Herbal_Artist Training

Energizing the Urinary system.. week19.. words

The Urinary System consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra. The kidneys filter the blood to remove wastes and produce urine. The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra together form the urinary tract, which acts as a plumbing system to drain urine from the kidneys, store it, and then release it during urination. Besides filtering and eliminating wastes from the body, the urinary system also maintains the homeostasis of water, ions, pH, blood pressure, calcium and more.

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs found along the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity. The left kidney is located slightly higher than the right kidney because the right side of the liver is much larger than the left side. The kidneys, unlike the other organs of the abdominal cavity are located posterior to the peritoneum and touch the muscles of the back. The kidneys are surrounded by a layer of adipose tissue that holds them in place and protects them from physical damage. The kidneys filter metabolic wastes, excess ions, and chemicals from the blood to form urine.

The ureters are a pair of tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. The ureters are about 10 to 12 inches long and run on the left and right sides of the body parallel to the vertebral column. Gravity and peristalsis of smooth muscle tissue in the wall of the ureters move urine toward the urinary bladder. The ends of the ureters extend slight into the urinary bladder and are sealed at the point of entry to the bladder by the ureterovesical valves These valves prevent urine from flowing back towards the kidneys.

The urinary bladder is a sac-like hollow organ used for the storage of urine. The urinary bladder is located along the body’s midline at the inferior end of the pelvis. Urine entering the urinary bladder from the ureters slowly fills the hollow space of the bladder and stretches its elastic walls. The walls of the bladder allow it to stretch to hold anywhere from 600 to 800 milliliters of urine.

Kidney Stones, are masses of solid materials found within the tubules of the kidneys. They are caused by infection of the kidney, diets high in protein, uric acid and inadequate water intake. Headache, pain in the abdomen and groin are some the symptoms. Drinking large quantities of water can help prevent the formation of new stones.

Urethritis, is an infection of the urethra. It can caused by a sexually transmitted germ. The symptom is a burning pain when urinating. If treatment is delayed, germ may enter the blood and spread throughout the body.

Uremia, it means blood in the urine. This is caused by an accumulation in the blood of waste products that are normally excreted through the urine thus resulting to a toxic condition. Loss of appetite, vomiting, weight loss, anemia and high blood pressure are some symptoms.

Nephritis, also called bright’s disease. It is caused by damaged glomerulus characterized by puffiness of face and swelling of feet and ankles.

Bladder Stones, stones in the bladder can cause obstruction of urine and infection of the urinary tract. This is more common in men than in women. Frequent urination and difficulty to urinate are the symptoms.

Cystitis, it is an inflammation of the urinary bladder. This can be common in women but rare in men. Symptoms are burning urination, fever and cloudy urine. Drinking plenty of water may clean the bladder. Coffee, chocolates and soft drinks should definitely be avoided. Tumor of the bladder, blood in the urine is the most significant symptom. The main cause of this is daily and high exposure to harmful chemicals in the workplace. Hopefully not your home.

Diuretic Herbs Diuretic herbs increase urine output. They can be used to lower blood pressure, resolve damp conditions in the body (edema) or for infections of the urinary system. These generally work best as a tea. Dandelion leaf (Taraxacum officinale), Yarrow(Achillea millefolium), Nettle leaf (Urtica dioica), Celery seed (Apium graveolens), Horsetail (Equisetum arvense), Cleavers (Galium aparine), Juniper (Juniperus communis), Parsley (Petroselinum crispum), Elderflowers (Sambucus nigra)..

Kidney care

Water makes up over 60 percent of the body’s weight, helps distribute heat throughout the body, transports nutrients and hormones, and is the medium needed for all chemical reactions to occur (such as breaking down sugar into energy). Water also dilutes toxins and absorbs waste products. The waste products of protein digestion by the liver and excess water from every cell in the body are brought, by the blood, to the kidneys to be filtered out of the body By controlling the amount of urine, the kidneys directly control the water level in the body. This is an extremely important process because without sufficient water no chemical reactions can take place.   The equivalent of 250 gallons of blood will pass through the kidneys daily, to be processed for the removal of toxins and excess water, while water and salt and other substances still needed by the body are reabsorbed.

Approximately 2 pints of filtered liquid, which we know as urine, will remain and pass on to the bladder and exit the body. There are over two million filtering units called nephrons in the kidney. This is a lot of tubing that can become congested with mucus and other toxic deposits. When the kidneys become toxic this can affect the entire balance of the body on a very deep level. Internally cleansing can once again free up the energy of the kidneys so they are able to perform their vital functions with ease and confidence.  

Physical Signs traditionally Associated With Toxic Kidneys & Bladder. Difficult or frequent urination. Lower back pain. Weak joints. Cold to touch. Weak bones. Puffiness under eyes. Pain in knees & lower legs. Weak teeth. Thinning or loss of hair. Hormonal changes. Poor growth development. Infertility. Impotence. habitual miscarriage. Pale, profuse, scanty and dark urine. Incontinence Bladder infections. Stones and/or gravel in urine.   In Depth without kidneys one would die of poisoning. The kidneys filter and eliminate the natural waste products of metabolism. The kidneys maintains the water levels of the body, so with the slightest imbalance one’s very life force is affected. To understand why, we must look at the purpose of water. One’s body is made entirely of energy and water.   Without water one would be a pile of salt. It is water that allows all the chemical processes of the body to take place. Chemical reactions that create energy can only take place in a liquid environment. When this system is toxic, the entire body is deeply affected.  

Emotional signs traditionally associated with toxic kidneys & bladder. Fear. Insecurity. Paranoia. Secondary Signs… Poor reaction to stress. Panic attacks. Shaking.   ln Depth Enerçeticaly, one’s ability to mobilize under stress or fear is maintained by the entire kidney area. This area includes the adrenal glands, which sit on top of each kidney.   When the energy of the kidneys is compromised, one may feel he or she doesn’t have the ability to face challenges. This can create feelings of insecurity, fear, and paranoia. Fear can be helpful in getting one to realize the need for action to get out of a harmful situation whether physical or emotional. lnsecurity can cause one to feel they lack the power to meet any type of challenge.   By cleansing and strengthening  the kidneys one’s overall feelings of self-confidence can be greatly increased. Kidney & bladder cleanser stimulates, decongests, soothes, and tones the kidneys and bladder in their daily task of cleansing.   Birch bark is soothing Corn silk stigmata is soothing. Goldenrod top acrial parts dissolves mucus. Dandelion leaf helps maximize potassium. Cordyceps Mycelia extract is a kidney tonic. Hydrangea root supports kidney. Stone root supports urinary tract. Wild Yam root relaxes. Pipsissewa aerial parts tone urinary tract. Parsley root relieves. Agrimony leaf strengthens bladder…..


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00:54:33	Melissa Howell:	I know ppl who did it for the inauguration in their gloves lol
00:54:47	Jamee Jory:	I'm trying this next week in Michigan! 
00:57:08	Yoanne I:	make a five ingredient topical ointment
01:13:50	Brittany Rolle:	training with Doula Trainings International online
01:15:00	Mel V.:	girl thank you! this just made my whole day
01:16:34	Mel V.:	thank you!!!
01:19:24	Mel V.:	lol your face jaz ... haha
01:20:32	Mel V.:	I just don't want to be hustling anymore lol
01:20:44	Mel V.:	I'm done with instacart... tickets
01:21:17	Mel V.:	going back to a barter system though
01:39:59	Melissa H:	Mel- Yerba Mate is your jam huh? lol
01:41:15	Brittany Rolle:	Chaga Mushroom
01:43:35	Mel V.:	yes it is Melissa. Love it

Enerlzlng the Nervous system.. Week 18 words

The nervous system consists of the brain, spinal cord, sensory organs, and all of the nerves that connect these organs with the rest of the body.
Together, they are responsible for the flow of energy throughout the body and the communication among its parts. The brain and spinal cord form the control center known as the central nervous system (CNS), where information is evaluated and decisions made. The sensory nerves and sense organs of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) monitor conditions inside and outside of the body and send information to the CNS. Efferent nerves in the PNS carry signals from the control center to the muscles. glands, and organs to regulate their functions.

Nervous System Anatomy

Nervous Tissue
The majority of the nervous system is tissue made up of two classes of cells: neurons and neuroglia.
Neurons are also known as nerve cells, communicate within the body by transmitting electrochemical signals. Neurons look quite different from other cells in the body due to the many long cellular processes that extend from their central cell body. The cell body is the roughly round part of a neuron that contains the nucleus, mitochondria, and most of the cellular organelles. Small tree-like structures called dendrites extend from the cell body to pick up stimuli from the environment, other neurons, or sensory receptor cells. Long transmitting processes called axons extend from the cell body to send signals onward to other neurons or effector cells in the body.

