Many tiny cells called osteocytes live in small spaces in the matrix and help to maintain the strength and integrity of the compact bone.

Deep to the compact bone layer is a region of spongy bone where the bone tissue grows in thin columns called trabeculae with spaces for red bone marrow in between. The trabeculae grow in a specific pattern to resist outside stresses with the least amount of mass possible, keeping bones light but strong. Long bones have a spongy bone on their ends but have a hollow medullary cavity in the middle of the diaphysis. The medullary cavity contains red bone marrow during childhood, eventually turning into yellow bone marrow after puberty.

Articulations
An articulation, or joint, is a point of contact between bones, between a bone and a tooth. Synovial joints are the most common type of articulation and feature a small gap between the bones. This gap allows a free range of motion and space for synovial fluid to lubricate the joint. Fibrous joints exist where bones are very tightly joined and offer little to no movement between the bones. Fibrous joints also hold teeth in their bony sockets. Finally, cartilaginous joints are formed where bone meet cartilage or where there is a layer of cartilage between two bones. These joints provide a small amount of flexibility in the joint due to the gel-like consistency of cartilage.

Skeletal System Physiology

Support and Protection

The skeletal system’s primary function is to form a solid framework that supports and protects the body’s organs and anchors the skeletal muscles. The bones of the axial skeleton act as a hard shell to protect the internal organs, such as the brain and the heart from damage caused by external forces. The bones of the appendicular skeleton provide support and flexibility at the joints and anchor the muscles that move the limbs

Movement

The bones of the skeletal system act as attachment points for the skeletal muscles of the body. Almost every skeletal muscle works by pulling two or more bones either closer together or further apart. Joints act as pivot points for the movement of the bones. The regions of each bone where muscles attach to the bone grow larger and stronger to support the additional force of the muscle. In addition, the overall mass and thickness of a bone increase when it is under a lot of stress from lifting weights or supporting body weight.

Hematopoiesis

Red bone marrow produces red and white blood cells in a process known as hematopoiesis. Red bone marrow is found in the hollow space inside bones known as the medullary cavity. Children tend to have more red bone marrow compared to their body size than adults do, due to their body’s constant growth and development. The amount of red bone marrow drops off at the end of puberty, replaced by yellow bone marrow.

Storage

The skeletal system stores many different types of essential substances to facilitate growth and repair of the body. The skeletal system’s cell matrix acts as our calcium bank by storing and releasing calcium ions into the blood as needed. Proper levels of calcium ions in the blood are essential to the proper function of the nervous and muscular systems. Bone cells also release osteocalcin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar and fat deposition. The yellow marrow inside of our hollow long bones is used to store energy in the form of lipids. Finally, red bone marrow stores some iron in the form of the molecule ferritin and uses this iron to form hemoglobin in red blood cells.

Growth and Development

The skeleton begins to form early in fetal development as a flexible skeleton made of hyaline cartilage and dense irregular fibrous connective tissue. These tissues act as a soft, growing framework and placeholder for the bony skeleton that will replace them. As development progresses, blood vessels begin to grow into the soft fetal skeleton, bringing stem cells and nutrients for bone growth. Osseous tissue slowly replaces the cartilage and fibrous tissue in a process called calcification. The calcified areas spread out from their blood vessels replacing the old tissues until they reach the border of another bony area. At birth, the skeleton of a newborn has more than 300 bones, as a person ages these bones grow together and fuse into larger bones, leaving adults with only 206 bones.

Flat bones follow the process of intramembranous ossification where the young bones grow from a primary ossification center in fibrous membranes and leave a small region of fibrous tissue in between each other. In the skull these soft spots are known as fontanels, and give the skull flexibility and room for the bones to grow. Bone slowly replaces the fontanels until the individual bones of the skull fuse together to form a rigid adult skull.

Long bones follow the process of endochondral ossification where the diaphysis grows inside of cartilage from a primary ossification center until it forms most of the bone. The epiphyses then grow from secondary ossification centers on the ends of the bone. A small band of hyaline cartilage remains in between the bones as a growth plate. As we grow through childhood, the growth plates grow under the influence of growth and sex hormones, slowly separating the bones. At the same time the bones grow larger by growing back into the growth plates. This process continues until the end of puberty, when the growth plate stops growing and the bones fuse permanently into a single bone. The vast difference in height and limb length between birth and adulthood are mainly the result of endochondral ossification in the long bones.

Common Bone Diseases
Bone diseases are disorders and conditions that cause abnormal development and/or impairment in normal bone development. This can result in weakened bones, inflamed joints and pain. Its reported that your bones naturally lose density after the age of 20 due to the aging process.. (any thoughts). However, some diseases of the bone can cause excessive loss of bone strength and density. Nutrient deficiencies such a lack of vitamin D or C, hormonal imbalances and cell abnormalities can also cause bone disorders in both children and adults.

Rickets this preventable bone disease affects young children and is caused by a deficiency of the nutrient vitamin D. Rickets causes weak, brittle bones that fracture easily and bone and muscle pain.

Osteomalacia is similar to rickets because it is caused by a defect in vitamin D metabolism by the body, but it affects mainly adults. It is characterized by weakened bones and abnormal bone formation.

Acromegaly is a bone condition caused by excess of growth hormone production by the body. Overgrown bones in the face, hands and feet characterize this disease. The most common cause of acromegaly is a benign tumor on the pituitary gland in the brain.

Perthes disease affects the bone of the hip joint in children. The femoral head, which is the joint area on the long bone in the upper leg, deteriorates due to a lack of blood supply, causing pain and the inability to walk.

Fibrous Dysplasia results in excessive growth or swelling of bone due to abnormal cell development. There are several types of fibrous dysplasia that mainly affect the bones of the skull, face, ribs, upper arms, pelvis, thighs and shins.

Osteomyelitis is a bacterial infection of bone, which can either be sudden and acute or chronic. Treatment may include antibiotics and in some cases, surgery to remove the infected bone tissue. 
Our bones define us, make us beautiful, provide leverage for movement and allow us to stand upright. We build bone until our third decade. After that, a steady loss begins, like sand slipping through an hourglass. Nevertheless, while osteoporosis has become a major public health problem, it is not inevitable. A number of strategies will keep your bones strong and some of them run counter to the party line on osteoporosis prevention.

Lifestyle Tips for Healthy Bones
Physical activity tones bone and muscle, and strong muscles minimize the risk of bone shattering falls. To stimulate new bone formation, the exercise has to stress the bone. Weight bearing exercises, walking, jogging, jumping rope, climbing stairs maintain hips and spine. Strength-training exercises also strengthens your bones. It’s never too late to start. Research shows that endurance and resistance training boosts bone mass in elders.

Eat for strong bones
What  does acid and inflammation have to do with bones? A lot, as it turns out. Inflammation is linked to osteoporosis, as well as a number of other diseases. Anti-inflammatory  eating such foods as vegetables, fruits and omega-3 fatty acids that are high in nutrients and possess high mineral count appear to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. This kind of eating is also alkalinizing (which reduces acidity).
Diets that generate acid cause calcium loss. Here’s why: Acid-base balance is critical for many bodily processes. When dietary acid enters the blood, calcium compounds come out of bone to neutralize it. Eventually, that calcium is flushed out in the urine. Although the loss is small, the theory is that, over time, acidic diets slowly, steadily deplete the bone calcium stores.


lntake form

https://youtu.be/bhb8GpNWOSs
10/17/19
lntake

00:08:11	Celesteal:	bacteria
00:08:18	Celesteal:	deadcells
00:08:19	Jamee Jory:	thrush?
00:08:32	Jamee Jory:	yeast?
00:08:48	Celesteal:	fungus
00:09:12	Celesteal:	low immune 
00:10:59	Celesteal:	yes
00:11:10	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:11:10	Jamee Jory:	ready 
00:15:45	Celesteal Light:	@all of them are really 3
00:24:22	Celesteal:	lol
00:25:36	Celesteal:	yes
00:29:05	Brittany Rolle:	I will research the drugs
00:30:32	Jamee Jory:	atorvortatin, enlalpril, aspirin, fourosomide, cardiverol, coq10, vit c, e, b complex, & chromium piccolonate
00:31:33	Celesteal:	yes
00:35:09	Brittany Rolle:	Atorvastatin is used to treat high cholesterol, and to lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, or other heart complications in people with type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors.
00:35:25	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of atorvastatin include: hemorrhagic stroke, arthralgia, diarrhea, and nasopharyngitis. Other side effects include: urinary tract infection, insomnia, limb pain, muscle spasm, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia, and nausea. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:36:10	Brittany Rolle:	Enalapril is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults and children who are at least 1 month old.  Enalapril is also used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF). CHF is a disorder of the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart) which decreases the heart’s ability to pump blood to the body.
00:36:27	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of enalapril include: increased blood urea nitrogen and increased serum creatinine. Other side effects include: hypotension. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:37:10	Brittany Rolle:	Aspirin is used to treat pain, and reduce fever or inflammation. It is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and chest pain (angina).
00:37:50	Brittany Rolle:	More frequently reported side effects include: dyspepsia, epigastric discomfort, heartburn, and nausea. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:42:05	Brittany Rolle:	Furosemide is used to treat fluid retention (edema) in people with congestive heart failure, liver disease, or a kidney disorder such as nephrotic syndrome. this is a diuretic (water pill)
00:45:35	Brittany Rolle:	Furosemide side effects: shortness of breath, swelling of the feet or lower legs, weight loss, sores, ulcers or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
00:46:34	Brittany Rolle:	Carvedilol is used to treat heart failure and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used after a heart attack that has caused your heart not to pump as well.
00:46:48	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of carvedilol include: hyperglycemia. Other side effects include: angina pectoris, hypotension, nausea, orthostatic hypotension, rales, visual disturbance, and vomiting.
00:49:40	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:50:26	Brittany Rolle:	yes that’s for aspirin!
00:50:35	Brittany Rolle:	sorry mic is acting up
00:52:09	Melissa H:	Sorry All. Had to step away for a few minutes.
00:52:28	Brittany Rolle:	he would definitely have to cut out the sugar
00:58:05	Brittany Rolle:	yes something may be up with the elimination channels
00:58:10	Brittany Rolle:	he doesn’t sweat
00:58:38	Brittany Rolle:	earth and fire dominant
01:01:48	Jamee Jory:	Was there anything about drinking water? And, the leg swelling,  is that an indication of water retention? 
01:05:14	Jamee Jory:	What I'm putting together is that we need a diuretic, oxygen, blood purifier, and colon cleanser? 
01:06:32	Jamee Jory:	Another thing that didn't make sense to me was he eats 50% fruit, but only 35% of his diet is raw. Is he cooking his fruit?
01:06:34	Brittany Rolle:	yes there were a lot of side effects for that but I put those specifically because he experienced
01:06:50	Brittany Rolle:	😂 Jamee
01:09:20	Melissa Vargas:	cascara sangrada 
01:12:12	Jamee Jory:	🤣 that's where his 50% fruits come from 
01:12:38	Jamee Jory:	nettle 
01:12:40	Brittany Rolle:	for the colon cleanse, nettle can definitely go along with the cascara sagrada. it will clean out the digestive system
01:12:45	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:12:57	Brittany Rolle:	nettle is also anti inflammatory
01:13:47	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂 y’all are funny! are we making one tea or two?
01:14:17	Brittany Rolle:	dandelion is a natural diuretic as well, lowers cholesterol and high blood pressurw
01:17:28	Jamee Jory:	🤣
01:18:09	Jamee Jory:	Maybe add something for energy to get him onto tea, instead of coffee
01:19:16	Melissa Vargas:	I agree @jamee
01:20:21	Brittany Rolle:	I’m sorry but the fact that this man bikes, weight lifts and don’t sweat is cracking me up. He needs to sit in a sauna every day to open up those pores and eliminate!
01:21:01	Brittany Rolle:	right! that’s true too
01:25:49	Jamee Jory:	what about hawthorn berry?
01:36:01	Brittany Rolle:	that’s good
01:41:44	Celesteal:	can you repeat the part from liver produces cholesterol to patch up please?
01:47:12	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:59:44	Brittany Rolle:	yes
02:01:10	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾


https://youtu.be/IGfUhLt6TP0

00:05:27	Desiree A:	Not yet
00:10:03	Desiree A:	That's kind of difficult lol
00:10:28	Desiree A:	Yes, chickens eat grain that grows from the ground

00:10:54	Desiree A:	The Earth has a hand in it All. Even the Air, aka trees.
00:11:28	Brittany Rolle:	natural light?
00:14:53	Desiree A:	red, brown
00:15:10	Desiree A:	dusky
00:16:07	Brittany Rolle:	no
00:19:35	Brittany Rolle:	yes there is a Doctor here that hasn’t worn shoes in decades and everyone calls him the crazy doctor
00:30:10	Celesteal Light:	 my phone died
00:32:55	Celesteal Light:	Earth Herbalist
00:33:47	Desiree A:	Someone who eats a lot of meat could be heavy
00:34:02	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:34:15	Celesteal Light:	it could
00:34:32	Desiree A:	Yes, like not Spiritual
00:34:40	Jamee Jory:	I'm thinking like grounded, stable energy
00:35:00	Celesteal Light:	rigid
00:39:42	Desiree A:	Could that be too much Air?
00:39:46	Melissa Vargas:	Hannah can you mute your phone please
00:53:06	Desiree A:	Skin?
00:53:14	Celesteal Light:	poop? 
00:53:18	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:53:23	Jamee Jory:	fat
00:53:47	Desiree A:	Organs?
00:54:05	Celesteal Light:	oooohhhhghh
00:58:04	Brittany Rolle:	🤣
01:09:42	Brittany Rolle:	chlorophyll
01:09:44	Desiree A:	plants
01:10:00	Desiree A:	green
01:19:05	Desiree A:	Hmm like sterileness or Holiness?
01:22:26	Jamee Jory:	Yes! I was just gonna mention that! They wore white this weekend!
01:24:40	Celesteal Light:	the state of the world is reflecting the body as a whole much sickness around the world
01:37:52	Desiree A:	Inner-G
01:37:52	Jamee Jory:	vibrational energy 
01:37:52	Brittany Rolle:	energy
01:38:05	Desiree A:	Life Force 
01:40:24	Celesteal Light:	gas?

01:40:36	Brittany Rolle:	through space
01:40:44	Celesteal Light:	heat
01:40:47	Celesteal Light:	fire
01:41:00	Celesteal Light:	water
01:41:08	Celesteal Light:	air
01:42:29	Celesteal Light:	moonlight is cool right
01:44:06	Celesteal Light:	no
01:44:18	Desiree A:	Right lol
01:44:37	Desiree A:	Because eventually the Crystal can leech Inner-G from You
01:45:01	Celesteal Light:	wow!
01:45:13	Celesteal Light:	gotta put mine outside
01:45:26	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:45:56	Celesteal Light:	didn't know that
01:50:59	Celesteal Light:	I needed to hear that
01:52:18	Celesteal Light:	my phones on mute
01:52:40	Desiree A:	Wait, so do We need to send intake forms in?
01:52:51	Desiree A:	5:30 est or CST?
01:53:24	Celesteal Light:	thank you Melissa
01:53:32	Brittany Rolle:	that’s great
01:53:43	Hannah Sydney:	yes that would be awesome
01:53:47	Desiree A:	That is 4:30 for me so I will be at work but I can try to get off early.
01:53:52	Desiree A:	that's great!
01:54:01	Melissa Vargas:	awesome!
01:54:25	Jamee Jory:	Can I observe and not speak? definitely not ready! LOL 
01:55:21	Celesteal Light:	facts 💯
01:55:23	Celesteal Light:	lol
01:57:25	Desiree A:	Got You!
01:58:32	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss 😄 no bites yet
02:00:25	Desiree A:	WOO!
02:00:38	Celesteal Light:	lol
02:00:58	Celesteal Light:	It's not going to work for me I had it too long * 
02:01:04	Celesteal Light:	I've hear that
02:01:08	Celesteal Light:	diabetes
02:01:22	Celesteal Light:	they felt they cant be healed
02:01:46	Celesteal Light:	the legs swell and say that can drink too much water
02:02:09	Celesteal Light:	okay 
02:02:17	Celesteal Light:	thank you for that
02:02:21	Celesteal Light:	many thanks
02:02:36	Celesteal Light:	habe a great night all
02:02:39	Celesteal Light:	have
02:02:45	Brittany Rolle:	good night all

Earth element Week 5.. words

Earth Element (grounding and support)– The element Earth is associated with muted tones such as yellows and brown. These colors slow the energies. Shapes of the earth energy are squares and rectangles, they are horizontal shapes that encourage the grounding of energy. Changing artwork and windows from portrait to landscape can increase the earth energy in a home. Earth represents the solid state of matter. It manifests stability, permanence, and rigidity. In our body, the parts such as bones, teeth, cells, and tissues are manifestations of the earth. Earth is considered a stable substance. By Earth we are to understand not only the terrain of our planet or the iron in our red blood cells and spleen, but also the quality of steadfastness of mind, strength of one’s moral fiber, one’s slow and quiet undeterred advancement towards a goal, and the resistance to the manifestations of others.  