There are 3 basic classes of neurons: afferent neurons, efferent neurons, and interneurons.
Afferent neurons, Also known as sensory neurons, transmit sensory signals to the central nervous system from receptors in the body.
Efferent neurons, Also known as motor neurons, efferent neurons transmit signals from the central nervous system to effectors in the body such as muscles and glands.
Interneurons form complex networks within the central nervous system to integrate the information received from afferent neurons and to direct the function of the body through efferent neurons.

Neuroglia, also known as glial cells, act as the “helper cells” of the nervous system. Each neuron in the body is surrounded by anywhere from 6 to 60 neuroglia that protect, feed and insulate the neuron. Because neurons are extremely specialized cells that are essential to body function and almost never reproduce, neuroglia are vital to maintaining a functional nervous system.

The brain, a soft, wrinkled organ that weighs about 3 pounds, is located inside the cranial cavity, where the bones of the skull surround and protect it. The approximately 100 billion neurons of the brain form the main control center of the body. The brain and spinal cord form the central nervous system (CNS), where information is processed and responses originate. The brain, the seat of higher mental functions such as consciousness, memory, planning, and voluntary actions, also controls lower body functions such as the maintenance of respiration, heart rate, blood pressure, and digestion.

The spinal cord is a long, thin mass of bundled neurons that carries information through the vertebral cavity of the spine beginning at the medulla oblongata of the brain on its superior end and continuing inferiorly to the lumbar region of the spine. In the lumbar region, the spinal cord separates into a bundle of individual nerves called the cauda equina (due to its resemblance to a horse’s tail) that continues inferiorly to the sacrum and coccyx. The white matter of the spinal cord functions as the main conduit of nerve signals to the body from the brain. The grey matter of the spinal cord integrates reflexes to stimuli.

Nerves are bundles of axons in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) that act as information superhighways to carry signals between the brain, spinal cord and the rest of the body. Each axon is wrapped in a connective tissue sheath called the endoneurium. Individual axons of the nerve are bundled into groups of axons called fascicles, wrapped in a sheath of connective tissue called the perineurium. Finally, many fascicles are wrapped together in another layer of connective tissue called the epineurium to form a whole nerve. The wrapping of nerves with connective tissue helps to protect the axons and to increase the speed of their communication within the body.

Afferent, Efferent, and Mixed Nerves. Some of the nerves in the body are specialized for carrying information in only one direction, similar to a one-way street. Nerves that carry information from sensory receptors to the central nervous system only are called afferent nerves. Other neurons, known as efferent nerves, carry signals only from the central nervous system to effectors such as muscles and glands. Finally, some nerves are mixed nerves that contain both afferent and efferent axons. Mixed nerves function like 2-way streets where afferent axons act as lanes heading toward the central nervous system and efferent axons act as lanes heading away from the central nervous system.
The Cranial Nerves, extending from the inferior side of the brain are 12 pairs of cranial nerves.
Each cranial nerve pair is identified by a Roman numeral 1 to 12 based upon its the anterior-posterior axis of the brain. Each nerve also has a descriptive name (e.g. olfactory, optic, etc.) that identifies its function or location. The cranial nerves provide a direct connection to the brain for the special sense organs, muscles of the head, neck, shoulders, the heart, and the Gl tract.

Spinal Nerves, extending from the left and right sides of the spinal cord are 31 pairs of spinal nerves. The spinal nerves are mixed nerves that carry both sensory and motor signals between the spinal cord and specific regions of the body. The 31 spinal nerves are split into 5 groups named for the 5 regions of the vertebral column. Thus, there are 8 pairs of cervical nerves, 12 pairs of thoracic nerves, 5 pairs of lumbar nerves, 5 pairs of sacral nerves, and 1 pair of coccygeal nerves. Each spinal nerve exits from the spinal cord through the intervertebral foramen between a pair of vertebrae or between the C1 vertebra and the occipital bone of the skull.

The meninges are the protective coverings of the central nervous system (CNS). They consist of three layers: the dura mater, arachnoid mater, and pia mater.
The dura mater, which means “tough mother,” is the thickest, toughest, and most superficial layer of meninges. Made of dense irregular connective tissue, it contains many tough collagen fibers and blood vessels. Dura mater protects the CNS from external damage, contains the cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the CNS, and provides blood to the nervous tissue of the CNS.

The arachnoid mater, which means “spider-like mother,” is much thinner and more delicate than the dura mater. It lines the inside of the dura mater and contains many thin fibers that connect it to the underlying pia mater. These fibers cross a fluid-filled space called the subarachnoid space between the arachnoid mater and the pia mater.

The pia mater, which means ‘tender mother,” is a thin and delicate layer of tissue that rests on the outside of the brain and spinal cord. Containing many blood vessels that feed the nervous tissue of the CNS, the pia mater penetrates into the valleys of the sulci and fissures of the brain as it covers the entire surface of the CNS.

The space surrounding the organs of the CNS is filled with a clear fluid known as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is formed from blood plasma by special structures called choroid plexuses.
The choroid plexuses contain many capillaries lined with epithelial tissue that filters blood plasma and allows the filtered fluid to enter the space around the brain. Newly created CSF flows through the inside of the brain in hollow spaces called ventricles and through a small cavity in the middle of the spinal cord called the central canal. CSF also flows through the subarachnoid space around the outside of the brain and spinal cord. CSF is constantly produced at the choroid plexuses and is reabsorbed into the bloodstream at structures called arachnoid villi.
Cerebrospinal fluid provides several vital functions to the central nervous system.
CSF absorbs shocks between the brain and skull and between the spinal cord and vertebrae. This shock absorption protects the CNS from blows or sudden changes in velocity, such as during a car accident.

The brain and spinal cord float within the CSF, reducing their apparent weight through buoyancy. The brain is a very large but soft organ that requires a high volume of blood to function efficiently. The reduced weight in cerebrospinal fluid allows the blood vessels of the brain to remain open and helps protect the nervous tissue from becoming crush under its own weight.

CSF helps to maintain chemical homeostasis within the central nervous system. It contains ions, nutrients, oxygen and albumins that support the chemical and osmotic balance of nervous tissue. CSF also removes waste products that form as byproducts of cellular metabolism within nervous tissue.

Sense Organs

All of the body many sense organs are components of the nervous system, known as the special senses such as vision, taste, smell, hearing, and balance are all detected by specialized organs such as the eyes, taste buds, and olfactory epithelium.
Sensory receptors for the general senses like touch, temperature, and pain are found throughout most of the body. All of the sensory receptors of the body are connected to afferent neurons that carry their sensory information to the CNS to be processed and integrated.

Nervous System Physiology

The nervous system has 3 main functions.. sensory, integration and motor.
The sensory function of the nervous system involves collecting information from sensory receptors that monitor the body’s internal and external conditions. These signals are then passed on to the central nervous system (CNS) for instant processing by afferent neurons and nerves.

Integration, the process of integration is the processing of the many sensory signals that are passed into the CNS at any given time. These signals are evaluated, compared, used for decision making, discarded or committed to memory as deemed appropriate. Integration takes place in the gray matter of the brain and spinal cord and is performed by interneurons. Many interneurons work together to form complex networks that provide this processing power.

Motor, once the networks of interneurons in the CNS evaluate sensory information and decide on an action, they stimulate efferent neurons (also called motor neurons) carry signals from the gray matter of the CNS through the nerves of the peripheral nervous system to effector cells. The effector may be smooth, cardiac, or skeletal muscle tissue or glandular tissue. The effector then releases a hormone or moves a part of the body to respond to the stimulus.

Divisions of the Nervous System

Central Nervous System
The brain and spinal cord together form the central nervous system, or CNS. The CNS acts as the control center of the body by providing its processing, memory, and regulation systems.
The CNS takes in all of the conscious and subconscious sensory information from the body’s sensory receptors to stay aware of the body’s internal and external conditions. Using this sensory information, it makes decisions about both conscious and subconscious actions to take to maintain the body’s homeostasis and ensure its survival. The CNS is also responsible for the higher functions of the nervous system such as language, creativity, expression, emotions and personality. The brain is the seat of consciousness and determines who we are as individuals.

The peripheral nervous system (PNS) includes all of the parts of the nervous system outside of the brain and spinal cord. These parts include all of the cranial and spinal nerves, ganglia and sensory receptors.

The somatic nervous system (SNS) is a division of the PNS that includes all of the voluntary efferent neurons. The SNS is the only consciously controlled part of the PNS and is responsible for stimulating skeletal muscles in the body.