Qualities – heavy, rough, solid, stable, slow, soil, mud, clay, dust, crystals, salt

Attribute – resistance, density

Facilitates – fragrance, odor and shape Substance- anything solid, heavy, grounded, firmness

Example -fried foods, cheese, cakes, banana

Intake-increases heaviness, stability, obesity and solidity in the body kidneys, adrenals, spinal column, legs, feet, bones, large intestine, skin and adrenal glands.   All living beings are dependent on Earth for a place to live and for fuel (grow food).

Earth is the first thing you need for almost everything to ensure consistency as it provides a ground, stability and endurance. Earth is a element that is peaceful and tranquil, It is an element busy with the day to day life problems, an element often seen as the great player in the eternal game of the world, counterpart to the lucidity and creativity of Alr (wind). Earth is the most passive and strong element although it can be destructive if one experiences its wrath, Most people rely on this element and what it produces or stands for, for it is familiar and may appear not to change much. It is seen as the force within us where we build ourselves upon, the invulnerable force within us we can turn to in great misery. The people associated to the Element of earth can be the spiritual leaders, who are not only known for their strength and unwavering convictions in the positive sense, but also for their intransigence and stubbornness.  

Appearance While wind is spirit, Earth is substance, the wind’s unwavering counterpart. And just as water is seen as the mother of everything liquid, so is Earth the father of everything solid, Earth is more than the ground we stand on, the brown dirt we know with this name, it  is stone as well in all it varieties, including the most precious gems. It appears also in the form of wood and every object we shape, though endowed with a spirit to serve us as tools is Earth in its realization. Much more than any other elements Earth therefore is defined mostly by its appearance, which also tell us about the monumental history this element concentrates in itself, be it in form of a mountain range, the strong mitral mineral, an item made by our forefathers or in the incredible force of an earthquake.  

Physical Earth Earth is rock, Earth is stone. Earth is sand, and Earth is the place we live. Earth is the flesh of the planet, and the flesh and bones we bear in us are seen as the earthen part of ourselves. Earth is stable, constant, solid, strong and unrelenting and is trusted without thoughts as it is what is there and remains. Also the treasures of the soil are often interpreted as equivalents of the element of Earth, just in its different appearances are these stones soft, hard or unbreakable as the famous (Uruyant Mineral,) common or rare precious.   They form the tools in which the cultures put their trust to survive. The spiritual myth tells us that through these minerals we the children of this universe learn to value might and wealth, principles we cannot get from anything else to master the hardships of existence. But even the peaceful Earth can become angry, and take many, many lives. For the worst thing that could happen is that the ground beneath your feet begins to shake, move and finally crumble and swallow you whole, be it in the physical, spiritual or mental sense. For the Earth is the element we build our existence upon. It is the base of all. Earth keeps Earth Planet in one piece as it is just that piece and it is that what defines ourselves in how we appear also as persons.  

Spiritual Earth Spiritual Earth is in some way very much like physical Earth. It is the base on which people build their personality, which keeps your mind together and lets you focus and helps to determine. People with a bad mental health are believed to have not enough of the Element of Earth, they are said to lack strength, will and endurance, all virtues, which are needed to give other elements their ground. Also, where Fire and Water stand for change creation and destruction, Earth stands for existence and being itself. Fire and Water determine the becoming. Both forms of it, life and death, are balanced in the universe. The Earth stands for the coldness of the eternal frosty embrace of the Planet and the warmth of life on the planet, the warmth comes from below. Earth represents safety and balance but overall constancy, the constancy of being within the confines of life and death.  Earth is overall a practical element, so while the virtues of other elements can be very abstracts and vague, the teachings of the Earth are rather direct and have clearly defined purpose.  

Symbols of Earth The most common representatives of Earth are sand and rock. In their daily use both these archetypes of the element show how much Earth constitutes time, the essential category of existence. While people construct their homes with rock and stone to give their lives the face of permanence, the trickling of the sands in an hourglass on the other hand doesn’t only measure the time left for the mortals on this planet, but also indicates that everything that lives must eventually come to the earthen standstill. But the trees and the forest are also symbolic for the element of Earth. Also headstrongness and determination are seen as a sign of earthen nature of a character.  

Black (coal and so-called “stone oil”), brown (soil and wood) and red (bricks to build homes) are the main colors of this element. Alchemists often use signs like the square a single horizontal line marks the elements use as the basis for other alchemical reactions. The sign often signifies wood, the part of the element  of Earth, which can be identified with living and growing. In the clerical sense Earth is most often represented in the form of an altar. The altar is an elevated place or structure usually made from wood or stone before which religious ceremonies may be  or which sacrifices are offered to god. In doing so, the two basic elemental counterparts Earth and Air( the altar and the spiritual meaning ) are united. This symbol is a very old one and is said to have its origin in the practices of ancient times.

What is soil aka earth..

Why Soil is So Important People simply cannot survive without (Earth) soil. Soil is what plants grow in and can be 12% of the bodies make up at any given point in time. It plays an important role in producing most of our food, timber, and fibers for clothing. It also provides a base for our homes, our industry, and many of our leisure activities. In spite of our dependence, we often treat the soil as if it were an inexhaustible resource which we do not seem to care for. Soil is a vital part of the natural environment. It is just as important as plants, animals, rocks, land-forms, lochs, and rivers. It influences the distribution of plant species and provides a habitat for a wide range of organisms. It controls the flow of water and chemical substances between the atmosphere and the earth, and acts as both a source and storage for gases (like oxygen and carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere.  

Soils not only reflects natural processes but also record human activities both at present and in the past. They are therefore part of our cultural heritage. The modification of soil for agriculture and the burial of archaeological remains are some examples.. Soil, together with the plant and animal life it supports, the rock on which it develops its position in the landscape and the climate it experiences, forms an amazingly intricate natural system more powerful and complex than any machine that man has created. Soil may look still and lifeless, but this impression couldn’t be further from the truth. It is constantly changing and developing through time (just as the body). Soil its always responding to changes in environment, along with the influences of man and land use. Some changes in the soil will be of short duration and reversible (sound familiar), others will be a permanent feature of soil development.  

Ecosystems Services Soil provides ecosystem services critical for life. soil acts as a water filter and a growing medium, providing habitat for billions of organisms, contributing to biodiversity and supplies most of the antibiotics used to fight diseases. Humans use soil as a holding facility for solid waste, filter for wastewater, and foundation for our cities and towns. Wetlands deliver a wide range of ecosystem services that contribute to human well-being, such as fish, fiber, water supply, water purification, climate regulation, flood regulation, coastal protection, recreational opportunities, and increasing tourism. Despite these important  benefits, the degradation and loss of wetlands is more rapid than that of other ecosystems. Finally, soil is the basis of all nation’s agro ecosystems which provide us with fiber, food and fuel. Advances in watershed, natural resource, and environmental sciences have shown that soil is the foundation of basic ecosystem function. Soil filters our water, provides essential nutrients to our forests and crops, and helps regulate the Earth’s temperature as well as many of the important greenhouse gases.  

What Is Soil “Soil” is a word which has several different meanings. To the engineer soil is usually thought of as the finely ground, loose rock material at the Earth’s surface (often termed overburden and frequently regarded as an inconvenience because it may have to be stripped, stored carefully and replaced as part of an engineering project). The geologist calls this layer the regolith’ (essentially meaning the same as the engineer’s overburden) and frequently begins investigations below it. The farmer and gardener think of the soil as the top few centimeters, the depth of plough or cultivation for the former and a spade or garden fork depth for the latter (the ‘topsoil). They tend to ignore what’s underneath. Yet this deeper material (or ‘subsoil’) is very important for plant growth, storing and supplying nutrients and water. Also, a number of chemical substances (whether naturally produced within the soil or added by human activity) pass from the topsoil through to the subsoil. These may eventually reach underground and surface water stores.   Soil is made up of organic matter, minerals, and living organisms.

Organic matter is decaying material such as rotting leaves and dead animals. Minerals are crushed rocks or bedrock. Living organisms include moles, worms and beetles, which churn through the earth, as well as essential bacteria that help to break down organic matter. Once you step on the earth, you come in contact with life. Soil is not just a piece of dirt. Soil is the entire surface of the planet we call earth. made up of living and nonliving material spread a very thin layer that covers the entire surface of the planet we call earth. Without soil, there would be nowhere to grow food that is the sustenance of life. Soil contains food, water and air that are needed by plants to grow. The healthier the plant, the better it is for humans and animals to eat. The quality of the soil ultimately affects the health of people and animals.  

Four Major Components of Soil Soil must provide nutrients, water, and air and help to support all life. Soil is a combination of materials. One part of soil is rock that has been broken down over time by wind, water, and chemical processes. Another material is called organic matter. It is made up of decaying plant and animal matter. 5 percent will consist of organic matter such as leave. Water and air are the other ingredients in soil. 25 percent will consist of water and 25 percent will consist of air. In a good garden soil, about 45 percent will be made up of rock particles.   Soil Types People describe soil types in many different ways such as heavy, light, sandy, clay,loam, poor, or good. Soil scientists describe soil types by how much sand, silt and clay are present. This is called texture. It is possible to change the texture by adding different things. Changing texture can help in providing the right conditions needed for plant growth.

Sand: is the largest particle in the soil. When you rub it, it feels rough. This is because it has sharp edges. Sand doesn’t hold many nutrients.

Silt: is a soil particle whose size is between sand and clay. Silt feels smooth and powdery. When wet it feels smooth but not sticky.

Clay: is the smallest of particles. Clay is smooth when dry and sticky when wet. Soils high in clay content are called heavy soils. Clay also can hold a lot of nutrients, but doesn’t let air and water through it well.

Loamy: This soil is a mixture of sand and clay with varying proportions. Calcareous or chalky soils: This soil may contain limestone or chalk and very little plant food

Peat soil: This soil is usually found in marshy land and is a source of fuel and contains more than 20% humus.  

Soil Profile A soil profile is the side view of the soil, from the uppermost layer to the bottom layer, there are six layers that exist  in a soil profile. They are as follows The top most layer of the soil is composed mainly of fresh soil and decaying organic matter. The color ranges from brown to black.The second layer of the soil consists of highly decomposing organic matter. The color ranges from brown to gray.The third layer of soil is composed of sand and silt. It has lost most of its nutrients. The color of this layer is light brown.The fourth layer consists of clay, large rocks, and bedrock. The color ranges from rust to tan.The fifth layer of soil is bedrock. The color is gray.The sixth layer of soil is comprised of rock. The color is gray.these layers do change depending on biome and environment…A Home to many The earth is home to a countless number of different organisms. It is believed that there are probably more individual species living below ground than above the surface. We have identified only a fraction of them so far. Soils contain so much life that they are what the rainforests are to the tropics. Worms, beetles, caterpillars, ants, and larger animals like moles, are all obvious soil creatures. However, just one teaspoon of soil will also contain up to several million protozoa (probably the simplest form of animal life), bacteria, algae, and ematodes (microscopic worm-like animals).

Many of these species are vital to the proper functioning of soils, Unfortunately, we know nowhere nearly enough about them to describe the roles of more than just a few. Soil can look after itself, can’t it? Since soil is underneath us, we cannot easily see when things go wrong as we are able to when plants and animals disappear or die. There is a tendency to assume that everything is ‘alright’. However, in different parts of the world, misuse of the soil has brought about a whole list of major environmental disasters. In both the past and at present, this neglect has led to catastrophic consequences. The effects of drought on over-farmed land in Africa during the 1980s, as well as the American Dust Bowl of the 1930s are familiar examples, but there is good evidence that the collapse of several ancient civilizations was influenced at least in part by the mismanagement of soil.   There are still several issues of concern. Soil erosion, pollution, acidification, loss of fertility and of organic matter all occur in different parts of the world. These problems result either directly or indirectly from using inappropriate management techniques on particular soils.

It should be evident that when we talk about nature conservation and environmental protection, the well-being of soils must also be a major consideration. Soil is essential for many of mankind’s activities. Yet, it is a part of our environment which is frequently taken for granted. We only start to take notice when it becomes damaged in some way, for example, by pollution or erosion. Even then, damage to the soil itself is not always the main issue. Instead, it is the after effect on other parts of the environment that receive much of the attention. The rate of soil development is extremely slow, according to the timescales of human beings. “It has taken hundreds, thousands and, in some environments, millions of years to produce the range of soils that exist today”. The soil is not an unlimited resource to be lost or damaged by poor management, just a few years of inappropriate use can, in some instances seriously harm soil which has developed over centuries.  

Ways to Conserve Soil Use rotational grazing. There is a short grazing period followed by a rest period of longer duration. Grazing is done when the farm is still in the vegetative stage. This prevents crops from being completely eaten away. Don’t cultivate soils on steep slopes. You can construct wind barriers at the boundaries of the farm. This will prevent wind  from blowing away the soil. Add humus to your soil. It will prevent soil erosion. Keep grassed waterways to drain out storm water. To fight storm water, use structures made of natural materials such as logs or a collection of large stones as opposed to cement and concrete. Natural resources are more effective and inexpensive. Plant strips of grass, trees or shrubs between water and cropland. It prevents surface movement of fertilizers, pesticides and soil.

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https://youtu.be/Ra3hLw_fs50
Week 4

00:13:26	Celesteal Light:	thanks for asking him to record
00:13:46	Celesteal Light:	I need this 
00:24:42	Melissa Vargas:	local food pantries
00:32:19	Brittany Rolle:	same 😂😂😂
00:34:00	Melissa Vargas:	practice with the kids
00:37:08	Melissa H:	HA!
00:40:31	Melissa H:	A pre-recorded podcast or live podcast?
00:40:54	Melissa H:	Cool.
00:43:48	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:43:49	Desiree A:	A little lol
01:13:51	Melissa H:	yes
01:24:05	Melissa H:	HAHAHA! Yes we understand
01:24:08	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾😂
01:33:10	Melissa H:	Yes. There are some herbs though that depending on the stage of pregnancy can be harmful.
01:33:18	Melissa H:	Also all doulas are not trained the same :)
01:34:02	Brittany Rolle:	exactly
01:36:55	Melissa H:	YES! We don't talk about miscarriages that way. But the first thing the body is designed to do is to fight off anything "foreign". A fertilized egg is first foreign to the body.
01:37:12	Melissa H:	We can't hear you because Celesteal Light isn't muted lol
01:46:05	Desiree A:	I've heard of them
01:48:45	Aliyyah:	my phone is dying. talk to u guys later
01:55:01	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone🌻
01:55:02	Melissa H:	THanks. Good night everyone


Here is some additional herbs for detox information, to consider while preparing for any herbal detox cleanse

Alfalfa – it has all eight amino acids, increases energy, endurance, and helps digestion, a herbal body cleanse is supported with alfalfa as it contains almost every vitamin and mineral! Alfalfa is a natural deodorizer, infection and cancer fighter, is also high in chlorophyll. Alfalfa is an effective herbal body cleanse ingredient.  

Barberry Bark– a powerful intestinal and stomach cleanser, blood purifier, eliminates constipation and mucoid plaque off colon walls, antiseptic properties and helps all liver problems.  

Cascara Sagrada– a colon cleanse and bowel tonic, it will stimulate peristalsis. (muscle movement through the intestinal tract).

Burdock Root – skin and blood cleanser, improves liver function, antibacterial and antifungal, diuretic and increases perspiration.  