The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is a division of the PNS that includes all of the involuntary efferent neurons. The ANS controls subconscious effectors such as visceral muscle tissue, cardiac muscle tissue, and glandular tissue.
There are 2 divisions of the autonomic nervous system in the body the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
The sympathetic division forms the body’s “fight or flight” response to stress, danger, excitement, exercise, emotions, and embarrassment. The sympathetic division increases respiration and heart rate, releases adrenaline and other stress hormones, and decreases digestion to cope with these situations.
The parasympathetic division forms the body’s “rest and digest’ response. when the body is relaxed resting, or feeding. The parasympathetic works to undo the work of the sympathetic division after a stressful situation. Among other functions, the parasympathetic division works to decrease respiration and heart rate, increase digestion, and permit the elimination of wastes.

The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the division of the ANS that is responsible for regulating digestion and the function of the digestive organs. The ENS receives signals from the central nervous system through both the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system to help regulate its functions. However, the ENS mostly works independently of the CNS and continues to function without any outside input. For this reason, the ENS is often called the “brain of the gut” or the body’s “second brain.” The ENS is an immense system-almost as many neurons exist in the ENS as in the spinal cord.

Action Potentials

Neurons function through the generation and propagation of electrochemical signals known as action potentials (APs). An AP is created by the movement of sodium and potassium ions through the membrane of neurons.

Resting potential, at rest neurons maintain a concentration of sodium
and potassium ions inside of the cell. This concentration is maintained by potassium pump of the cell membrane which pumps 3 sodium ions out of the cell for every 2 potassium ions that are pumped into the cell. The ion concentration results in a resting electrical potential of -70 millivolts (mV), which means that the inside of the cell has a negative charge compared to its surroundings.
Threshold potential, If a stimulus permits enough positive ions to enter a region of the cell to cause it to reach -55 mV, that region of the cell will open its voltage-gated sodium channels and allow sodium ions to diffuse into the cell. -55 mV is the threshold potential for neurons as this is the “trigger voltage that they must reach to cross the threshold into forming an action potential.

Depolarization, Sodium carries a positive charge that causes the cell to become depolarized (positively charged) compared to its normal negative charge. The voltage for depolarization of all neurons is +30 mV. The depolarization of the cell is the AP that is transmitted by the neuron as a nerve signal. The positive ions spread into neighboring regions of the cell, initiating a new AP in those regions as they reach -55 mV. The AP continues to spread down the cell membrane of the neuron until it reaches the end of an axon.

Repolarization, after the depolarization voltage of +30 mV is reached, voltage-gated potassium ion channels open, allowing positive potassium ions to diffuse out of the cell. The loss of potassium along with the pumping of sodium ions back out of the cell through the sodium-potassium pump restores the cell to the -55 mV resting potential. At this point the neuron is ready to start a new action potential.

Reflexes are fast, involuntary responses to stimuli. The most well-known reflex is the patellar reflex, which is checked when a physician’s taps on a patient’s knee during a physical examination. Reflexes are integrated in the gray matter of the spinal cord or in the brain stem. Reflexes allow the body to respond to stimuli very quickly by sending responses to effectors before the nerve signals reach the conscious parts of the brain. This explains why people will often pull their hands away from a hot object before they realize they are in pain.

Functions of the Cranial Nerves

Each of the 12 cranial nerves has a specific function within the nervous system.
The olfactory nerve carries scent information to the brain from the olfactory epithelium in the roof of nasal cavity.
The optic nerve carries visual information from the eyes to the brain.
Oculomotor, trochlear, and abducens nerves all work together to allow the brain to control the movement and focus of the eyes.
The trigeminal nerve (V) carries sensations from the face and innervates the muscles of mastication.
The facial nerve innervates the muscles of the face to make facial expressions and carries taste information from the anterior 2/3 of the tongue.
The vestibulocochlear nerve conducts auditory and balance information from the ears to the brain.
The glossopharyngeal nerve carries taste information from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue and assists in swallowing.

The vagus nerve, sometimes called the wandering nerve due to the fact that it innervates many different areas, “wanders” through the head, neck, and torso. It carries information about the condition of the vital organs to the brain, delivers motor signal control speech and delivers parasympathetic signals to many organs.
The accessory nerve controls the movements of the shoulders and neck.
The hypoglossal nerve moves the tongue for speech and swallowing.

Some herbs for the nervous system

A nerve tonic is an herb that restores tone to the nervous system. It is essentially nourishing supportive and restorative, thus it does not have a dramatic effect but a surer, lasting benefit.

Oats (Avena sativa) is one of the best remedies for “feeding” the nervous system, especially when under stress. It is specific in cases of nervous debility and exhaustion, especially when associated with depression. Also for shingles, herpes infections and even degenerative wasting conditions such as multiple sclerosis.

Skullcap (Scutellaria laterifolia) may be the premier nerve tonic. It is relaxing in states of nervous tension while at the same time renewing and restoring the central nervous system. This makes it valuable for stress, anxiety and tension. It can be used to aid with seizure and hysterical states as well as an adjunct in the treatment of epilepsy.
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) has a sedative, restorative and pain-reducing effect. Thus it can be used to aid with conditions of neuralgia, anxiety and tension. Its tonic action on the entire nervous system makes it useful for nervous debility and stress. Useful for irritability and anxiety due to menopause.

Vervain (Verbena officinalis) will tone and strengthen the whole nervous system while relaxing and easing stress. It can be used for depression, especially when it follows an illness. Vervain can also be useful for seizure control and hysteria.

Sedatives reduce nervous activity and are useful in treating nervous tension, pain, neuromusaular spasm and to help induce sleep. By definition, sedatives are to varying degrees depressant agents, and their use should be minimized and only as needed.

Black cohosh (Cimicifuga racemosa)
California poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita)
Hops (Humulus lupulus)
Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
Jamaican Dogwood (Piscidia erythrina)
Kava (Piper mythisticum)
Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis
Linden (Tilia spp.)
European Mistletoe (Viscum album)
Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)
Pasque Flower (Anemone pulsatilla)
Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata)
St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)
Skullcap (Scutellaria spp.)
Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

Stimulant herbs increase activity in body functions without regard for the inherent capacity of the system to support that activity, in other words they are intrinsically exhausting. Many are used in “herbal” diet products to increase metabolism.

Coffee (Coffea spp.)
Ephedra (Ma huang, Ephedra sinica)
Green tea (Camellia sinensis)
Gotu kola (Hydrocotyle asiatica
Guarana (Paullinia cupana)
Kola Nut (Cola vera)
Mate(Yerba mate, Ilex paraguayensis)

Hypnotic herbs help to induce a deep and healing state of sleep
California Poppy
Chamomile
Hops
Jamaican Dogwood
Passion Flower
Valerian
Wild Lettuce

Antispasmodic/ muscle relaxants herbs reduce spasm or tension, especially in the visceral smooth muscle of the gut wall, bronchial tubes, bile and urinary ducts, and blood vessels. Many of the antispasmodics are nervines as well, so they will sometimes ease psychological tensions as well.

Black Cohosh
Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium
Cramp Bark (Viburnum opulus)
Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare
Kava kava
Lavender
Lobelia (Lobelia inflata
Peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Skullcap
Valerian

An adaptogen is an herb that improves the body’s adaptability. In other words, an adaptogen enables the body to avoid reaching a point of collapse or over-stress. The core of their action appears to be in helping the body deal with stress.

Ashwagandha (Withania somniferum)
Ginseng (Panax spp,)
Siberian Ginseng (Eleuthrococcus senticosus)
Suma (Pfaffia paniculata)

Herbs rarely have specific antidepressant action. Actions that can have the desired effect include nervine tonics, adaptogens and bitters. Some help because of their antioxidant action and improvement of circulation especially to the brain.
Damiana
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
Gotu kola
Lavender
Lemon Balm
Mugwort
Oats
St. John’s wort
Vervain

None of these herbs are truly narcotic such as those derived from the opium poppy. They act primarily through their muscle-relaxant and anti-anxiety properties.
Jamaican Dogwood
Valerian
Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa)
Wood Betony (Stachys betonica)
Yellow Jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens)


Plant energetics.. week 17.. words

plant body energetics
the earth ls llstenlng

Known as “The Doctrine of Signatures” states that the physical form, colors, taste of a plant give clues to their healing potential.
The application of this principle through observation has been in use in the art herbalism since the beginning of time.

“The Doctrine of Signatures”. Most people have read of it in passing with little or no explanation. In the historical perspective, it is one of the most important modes of medical thinking to have evolved, and it was expounded in medical texts from the middle of the sixteen hundreds right up to the end of the nineteenth century.
The Doctrine of Signatures is most notable in that it was not originally formulated for the medical profession. It took shape as a spiritual philosophy that had as its base the simple concept that all of nature marked with a sign. This sign was a clear indicator of the item’s true purpose.