Cayenne Pepper – blood and tissue cleanser, a natural stimulant, it increases elimination especially through the skin, sweating .

Chaparral– an effective blood cleanser, virus and bacteria hunter eliminator.

Cloves -kills parasites and bacterias.

Dandelion Root– liver a blood purifier, filters toxins, a cleanser and tonic, rich in vitamins and minerals, helps those with anemia, hypoglycemia, rheumatism, stomach, gallbladder and spleen problems.  

Echinacea – supports immune  system, cleanses lymph system, is antimicrobial, improves lymphocyte and  phagocyte functions.  

Fennel Seed – reduces appetite, helps remove waste from all parts of the body, improves digestion, gas removal, kills pinworms and calms the nervous system, useful in combination with cascara sagrada for a milder effect.  

Garlic– blood cleanser, antimicrobial, kills yeast, parasites and clears viral infections, can help lower blood fats and cholesterol.  

Ginger Root– helps nausea, relieves congestion, stimulates circulation, sweating, skin cleanser, relieves headaches, and reduces fever and gas. Ginger improves the effect of other herbs when used in herbal blends.  

Goldenseal Root – blood, skin, liver, kidney cleanser, antimicrobial, helps to stop infections, eliminates poisons, and removes mucus from nasal areas, bronchial, throat, intestines, stomach and bladder. An ancient herbal body cleanse ingredient, very effective.  

Hawthorn Berry – used for centuries as a herbal detox ingredient for treating disease, good for the heart valves prevents atherosclerosis and helps strengthen heart muscles, used for angina pectoris and difficulty with breathing. antiseptic and great for the kidneys, helpful for high or low blood pressure, rheumatism, hypoglycemia, and arthritis.  

Horsetail -high in silica, helps the body to assimilate calcium, good for circulation, the bladder, kidneys, glands, hair, fingernails and liver.  

Irish Moss – exceptionally high in nutrients, good for the bladder, intestines and glands thyroid especially), tumors, bronchitis, goiter, varicose veins, lungs and joint problems.  

Kelp -a very rich source of vitamins contains 28 minerals and every trace mineral including large amounts of iodine. Kelp is excellent for the glandular system, helps digest food, assists the thyroid, and stimulates digestive secretions of stomach and pancreas. Kelp gives nutrients to the pituitary gland affecting the entire body, stimulates metabolism to burn excess calories, and helps remove plaque from the arteries, gall bladder and kidneys even  wrinkles. It cleanses and strengthens the entire-body making it an excellent herbal detox aid. An effective aid for goiter, asthma, diabetes and eczema.  

Licorice root– mid laxative, supports immune system. Licorice helps chemically balance  other herbs by assisting  PH levels. Good for removal of age spots,  removes drugs from the body,  improves circulation and is a great anti-cancer fighter.  

Lobelia herb– removes congestion, lymph system cleanser, good for cramps or pain, removes worms, fever and great for lungs. A powerful herbal detox assistant.   Myrrh Gum – builds immune system, effective stomach and intestinal cleanser, antiseptic, helps eliminate gas, rebuilds the digestive tract. Another ancient natural body cleanse aid.  

Oregon Grape Root – blood purifier, liver stimulant, skin and colon cleaner……..

Parsley Leaf-flushes kidneys as a diuretic, purifier, freshens breath.  

Red Raspberry Leaf -prevents hemorrhage and diarrhea, good source of iron, builds blood and increases energy. Astringent, great digestive aid, improving intestinal function and dislodging mucoid plaque from colon walls. A great overall herbal body cleaning aid.  

Rose Hips-are very rich in vitamin C, B complexes, A, E and rutin, contains vitamin D and P. Very good for the skin, high in iron, calcium, potassium and silica Rose Hips stop infections, dizziness, cramps, colds, anti-cancer agent, psoriasis and stress. an excellent blood purifier.  

Sarsaparilla Root -blood and lymph cleanser.  

Yellow Dock – 60% iron very good tonic, a high effective herbal body cleanse to treat anemia,cancer and leukemia. A liver and spleen tonic blood purifier and builder, stimulates elimination channels especially the skin, great lymph system purifier.


https://youtu.be/1VFhw0FI_4E
Week 4 digestive discussion

00:11:26	Jamee Jory:	treat infection 
00:13:09	Melissa Vargas:	can you say the name of the herb tea you were drinking
00:15:59	Jamee Jory:	Oh wow! He did say he was only able to sleep 3-4 hours a day
00:19:10	Desiree A:	in the mouth
00:19:10	Jamee Jory:	chewing 
00:19:13	Desiree A:	saliva
00:19:27	Aliyyah Blake:	your eyes
00:19:33	Aliyyah Blake:	and your nose
00:19:47	Melissa Vargas:	yeah
00:20:29	jazmin sadler:	Jamee can you put your phone on mute please, we can hear you in the background :) 
00:21:23	Aliyyah Blake:	saliva breaking down the food. the esophagus 
00:21:38	Aliyyah Blake:	and the .muscles moving it down to the stomach 
00:25:20	Jamee Jory:	sorry! 
00:29:58	Melissa Vargas:	lol!!! 
00:30:10	Melissa Vargas:	my dad made me eat it that way haha
00:30:38	Melissa Vargas:	with honey too
00:32:45	Melissa Vargas:	so different 
00:46:44	Brittany Rolle:	i switched to spelt flour
00:47:04	Desiree A:	Yeaass, substitutes like flax "egg"
00:47:28	Jamee Jory:	I have a screenshot of a spelt sourdough brand.  I haven't seen it, but I haven't looked either. I'll post it 
00:47:52	jazmin sadler:	Ok, thanks!
00:50:23	Melissa Vargas:	starch!
00:56:17	Jamee Jory:	my brother calls it pond water. 🤣🤣🤣
01:02:28	Desiree A:	I live in Oklahoma and we have the watermelon trucks thankfully lol
01:07:24	Brittany Rolle:	I always ask if the first fruits had no seeds.. what would we have now!
01:13:05	Desiree A:	So if we did a product for a colon cleanse it would also be good to do one with sea vegetables to assist?
01:14:07	Desiree A:	Hmm maybe a powder for smoothies
01:14:33	Desiree A:	Yes that makes sense 
01:16:58	Desiree A:	What about Psyllium husk?
01:17:52	Desiree A:	So that is good to add to the colon cleanse. Do You have to take the bentonite clay separate from that?
01:20:38	Desiree A:	Awesome! Thank You, I have been wondering about that for awhile.
01:22:14	Desiree A:	Yes definitely, there are many methods
01:23:14	Desiree A:	Those are good questions, there are a lot of reproductive herbs that weren't listed. like red clover, vitex berry, red raspberry. These can all be used
01:23:59	Bea Divine:	facts
01:24:05	Bea Divine:	for breech babies
01:24:29	Bea Divine:	changes the frequency
01:24:34	Brittany Rolle:	mugwort is also used for astral trave
01:24:35	Celesteal Light:	note taken
01:28:07	Celesteal Light:	dang
01:35:41	Desiree A:	I know someone who does. Do digestive issues like that cause auto- immune diseases like lupus?
01:39:25	Desiree A:	Thank You!
01:40:37	Jamee Jory:	Is candida a digestive issue?
01:41:20	Desiree A:	You can have an overgrowth of candida in the gut, yes? I think I am dealing with this 
01:41:40	Jamee Jory:	me too
01:41:49	Aliyyah Blake:	I think so.
01:41:59	Aliyyah Blake:	that's why we have to take pre and probitoics
01:45:40	Bea Divine:	but dog food is trash thou... it's junk food for dogs
01:46:54	Brittany Rolle:	my cousin’s dog had to get its cecum removed, that’s similar to the appendix
01:47:02	Brittany Rolle:	they feed that dog anything
01:48:18	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:54:23	Aliyyah Blake:	BOOM!
01:55:07	Aliyyah Blake:	treat the symptoms 
01:55:42	Aliyyah Blake:	thats why its called the PRACTICE of medicine.. they experiment. 
01:55:57	Brittany Rolle:	yup!
01:56:00	Aliyyah Blake:	they tryna see something 
01:56:15	Desiree A:	😂😂
02:05:39	Desiree A:	Right!
02:07:00	Desiree A:	hybrid
02:07:20	Brittany Rolle:	wild boars
02:08:17	Desiree A:	gelatin as well like gummy candies, Hostess, Lil Debbie. Everything has pork
02:11:39	Brittany Rolle:	✊🏾
02:11:39	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone 🌻


Digestive System Week 4.. words

Digestive system

The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body known as the alimentary canal or the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach/ small intestines, and large intestines. In addition to the alimentary canal, there are several important accessory organs that help your body to digest food but do not have food pass through them. Accessory organs of the digestive system include the teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver gallbladder, and pancreas.

To achieve the goal of providing energy and nutrients to the body, six major functions take place in the digestive system:

1. Ingestion2. Secretion3. Mixing and movement4. Digestion5. Absorption6. Excretion

Digestive System Anatomy

Food begins its journey through the digestive system in the mouth, also known as the oral cavity. Inside the mouth are many accessory organs that aid in the digestion of food, the tongue, teeth, and salivary glands. Teeth chop food into small pieces, which are moistened by saliva before the tongue and other muscles push the food into the
pharynx. Oral cavity, cross-section.

The teeth are 32 small, hard organs found along the anterior and lateral edges of the mouth. Each tooth is made of a bone-like substance called dentin and covered in a layer of enamel-the hardest substance in the body. Teeth are living organs and contain blood vessels and nerves under the dentin in a soft region known as the pulp. The teeth are designed for cutting and grinding food into smaller pieces.

The  tongue is located on the inferior portion of the mouth just posterior and medial to the teeth. It is a small organ made up of several pairs of muscles covered in a thin, bumpy skin-like layer. The outside of the tongue contains many rough papillae for gripping food as it is moved by the tongue’s muscles. The taste buds on the surface of the tongue detect taste molecules in food and connect to nerves in the tongue to send taste information to the brain. The tongue also helps to push food toward the posterior part of the mouth for swallowing.

Surrounding the mouth are 3 sets of salivary glands. The salivary glands are accessory organs that produce a watery secretion known as saliva. Saliva helps to moisten food and begins the digestion of carbohydrates. The body also uses saliva to lubricate food as it passes through the mouth, pharynx, and esophagus.

The pharynx, or throat, is a funnel-shaped tube connected to the posterior end of the mouth. The pharynx is responsible for the passing of masses of chewed food from the mouth to the esophagus. The pharynx also plays an important role in the respiratory system, as air from the nasal cavity passes through the pharynx on its way to the larynx and eventually the lungs. Because the pharynx serves two different functions, it contains a flap of tissue known as the epiglottis that acts as a switch to route food to the esophagus and air to the larynx.

The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach that is part ot the upper gastrointestinal tract. It carries swallowed masses of chewed food along its length. At the inferior end of the esophagus is a muscular ring called the lower Stomach, gallbladder and pancreas esophageal sphincter or cardiac sphincter. The function of this sphincter is to close the end of the esophagus and  the stomach.

The  stomach is a muscular sac that is located on the left side of the abdominal cavity just inferior to the diaphragm. In an average person, the stomach is about the size of their two fist next to each other. This major organ acts as a storage tank for food so that the body has time to digest large meals properly. The stomach also contains hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes that continue the digestion of food that began in the mouth.

The small intestine is a long, thin tube about 1 inch in diameter and about 10 feet long that is part of the lower gastrointestinal tract. It is located just inferior to the stomach and takes up most of the space in the abdominal cavity. The entire small intestine is coiled like a hose and the inside surface is full of many ridges and folds. These folds are used to maximize the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. By the time food leaves the small intestine around 90% of all nutrients have been,extracted from the food that entered it.

The liver is a roughly triangular accessory organ of the digestive system located to the right of the stomach, just inferior to the diaphragm and superior to the small intestine. The liver weighs about 3 pounds and is the second largest organ in the body. The liver has many different functions in the body, but the main function of the liver in digestion is the production of bile and its secretion into the small intestine. The gallbladder is a small, pear- shaped organ located just posterior to the liver. The gallbladder is used to store and recycle excess bile from the small intestine so that it can be reused for the digestion of subsequent meals.

The pancreas is a large gland located just inferior and posterior to the stomach. It is about 6 inches long and shaped like short, lumpy snake with its “head” connected to the duodenum and its tail pointing to the left wall of the abdominal cavity. The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine to complete the chemical digestion of foods.

The large intestine is a long, thick tube about 2 1/2 inches in diameter and about 5 feet long. It is located just inferior to the stomach and wraps around the superior and lateral border of the small intestine. The large intestine absorbs water and contains many symbiotic bacteria that aid in the breaking down of wastes to extract some small amounts of nutrients. Feces in the large intestine exit the body through the anal canal.

The digestive system is responsible for taking whole foods and turning them into energy and nutrients to allow the body to function, grow, and repair itself. The six primary processes of the digestive

Ingestion of Food Cycle.

Secretion of fluids and digestive enzymes

Mixing and movement of food and wastes through the body

Digestion of food into smaller pieces

Absorption of nutrients

Excretion of wastes

The first function of the digestive system is ingestion, or the intake of food. The mouth is responsible for this function, as it is the orifice through which all food enters the body. The mouth and stomach are also responsible for the storage of food as it is waiting to be digested. This storage capacity allows the body to eat only a few times each day and not to ingest more than it can process at one time.

Secretion, in the course of a day, the digestive system secretes around 7 liters of fluids. These fluid include saliva, mucus, hydrochloric acid, enzymes, and bile. Saliva moistens dry food and contains salivary amylase, a digestive enzyme that begins the digestion of carbohydrates. Mucus serves as a protective barrier and lubricant inside of the GI tract. Hydrochloric acid  helps to digest food chemically and protects the body by killing bacteria present in our food. Enzymes are like tiny biochemical machines that disassemble large macromolecules like proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids into their smaller components. Finally, bile is used to emulsify large masses of lipids into tiny globules for easy digestion.

Mixing and Movement

The digestive system uses 3 main processes to move and mix food. Swallowing is the process of using smooth and skeletal muscles in the mouth, tongue, and pharynx to push food out of the mouth, through the pharynx, and into the esophagus. Peristalsis is a muscular wave that travels the length of the GI tract, moving partially digested food a short distance down the tract. It takes many waves of peristalsis for food to travel from the esophagus, through the stomach and intestines, and reach the end of the Gl tract.

Segmentation occurs only in the small intestine as short segments of intestine contract like hands squeezing a toothpaste tube. Segmentation helps to increase the absorption of nutrients by mixing food and increasing its contact with the walls of the intestine.

Digestion is the process of turning large pieces of food into its component chemicals. Mechanical digestion is the physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces.

This mode of digestion begins with the chewing of food by the teeth and is continued through the muscular mixing of food by the stomach and intestines. Bile produced by the liver is also used to mechanically break fats into smaller globules. While food is being mechanically digested it is also being chemically digested as larger and more complex molecules are being broken down into smaller molecules that are easier to absorb.

Chemical digestion begins in the mouth with salivary amylase in saliva splitting complex carbohydrates into simple carbohydrates. The enzymes and acid in the stomach continue chemical digestion, but the bulk of chemical digestion takes place in the small intestine thanks to the action of the pancreas. The pancreas secretes an incredibly strong digestive cocktail known as pancreatic juice,which is capable of digesting lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids. By the time food has left the duodenum, it has been reduced to its chemical building blocks-fatty acids, amino acids, monosaccharides, and nucleotides.

Absorption, once food has been reduced to its building blocks, it is ready for the body to absorb. Absorption begins in the stomach with simple molecules like water and alcohol being absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Most absorption takes place in the walls of the small intestine which are densely folded to maximize the surface area in contact with digested food. Small blood and lymphatic vessels in the intestinal wall pick up the molecules and carry them to the rest of the body. The large intestine is also involved in the absorption of water and vitamins B and K before feces leave the body.

Excretion is final function of the digestive system. The excretion of waste in a process known as defecation. Defecation removes indigestible substances from the body so that they do not accumulate inside the gut. The timing of defecation is controlled voluntarily by the conscious of the brain, but must be accomplished on a regular basis to prevent a backup of indigestible materials.

Digestive Disorders

Digestive disorders encompass a wide array of conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract. These disorders vary in severity, from minor annoyance (such as mild heartburn) to potentially life-threatening illness (such as a perforated ulcer).

Common digestive disorders

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)Severe heartburn’ in layman’s language. Weakness of the valve between the esophagus and stomach may allow stomach acid to reflux (regurgitate, backup) into the esophagus and irritate and inflame the lining. This results in chest pain which can mimic that of angina (pain of cardiac ischemia or an MI).

Jaundice – Literally means “yellow” in French. Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes from a backup of bile metabolic by-products from the blood into body tissues. May result from blockage of the ducts draining bile from the liver into the intestines or excessive breakdown of red blood cells. Hemoglobin from destroyed RBCs is broken down, and in part ends up in bile secretions.

Diverticulosis/diverticulitis – Small pouches may form along the walls of the large intestine called diverticula which if symptomatic, causing discomfort to the client, is called diverticulosis. These abnormal out-pocketings may collect and not be able to empty fecal material which can lead to inflammation, diverticulitis.

Cirrhosis -Literally, “orange-yellow��� in Greek. A degenerative disease of the liver that often develops in chronic alcoholics, but can have other causes. The name refers to the gross  appearance of the organ.

Portal hypertension – A potential complication of chronic alcoholism resulting in liver damage and obstruction of venous blood flow through the liver. The rising blood pressure in the veins between the gastrointestinal tract and liver causes engorgement of veins around the umbilicus (navel). The characteristic radiating pattern of veins is called a “caput medusae” (head of Medusa). Medusa was the ‘snake-haired lady” in Greek mythology.

Esophageal varices– bulging, engorged veins in the walls of the esophagus are often a complication of chronic alcoholism (see portal hypertension). The thin-walled, swollen veins are at risk of tearing resulting in severe, possibly fatal, bleeding.

Dysphagia -Difficulty swallowing. May be related to GERD (see above), esophageal tumor or other causes.

Crohn’s Disease– a chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. Typical symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. There may also be rectal bleeding that can lead to anemia. Special X-rays and tests are needed to differentiate Crohn’s from other diseases with similar symptoms.

Peritonitis– Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity. Before antibiotics, people would die from peritonitis if an inflamed appendix burst. Indications of peritonitis are called “peritoneal signs”.. tender abdomen, rebound pain (pain when manual pressure released from examining abdomen), board-like rigidity of abdominal muscles, no bowel sounds (gurgles). The peritoneal membrane is very sensitive to exposure to foreign substances. Contact with blood bile, urine, pus… will cause peritoneal signs.

Gastritis and Gastric Ulcers- Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining) and gastric ulcers (breaks or open sores in this lining) are most commonly caused by infections or the use of certain medications.

(Duodenal) Ulcers- Ulcers can also occur in the duodenum when stones that form in the gallbladder keep bile out.

Ulcerative Colitis –This inflammatory disease affects only the large intestine. Diarrhea occurs when waste products move through the large intestine too quickly, constipation results when this movement is too slow.

Hemorrhoids- These are clusters of swollen veins, and are thought to result from increased pressure in the veins of the rectum and/or anus.

Helpful Therapies & Herbs for Digestion

As polite topics of conversation go, constipation, gas, diarrhea and irritable bowels definitely don’t top the list. But we won’t let that stop us. After all, digestive health is important: Your elimination system carries away the wastes of all of your cells, allowing each organ to function in a proper environment. And elimination troubles can put your daily routine out of whack. It’s your good fortune that some simple digestive herbs and effective natural remedies can put you back on track, we aren’t too embarrassed to share them with you.

Start at the Stomach

Although a small amount of starch is broken down in the mouth, thanks to amylases in your saliva, the stomach is where the first real action is, where powerful chemicals of digestion are mixed with the food mass. If these digestive juices, including hydrochloric acid, pancreatic juice and bile, are in short supply, the whole process gets off to a poor start.

Traditional herbalists all over the globe agree that herbs with a bitter taste tend to promote digestive secretions and speed up digestion.

Gentian (Gentiana lutea) is the most popular digestive bitter herb in western herbalism. Europeans often drink a bitter aperitif (an ounce or so of a bitter herbal beverage) before the first bite of a meal, to stimulate digestive secretions and keep food passing through rapidly. Bitter herbs reduce gas, bloating, symptoms of food allergies and indigestion. Other bitter digestants include barberry root (Berberis vulgaris), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and artichoke (Cynara scolymus).

Carminative herbs warm up the digestive tract, speed up and increase the thoroughness of digestion and reduce gas. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) dill (Anethum graveolens), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), caraway (Carum carvi) and lemon balm (melissa officinalis) are carmitive.

Contractions move the digesting food slowly toward the large intestine. It normally takes about 90 to 120 minutes for the first part of a meal to reach the large intestine, although the last portion of the meal may not make it there for five hours. Did you know? Although it’s about 30 feet long, the digestive tract needs smaller helpers too like acids, enzymes and bacteria all help break down food.

The Ideal Bowel Movement

Regular, bulky, soft and comfortable bowel movements are vital to good health. Yet 4.5 million Americans say they are constipated most or all of the time. Constipation is medically defined as passing stools less than three times a week, or in low quantity.

Digestive Herbs: 3 Factors in efficient elimination

A proper bowel movement depends mainly on three factors: peristalsis, fiber and moisture. Peristalsis is the wavelike smooth muscle contraction that propels feces out of the large intestine. When the bowel is functioning properly, muscles squeeze briefly every few seconds and then relax, propelling the stool toward the rectum. So-called stimulant laxatives promote this wave. Among the best are senna leaf (Senna alexandrina), cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana) and aloe leaf (Aloe vera). They should be used only short-term for brief episodes of acute constipation.

Fiber absorbs moisture, increasing stool size, giving the muscles in the intestinal walls something to grab onto, and making the stool softer. Sources of fiber, known as bulk fiber laxatives, include pectin from fruit, flaxseed, chia seed and oat bran. These can be taken daily as necessary to create a soft, spongy stool. A basic directive is to increase fiber intake (fruits vegetables and dried legumes). Psyllium seed (Plantago spp.), a common bulk fiber laxative, balances bowel function and relieves pain in irritable bowels.

Psyllium capacity to absorb fluids makes the herb useful for treating diarrhea. As it travels through the gut, the mucilage in psyllium creates a soothing effect, which may help relieve cramping in irritable bowels.

Proper moisture content is critical for good elimination. Mucilages are herbs that create a healing slime that coats and soothes the gut wall and keeps the stool moist and slippery enough to exit smoothly. These include marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis), slippery elm bark (Ulmus rubra) and mullein leaf (Verbascum spp.). Marshmallow root is used for inflammation of the stomach membranes. To use marshmallow root or slippery elm, stir1 tablespoon of the powdered bulk herb into a bite of food per meal.

Probiotics, the friendly bacteria in our gut, are key in maintaining or restoring a healthy intestinal tract. Try eating live-culture yogurt or taking high-quality probiotic supplements to fortify the colony with good bugs, which can prevent constipation. Studies link a lack of exercise with increased colon cancer risk, so physicians customarily prescribe physical exercise for constipated patients.

Regular Bowel Movements

Proper bowel timing includes the key concepts of transit time and regularity. The time it takes for a meal to go in the mouth and come out the other end is referred to as “transit time, For a person who eats a healthy diet, free of refined, processed foods, 30 hours is an average transit time. Ayurvedic practitioners say the ideal transit time is 18 to 24 hours. In our constipation- prone society, 48 hours, or considerably more, is commonplace.

Why does transit time matter? The longer the end products of digestion stay in our system, the more chance they have of decomposing into unhealthy compounds. And if bowel transit time is slow, increasing the time that fecal matter spends within the colon leads to greater absorption of water from the feces. More water is absorbed, resulting in harder, smaller stools that have more difficulty moving forward. Increasingly, evidence implicates slow transit constipation in the development of gallstones.

Measure your transit time by swallowing something that colors the stool. Mark the time that you see the color in the feces. Charcoal powder. beets and chlorophyll all work well.

Regularity is the interval between bowel movements. Depending on whom you ask, recommendations run from “three bowel movements per week is plenty ” to “a bowel movement every day is essential.” Mammals are designed so that each meal stimulates fecal movement and initiates a bowel movement. Most natural healing practitioners prefer one bowel movement per day, or up to one per meal.

Triphala, an Ayurvedic combination of the fruits amalaki, haritaki and bibhitaki, is the classic herbal remedy for long-term digestive benefit. It tones the intestinal walls, detoxifies the system and promotes evacuation. Triphala has a high tannin content, so in low doses, it treats diarrhea (1 gram per day). In higher doses, it treats constipation in a slow, gentle way, toning the walls of the gut while it works. Triphala is suitable for children and is ideal for older folks who need just a little help with regularity.

Turmeric root (Curcuma longa), a common curry spice, helps keep digestive inflammation under control.

One of the herb’s active ingredients, curcumin (the pigment that gives turmeric its distinctive yellow color), has anti-inflammatory effects comparable to cortisone, the standard drug prescribed for inflammation. Curcumin also treats pain directly. Like cayenne pepper (Capsicum annuum), turmeric depletes nerve endings of substance P, the pain receptor neurotransmitter.

Licorice root (Glycyrhiza glabra) guards digestive mucous membranes by increasing the production of mucin, a secretion that protects gut linings against stomach acid and other digestivejuices.

Peppermint is a well-known digestive herb for easing tummy troubles. Peppermint oil is a relaxant for the muscles of the intestinal wall. Enteric-coated capsules delay this effect until the remedy is further down in the digestive tract-this also reduces peppermint-tasting burps.

Used by nearly every culture in the world, tasty, aromatic ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a time- tested digestive remedy for upset stomach. European practitioners also use ginger in tea for indigestion. It reduces spasms and increases the secretion of digestive juices, including bile and saliva. Ginger contains ingredients that soothe the gut and aid digestion by increasing peristalsis that moves food through the intestine.

Use 1 teaspoon of the chopped herb brewed as tea, three times a day

Warming cinnamon bark is a mild but useful remedy for sluggish digestion. Commission E, the European standard for herbal medicines, recommends cinnamon for loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints, bloating and flatulence. Brewed as tea, three times a day.


https://youtu.be/S0cqrhXb1MQ
10/3/19

00:25:24	Desiree A:	Yes
00:25:30	Bea Divine:	I have
00:25:34	Bea Divine:	yikes!
00:29:07	Desiree A:	Oregano oil
00:42:41	Brittany Rolle:	will HPV be covered?
00:49:18	Aliyyah Blake:	the parasites?
00:49:46	Desiree A:	from waste
00:50:55	Aliyyah Blake:	earth
00:50:57	Desiree A:	earth
00:52:44	Desiree A:	They can pass during Your cycle
00:53:01	Aliyyah Blake:	ew
00:55:10	Aliyyah Blake:	by the way they act
00:59:47	Desiree A:	One of my first clients that is filling out the to has fibroid cysts that are the size of grapefruits down to golf balls.
01:00:30	Celesteal Light:	chapperal?
01:01:56	Desiree A:	Truth Sis. I have had them also and eliminated them naturally by changing my diet and taking herbs
01:03:31	Celesteal Light:	My friend had her Uterus taken out
01:06:15	Jamee Jory:	Do you have a probiotic suggestion? 
01:06:48	Brittany Rolle:	renew life is a good brand
01:06:51	Brittany Rolle:	it’s on amazon
01:07:33	Celesteal Light:	what about your tonic ? 
01:07:41	Celesteal Light:	does it give probiotics
01:09:05	Desiree A:	Clots also
01:09:26	Celesteal Light:	is it possible for someone not to have thier period due to thier diet of being Vegan ? 
01:09:54	Aliyyah Blake:	yes
01:10:21	Brittany Rolle:	my period is now 2-3 days with very very little bleeding since I went vegan
01:10:23	Aliyyah Blake:	I've done it before. all I ate was junk food though 
01:10:27	Celesteal Light:	lolol
01:10:47	Celesteal Light:	I haven't had it for a long while
01:10:55	Celesteal Light:	since being vegan
01:13:51	Celesteal Light:	they sharing
01:14:41	Celesteal Light:	yup 
01:15:36	Desiree A:	Even if You are plant based and Your partner is not and You engage they can transfer their parasites. I'm general not just pregnancy
01:16:03	Brittany Rolle:	wow
01:16:42	Desiree A:	bacterial vaginosis also
01:17:37	Celesteal Light:	bread/sugar? 
01:17:46	Desiree A:	What is the natural solution for yeast and bv?
01:17:58	Desiree A:	What bowl? lol
01:18:13	Celesteal Light:	Garlic in the vagina
01:18:22	Hannah Sydney:	I was told garlic in the vagina
01:18:41	Hannah Sydney:	a gynaecologist told me this
01:18:43	Celesteal Light:	it doesn't
01:18:45	Jamee Jory:	Is yeast the same as candida?
01:18:46	Desiree A:	Acidic side
01:18:50	Celesteal Light:	over night
01:19:17	Celesteal Light:	it doesn't lol the whole clove
01:19:31	Desiree A:	Yes what about candida overgrowth in the vagina and gut?
01:19:51	Celesteal Light:	😂
01:20:00	Celesteal Light:	🔥
01:20:10	Aliyyah Blake:	🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:20:37	Celesteal Light:	would lavender help? 
01:21:32	Celesteal Light:	what about Candida the yeast big sister? 
01:24:56	Brittany Rolle:	that’s very true!
01:25:41	Desiree A:	I have seen pics of fibroids with teeth and hair
01:26:53	Celesteal Light:	wow just checked it ... real human teeth too... 
01:27:24	Celesteal Light:	yup
01:27:44	Celesteal Light:	we have a had time trying to grow teeth as an adult
01:27:54	Celesteal Light:	hard*
01:31:44	Melissa H:	that's deep lol
01:32:39	Celesteal Light:	Amino Acids
01:36:35	Melissa H:	that's deep too lol
01:39:15	Hannah Sydney:	same
01:39:16	Hannah Sydney:	lol
01:39:36	Celesteal Light:	yay Recap!
01:39:40	Celesteal Light:	🙏🏽
01:41:15	Celesteal Light:	this was beautiful
01:41:25	Celesteal Light:	I'll let you know if I do 
01:41:31	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾👍🏾👍🏾
01:41:40	Celesteal Light:	later


https://youtu.be/bVpNc3Qoxl0
10/1/19

00:17:24	Brittany Rolle:	someone has their mic on
00:17:31	Brittany Rolle:	can’t really here
00:17:35	Brittany Rolle:	hear*
00:24:48	Aliyyah Blake:	how is the sun NOT hot?
00:25:03	Aliyyah Blake:	how do you know?
00:26:18	Jamee Jory:	So, is it the reflection that makes it hot?
00:28:07	Bea Divine:	like in a plane
00:28:41	Desiree A:	Right like mountain tops
00:36:45	Brittany Rolle:	can you repeat the question please sorry I missed that
00:52:20	Melissa Vargas:	red pepper 
00:52:35	Bea Divine:	lmaooo red ooman
00:53:23	Aliyyah Blake:	ghost peppers
00:56:22	Desiree A:	or experiencing a craving for spicy things when having certain emotions?
01:02:38	Melissa Vargas:	the Bronx?
01:03:05	Brittany Rolle:	all those fights over the Popeyes sandwiches too!
01:22:15	Aliyyah Blake:	you're exactly right
01:22:23	Aliyyah Blake:	that's EXACTLY what they do
01:23:51	Bea Divine:	can we discuss fire herbs and when we use it to balance out the other elements when dealing w/ clients
01:25:47	Hannah Sydney:	I have a question about hemmorhoids
01:27:57	Hannah Sydney:	does too much fire cause them?
01:28:19	Brittany Rolle:	or too much earth?
01:41:58	Desiree A:	Right, the Mindset is the maim factor. You have to sacrifice
01:43:34	Bea Divine:	transference of energy
01:43:58	Bea Divine:	yup, gotta protect ya energy
01:48:39	Desiree A:	does that go for keloids that itch also?
01:54:49	Jamee Jory:	I'm here. just on the road. I'll see my friend tomorrow and ask if I can share his picture from last year, when his eczema flared.
01:58:18	Desiree A:	💯💯
02:07:42	Desiree A:	Good night All 😊


What Are Fibroid Tumors

Fibroid tumors are benign growths that usually form on the interior muscular wall and the exterior of the uterus, the exterior of the ovaries, and also the cervix in rare cases. The term ‘fibroid’ is really a misnomer because the tumor cells are not fibrous at all, but that’s the Western medical world for you. A tumor is medically defined as: “A swelling or enlargement occurring in inflammatory conditions; a new growth of tissue characterized by progressive, uncontrolled proliferation of cells. The tumor may be localized or invasive, benign or malignant. A tumor may be named for its location, for its cellular makeup, or for the person who first identified it.” SOURCE: Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 3rd edition, pg. 1204 In layman’s term and for purposes of understanding of what a fibroid tumor really is, a fibroid tumor (physically) is an internal trash bag that holds accumulated waste (scarred tissue, pus/mucus, and other junk) trapped inthe female body due to blockage of the other major eliminative channels, including the uterus which is also an eliminative channel.