(Put in its simplest terms, the Doctrine states that by careful observation one can learn the uses of a plant from some aspect of its form or place of growing). In a period where most of the world was still largely illiterate to the greek, latin and english language, it is likely that the Doctrine of Signatures was useful to aid the apprentice who was learning by observation and note. Because in other cultures and languages it was already known.

Here are some examples

Lung Wort, due to the spots on its leaves was related to pulmonary complaints. Plants with yellow flowers or roots, such as Goldenrod were believed to eliminate conditions of Jaundice by the signature of color. Plants with a red signature were used for blood disorders.

Beyond the signature of color was that of form. If a portion of a plant resembled an organ or other part of the human anatomy, it was known to be beneficial to that part.

According to the doctrine of signatures, plants and nuts and vegetables that resemble a human body part or organ must be divined by nature to aid that limb or organ.

Plants meant to heal certain organs and body parts, like the liver or the eye, must show a certain “signature” by resembling the thing they aid the body with.
So the bloodroot, with its red extract, was theorized to fix problems with blood. And the saxifrage, which breaks apart rocks as it grows, must relieve kidney stones. Venomous bites are covered too, Alkanet’s viper-shaped seeds help for snake bites, and the coiled
shoots of the herb scorpius will take care of that scorpion sting lickety-split. Even using plants that grow in the same area where a disease like malaria is prevalent can be used to eliminate conditions.

Eyebright, according to the doctrine of signatures, resembles the human eye and must therefore be effective at relieving eye infections along with numerous other conditions of the eyes. But as we shall see, the doctrine of signatures when properly applied, has in fact been for some cultures an indispensable tool in medicine.

When looking carefully at nature organism which must be considered an expression of “the One Life” and that beings and the universe are the same in their essential nature.

One may noticed how the qualities of plants often reflect their appearance that the seeds of skullcap, for example, resemble small skulls and the flower resembles a helmet. The herb has been known to be effective in applications of brain and nervous system disorders.
One may noticed that the hollow stalk of garlic resembles the windpipe, lending to its use for throat and bronchial problems.

This principle applied to food as well as medicine. “it is not in the quantity of food but in its quality that resides the life force” a belief familiar to those who choose to eat organic food while also being justifiably concerned over Genetically Modified substitutes that lack the “life force”, life is in the seed!

It now contends that every whole food has a pattern that resembles a body organ or physiological function and that this pattern acts as a signal or signs as to the benefit the fuel (food) provides the eater.
A sliced Carrot looks like the human eye. The pupil, iris and radiating lines look just like the human eye… and YES, science now shows carrots greatly enhance blood flow  and function of the eyes.

A Tomato has four chambers and is red. The heart has four chambers and is red. All of the research shows tomatoes are loaded with lycopine and are indeed pure heart and blood food.

Grapes hang in a cluster that has the shape of the heart. Each grape looks like a blood cell and all of the research today shows grapes are also profound heart and blood vitalizing food.

A Walnut looks like a little brain, a left and right hemisphere, upper cerebrums and lower cerebellums. Even the wrinkles or folds on the nut are just like the neo-cortex. We now know walnuts help develop more than three dozen neurotransmitters for brain function.

Kidney beans actually heal and help maintain kidney function and yes, they look exactly like the human kidneys.

Celery, bok choy, rhubarb and many more look just like bones. These foods specifically target bone strength. Bones are 23 percent sodium and these foods are 23 percent sodium. If you don’t have enough sodium in your diet, the body pulls it from the bones, thus making them weak. These foods replenish the skeletal needs of the body.

Avocadoes, eggplant and pears target the health and function of the womb and cervix of the female, they look just like these organs.

Today’s research shows that when a woman eats one avocado a week, it balances hormones, sheds unwanted birth weight, and prevents cervical issues. And how profound is this? It takes exactly nine months to grow an avocado from blossom to ripened fruit. There are over 14,000 photolytic chemical constituents of nutrition in each one of these foods (modern science has only studied and named about 141 of them).

Figs are full of seeds and hang in twos when they grow. Figs increase the mobility of male sperm and increase the numbers of Sperm as well to overcome male sterility.

Sweet potatoes look like the pancreas and actually balance the glycemic index of diabetics.

Olives assist the health and function of the ovaries.

Oranges, Grapefruits, and other Citrus fruits look just like the mammary glands of the female and actually assist the health of the breasts and the movement of lymph in and out of the breasts.

Onions look like the body’s cells. Today’s research shows onions help clear waste materials from all of the body cells. They even produce tears which wash the epithelial layers of the eyes.

A working companion, Garlic, also helps eliminate waste materials and dangerous free radicals from the body.

“There was a man who shared how he had recovered from cancer. He said he was drawn to beets and decided to literally eat nothing but beets for the healing of his cancer. In a short time he was “cancer-free.” He ate them both steamed and juiced, having planted a garden full of them. It took him a full two months on this regimen to fully recover”

Please remember that this is not a formula for healing but a spiritual quest.
All true healing involves both mind and body, unseen and seen. The expansion of our spiritual quest will lead us to what we need, if we would simply listen.

“The reason this reminded us of the doctrine of signatures is the fact that cancer was unknown prior to the advent of vaccinations, a form of blood-poisoning. Beets, being deep red in color have the signature of a plant that is beneficial for the blood”. Blood purifying herbs such as chaparral, red clover, burdock root and many others are also specific for the blood.

Color

The color of the plant’s flower, fruit, or decoction from root or stem may also be a signature,”
The color may be seen in any part of the plant, not just the flower, fruit, or decoction, but it is less often seen in the leaves and stems. Remember, the purpose of the leaf/stem unit of the plant is simple growth, the flower and fruit parts represent profound adaptive changes to the environment.
We can associate the color yellow is with the bile, hence with the liver and gallbladder. A large number of the yellow plants are also bitter, which fits in with their use, because the bitter flavor acts strongly on the liver and gallbladder, as well as the digestive tract in general. In the old days these organs were particularly affected by malarial fevers, which are accompanied by chills, so that the autonomic nervous system was highly deranged. The yellow and bitter plants reestablished the right tension and balance in the autonomic and straightened out the discharges of bile and the timing of the digestive tract.

In traditional Chinese medicine the color yellow is associated with the stomach and spleen, i.e., with digestion, assimilation, and nourishment. This is closely related to the Western idea, which revolves around the liver and gallbladder. Plants demonstrating these properties include dandelion, gentian, tansy, butternut bark, yellow dock root, rhubarb root, chelidonium majus, fringe tree, goldenseal, barberry root, Oregon grape root, and mandrake. Some of them are also purgatives, due to the presence of the yellow anthraquinones.

As the color changes to yellow-orange there is still a strong relationship to the same area of the body but there is usually more warming. Calendula is an excellent example of an orange flower that warms the digestive tract, lymphatic and spleen.

The color red, as in rose petals, raspberry fruit, stems, and leaves, strawberries, red clover and the sour red berries of barberry, is usually associated with cooling and reducing fever.
As the color tends more towards the blue or purple side it becomes more of a blood purifier or builder, acting on fever and inflammation arising out of impurities in the blood and fluids that need to be burned up. Various shades of purple show up in the stems of burdock, dandelion, and plantain. Strongly purple or indigo plants, such as wild
indigo, true indigo (woad), and echinacea, are remedies for deep inflammatory processes.

where there are tendencies to putrefaction, necrosis, and tissue death black being the ultimate color signature for tissue death. It seen in the way the leaves die back suddenly to black in wild indigo, from the marks of black on leaves, like in lady’s thumb (Polygonum persicaria), in the black roots of black cohosh.

Burgundy red is the color associated with the blood-builders: rehmannia root, beet root, sumach berry, and yellow dock root, the latter is more a rusty red. As we move into brown- reds we have the color of tannins, as seen in the decoctions of sumach and oak. There is no more beautiful red decoction than sumach berry some may say (providing that they never came across chandelier bush) , it is cooling as well as astringent and blood-building. The reds, burgundy reds, and brown reds perfectly explain the plant.

Rounding the corner of the color spectrum into blue, we find that this color is the antispasmodic. (Dimsah, the great color therapist who was persecuted by the FDA through the forties and fifties, used blue light to relax spasm). We see this in blue vervain, lobelia, skullcap, blue cohosh (which together formed an antispasmodic remedies wood betony, and lavender. Wild iris, which is blue, slightly purple, and yellow, is generally considered a blood purifier. However, it is an emetic, like blue vervain and lobelia, so it does end up relaxing the muscles after clenching them up.
We look for green in leaves that are intensely green, like  nettle, horsetail, and comfrey. These plants are high in minerals and bitters that cleanse the blood and liver. Plants that are blue-green are generally beautiful and relaxing, like blue cohosh and white pine.
White is a color associated with bone healing, as in the white roots of true Solomon’s seal, comfrey, black cohosh, and boneset. Sometimes there is a black covering over the white roots, but these are all bone-healers in one way or another.