What is a Cyst? A cyst is medically defined as: “A closed sac in or under the skin lined with epithelium and containing fluid or semisolid material.” SOURCE: Mosby’s supra, pg. 332 A cyst, like a tumor, is an internal trash bag, more so than a tumor though. In fact, the word “cyst” derives from a Greek word “kystis” which means, “bag.” Cysts hold pus, mucus, and other toxic waste fluid which is usually from what is eaten, i.e. decomposed animal flesh and congealed cow snot/pus called dairy products. This is all a cyst is. A BAG OF MUCUS, PUS, and TOXINS!

Causes of Uterine, Ovarian, Cervical Fibroid Tumors and Cysts.

The greatest contributing factor to the physical development of uterine, ovarian, and cervical fibroid tumors and cysts is diet, specifically the SAD (Standard American Diet) which is excessively high in animal flesh (meat) and byproduct (i.e. dairy:milk, cheese, sour cream, butter, and ice cream to name a few). However, the greatest culprit in the physical development of sexual reproductive area tumors and cysts is: (DAIRY PRODUCTS), liquefied and congealed cow snot and pus which have no place in the glorious and magnificent body, which is especially true for melanated individuals or people of color (Africans/Nubians, African-Americans, Afro-Carribeans, Hispanics-Latinos, Asians, Native Americans). Though Caucasians can tolerate dairy products better than peoples of color, Caucasians also have no business consuming dairy products (cow excreta) as dairy products adversely affect Caucasians just as much as it does people of other races and nationalities. Dairy adversely affects all people regardless of race, age, and gender.

Hygiene.. commercial brand feminine hygiene products are major causative factors of female reproductive diseases and disorders such as fibroid tumors, uterine and ovarian cysts. The greatest feminine hygiene product culprit in the development of fibroid tumors has to be commercial brand SANITARY NAPKINS and PADS. Commercial brand sanitary products are bleached with dioxin (organo-chlorine), a left-over chemical from the Vietnam War era used to deforest trees and which has since been used as an industrial bleaching agent in the United States. One drop of organo-chlorines in an Olympic size swimming pool can prevent trout eggs from hatching. And just think, today women are placing a chemical used during the Vietnam War into their yonis (vaginas). Please be careful out there.
How one can help eliminate uterine, ovarian,cervical tumors and cysts naturally.
DIET- Nutrition: If you suffer from fibroid cysts and/or tumors, we highly recommend an animal and animal excreta-free diet . Remember, the greatest dietary contributors to tumors and cysts in the female reproductive system in meat (DEAD ANIMAL FLESH) and dairy. We are energy! Energy needs fuel to maintain flow and continue to be. Energy/ fuel does not come from the dead. Dead flesh or products thereof are CARCASS. When ingested makes the body use even more energy trying to turn it into something the body can use as fuel.

Change your diet! Eat healthy!We say Fuel the body! not feed the body. Drink plenty of water daily, if available alkaline or high pH water are great but if not readily accessible seeded lemon water is great. Avoid processed and refined foods, including snack foods!  Avoid chemicals, i.e. WHITE TABLE SUGAR, SALT, MSG, SACCHARIN, ASPARTAME, etc. Avoid REFINED GRAINS (white bread, commercial brand wheat breads, donuts, cakes,cookies, bagels etc.). Avoid consumption of alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, champagne, etc.), soda pop, coffee hot cocoa, lattes, etc. 

Drink as much raw, fresh squeezed fruit and vegetable juice as possible. Fruit juice is cleansing and vegetable juice builds.
HERBS: There are many tumor-dissolving herbs available today for purposes of naturally dissolving cysts and tumors. They include: Manjistha, Burdock Root, Goldenseal, Chaparral, Maitake (mushroom), Shitake (mushroom), Rehmannia, Yucca, Yellow Dock Root, and Dandelion Root. Dong Quai Black Cohosh Chasteberry (Also called vitex). There are many regimen designed specifically for purposes of expediting and accelerating the dissolution of all female reproductive area tumors and cysts. There’s a safe, sane, effective and economical way to eliminate fibroid tumors and cysts without costly, unnecessary, dangerous, and ineffective surgical operations that only exchange money from your bank account into the hospitals and doctors bank account. 

Surgery is NOT a form of healing, but altering and harming the human body. Surgical removal of tumors and cysts is useless because the process only removes the tumor(s) or cyst(s) but leaves the environment that is conducive to the growth of such tumor(s) and cyst(s) behind which is not logical or wise. Leaving the pro-tumor/cysts environment behind without educating the woman on proper Fuel nutrition and without addressing the mental state of the woman only sets the woman up to experience the development of more tumors and/or cysts in the future. Doctors (and surgeons) don’t heal or assist in healing! They only treat, manage, and try to control disease, which means disease is still present.

This is why we choose to erase those words from our vocab and use the word eliminate. You can’t treat a thing if it isn’t there. You can’t manage that which does not exist. And you can’t control energy. 
Most health industries and institutions teach us to live with disease, to share your temple (body) with disease and to be accepting of pathology, defect, and that which is unnatural. All things that are not a part of wat we are.
Knowing how to eliminate fibroids naturally requires an understanding of what causes them in the first place. The major cause of fibroids is too much estrogen in the body, or estrogen dominance. Some of the causes of estrogen dominance are:

Birth control pills. 

Spermicides in condoms.

Hormone replacement therapy.

Ingredients in cosmetics.

Plastic cookware.

Growth hormones in meat and milk.

Pesticides and herbicides.

PCBS-polychlorinated biphenyls.

Being overweight, Body fat produces and stores estrogen.

Stress.

Poor estrogen metabolism. Some women’s bodies have a harder time removing and metabolizing excess estrogen.

Hypertension.

It is important to stop eating heavily processed foods. White flour, white rice, sugar, and all simple carbohydrates that cause an insulin spike in the blood. Insulin changes the way that the body handles estrogen. Eliminate fried foods. They tax the liver and the liver is where estrogen is processed. Seaweeds helps support the thyroid and adrenals, part of keeping hormone levels in check. Soy contains toxins as well as phyto-estrogens (plant based estrogens). These substances increase the estrogen in the body and encourage fibroid growth.

Cleansing eliminative channels

One of the most important things to do in order to have a healthy uterus is to cleanse the liver, kidneys and colon. Why is this so important? When looking at both the liver, kidneys and colon they are vital to human health. These organs produce elements that are essential to survival. They are also responsible for removing toxins in the body, and if they are not functioning, that is a problem. A simple form of detoxification would be the lemon cleanse. This form of cleansing is simple and can be done every day. Another excellent detoxifying agent is apple cider vinegar. A good apple cider to use is Braggs apple cider vinegar. Since the liver deactivates estrogen it is important to keep it functioning at optimal levels. Using a liver cleanse will help your liver clear out toxins and energize itself. Using herbs like milk thistle and dandelion will keep it working at full capacity. Most herbs take some time to make an obvious difference in your health. Plan on taking them for about two to three months before the full benefit of these herbs is apparent.

Environmental Toxins

Many of the products that we use and eat every day can create estrogen in the body and can cause fibroids to grow. Phytoestrogens and xenoestrogens must be avoided to stop estrogen dominance. Xenoestrogens have to do with industrial and chemical processing that cause estrogen dominance symptoms in the body. An example of a xenoestrogen is paraben. Paraben is found in many creams and soaps. Anything that ends in paraben (methylparaben, propylparaben, etc) should be avoided. Phytoestrogens are compounds found in plants and animals that act like estrogen on the body.

Some examples of phytoestrogens are soybeans and tofu and coffee. Ways to Avoid Xenohormones

Eat organic food.

Avoid exposure to pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers.

Use natural feminine care products.

Use organic, natural body care products, including makeup.

To avoid the growth of fibroids, women have to increase their intake of estrogen-inhibiting foods. The idea here is to increase the intake of foods that cause estrogen to diminish and limit the estrogen-dominating foods. Organic fruits and vegetables help to decrease the size of fibroids. Spinach

kale 

Berries

Buckwheat

Citrus Foods

Figs

Fruits (except apples, cherries, dates, pomegranates)

Grapes (seeded)

Green beans

Melons

Millet

Onions

Pears

Pineapples

Squashes

Cabbage

Bok Choy and Brussels sprouts

Citrus lemons, limes, grapefruits, oranges

Onion and Garlic

Raw nuts and seed

Olives

Turmeric

Green leafy veggies

Seaweeds and algaes

Fermented foods like kefir, sauerkraut……..

External remedies

Castor Oil Packs

Doing a Castor Oil pack is a very important step in the process of reducing fibroids. Castor oil, according to the great Edgar Cayce, has anti-inflammatory properties, and it is great in diminishing the size of fibroids. The process to do this includes using a bottle of castor oil, a heating pad, and several washcloths. The heat is a very important part and should not be skipped.

You will need:

Castor Oil

Piece of cotton flannel

Plastic wrap

Hot water bottle

To use the castor oil pack:

1 Warm the castor oil.

2. Soak the cloth in it.

3. Fold the cloth and place on the abdomen over the area of the fibroid.

4. Cover the cloth with the plastic wrap.

5. Place a towel over the plastic wrap.

6. Place a hot water bottle over it and leave on (overnight) to be discussed.

7. Repeat for five nights then take two nights off

8. Continue this pattern for three weeks.

Progesterone cream is one way that many women can balance their hormone levels and reduce or eliminate fibroids. This cream is available at most health food stores. Generally about 1/8 of a teaspoon is rubbed on the inner arms twice a day. (am still weary of progesterone cream being that the body produces its own).

Hold OFF on that Hysterectomy
Fibroid tumors are not cancer, not malignant. Tumor means a swelling or a growth, not a malignancy, not cancer. Less than 0.1% of all uterine fibroids are malignant. Small fibroids often disappear spontaneously. Larger fibroids are more difficult to resolve, but not impossible to eliminate with natural measures.

The “root chakra” (lowermost energy center in the body, which includes the uterus) said to store unexpressed anger. It is believed that any unwanted growths in these organs can be countered by allowing the anger to safely discharge. One woman’s fibroids (and menstrual cramps) disappeared within three months of beginning a vigorous exercise program. Exercise helps insure regular ovulation, and irregular ovulation seems to worsen fibroids. Consuming three or more servings of whole grains or beans daily not only reduces the size of fibroids but offers protection from breast and endometrial cancers as well.

The Importance of Fiber Your main focus and one of the first things you should do right now is eating more fiber. Fiber helps the body to get rid of excess estrogens.

Good sources of fiber:

Dark leafy greens

Broccoli

Swiss chard

Quinoa

Chia seeds

Beans

Ground flaxseed

Whole Grains

Choose whole grains whenever possible, avoid white refined grains. Good choices of whole grains would be jacob tears, millet, spelt, buckwheat, rye and oats.

Pau d’Arco is extremely antibacterial, which may help prevent infection due to foreign tissue growth.

Goldenseal Root is extremely antibiotic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It works to help reduce pain and inflammation from foreign tissue growth. Reduction in inflammation may help to prevent scar tissue and adhesion formation.

Dandelion Root/Leaf provides excellent liver support for improved hormonal balance. Dandelion leaf is very nourishing to the body, being high in vitamins and minerals. The root aids in liver health, and stimulates digestion for improved estrogen metabolism.

Ginger Root A wonderful herb used to increase circulation and promote blood flow to the uterus. The increased circulation also helps to reduce inflammation of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

Black Cohosh root promotes regulation of the entire menstrual cycle. For women with a uterus that feels inflamed or irritated throughout the month, Black cohosh may be an effective option in relaxing the uterus reducing inflammation of the uterus.

Red Raspberry Leaf works to tone the uterine muscles and normalize blood flow during menses. This is one of the best normalizing herbs for the female reproductive organs. Raspberry leaf is astringent contracting and shrinking internal and external body tissues. May help prevent hemorrhage excessive bleeding. One of the best herbs for uterine health.

Dong Quai root increases circulation, which helps to bring in fresh healthy blood to remove excess tissue growth, heal tissue damage, limit scar tissue and adhesion formation. Healthy circulation ensures healthy natural cleansing of the body as well. Proper circulation is required to remove toxins, dead tissue, diseased tissue and metabolic waste from the body. This is very important for women with uterine fibroids.

Maitake Mushroom has been shown to enhance immune system function, to be effective at reducing tumors and improving glucose metabolism.

A series of Massage techniques that are used to help support reproductive health, the menstrual cycle, and your fertility all from the comfort of your own home! This type of massage is easy to learn, perform and is cost effective!

One of the greatest benefits of massage is the ability to break up adhesions and bring in circulation to the area being massaged. Uterine fibroids may compress and compromise circulation to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries or other surrounding organs. Fertility Massage helps to promote healthy circulation, helps the body to rid itself of old stagnant blood and tissues in the uterus, and promotes hormonal balance by strengthening the hormonal feedback loop. Do not do during menstruation.

Summary

Uterine fibroids are hormone dependent. Fibroid tissue is hypersensitive to estrogen, but does not have the capacity to regulate estrogen response, this is why they can grow to become quite large. Because they are responsive and may develop due to exposure to estrogen, both from our own estrogen and from human-made chemicals it is vital to reduce excess estrogen and support healthy progesterone levels to balance out unopposed estrogen. It is also vital to promote healthy circulation and detoxification of the tissues in the uterus, work to eliminate pain if present and to reduce heavy or mid-cycle menstrual bleeding due to fibroids. The overall goal is to support a healthy normal functioning uterus for a lifetime!

Estrogen and Progesterone Output During a Healthy Monthly Cycle

From the onset of puberty to menopause, a woman’s body is designed to have estrogen and progesterone work together to fuel and regulate her monthly cycle. The bulk of estrogen is released into a woman’s blood circulation during the first half of her monthly cycle. Estrogen works to build the lining of a woman’s uterus to prepare it for implantation of a fertilized egg should fertilization occur.

The bulk of progesterone is released into a woman’s bloodstream during the second half of a healthy monthly cycle. During this time, progesterone acts to maintain the rich lining of the uterus that estrogen helped to build up during the first two weeks of her cycle. If a fertilized egg successfully implants into the uterine wall i.e. if a woman becomes pregnant, her body must continue to produce a large amount of progesterone on a continuous basis to maintain a thick and well vascularized uterine wall throughout the course of pregnancy. This job of continuous progesterone production is handled nicely by a healthy placenta. If there is no implantation/pregnancy, a woman’s body stops producing large amounts of progesterone, which results in sloughing off and elimination of the thickened uterine lining, also known as a woman’s monthly flow.


Fire element

Wildfire

Element fire (forceful energy)-The colors that represent the element of fire (expansion and transformation) are red and orange or any other bright color that bounces light and energizes. The shapes that create the energy of fire are angular such as pyramids, triangles, diamonds, and sunbursts. These shapes send energy quickly in all directions and therefore create movement and change. Fire is the power to transform solids into liquids, to gas, and back again. In other words, it possesses power to transform the state of any substance. Within our bodies, the fire or energy binds the atoms together. It also converts food to fat (stored energy) and muscle. Fire transforms food into energy. It creates the impulses of nervous reactions, our feelings, and even our thought processes. Fire is considered a form without substance. By Fire we mean the universal force in nature that produces heat and radiates light, it is our passion to pursue despite obstacles and delays, it is what burns away the cloak of ignorance and allows the truth to shine with brilliance. Fire removes doubt from the mother-substance of human heart and replaces it with joy.