Shape

The old teaching at the core of the doctrine of signatures was that the resemblance of a plant part to a human organ indicated medicinal relationship. This is the basis of ‘natural magic’ and seems like nonsense to the modern scientist, but Nature is ruthless and every shape is associated like white-on-rice to a function. To some extent, shape is function. Therefore, the similarity between shapes in different kingdoms of Nature may have significance.
The patterns of growth taken by vines are associate with the conditions of the nervous and blood systems, which of course take a similar form within the body. We can find the word “vine” in “vein,” another mnemonic device.

Vine annual growth seems to have more to do with the nervous system. This includes hops, cinquefoil, and many of the mints. An extra indication for nerve-relaxing properties is the presence of a square or sharp-sided stem. This is found in the mint family and blue vervain.

Long, tubular structures  are also signatures for the urinary tract. The relationship between the long cleavers stalk and the male urethra. The same may be said for corn silk, the long, slender rhizome of couch-grass and the long, trailing stems of the procumbent uva-ursi.

Trees grow in spirals, but conifers grow generally clockwise, while hardwoods grow generally in the opposite direction. Elm grows both ways, which is why it is a nature of intensity or magnificence. Some trees switch during their lifetime. Another difference is that conifers, in order to turn upright will push on the side needing extension, while hardwoods pull to get upright.

The ancients, who had a very limited knowledge of anatomy, some may think, considered deeply lobular leaves to be a signature for the liver. Thus, celandine and American mayapple act powerfully on liver and gallbladder. The former has orange-yellow sap and the latter has a sallow, yellow appearance, signatures for the bile. Indeed, the small may apple fruit hanging down under the leaves of the American mandrake or may apple look like a gallbladder under a liver. Another lobular liver remedy is hepatica, although it is not now used in herbal medicine.

Spleen remedies, for the ancients, were marked by a repetitive pattern in the notching along the leaves, like we see in spleenwort or sweet fern (Comptonia) and several of the true ferns.

Generally, yellowness and bitterness are the best signatures for the liver, while yellowness and sweetness are indicators for the spleen.

Kidney remedies sometimes look like kidneys. Bean pod is an excellent food-tonic for the kidneys. Opposite leaves, the look like the two kidneys opposite each other, they are also a signature, as seen in ground ivy.

Small round, gland-like structures are an excellent indicator for the lymphatic system. Scrophularia, a very powerful lymphatic alterative, it has little round gland-like flowers that are purple and smell bad (a signature for putridity). Red root has nodules on the roots which quickly dry up and disappear after the plant is pulled from the ground.

Red clover, a legume, also has nodules and lymphatic uses.

Heart remedies are indicated by rhythmic, repetitive structures, like the beautiful billowing flowers of digitalis that look like a heartbeat caught at its height, or the alternating flowers of motherwort, or the evenly distributed hanging bells of lily-of-the-valley.

Large leaves are a signature for the skin and the lungs, because the vegetative process of breathing, called transpiration, needs a large surface area and this is analogous to the large surface area of the skin needed for perspiration (similar to transpiration) or of the lungs, for breathing.

Thus, mullein, coltsfoot, burdock, comfrey, and horseradish are used for the skin and or lungs. Lungwort has a peculiar signature for the lungs, it looks like someone has expectorated gobs of mucus on it. The rhizome of pleurisy root looks exceptionally like the terminal buds of the alveoli, the terminal buds of the bronchial tubes.
Lobelia seeds have air inside them giving them an uncanny feel indicating a relationship to trapped air (asthma).
Onion and garlic have hollow tubes, like the bronchial tubes, while calamus looks like a trachea and is a great remedy for tracheitis.

A number of plants look like the open mouth and throat, like the flower of selfheal. This was considered a signature for sore throats, for which this plant is used. An American Indian healer pointed out another signature with this, however. “The flower of selfheal looks like a mouth and lips, reminding us of one of our most powerful Indian doctors, the sucking doctor,” who pulls things out of people through the skin, by sucking. And selfheal is one of the great drawing agents in herbalism.

Bone remedies are usually white and sometimes look like bones. Comfrey roots are coated black, but underneath they have a calcium-white like color. Another name for comfrey is knit bone. However, some prefer boneset, which has a bone-white flower.

True Solomon’s seal has roots that look like vertebra, knuckles, joints, sockets, and bones of all kinds, while the leaves attach on the stalks like muscles attaching to bones, this is an excellent remedy for tendons ligaments, joints, and probably for bones as well. It works well on bone spurs. Older elecampane roots look like rotted out bones and indeed, this remedy has been useful in infection of the jawbones from bad teeth.

A few herbs manage to look like the cranial bones. Peony buds look like a cranium, complete with sutures. The root is an excellent remedy for some head injuries, also look at calamus root and its cousin black cohosh. The dried seed pods of snapdragon look like little skulls or craniums.

There are, of course  a few remedies that look like the hair on the head. Horsetail contains silica in organic solution in its joints and is an excellent remedy for connective tissue, joints, skin, nails, and hair.

Burdock heads reflect the use of the plant in hair loss from unhealthy
scalp problems. Agrimony looks like it has hair-standing-on-end: here the signature is for tension, though it is an important remedy in alopecia.

Other plants have small hairs resembling the hair on the skin, or the hairs on the mucosa of lung and intestine.

Skin remedies are known in several ways.
The signature of the following herbs is their thin, thread-like stems and root, suggesting the sewing up of skin lesions.. bedstraw, cleavers, septfoil, cinquefoil, and gold thread. (Spider webs are also considered useful for this purpose). Lenticels (openings in the outer layer of cork and tissues of stems) also represent skin lesions.

Textures

Adhesiveness, a ground herb that clings to itself will cling to and remove the hardening mucus or irritating catarrh of the inner systems. Outstanding examples are sage, coltsfoot, horehound.

Plants whose leaves are soft in texture are to be used to ease the pain of a area. Mallow, horehound, hollyhock, and mullein are examples.

Another signature for adhering to mucus and bringing it up is the presence of resin in a plant. “Michael Tierra, many years ago, saying that resins went down into the lungs, clung to the mucus, and helped bring it up”. Here we think of balm of gilead, white pine, and eucalyptus.

Another thing about hirsute (hairy, furry, hoary-like a hoarfrost) plants is that they are more resistant to cold. The first plant of the spring, pasque flower (Anemone wolfgangina), is covered with fur. One can kick the snow off a mullein plant in the winter and find it still juicy in its downy leaf. (This is not the case if there is a lack of snow on the ground). These plants are not warming, but ‘insulating,’ i.e., they build up the strength of the perimeter against cold invasion.

Hairy or furry plants often are beneficial for the intestines and lungs, where the mucosa is covered with downy velvet. In fact, a resonated, velvety voice, indicating inflammation in the surface of the lungs, is a good indicator for mullein.
Those herbs with sharp thorns or prickles signify their application in cases of pain. The herbs are not anodynes or pain relievers, but they are a most suitable means to strike at the causes of the pain. Hawthorn performs a dual function, acting as a diuretic and as a tonic for the heart. Stramonium [datura), an antispasmodic and relaxant in bronchial spasms of asthma, is better known as an anodyne and narcotic, with properties similar to those of hyoscyamus and belladonna.
Prickly lettuce is a pain reliever and sedative in coughs. Motherwort is especially indicated as an antispasmodic and nervine in female disorders and amenorrhea.

Thistle is a stimulating tonic to the inner organs, helping greatly to relieve the pain and affliction of diseased liver and spleen. Raspberry, strawberry, and blackberry, by virtue of their acid constituents (malic and citric), act upon the tartar formations that lead to kidney and gallstones thus relieving pain and discomfort.

A very fine pain-reliever not mentioned here is prickly ash (Xanthoxylum americanum). This is not emphasized enough in traditional herbal literature. From experience, this is the remedy for the most extreme, unbearable pain, the pain of torture, where people writhe in agony from lack of relief. It has barbs on it that are sharp and nasty, making blackberry bramble look like disneyland. It is impossible to pick without pricking oneself.
The epidermal hairs (trichomes) of plants such as nettles, sumac, mullein, currant, primula, hops, and sundew suggest the use of these hairy herbs in various painful internal disorders, especially for conditions known as “a stitch in the side” or “pins-and-needles.” Of the latter two herbs, hops is credited with calmative and anodyne properties whereas sundew, whose most sensitive hairs catch all insects which alight on them, has served well to stop the hurtful irritation and suffering caused by whooping cough or chronic bronchitis.