Qualities hot, sharp, dry, subtle, weightless and rough sun, spark, flame, ray. Action-radiation of heat and light. Facilitates -form, color and temperature. Substance-anything combustible and spicy. Example-chilies, ginger, pepper, clove, cumin. Intake– increases digestion, metabolism (fire and heat), glow and color of skin.

Digestive system, muscles, stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, nervous system, pancreatic Gland     Fire in its physical appearance can do for you what the sun itself do for the whole universe. It provides you with light and warmth and can serve you as heat source to cook upon. Fire is also an impulsive and a dangerous element, that can smolder and suddenly burst. Fire can give wings of courage, compassion and devotion, Fire is obstinate and heady, absolutely not subtle. It is seen as the force burning inside us, giving us will power to go for our goals, bestowing upon us the passion to do it all our self resulting in honor and freedom to do it without backstabbing and with an open face. (he will walk with pride and dignity to his enemy trusting his willpower, and destroy his foe burning everything on his path. He has guts, he is not just some inexperienced young armature with a new little plan, he is going to his goal in life and knows it. You Can see passion; he will give anything to achieve his goal, and does that, you can see willpower and courage. desire and strength are burning in his heart and he will change everything by doing the thing he must).

Physical Fire is in physical form, just as in spiritual form, a dangerous thing. You can use it to cook on, but you’ll have to watch it otherwise it will get out of hand and destroy your home. You can use it as a weapon, but it always will be a sword with blades pointing at both sides. An axe can be used against you if the enemy gets it in their hands, Fire can be used against you at the time you have it in your hand. Fire has no borders, once released it will go on destroying until it is destroyed. If you want to use it, you have to keep it in a cage. If have Fire for a campfire, you have to put stones around it so it won’t become so big it isn’t warming you, but burning you. Fire mostly overdoes its job if you don’t put a limit on it. You can use it to prepare a meal, which you need for living, but if you don’t get the food away from the fire it will burn. According to the ancients and their myths surrounding this element, it is inherent in the nature of fire, to try to overcome the earthen boundaries of singularity of things and to reach back to the Winds, to the multitudes of the thoughts of the dreamer of the world  to the ancient people this is why fire spreads whenever it can and tries to infect everything with its rebellion against the boundaries of existence, as it wants to destroy, only to return to the love of the One.

Fire is mostly seen as a red, yellow or orange force and it is hot with the tendency to expand and en-kindle things nearby. You can use it as your private sun, for light, warmth and to cook on. It destroys everything  it can reach, except stone. If you can make it hot enough you can use it to make iron soft for a while, so you can give it another form. Spiritual Fire Stands for unbridled emotions, hatred and anger, but also love and happiness. Fire stand for changings, as it means the changeover between Earth, Water and Wind (Air). Fire stands for fighting in the open field, without mean tricks and ambushes. Fire is the thing burning in your soul, moving you to fight for the things you believe in. Even if there is just tiny chance to survive.

Fire represents a dream, a virtue, a belief, and never means your commitment only, but its realization. If the Fire has caught something, it fights for it until it has consumed it or has burned it down and destroyed it. It extinguishes by itself or gets extinguished. Fire doesn’t know fear or doubt. And it doesn’t know mercy or shame either. If  it wants something, it will get over everything on its path to get it. Fire also stands for inspiration, compassion, love, longing and lust. Symbols of Fire The most common symbols of fire are of course, the flame and the sun. Also a man who fights without defense and with great courage is dedicated to fire.”TUF” A triangle is the alchemist’s symbol of Fire. The stirring up music of a drum, which can give a man courage by letting his blood flow faster through his veins or bring a person into a trance, which can help a person in search for the truth, is the instrument of the Fire. Red, orange and yellow are the colors of the element.  

Observing Fire

Control Fire

A state, process or instance of combustion in which fuel or other material is ignited and combined with oxygen, giving off light, heat and flame. The ancient considered fire one of the major elements in the universe, alongside water, earth and air. This grouping makes intuitive sense. You can feel fire, just like you can feel earth, water and air. You can also see it and smell it, and you can move it from place to place. However, fire is really something completely different. Earth, water and air are all forms of matter they are made up of millions and millions of atoms collected together. Fire isn’t matter at all. It’s a visible, tangible side effect of matter changing form, it’s one part of a chemical reaction. Typically, fire comes from a chemical reaction between oxygen in the atmosphere and some sort of fuel (wood or gasoline, for example). Of course, wood and gasoline don’t spontaneously catch on fire just because they’re surrounded by oxygen. For the combustion reaction to happen, you have to heat the fuel to its ignition temperature. Fire is presented as a tool meeting many survival needs.

The heat provided by a fire allows the body to be warmed, wet clothes to be dried, water to be disinfected, and food to be cooked. The psychological boost and the sense of safety and protection it gives are not to be overlooked. In the wild,fire can provide a sensation of home, a focal point, in addition to being  an essential energy source. Fire may deter wild animals from interfering with the survivor. However wild animals may be attracted to the light and heat of a fire. The light and smoke emitted by a fire can also be used to work at night and can signal rescue units.

Control of Fire by early humans The ability to control fire was a dramatic change in the habits of early humans. Making fire to generate heat and light made it possible for people to cook food, increasing the variety and availability of nutrients. The heat produced would also help people stay warm in cold  weather, enabling them to live in cooler climates. Fire also kept nocturnal predators at bay. The use of fire  became progressively more sophisticated, with it being used to create charcoal and to control wildfires. Fire has also been used for centuries as a method of torture and execution, as evidence by death by burning as well as torture devices such as the iron boot which could be filled with water, oil, or even lead and then heated over an open fire to the agony of the wearer.

By the Neolithic Revolution, during the introduction of grain-based agriculture, people all over the world used fire as a tool in landscape management. These fires were typically controlled burns or “cool fires”, as opposed to uncontrolled “hot fires” which damage the soil. Hot fires destroy plants and animals, and endanger communities. This is especially a problem in the forests of today where traditional burning is prevented in order to encourage the growth of timber crops. Cool fires are generally conducted in the spring and autumn. They clear undergrowth, burning up biomass that could trigger a hot fire should it get too dense. They provide a greater variety of environments, which encourages game and plant diversity. For humans, they make dense, impassable forests traversable. There are numerous modern applications of fire. In its broadest sense, fire is used by nearly every human being on earth in a controlled setting every day. Users of internal combustion vehicles employ fire every time they drive.

Thermal power stations provide electricity for a large percentage of humanity. The use of fire in warfare has a long history. Hunter-gatherer groups around the world have been noted as using grass and forest fires to injure their enemies and destroy their ability to find food, so it can be assumed that fire has been used in warfare for as long as humans have had the knowledge to control it, Fire was the basis of all early thermal weapons. Homer detailed the use of fire by Greek commandos who hid in a wooden horse to burn Troy during the Trojan War. Later the Byzantine fleet used Greek fire to attack ships and men. In the First World War, the first modern flamethrowers were used by infantry and were successfully mounted on armored vehicles in the Second World War. In the latter war incendiary bombs were used by Axis and Allies alike, notably on Tokyo, Rotterdam London, Hamburg and, notoriously, at Dresden, in the latter two cases firestorms were deliberately caused in which a ring of fire surrounding each city and was drawn inward by an  updraft caused by a central cluster of fires.

The United States Army Air Force also extensively used incendiaries against Japanese targets in the latter months of the war devastating entire cities constructed primarily of wood and paper houses. The use of napalm was employed in July 1944, towards the end of the Second World War, although its use did not gain public attention until the Vietnam War. Molotov cocktails were also used. Use as Fuel Setting fuel aflame releases usable energy. Wood was a prehistoric fuel, and is still viable today. The use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, natural gas, and coal, in power plants supplies the vast majority of the world’s electricity today.

The International Energy Agency states that nearly 80% of the world’s power comes from these sources. The fire in a power station is used to heat water, creating steam that drives turbines. The turbines then spin an electric generator to produce electricity. Fire is also used to provide mechanical work directly, in both external and internal combustion engines. The nonburnable solid remains of a combustible material left after a fire is called clinker if its melting point is below the flame temperature, so that it fuses and then solidifies as it cools and ash if its melting point is above the flame temperature.

Protection and Prevention Firefighting services are provided in most developed areas to extinguish or contain uncontrolled fires. Trained firefighters use fire apparatus, water supply resources such as water mains and fire hydrants or they might use A and B class foam depending on what is feeding the fire. Fire prevention is intended to reduce sources of ignition. Fire prevention also includes education to teach people how to avoid causing fires. Buildings, especially schools and tall buildings, often conduct fire drills to inform and prepare citizens on how to react to a building fire. Purposely starting destructive fires constitutes arson and is a crime in most jurisdictions. Model building codes require passive fire protection and active fire protection systems to minimize damage resulting from a fire. The most common form of active fire protection is fire sprinklers. To maximize passive fire protection of buildings, building materials and furnishings in most developed countries are tested for fire-resistance, combustibility and flammability.   Upholstery, carpeting and plastics used in vehicles and vessels are also tested.

Significance of consuming Fire It is not surprising that fire plays such a significant role in the Bible. The Creator Himself is described as a “consuming fire.” (Dan. 4:24, Heb. 12.29) Doesn’t it seem rather strange to our understanding to call the Creator a consuming fire? Rarely, if ever, do we associate to the creation process. We usually associate it with destruction Fire has played perhaps one of the most significant roles in the advancement of civilization.  Practically no manufacturing would be possible apart from the use of fire to break down shape materials for our use. Our very lives depend upon the energy given by the biggest fire near the earth, the sun. It  is interesting to note that the more judgmental, vengeful, legalistic, ritualistic, and fundamental one is, the more likely they are to see fire as God’s punishment. They have a difficult time seeing fire as a positive symbol of God. For this mindset, fire usually means hell, the lake of fire, and everlasting punishment. On the other hand, the more loving merciful, and compassionate one has become, the more likely they are to see fire as a symbol of love, zeal, and sacredness. “They are on fire for God” is an expression used in positive sense. The judgmental person will usually see fire away from themselves, out in the future somewhere awaiting those whom it would swallow up in judgment, its flames flickering like the tongue of a snake sensing the air for the smell of those whom it will eternally torment or annihilate.

Fire is usually started by friction or percussion, two sticks rubbing together or the striking of flint against iron. This causes a spark which produces a fire. Fires are usually always noticed. They draw attention. Is this not also the case with the fires of anger or love? An angry person rarely keeps their anger to themselves. They are like a spark. They will usually ignite, agitating others until a conflict (fire) occurs. In the same way one burning with love and compassion, which is like a fire, will spread flames of kindness, melting the hearts of those around them. Indeed have we not all been in a continuous battle within ourselves and our actions and thoughts toward others, wrestling with the desire for vengeance, judgment, wrath, and punishment on the one hand, while at the same time desiring an end to all of these through mercy, forgiveness, self-denial, and love for ourselves as well as others? Both are fire. Both stir the emotions. Both stir men and women to action. One brings death; one brings life! Fire is never static. It moves. It seeks to consume. This is true whether it be the hateful fire of man’s anger or the passion to bring healing, joy, and love to those around them. Fire always produces change. It will force one to act, to respond.

Fire brings focus. “Fiery” trials often let us know which kind of fire is burning in our bosom Fire Types Type ‘A’ fires are started when easily ignitable materials have reached their igniting temperature. These materials can be clothes, boxes, paper, plastics and trash. Type ‘B’ fires usually involve liquids that are highly flammable and spread easily. These fires are also started by gas, paint, petrol viscous yet highly flammable too. This fire type may also be started with gases that are easily ignited by heat, such as propane and butane. Type ‘C’ fire are started within an appliance, electric equipment, appliance motors and transformers. ‘A’ type ‘C’ fire can easily be put out by cutting its power source which abruptly changes its type of fire. Type ‘D’ fire source are combustible metals such as calcium, lithium, magnesium and its alloys, phosphorus and titanium among the more known chemical elements. These chemicals, when heated and oxidation is present cause sparks that may turn into fast spreading flames.

A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or a wilderness area. Other names such as brush fire, bush fire, forest fire, grass fire, hill fire, peat fire, vegetation fire, veld fire and wildland fire may be used to describe the same phenomenon depending on the type of vegetation being burned. A wildfire differs from other fires by its extensive size, the speed at which it can spread out from its original source, its potential to change direction unexpectedly, and its ability to jump gaps such as roads, rivers and fire breaks. Wildfires are characterized in terms of the cause of ignition, their physical properties such as speed of propagation, the combustible material present and the effect of weather on the fire. Wildfires occur on every continent except Antarctica. Fossil records and human history contain accounts of wildfires, as wildfires can occur in periodic intervals. Wildfires can cause extensive damage, both to property and human life, but they also have various beneficial and effects on wilderness areas. Some plant species depend on the effects of fire for growth and reproduction, although large wildfires may also have negative ecological effects… Flame color varies depending on what you’re burning and how hot it is. Color variation within in a flame is caused by uneven temperature.

Typically, the hottest part of a flame the base glows blue, and the cooler parts at the top glow orange or yellow. In addition to emitting light, the rising carbon particles may collect on surrounding surfaces as soot. The dangerous thing about the chemical reactions in fire is the fact that they are self perpetuating. The heat of the flame itself keeps the fuel at the ignition temperature so it continues to burn as long as there is fuel and oxygen around it. The flame heats any surrounding fuel so it releases gases as well. When the flame ignites the gases, the fire spreads. On Earth, gravity determines how the flame burns. All the hot gases in the flame are muclh hotter (and less dense) than the surrounding air, so they move upward toward lower pressure. This is why fire typically spreads upward, and it’s also why flames are always pointed at the top. if you were to light a fire in a microgravity environment, say onboard the space shuttle, it would form a sphere!

Fire Variables In the last section, we saw that fire is the result of a chemical reaction between two gases, typically oxygen and a fuel gas. The fuel gas is created by heat. In other words with heat providing the necessary energy, atoms in one gaseous compound break their bonds with each other and recombine with available oxygen atoms in the air to form new compounds plus lots more heat. Only some compounds will readily break apart and recombine in this way  the various atoms have to be attracted to each other in the right manner. For example, when you boil water, it takes the gaseous form of steam, but this gas doesn’t react with oxygen in the air. There isn’t a strong enough attraction between the two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom in a water molecule and the two oxygen atoms in an oxygen molecule, so the water compound doesn’t break apart and recombine. The most flammable compounds contain carbon and hydrogen, which recombine with oxygen relatively easily to form carbon dioxide, water and other gases.

Different flammable fuels catch fire at different temperatures. It takes a certain amount of heat energy to change any particular material into a gas, and even more heat energy to trigger the reaction with oxygen. The necessary heat level varies depending on the nature  of the molecules that make up the fuel. A fuel’s piloted ignition temperature is the heat level required to form a gas that will ignite when exposed to a spark. At the unpiloted ignition temperature, which is much higher, the fuel ignites without a spark. The fuel’s size also affects how easily it will catch fire. A larger fuel, such as a thick tree, can absorb a lot of heat, so it takes a lot more energy to raise any particular piece to the ignition temperature. A toothpick catches fire more easily because it heats up very quickly. A fuel’s heat production depends on how much energy the gases release in the combustion reaction and how quickly the fuel burns. Both factors largely depend on the fuel’s composition.