Scent

Smell is another signature. We remember walking down a trail, coming into the sphere of smell of a grove of balm of gilead trees (Populus candicans). One could smell them fifty feet before they appeared along the path. The lungs immediately felt soothed  this is an excellent remedy for hot infections in the lungs with rasping coughs and irritated tissue.
The ancients believed that strong-smelling plants would drive away evil spirits and so employed these aromatics as fumigants.. cinnamon, clove, arbor vitae, frankincense, and myrrh.
The herbals of the ancient Egyptians are dominated by these scented herbs, almost to the exclusion of any other plants.
Many pleasant smelling herbs such as thyme, rosemary, and juniper are still employed as disinfectants and deodorizers, and are the herbs included in the incense method of disinfecting rooms employed even today in french hospitals. Aromatics such as marjoram, mint, rosemary, and anise were employed in Elizabethan days to counteract mouth odors, halitosis and body odors. The active principles of most aromatic herbs are highly antiseptic or germicidal and contain valuable antibiotic principles. Included in this category are the aforementioned herbs plus tansy, pennyroyal, sage, savory, fennel, and other food seasoning herbs.

“David Winston has pointed out that the vermifuges, as a group, are fragrant bitters _ wormwood, wormseed, sweet Annie, chamomilla, black walnut, elecampane, etc.
The putrid smell, as we have in scrophularia, indicates affinity for low, putrid states”.
Let us end with a favorite signature the sound of the wind blowing (‘wuthering) through the tops of the white pine trees. At the end of canoe trip it is lovely to lie and rest under the white pine and listen to this sound. It seems to rejuvenate and refreshing perhaps it even opens up the inner ear and imagination. Certainly, it is easy to sit and daydream there under the white pines.


00:11:19 Melissa Vargas: this write up was so lit… and I hate reading lol
00:15:28 Aliyyah Blake: foreign matter
00:15:56 Desiree A: rid infection
00:26:08 Desiree A: Yes, like cucumber
00:26:53 Desiree A: 😂
00:29:31 Desiree A: too concentrated
00:47:44 Desiree A: Yes, that happened to my cousin and they put her on 72 hour lock down
00:48:36 Desiree A: 😩
01:06:10 Melissa Vargas: hi Taylor 👀
01:08:27 Desiree A: 😊😊
01:10:14 Desiree A: flowers?
01:11:28 Desiree A: Lmbo! Flower bring the light to drive out darkness
01:11:39 Desiree A: or the heaviness
01:13:12 Desiree A: the Ether is the darkness. when I say darkness I mean the heaviness
01:13:29 Desiree A: I know You mean shine light like clear the path
01:13:58 Desiree A: 😂😂😂 I got You
01:15:46 Desiree A: oh geez lmao
01:17:51 Celesteal Light: energy to cells fuel
01:18:16 Celesteal Light: probiotics
01:18:20 Celesteal Light: good bacteria
01:18:23 Celesteal Light: digestion
01:18:53 Celesteal Light: fermentation
01:19:42 Celesteal Light: parasites
01:19:44 Yoanne I: cleanse
01:20:34 Celesteal Light: alkalize
01:20:38 Celesteal Light: clean blood
01:20:55 Celesteal Light: thins blood
01:21:19 Celesteal Light: oooh okay
01:24:08 Melissa Vargas: builds up white blood cells, right?
01:55:30 Desiree A: 😂😂😂
01:55:38 Desiree A: I have one on Sunday
01:56:51 Desiree A: but I don’t have any topics yet
01:57:59 Desiree A: 😂😂🙄
02:01:01 Melissa Vargas: there’s a women throwing up right in front me 😫
02:04:53 Melissa Vargas: …. I’ll start writing some questions and send them to you. ✊🏾 @desire
02:05:18 Desiree A: ok cool @Melissa
02:05:19 Melissa Vargas: heart heath in Jan
02:05:31 Desiree A: All right! i will def look in to that
02:07:55 Melissa Vargas: cervical heath is also in Jan
02:14:58 Celesteal Light: 😍
02:15:23 Celesteal Light: 2020 !
02:15:27 Celesteal Light: love yall
02:15:29 Desiree A: Peace All🌻
02:15:29 Celesteal Light: gn

Herbal Energetics.. week 16 words

Defining Herbal Energetics

Herbal energetics is generally defined as a framework of understandings how to best match herbs to the individual and/or situation. Spectrums (such as cool/warm) and properties (such as astringent) are associated with herbs based on our observation of their effect on the body.
For example, when we choose the moistening, mucilaginous bark of slippery elm to eliminate a dry, hacking cough where there is a burning pain in the chest, we’re using basic herbal energetics.
This approach allows us to narrow down the potentially overwhelming number of herbs listed for coughs, to the most appropriate in any given situation for a specific person. So, rather than playing a hit or miss “this herb for that problem” game, we are able to act with more specificity, accuracy and efficacy.
Individuated therapy, by its very nature, tends to result in the most effective remedies and herbal energetics can give us the insight necessary to do that.
Many of us are most familiar with herbal energetics in the context of Traditional Chinese Medicine or Ayurveda, but the Western world (and thus Traditional Western Herbalism) also has a rich – if not entirely intact-body of knowledge concerning herbal energetics. And no wonder, considering how elemental and even primal energetics actually is.

Sensorial Experience
While the origins of herbal energetics are rooted in sensorial experience (especially taste) and physical observation, it is common for herbal energetics to be associated with complicated theories and unsubstantiated (meaning that they don’t prove out in real life) ideas.

Certainly there is an actual basis for this perception when we look at much of the extraneous and complex hyperbole surrounding the subject. In truth, the basis of energetics is primarily common “sense”, herbal energetics is really just shorthand for describing what the plants communicate to us through our senses.

Plants are extraordinarily complex organisms that we humans have evolved alongside, and our interactions with them are both extensive and longstanding. It’s not an exaggeration to say that we are designed to experience plants in such a way that gives us insight into how they might help us. Refining our senses and becoming familiar with what particular tastes, sensations and smells are most likely to mean are foundational and invaluable tools for any herbal_artlst.

Applicable Knowledge

While often referred to as theory, consider herbal energetics to be highly practical in that even a basic understanding of their use can result in a more direct relationship with the plants and give better real life results. They are also practical in the sense that they provide a link between scientific understanding (the pharmacology of primary plant constituents) and actual practice (herbal actions and their application).

Simply by tasting, smelling, feeling and otherwise using our senses to explore a plant we can know how the plant will likely act in the human body.
Generally, hot herbs have constituents that make them stimulating to the blood circulation, as the blood heats the body as needed, (resin-containing plants such as ginger) or increase metabolic activity (alkaloid-containing plants such as black tea).

Cold herbs, anti-inflammatory compounds such as feverfew or alkaloid-containing antibacterial and anti-inflammatory herbs like golden seal.”
While it’s not truly necessary to know the details of how plants work on human physiology in order to work with them as an effective herbalist, this simple link does allow us to better understand the amazing realms of possibility inherent to herbs. It’s also helpful in allowing us to realize that science, specifically biomedicine, and traditional herbalism can overlap and interlink in a way that allows us to become better herbalists and have a deeper understanding of both person and plant.

Ancient Wisdom

“(I used to be a research scientist in plant physiology, and while I did the research, I became fascinated by the unity I was seeing throughout biology…The challenge for science is to use this integrative approach within modern medicine… The usually conservative, resistant, backward field, sorry to say this has been medicine.
Medicine tends to follow the rules laid down hundreds of years ago… What we have now is where the integrative ideas of modern physics, the integrative ideas of modern ecology, and the integrative ideas of Qi theory, or in Western terms vitalistic theory, are now slowly entering modern medicine so that it begins to take in these philosophies. Jeremy Ross (Research Scientist, Acupuncturist, Medical Herbalist)”.

Herbal energetics are all about recognizing the wisdom of our bodies and our ancient relationship with plants as medicines as well as food, poison and beyond, in a way that allows us to have a greater understanding of how to help each other through hands on experience, through tasting the plant, understanding what it does
organoleptically, with our sensorial bodies and then directly applying that knowledge. This isn’t just head knowledge, its whole body knowledge that results in an ever more whole and effective approach to healing and herbalism.

The Root of Herbal Energetics in Traditions

Herbal Energetics, the study of the subtle energies emitted by plants has been an integral part of healing practices around the world way before the Asian medical healing systems of India, Tibet, China and the Middle Eastern Unani, as well as in the traditional western practices of the Greeks and the Native American Cherokees, all knew that understanding of the energetic language of each plant was essential to understanding its medicinal value and how to administer it. The knowledge of the medicinal and energetic properties of herbs in ancient cultures was culled from wisdom handed down over generation by the shamans, holy men or sages of that culture.

The medicinal properties of herbs are related systematically according to their physical and energetic properties, which include the elements, tastes, heating, cooling and digestive effects and other special potencies they possess. It gives us a structure in which the plant can be easily identified and used wisely according to an individual’s constitution and disorder.

Mechanistic Healing

A mechanistic view of nature has occurred, since the 17th and 18th centuries due largely to newtonian physics. The result is treating disease separate from the person who experiences it. The disease is diagnosed and drug protocols are administered. Herbs are being applied in much the same way, solely according to their therapeutic properties and chemical constituents. The disease is separated from the individual, just as a plant’s chemical compounds are separated from the whole living plant. We must consider the whole person, just as we must consider the whole plant in order to benefit from its full healing potential.

This medical model is based on the illusion of isolation. Its premise is the whole not just the sum of independent parts so the whole does not affect the parts. This approach to healing isolates the disorder from the totality of the individual and the chemical constituent of the herb from the overall therapeutic effect of that herb.

This approach is based on the elution of isolation. It sees that one aspect of a person can be isolated and treated separately regardless of other aspects of the person, or that an herb can be in isolation irrespective of the rest of the plant’s components. The end result becomes asking questions such as:
What is in this herb?”
What is this herb for?
What herb can I use for depression?

This simplistic approach of using medicinal plants isolates the disease from the person and the chemical aspects of an herb from its overall individual therapeutic effect.

Symptomatic Versus Energetic Medicine

With this mechanical method of using herbs symptomatically, the disease is isolated from the person and herbs are given to treat the disease symptoms, just as modern medicine does today. To illustrate this let us look at depression, we take St John’s wort and at times we may combine several herbs together to form a “formula” for this condition, and yet our approach has not change. St. John’s wort because of its hypericine, resin, alkaloids and other chemical constituents is still good for depression, therefore if you have depression, take St. John’s wort. While this may work for some of the time, it doesn’t always. For not every form of depression is relieved by the same herb. In other words it becomes a “hit or miss” approach: there is an essential ingredient missing in this equation.

As already mentioned most traditional cultures have used herbs energetically. To use herbs energetically, we look beyond the symptoms of the disease to alleviating the underlying confusion, which caused the disease or disorder. This cause varies according to each individual because all aspects of the person are taken into account, not just the disease the person is suffering with.

In the similar fashion each herb is evaluated energetically and according to all aspects, such as its tastes, properties, colors, attributes, growing conditions, actions, chemical constituents, etc. the appropriate medicinal plants are then chosen that will alleviate the underlying cause of the disorder.
Herbal energetics is matched with that of the person, the disease and its cause.

In other words instead of making the depression the main focus, look at the individual to see what is occurring in the body to cause the depression in the first place. Eliminate cause! In eliminating the cause, the depression disappears.

Possible causes of depression:
1. Stress or anxiety.
2. Liver, digestion and bowel congestion.
3. Allergic reactions to foods: milk and dairy products, peanuts, shellfish, wheat and soy.
4. Allergic reactions to chemicals: paints, pesticides, household cleaners, and benzene.
5. Allergic reactions to heavy metals: lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium and aluminum.
6. Nutrient deficiencies: B vitamins, C, D, E, choline, chromium, and iron.

7. Prescription medications: captopril, propanolol, metoprolol, clonidine, methyldopa, reserpine, prednisone,
and numerous others that are used for common diseases.
8. Overindulgence in recreational drugs: caffeine, alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and cocaine.
9. Underlying ailments that may cause depression: diabetes, schizophrenia, infectious hepatitis, lung or heart disease, chronic pain, chronic fatigue, bulimia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the list goes on and on.

10. Seasonal influences.
11. Thyroid /or stress-hormone irregularity.
12. Gender influences.
13. Body toxicity.
14. Excess heat exposure.
15. Total body depletion.

This list can be made longer, but hopefully you get the point, there are many causes to the same disorders.

These causes will vary from person to person and according to….

1. St. John’s Wort the most common herb that is used for relieving depression.
2. Eleuthero and Ashwagandha are two beneficial herbal adaptogens.
3. Ginkgo biloba & Gota Kola are powerful antioxidants that are beneficial for brain circulation
4. Avena sativa, wild oat groats and Oat straw are nervine restoratives that assist the nerves to normal function over a period of time.
5. Dandelion root, Gentian root and Mugwort contain bitter constituents that can help alleviate liver and bowel congestion.
6. Verbena officinalis, Vervain is tonic which improves liver activity and calms nervous irritability and exhaustion.
7. Burdock root can relieve depression from general body toxicity.
8. Mugwort or Rue can be useful if there is an excess amount of heat in the body.

Each of the herbs mentioned above is totally unique and different, and yet each relieves depression in its own way. This is quite a different protocol to just giving St. John’s Wort for any one type of depression.
The symptomatic approach of administering herbs is that only the depression is addressed while the individual who has depression is totally unseen. We must never forget that every form of depression and disease is due to a different cause.

Herbal energetics is not a new model, but it is a model that is not being practiced and applied today to its fullest potential. There are three basic steps that must be learned to bring herbs into practice.

An Energetic Model for Western Herbalism

As mentioned earlier, originally herbs were used in the West by europeans according to a systematic approach, called the Humor system. Just as each person could be categorized as one of several physiological types, so also herbs were classified and applied for healing in a corresponding manner. The individual was evaluated, taking into account the tendencies, which may be causing the disease. Then the effect the herbal medicine has on the organs and body systems of the individual and the disease are considered.

Energetic Herbalism

Energetic herbalism is a model of understanding the “(language)” energy of plants. It is a way of knowing the herb according to the plant’s energy and how it matches the condition. In herbal energetics, we look beyond systems of disease to the underlying cause of the condition. The physical and mental condition of the individual is taken into consideration, as is their unique inborn constitution. Finally an herbal remedy is then found to match that person’s particular physical, vibrational, and constitutional needs.

What we know is that in nature as far as the universe stretches there are five elements that generates the energy that we are and keeps us whole.
Air, Fire, Water, Earth and Ether/Space, which make up  all physical creation, dynamically combine to manage all processes within the human physiology. The five elements are the basic building blocks of all life and through them we can determine the fundamental nature, called, the constitution of the individual. It is a comprehensive system of healthcare that works toward prescribing a way of life, rather than a treatment of specific diseases and disorders. The skill of the practitioner lies in identifying a person’s unique constitution.

An Energetic Protocol

To determine the root cause of the obstruction of the elements within, we need to look at the commonalities of the complaints and symptoms to determine its origin. The cause of a dis-order has energetic qualities. The qualities of the dis-order and the individual are interrelated. The energy of a dis-order manifests out of the energy occurring within the person. In other words there is a direct relationship. Just as herbs have certain attributes so also do illnesses and conditions of the human body have attributes. If the energy of a dis-order is not identified before herbal regimen, then the condition will continue to worsen or reappear in the future. Either way, the energetic root cause of the dis-order still remains.

Not using the herbs energetically to a dis-order is often the reason that the herbs seemingly “don’t work.” The incorrect remedy and wrong herbs used for the case gives little or no results. It is not the herbs that are impotent or useless. The energies of an imbalance occur out of the individual qualities and tendencies of the person’s unique constitution.

The most accurate way to determine what is taking place within an individual, is observe the actions of the five elements and determine its energy independently first and then include the information found on the person’s constitution. This then gives you a well-rounded overall picture of what is happening in the individual’s
internal environment.

The Energetic Protocol

1. Determining the individual’s constitution and present condition.
2. Determining the underlying factors causing the illness.
3. Determining the energy flow of the dis-ease.
4. Determining an herb’s attributes and taste
5. Matching the herbs energy signature to the determined condition and the individual’s constitution.

The Energy of Herbs

As mentioned earlier traditional cultures throughout the world have used herbs according to their energetic effects on the mlnd and body. The Webster’s dictionary defines energy as “vitality of expressing” and the capacity of acting.” In other words to explain the energy of an herb, therefore, has the capacity to act on the body in a particular way. Every herb has a signature of the Elements with its unique attributes. The energy of a herb is an inherent part of the herb. This is its unique gift to those who use it. One of the best ways to tell the inner qualities of a plant is to experience its effect on how you feel after ingesting it.

The next step is to observe how your body responds or reacts from it. The plants that give you more strength, energy and activate your blood circulation are usually warming in energy. Plants on the other hand that may cause you to urinate, sweat or relax you are classified as being cooling in energy.

The Twenty Attributes of Herbal Remedies

Practitioners offer remedies on the basis of their attributes or energy/quality. These are determined according to twenty attributes or qualities. The twenty main attributes (ten pair of opposites) or the fundamental qualities are the “positive and negative”, the “yin and yang” of all forces of the universe. They are the basis for the properties of all objects in nature both mental and material. We experience everything through these ten pairs of fundamental qualities.