Some compounds react with oxygen in such a way that there is a lot of “extra heat energy” left over. Others emit a smaller amount of energy. Similarly, the fuel’s reaction with oxygen may happen very quickly, or it may happen more slowly. The fuel’s shape also affects burning speed. Thin pieces of fuel burn more quickly than larger pieces because a larger proportion of their mass is exposed to oxygen at any moment. For example, you could burn up a pile of wood splinters or paper much more quickly than you could a block of wood with the same mass, because splinters and paper have a much greater surface area. In this way, fires from different fuels are like different species of animal – they all behave a little differently. Experts can often figure out how a fire started by observing how it affected the surrounding areas. A fire from a fast-burning fuel that produces a lot of heat will inflict a different sort of damage than a slow-burning, low-heat fire.


https://youtu.be/eB_12qR8EtU
9/26/19

00:25:11	Aliyyah Blake:	what her did you say after yellow dock?
00:25:31	Brittany Rolle:	French Tree
00:25:46	Brittany Rolle:	okay
00:40:00	Brittany Rolle:	dandelion and barberry?
00:40:04	Jamee Jory:	dandelion and burdock?
00:40:07	Brittany Rolle:	did I spell it right
00:41:58	Brittany Rolle:	so if I decide to use dandelion as the staple in each of my blends thats fine for the liver?
00:53:44	Aliyyah Blake:	I thought bike was black
00:53:49	Aliyyah Blake:	bile*
00:54:30	Aliyyah Blake:	I thought bile inside the liver is black
00:58:18	Jamee Jory:	I know many people that have their gallbladder removed. Doesn't that make their liver work extra?
01:07:31	Desiree A:	Calendula
01:22:04	Hannah Sydney:	oxygen?
01:22:53	Brittany Rolle:	is it the alveoli
01:27:16	Jamee Jory:	What were the ingredients again? Nettle, Red raspberry, oat straw...
01:27:24	Desiree A:	Heard of it but never made it
01:27:52	Jamee Jory:	one more time for the last ingredient? 
01:31:58	Hannah Sydney:	does it also matter how much is being put into the blend?
01:40:40	Melissa H:	Great class. Thanks.
01:43:21	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:44:49	Desiree A:	Blends to address Reproductive issues like pcos, endometriosis*, bacterial vaginosis etc
01:45:20	Melissa H:	Agree with Desiree as well as fibroids and cysts
01:46:11	Desiree A:	Also something to addresd candida overgrowth in the gut
01:46:59	Melissa H:	Blends that support brain health - and address memory loss, alzheimers, dementia
01:49:15	Jamee Jory:	What about someone with mental health issues that's on a smorgasbord of prescriptions? They can't just stop their meds and switch to herbs can they? 
01:50:17	Hannah Sydney:	good night everybody


Moon cycle

As we maintain a state of constant energy transforming with each breath so does the moon. Some say the moon affects us greatly. Look at how it affects the tides of the ocean that extends its reach inland and raises the water table, its a time when you won’t have to water your plants because there is an abundance of water emerging from within our earth.

The moon affects every living thing on this earth. The moon has a powerful force, push and pull. Ancient cultures understood this and used the moon’s influences and the lunar calendar for farming, gardening, planning parties and events, starting business ventures even relationships and so should we, I have been aware of the moon’s phases for years and have used this natural rhythm to flow with project development, release dates, product making, taking vibrational baths,…. “Return to nature” “sync with nature” we often hear people say. To live with the natural rhythms of the moon and the seasons, we should choose to be nature for it is wat we are.   That same one vitalforce that flows through us all and allows us to transform the matter that we choose to become. There is a flow and acceptance of the energy we feel instead of resistance and forcing against nature battling our thoughts with thinking, stressing not only mind also body. We are taught that the moon is powerful in ways some can only imagine, even so the moon just like every other universal lifeforce has to generate its energy from somewhere….

MOON ORBIT AROUND EARTH

The moon always faces the earth as it orbits around the earth during its 29 day orbit. The moon passes through the same “zodiac signs” for 2-3 days every orbit around the earth. The moon is dark as it passes between the sun and the earth, the sun is not reflecting light onto the moon. The moon has not decreased or disappeared, although it appears this way.

LUNAR CALENDAR

29 ½ DAYS the lunar calendar coincides with the moon orbit around the earth “the lunar cycle”. In one year, there are 13 orbits around the earth. To find a current or future lunar calendar, look online or purchase a book with a current moon calendar or just simply observe.

PHASES OF THE MOON

There are four phases of the moon. new moon, first quarter moon, full moon and last quarter moon. The light of the moon is waxing- increasing or waning-decreasing.

Ok, lets keep this simple while exploring the four phases of the moon cycle. nature time and time again displays the oneness that it is, that we are! Take the  New moon cycle which begins with three days of complete darkness, just as many of the ancient story books talk about “in the beginning was darkness” and we know when we speak of darkness its main feature is the color black. which some say is the color that represent the ether element, the foundation of all things which provided the space for the other four elements as we know them to be.. alr, water, fire, earth. So when applying the new moon cycle to ones daily being one should take the period of the new moon to ignite new beginnings, either it be relationships, business ventures or even the production of a new product. you see in the darkness is where all thoughts originate some call them ideas, dreams but despite the title used it all comes from the darkness, lets say the mind. New moon ls also a great time to begin a specific types of body cleansing…. 

First quarter moon First quarter moon marks a period between the new moon and the full moon. It is when the moon is “waxing” when your goals should be flowing, its a period of air dominance, all about movement and growth where your thoughts are taking form…. This period of time is great for releasing the habit of thinking that can have us stuck repeating the same cycle over an over…. should be a time of search not research. Waxing 14 days from new moon to full moon. The waxing moon looks as if the moon is increasing, getting larger. As the moon is waxing, you will see more of our light of the moon. The moon appears larger as it grows from right to left in the northern hemisphere. In the southern hemisphere it is the opposite growing from left to right. Its a period one can build, absorb, take in, and strengthen. As we enter the first quarter of the moon cycle “waxing” its a period when one should building up ones goals for the harvest. Some seeds may have to sit 3 months, 6 months or even 9 months depending on the different conditions of course. but this is always a time of intense action. Either by you or by the herbal blend you have set in the new moon phase, 9 times out of 10 its  both.

Full moon The moon is a brightly lit full circle, that may appear to be a full 360 degrees. This is a time  of harvest there ls always an abundance…. Observation is key when one becomes the flow. Last quarter moon marks a period between the full moon and the new moon. It is when the moon is “waning” 14 days from full to new moon as if the moon is decreasing (getting smaller) . As the moon is waning, you will see less of our light of the moon, ocean tides can become low, water table becomes low forcing roots to penetrate deeper in the earth to strengthen their stability. One uses this period of time to cleanse the body and mind in preparation for the period of transformation.. allowing the vltalforce to flow even stronger allowing for clearer and stronger thoughts… Like the cycles of the moon one can relate to our seasons of a year, seasons of our belng, even to ones day. As we emerge from the darkness (ether) some refer to as sleep we enter into our first quarter of a day where we prepare (work hard as hell) to be able to harvest in the full moon (so one can eat). As the last quarter comes around we relax from our long day allowing the mind and body to enter a cleansing period (some may look at wat served them that day and what didn’t) we know when ones enters sleep one cleanses and generate energy in order to allow more space for the amplified thoughts of our new moon as we begin the entire cycle again… will be a great discussion when we get to it.


https://youtu.be/kg9NrJViL7w
9/24/19

00:19:56	Melissa Vargas:	use a topical paste
00:22:30	Melissa Vargas:	carbon
00:22:48	Brittany Rolle:	yep
00:24:17	Melissa Vargas:	start pumping more air
00:31:01	Melissa Vargas:	good because I forgot the names of the respiratory system
00:38:05	Sabrina Keeton:	🤣🤣
00:46:07	Sabrina Keeton:	yes 
00:46:09	Brittany Rolle:	tea tree?
00:47:07	Desiree A:	I do that with Eucalyptus for migraines
00:50:35	Melissa Vargas:	i was thinking of breathing through their nose haha
01:00:37	Brittany Rolle:	same! it’s a “normal” thing here too
01:00:39	Melissa Vargas:	so how does that relate to easy brusing
01:05:24	Brittany Rolle:	bunch of lies 😂😂
01:18:07	Melissa Vargas:	and having a baby
01:27:01	Brittany Rolle:	what do you think about colon hydrotherapy?
01:39:50	Melissa Vargas:	can you go back to the whopping cough- explain how that happens again
01:49:27	Desiree A:	will You Be Sending out the intake sheet?
01:53:06	Melissa Vargas:	you were saying that we will use the super tonic tincture during the liver cleanse?
02:04:39	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾


next part


Observing ether..


Nitewaks..


Week 2 words.. Energizing the Respiratory system

The cells of the human body require a constant stream of oxygen that we get from the air element we breathe to stay alive. The respiratory system provides oxygen to the body’s cells while removing carbon dioxide, a waste product that can be lethal if allowed to accumulate within the body.. There are three major parts of the respiratory system, the airway, the lungs, and the muscles of respiration.

The airway, which includes the nose,mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles, carries air between the lungs and the body’s exterior.

The lungs act as the functional units of the respiratory system by passing oxygen into the body and carbon dioxide out of the body.

Finally, the muscles of respiration, including the diaphragm and intercostal muscles, work together to act as a pump, pushing air into and out of the lungs during breathing.

The nose and nasal cavity form the main external opening for the respiratory system and are the first section of the body’s airway, also called the respiratory tract through which air moves. The nose is a structure of the face made of cartilage, bone, muscle, and skin that supports and protects the anterior portion of the nasal cavity. The nasal cavity is a hollow space (ether) within the nose and skull that is lined with hairs and mucus membrane. The function of the nasal cavity is to warm, moisturize, and filter air entering the body before it reaches the lungs. Hairs and mucus lining the nasal cavity help to trap dust, mold, pollen and other environmental contaminants before they can reach the inner portions of the body. Air exiting the body through the nose returns moisture and heat to the nasal cavity before being exhaled into the environment.

The mouth, also known as the oral cavity is the secondary external opening for the respiratory tract. Most normal breathing takes place through the nasal cavity, but the oral cavity can be used to supplement or replace the nasal cavity functions when needed. Because the pathway of air entering the body from the mouth is shorter than the pathway for the air entering from the nose, the mouth does not warm and moisturize the air entering the lungs as well as the nose performs this function. The mouth also lacks the hairs and sticky mucus that filter air passing through the nasal cavity. The one advantage of breathing through the mouth is that its shorter distance and larger diameter allows more air to quickly enter the body.

The pharynx、also known as the throat, is a muscular funnel that extends from the posterior end of the nasal cavity to the superior end of the esophagus and larynx. The pharynx is divided into 3 regions: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
The nasopharynx is the superior region of the pharynx found in the posterior of the nasal cavity. Inhaled air from the nasal cavity passes into the nasopharynx and descends through the oropharynx, located in the posterior of the oral cavity. Air inhaled through the oral cavity enters the pharynx at the oropharynx. The inhaled air then descends into the laryngopharynx, where it is diverted into the opening of the larynx by the epiglottis.
The epiglottis is a flap of elastic cartilage that acts as a switch between the trachea and the esophagus. Because the pharynx is also used to swallow food, the epiglottis ensures that air passes into the trachea by covering the opening to the esophagus. During the process of swallowing, the epiglottis moves to cover the trachea to ensure that food enters the esophagus and to prevent choking.

The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a short section of the airway that connects the laryngopharynx and the trachea. The larynx is located in the anterior portion of the neck, just inferior to the hyoid bone and superior to the trachea. Several cartilage structures make up the larynx and give it its structure. The epiglottis is one of the cartilage pieces of the larynx and serves as the cover of the larynx during swallowing. Inferior to the epiglottis is the thyroid cartilage, which is often referred to as the adam’s apple as it is most commonly enlarged and visible in adult males. The thyroid holds open the anterior end of the larynx and protects the vocal folds. Inferior to the thyroid cartilage is the ring-shaped cricoid cartilage which holds the
larynx open and supports its posterior end. In addition to cartilage, the larynx contains special structures known as vocal folds, which allow the body to produce the sounds of speech and singing. The vocal folds are folds of mucous membrane that vibrate to produce vocal sounds The tension and vibration speed of the vocal folds can be changed to change the pitch that they produce.

The trachea or windpipe, is a 5-inch long tube made of C-shaped hyaline cartilage rings lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. The trachea connects the larynx to the bronchi and allows air to pass through the neck and into the thorax. The rings of cartilage making up the trachea allow it to remain open to air at all times. The open end of the cartilage rings faces posterior toward the esophagus, allowing the esophagus to expand into the space occupied by the trachea to accommodate masses of food moving through the esophagus. The main function of the trachea is to provide a clear airway for air to enter and exit the lungs. In addition, the epithelium lining the trachea produces mucus that traps dust and other contaminants and prevents it from reaching the lungs. Cilia on the surface of the epithelial cells move the mucus superior toward the pharynx where it can be swallowed and digested in the gastrointestinal tract or hork it up an spit that mess out.

Bronchi and Bronchioles

At the inferior end of the trachea, the airway splits into left and right branches known as the primary bronchi. The left and right bronchi run into each lung before branching off into smaller secondary bronchi. The secondary bronchi carry air into the lobes of the lungs, 2 in the left and 3 in the right lung. The secondary bronchi in turn split into many smaller tertiary bronchi within each lobe. The tertiary bronchi split into many smaller bronchioles that spread throughout the lungs. Each bronchiole further splits into many smaller branches less than a millimeter in diameter called terminal bronchioles. Finally, the millions of tiny terminal bronchioles conduct air to the alveoli of the lungs.

As the airway splits into the tree-like branches of the bronchi and bronchióles, the structure of the walls of the airway begins to change. The primary bronchi contain many C-shaped cartilage rings that firmly hold the airway open and give the bronchi a cross-sectional shape like a flattened circle or a letter D. As the bronchi branch into secondary and tertiary bronchi the cartilage becomes more widely spaced and more smooth muscle and elastin protein is found in the walls. The bronchioles differ from the structure of the bronchi in that they do not contain any cartilage at all. The presence of smooth muscles and elastin allow the smaller bronchi and bronchioles to be more flexible and contractile.

The main function of the bronchi and bronchioles is to carry air from the trachea into the lungs. Smooth muscle tissue in their walls helps to regulate airflow into the lungs. When greater volumes of air are required by the body, such as during exercise, the smooth muscle relaxes to dilate the bronchi and bronchioles. The dilated airway provides less resistance to airflow and allows more air to pass into and out of the lungs. The smooth muscle fibers are able to contract during rest to prevent hyperventilation. The bronchi and bronchioles also use the mucus and cilia of their epithelial lining to trap and move dust and other contaminants away from the lungs.

The lungs are a pair of large, spongy organs found in the thorax lateral to the heart and superior to the diaphragm. Each lung is surrounded by a pleural membrane that provides the lung with space to expand as well as a negative pressure space relative to the body’s exterior. The negative pressure allows the lungs to passively fill with air as they relax. The left and right lungs are slightly different in size and shape due to the heart pointing to the left side of the body. The left lung is therefore slightly smaller than the right lung and is made up of 2 lobes while the right lung has 3 lobes. The interior of the lungs is made up of spongy tissues containing many capillaries and around 30 million tiny sacs known as alveoli. The alveoli are cup-shaped structures found at the end of the terminal bronchioles and surrounded by capillaries. The alveoli are lined with thin simple squamous epithelium that allows air entering the alveoli to exchange its gases with the blood passing through the capillaries.

Muscles of Respiration

Surrounding the lungs are sets of muscles that are able to cause air to be inhaled or exhaled from the lungs. The principal muscle of respiration in the human body is the diaphragm, a thin sheet of skeletal muscle that forms the floor of the thorax. When the diaphragm contracts, it moves inferior a few inches into the abdominal cavity, expanding the space within the thoracic cavity and pulling air into the lungs. Relaxation of the diaphragm allows air to flow back out the lungs during exhalation. Between the ribs are many small intercostal muscles that assist the diaphragm with expanding and compressing the lungs. These muscles are divided into 2 groups: the internal intercostal muscles and the external intercostal muscles. The internal intercostal muscles are the deeper set of muscles and depress the ribs to compress the thoracic cavity and force air to be exhaled from the lungs. The external intercostal is found superficial to the internal intercostal and function to elevate the ribs, expanding the volume of the thoracic cavity and causing air to be inhaled into the lungs.

Physiology of the respiratory system

Pulmonary ventilation is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange. The respiratory system uses both a negative pressure system/and the contraction of muscles to achieve pulmonary ventilation. The negative pressure system of the respiratory system involves the establishment of a negative pressure gradient between the alveoli and the external atmosphere. The pleural membrane seals the lungs and maintains the lungs at a pressure slightly below that of the atmosphere when the lungs are at rest. This results in air following the pressure gradient and passively filling the lungs at rest. As the lungs fill with air the pressure within the lungs rises until it matches the atmospheric pressure. At this point more air can be inhaled by the contraction of the diaphragm and the external intercostal muscles, increasing the volume of the thorax and reducing the pressure of the lungs below that of the atmosphere again. To exhale air, the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles relax while the internal intercostal muscles contract to reduce the volume of the thorax and increase the pressure within the thoracic cavity. The pressure gradient is now reversed, resulting in the exhalation of air until the pressures inside the lungs and outside of the body are equal. At this point, the elastic nature of the lungs causes them to recoil back to their resting volume, restoring the negative pressure gradient present during inhalation.

External respiration is the exchange of gases between the air filling the alveoli and the blood in the capillaries surrounding the walls of the alveoli. Air entering the lungs from the atmosphere has a higher partial pressure of oxygen and a lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide than does the blood in the capillaries. The difference in partial pressures causes the gases to diffuse passively along their pressure gradients from high to low pressure through the simple squamous epithelium lining of the alveoli. The net result of external respiration is the movement of oxygen from the air into the blood and the movement of carbon dioxide from the blood into the air. The oxygen can then be transported to the body’s tissues while carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere during exhalation.

Internal respiration is the exchange of gases between the blood in capillaries and the tissues of the body. Capillary blood has a higher partial pressure of oxygen and a lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide than the tissues through which it passes. The difference in partial pressures leads to the diffusion of gases along their pressure gradients from high to low pressure through the endothelium lining of the capillaries. The net result of internal respiration is the diffusion of oxygen into the tissues and the diffusion of carbon dioxide into the blood.

Transportation of Gases

The 2 major respiratory gases, oxygen and carbon dioxide/are transported through the body in the blood. Blood plasma has the ability to transport some dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide, but most of the gases transported in the blood are bonded to transport molecules. Hemoglobin is an important transport molecule found in red blood cells that carries almost 99% of the oxygen in the blood. Hemoglobin can also carry a small amount of carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs. However, the vast majority of carbon dioxide is carried in the plasma as bicarbonate ion. When the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is high in the tissues the enzyme carbonic anhydrase catalyzes a reaction between carbon dioxide and water to form carbonic acid. Carbonic acid then dissociates into hydrogen ion and bicarbonate ion. When the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is low in the lungs, the reactions reverse and carbon dioxide is liberated into the lungs to be exhaled.

Homeostatic Control of Respiration

Under normal resting conditions, the body maintains a quiet breathing rate and depth called eupnea. Eupnea is maintained until the body’s demand for oxygen and production of carbon dioxide rises due to greater exertion. Autonomic chemoreceptors in the body monitor the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood and send signals to the respiratory center of the brain stem. The respiratory center then adjusts the rate and depth of breathing to return the blood to its normal levels of gas partial pressures.

Some common ailments of the respiratory system

1.Common Cold, Influenza or Flu, characterized  by sneezing, runny nose, sore throat. Sometimes fever, headache and body pains may be felt by the body.

2. Asthma, a condition suffer by people who are over sensitive to tree pollen, dust particles and other pollutants. A person with asthma has difficulty in breathing. Has difficulty in breathing. Sometimes coughs and wheezes when he breathes out.

3. Sinusitis, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may be due to infection, allergy or autoimmune issues. Most cases are due to a viral infection and resolve over the course of 10 days.

4. Whooping cough (pertussis) is an infection of the respiratory system caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis (or B. pertussis). It’s characterized by severe coughing spells which can sometimes end in a “whooping” sound when the person breathes in. lt mainly affects infants younger than 6 months old due to a weak immune system, and kids 11 to 18 years old whose immunity has started to fade from poor eating habits. 

5. Rhinitis, is a medical term for irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose. Common symptoms of rhinitis are a stuffy nose, runny nose, and post-nasal drip. The most common kind of rhinitis is allergic rhinitis, which is usually triggered by airborne allergens such as pollen and dander.  Allergic rhinitis may cause additional symptoms, such as sneezing and nasal itching, coughing. headache, fatigue, malaise, and cognitive impairment. The allergens may also affect the eyes causing watery, reddened or itchy eyes and puffiness around the eyes.

6. Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi, the airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the lungs. Bronchitis can be divided into two categories, acute and chronic, each of which has distinct etiologies, pathologies, and therapies. Acute bronchitis is characterized by the development of a cough, with or without the production of sputum, mucus that is expectorated (coughed up) from the respiratory tract. Acute bronchitis often occurs during the course of an acute viral illness such as the common cold or influenza. Viruses cause about 90% of cases of acute bronchitis, whereas bacteria account for fewer than 10%. Chronic bronchitis, a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary condition, is characterized by the presence of a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years. Chronic bronchitis most often develops due to recurrent injury to the airways caused by inhaled irritants. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause, followed by air pollution and occupational exposure to irritants.

7. Pharyngitis comes from the Greek word pharynx meaning throat and the suffix -itis meaning inflammation. It is an inflammation of the throat. In most cases it is quite painful, and is the most common cause of a sore throat. Like many types of inflammation, pharyngitis can be acute-characterized by a rapid onset and typically a relatively short course-or chronic. Pharyngitis can result in very large tonsils which cause trouble swallowing and breathing. Pharyngitis can be accompanied by a cough or fever, for example, if caused by a systemic infection.

9. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It affects the lower respiratory tract. This includes small bronchi (airways) and air sacs in the lungs. The three main causes of pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia caused by bacteria, most commonly Streptococcus pneumonia, viral pneumonia caused by a virus (responsible for half of all pneumonias) A typical bacterial pneumonia often called ‘walking pneumonia’ but can cause a more serious or potentially fatal pneumonia.

Here are some of the best herbs to boost lung health.

LICORICE ROOT 

Licorice is one of the more widely consumed herbs in the world. It occurs in more formulas than any other single herb because it is thought to harmonize the action of all other herbs. Licorice is very soothing and softens the mucous membranes of the throat and especially the lungs and stomach and at the same time cleanses any inflamed mucous membrane that needs immune system support.. It reduces the irritation in the throat and yet has an expectorant action. lt is the saponins (detergent-like action) that loosen the phlegm in the respiratory tract, so that the body can expel the mucus. Compounds found in the root help relieve bronchial spasms and block the free radical cells that produce the inflammation and tightening of the airways. The compounds also have antibacterial and antiviral effects to them as well which helps fight off viral and bacterial strains in the body that can cause lung infections. Glycyrrhizin and flavonoids can even help prevent deteriorating lung cells from forming which means they can even prevent lung C.

COLTSFOOT

Coltsfoot has been traditionally use by  Native Americans for thousands of years to strengthen the lungs. It clears out excess mucus from the lungs and bronchial tubes. It soothes the mucus membranes in the lungs, and has been shown in research to assist with asthma, coughs, bronchitis, and other lung ailments. Coltsfoot is available in dried form for tea or as an alcohol extract known as a tincture.

CANNABIS

The toxic breakdown of therapeutic compounds in cannabis from burning the plant are totally avoided with vaporization. Extraction and inhaling cannabinoid essential oils of the unprocessed plant affords significant mitigation of irritation to the oral cavity that comes from smoking. Cannabis is perhaps one of the most effective anti-cancer plants in the world. shown in study after study to stimulate cannabinoid receptor activation in specific genes and mediate the anti-invasive effect of cannabinoids. Vaporizing cannabis allows the active ingredients to stimulate the body’s natural immune response and significantly reduces the ability of infections to spread.

OSHA ROOT

Osha is an herb native to the rocky mountain area and has historically been used by the Native Americans for respiratory support. The roots of the plant contain camphor and other compounds which make it one of the best lung-support herbs in America One of the main benefits of osha root is that it helps increase circulation to the lungs, which makes it easier to take deep breaths. Also, when seasonal sensitivities flare up your sinuses, osha root which is not an actual antihistamine, does produce a similar effect and may help calm respiratory irritation. 

THYME

Thyme is very powerful in the fight against chest congestion. It produces powerful antiseptic essential oils which are classified as naturally antibiotic and anti-fungal. Thyme is  well-known to zap acne than expensive prescription creams, gels and lotions. Thyme tea has the power to chase away and eliminate bacteria and viruses so whether your infection is based on either, it will work. Thyme has been used as a lung remedy consumed since antiquity and is used extensively today to prevent and eliminate respiratory tract infections and bacterial infection.

OREGANO

Although oregano contains the vitamins and nutrients required by the immune system, its primary benefits are owed to its carvacrol and rosmarinic acid content. Both compounds are natural decongestants and histamine reducers that have direct, positive benefits on the respiratory tract and nasal passage airflow. Oil of oregano fights off the dangerous bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, better than the most common antibiotic treatments. Oregano has so many health benefits that a bottle of organic oregano oil should be in everyone’s medicine cabinet.

LOBELIA

Did you know that horses given lobelia are able to breathe more deeply? Its benefits are not limited to equestrians. It has been used as “asthmador” in Appalachian folk medicine. Lobelia by some accounts, is thought to be one of the most valuable herbal remedies in existence. Extracts of Lobelia inflata contain lobeline, which showed positive effects in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tumor cells. Lobelia contains an alkaloid known as lobeline, which thins mucus and breaks up congestion. Additionally, lobelia stimulates the adrenal glands to release epinephrine, in effect; this relaxes the airways and allows for easier breathing. Also, because lobelia helps to relax smooth muscles, it is included in many cough and cold remedies. Lobelia should be part of everyone’s respiratory support protocol

ELECAMPANE

Elecampane has been used by Native Americans for many years to clear out excess mucus that impairs lung function. It is known as a natural antibacterial agent for the lungs. Helping to lessen infection particularly for people who are prone to lung infections like bronchitis. Herbal  practitioners often recommend one teaspoon of the herb per cup of boiling water, drunk three times daily for two to three weeks but elecampane is also available in tincture format for ease.

EUCALYPTUS

Native to Australia, eucalyptus isn’t just for Koala bears! Aborigines, along with a mass diversity of cultures have all used the refreshing aroma of eucalyptus to promote respiratory health and soothe throat irritation. Eucalyptus is a common ingredient in cough lozenges and syrups and its effectiveness is due to a compound called cineole. Cineole has numerous benefits, it’s an expectorant, can ease a cough, fights congestion, and soothes irritated sinus passages. As an added bonus, because eucalyptus contains antioxidants, it supports the immune system during a cold or other illness.

MULLEIN

Both the folwers and the leaves of the mullein plant are used to make an herbal extract that helps strengthen the lungs. Mullein is used by herbal practitioners to clear excess mucus from the lungs, cleanse the bronchial tubes, and reduce inflammation that is present in the respiratory tract. A tea can be made from one teaspoon of the dried herb to one cup of boiled water. Alternatively, you can make a tincture form of this herb.

LUNGWORT

Lungwort is a tree-growing lichen that actually resembles lung tissue in appearance. However this natural remedy doesn’t just look the part. As early as the 1600s, lungwort has been used to promote lung and respiratory health and clear congestion.  Pulmonaria selections come in all kinds so seek an herbal_artlst for direction. Lungwort also contains compounds that are powerfully effective against harmful organisms that affect respiratory health.

CHAPARRAL

Chaparral, a plant native to the southwest, has been appreciated by the Native Americans for lung detoxification and respiratory support. Chaparral contains powerful antioxidants that resist irritation and NDGA which is known to fight histamine response. NDGA inhibits aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis (the energy-producing ability) of cancer cells. Chaparral is also a herb that fights harmful organisms. The benefits of chaparral are most available in a tincture extraction but chaparral tea may support respiratory problems by encouraging an expectorant action to clear airways of mucus.

SAGE

Sage’s textured leaves give off a heady aroma, which arises from sage’s essential oils. These oils are the source of the many benefits of sage tea for lung problems and common respiratory ailments. Sage tea is a traditional treatment for sore throats and coughs. The rich aromatic properties arising from sage’s volatile oils of thujone, camphor, terpene and salvene can be put to use by inhaling sage tea’s vapors to dispel lung disorders and sinusitis. Alternatively, brew a strong pot of sage tea and place it into a bowl or a vaporizer.

PEPPERMINT

Peppermint, and peppermint oil, contains menthol,  a soothing ingredient known to relax the smooth muscles of the respiratory tract and promote free breathing. Dried peppermint typically contains menthol, menthone, menthyl acetate, menthofuran and cineol. Peppermint oil also contains small amounts of many additional compounds including limonene, pulegone, caryophyllene and pinene. Paired with the antihistamine effect of peppermint, menthol is a fantastic decongestant. Many people use therapeutic chest balms and other inhalants that contain menthol to help break up congestion. Additionally, peppermint is an antioxidant and fights harmful organisms.

PLANTAIN LEAF

With fruit that is similar in appearance to a banana, plantain leaf has been used for hundreds of years to ease cough and soothe irritated mucous membranes. Many of its active constituents show antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, as well as being and antitoxic. Clinical trials have found it favorable against cough, cold, and lung irritation Plantain leaf has an added bonus in that it may help relieve a dry cough by spawning mucus production in the lungs.

Seek the advice of an herbal_artlst or naturopathic doctor on the dosages and frequency according to your condition. Many of the herbs above may combined for cumulative effects. All of the above are available in various forms, as supplements, tea blends and prepared oils. You can always grow your own as well to ensure your herbs are organic and ethically harvested.


https://youtu.be/U6r034tSLag
9/19/19

00:13:54	Brittany Rolle:	I didn’t get this assignment! 3 herbs for which conditions?
00:22:25	Desiree A:	diuretic
00:38:44	Ashley Murray:	When are we starting the liver cleanse (sorry my mic still not working)
00:39:06	Desiree A:	did You say We need to tell You what herbs We have already?
00:49:51	Hannah Sydney:	yeah
00:51:10	Hannah Sydney:	catnip use for constipation. helps promotes gastric juices
00:52:56	Hannah Sydney:	aloe Vera for indigestion
00:53:02	Hannah Sydney:	soothes the acid
00:53:28	Hannah Sydney:	okay promotes
00:54:19	Hannah Sydney:	a mineral
01:05:03	Melissa Vargas:	I missed that name of the food
01:05:25	Brittany Rolle:	that’s horseradish
01:05:52	Melissa Vargas:	thank u
01:11:24	Brittany Rolle:	it looks like cassava too
01:12:15	Aliyyah Blake:	what kind of peppers?  cayenne? 
01:17:17	Melissa Vargas:	so using the garlic paste under the foot is another way to cleanse the blood
01:17:19	Melissa Vargas:	?
01:36:10	Melissa Vargas:	so my dad has made this with orange peels as well ... more vitamin d?
01:36:22	Desiree A:	is it more of a salve or only internally?
01:39:49	Melissa Vargas:	are we meeting again Tuesday ?
01:40:31	Melissa Vargas:	can you add me to the group where we can see the assignments
01:42:37	Desiree A:	Yes!
01:43:56	Desiree A:	What if We have Black Walnut powder?
01:44:30	Desiree A:	like cheesecloth
01:44:45	Desiree A:	paint strainers work also
01:44:51	Melissa Vargas:	did you use apple cider in this tincture?
01:45:54	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:46:31	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾
01:46:32	Desiree A:	Thank You 🌻 Have a nice evening All 💛🐞


https://youtu.be/n9nnbbDbBfw
conditions are.. constipation/ indigestion and MS.
choose 1herb from herbal library that you will use for each condition mention. Be prepared to explain why you choose each herb and how would lt help the body.

https://youtu.be/Ywo41OBkFCM
observation

https://youtu.be/iSw5r5otVaY
Ether discussion

00:28:15	Brittany Rolle:	evaporation? fire?
00:28:24	Desiree A:	Air
00:33:33	Hannah Sydney:	yes
00:34:10	Hannah Sydney:	I was thinking I the body
00:43:12	Desiree A:	Black
00:43:31	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:10:21	Desiree A:	like a tincture
01:11:02	Desiree A:	Yes that makes sense 
01:13:23	Brittany Rolle:	sorry can you repeat
01:15:46	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:24:27	Desiree A:	Friday is good
01:24:38	Desiree A:	What is the purpose of the night walk?
01:25:05	Brittany Rolle:	will the night walks be on call as well or we are doing these individually?
01:31:13	Desiree A:	Yes!
01:31:38	Hannah Sydney:	yes
01:32:22	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂😂
01:42:38	Hannah Sydney:	is it isopropyl alcohol to add with the black walnut?
01:43:58	Desiree A:	What day is the homework due by?
01:44:17	Desiree A:	Ok lol
01:47:20	Hannah Sydney:	like telepathically
01:48:39	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾
01:48:42	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone🌻🐞

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