First, that like increases like. Second, that a quality is decreased by its opposite quality.
Other qualities exist but these are the most essential..
The first column of attributes tends to have a downward energy that is contracting, descending and cooling
in nature, gross or yin qualities. This energy serves to create and manifest the physical body, and relates to the water and earth elements.
The second column relates to the attributes with an upward ascending, expanding energy and warming in nature, light, subtle or yang qualities. This energy serves to create vitality and relates to the fire and air elements.
.
1. COLD/ HOT
2. WET/ DRY
3. HEAVY/LIGHT
4. GROSS/SUBTLE
5. DENSE / FLOWING
6. STATIC/MOBILE
7. DULL /SHARP
8. SOFT/ HARD
9. SMOOTH/ROUGH
10. CLOUDY /CLEAR

THE SIX TASTES
The taste of an herb determines its qualities or healing attributes it possess. In Ayurvedic herbalism herbs are classified according to six tastes: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent. Taste is considered therapeutic for several reasons. The Sanskrit word for taste is rasa. It means delight or essence, both of which are healing. Everyone needs some of each of the six tastes every day. Tastes of herbs are seldom single, though one usually predominates.

Examples
Sweet, sour, and salty tasting herbs increase water-urinary and fluidity.
Bitter, pungent, and astringent tasting herbs increase air-nerve system function
Sour, salty, and pungent tasting herbs increase fire- digestion and liver activity.

The  Constitutional Approach

When determining the energy of a dis-order, it is helpful to first observe the energy of the individual’s body. That is, the constitution or body-mind type, because this affects how the illness or disorder develops in that body. The constitution is the (seed) inborn genetic blueprint that develops from birth. It is molded and shaped by the Elements of nature, just as a seed is grown and shaped by the environment. It can be altered over the course of time according to the choices the person makes by the foods, herbs and spices consumed, water intake, lifestyle habits adapted and mental attitudes maintained. Each person’s constitution is unique according to the variations of the five Elements and their attributes.

The Tri-dosha Theory- The Three Vital Energies
The three doshas or constitutions are Vata, Pitta and Kapha
They represent our genetic blueprint and fashion how we respond, both psychologically and physically to our environment. The constitutional type, Vata is a combination of Air and Ether. Pitta is the combination of Fire and Water; Kapha is Water and Earth. These elements are the foundation of all life.
An understanding of tri-dosha system helps us know a person’s constitutional predisposition, assisting you in creating a therapeutic herbal program that integrates all aspects of that individual’s life. The principles and qualities that follow are what you looks for in determining an individual’s constitution.

Vata: governs all movement, respiration and the nervous system. Its qualities are described as being dry, cold, light, mobile, subtle, rough, hard, erratic, dispersing and clear.

In a deranged condition it will cause coldness, dryness, tremors, abdominal distention, constipation, weakness, insomnia, numerous, lack of stamina and other neurological complaints.
Herbs that reduce excess Vata are nutritive tonics, demulcent with a pleasant sweet, salty and sour taste and warming qualities. Herbs that aggravate Vata are bitter, astringent and pungent.

Pitta: governs all transforming processes, metabolism, all chemical reactions, digestion and circulation. Its qualities are described as hot, sharp, fluid, light, oily, soft, and mobile.
In a deranged condition it will cause a jaundiced appearance or a yellowish tone to the skin, eyes, urine and feces. This may be accompanied by increased hunger and dryness, burning symptom and inflammations.
Herbs that reduce excess Pitta are drying and cooling, with bitter, astringent and sweet flavors. Herbs that aggravate Pitta have a warm moist nature with pungent, sour or salty tastes.

Kapha: governs all cohesion, liquidation, growth, body stability and strength. Its attributes are cold, wet, heavy, slow, dull, smooth, and cloudy.
In a deranged condition it will cause a diminution of digestive function, excessive phlegm and mucus heaviness of the body, coldness, and a great desire for sleep.
Herbs that reduce excess Kapha are drying, warm and eliminative with pungent, bitter and astringent tastes.
Herbs that aggravate Kapha are sweet, salty and sour

One of the unique aspects of Ayurveda Herbalism is that once you know the dosha-constitution of an individual you then know which herbs to prescribe. For instance, herbs are classified according to which dosha they increase and decrease.
Everything in the universe is composed of the five elements. These combine into the three doshas or bioenergetics forces that govern our health and determine our physical constitution.

The Ayurvedic system recognizes that each human being is born with a unique arrangement of the three doshas, and this equilibrium is what is responsible for the distinctiveness among people. A particular dosha constitution indicates a heightened tendency to manifest imbalance or disease in a particular way as characterized by the dosha. Our constitutional balance influences how the body and mind will tend to react when experiencing a particular stimulus, such as food, herb or weather. By recognizing and maintaining an individual’s constitution, Ayurveda can teach each person how to achieve his or her own state of health. From this we can create a line of herbal protocols unique to the individual’s requirements. This personalizing aspect of Ayurveda can be integrated into any natural healing system.


discussion how yall feeling


discussion

00:12:11 Desiree A: fragrance
00:21:21 Aliyyah Blake: yea
00:21:38 Melissa Howell: yes
00:22:29 Aliyyah Blake: u said nettle mullein & what else?
00:30:50 Desiree A: 😂😂
00:39:01 Jamee Jory: what’re your thoughts on plantinga seed, or starting to make a lotion during this eclipse new moon?
00:39:48 Desiree A: full moon
00:44:06 Melissa Howell: that’s why the “authorities” can’t allow us to eat healthy because we wouldn’t let them do all the mess they do.
00:44:12 Melissa Howell: when we eat bad we are docile
00:50:32 Jamee Jory: yes
00:50:48 Desiree A: thy have a core
00:50:52 Desiree A: they*
00:54:07 Desiree A: Are there certain seeds that are used?
00:58:52 Melissa Howell: that’s deep!
01:00:14 Desiree A: bingo.
01:07:06 Desiree A: doesn’t grinding before release the Inner-G? like making heat
01:08:37 Desiree A: the decoction is just boiling the roots etc yes? or what is the process?
01:11:42 Desiree A: how long can You let it sit?
01:11:52 Desiree A: or is it the longer the better?
01:13:44 Desiree A: Yes that makes sense, thank You!
01:16:05 Desiree A: Beautiful 🌻
01:17:23 Melissa Howell: I’m open in learning more
01:17:25 Jamee Jory: Ok! My lease is up in June… Where am I moving? LOL
01:17:39 Melissa Howell: @Jamee Hahahaha
01:18:13 Melissa Howell: love the vision Melissa!
01:18:35 Melissa Vargas: 💚💚💚
01:26:23 Desiree A: Yay!
01:27:52 Melissa Howell: that was acknowledging
01:28:16 Melissa Howell: HA!
01:31:49 Jamee Jory: YES! You just tell me where I need to be! ❤❤❤
01:31:58 Aliyyah Blake: ok
01:32:24 Desiree A: 🙄🙄😂😂😂

Week 15 words.. Flowers..

Throughout history, flowers, like seeds, leaves, and stems, have contributed to human cookery. Take for example edible flowers,when added to food, provides more than sustenance and flavoring. They add form and color. They are an exception to the rule, a spark of interest, and a spectacle that cannot last. Whole fresh flowers connect people to food in a way that nothing else does. Just as beauty is associated with good in children’s fairy tales, so too with food flowers add to the pleasure of eating.

Flowers have long been an essential link in the human food chain. The joining of flower pollen with flower ovules is a starting point in the cycle of life. More than we imagine life depends on a sequence that starts with flowers and progresses to pollination, seeds and plants. Without the rebirth of plants, without continuous replacement, life would cease to exist. To sustain life, there must be birth and growth in all beings that are of the five elements. Flower Biology Flowers are the blossoms of plants and the reproductive organs of angiosperms. Edible and non-edible flowers alike have a common concentric structure of distinct parts that, beginning at the base of the flower and proceeding up to the center, include the stem, ovary, sepal, petal, stamen (filament and anther), and pistil (style and stigma).Stamens are the male parts, and they produce pollen .

Anther sacs hold pollen, and in the case of pine trees, so much pollen is produced in the early spring that it accumulates in masses on lake shorelines and can be scooped up, dried and used as an ingredient in different meals. Pollen is a complete food rich in protein, carbohydrates, minerals and enzymes. It can tone, detoxify and energize the human organism. Pistils are the female flower parts. When pollen grains land on pistils, they absorb moisture, grow tubes, penetrate ovaries and finally connect to ovules to fertilize seeds. Flower nectarines or nectar glands secrete nectar, which is used by bees to form honey. Nectar glands are located at the base of the ovary and above the anther.

Flowers are a symbol of life and a source of birth. Edible flowers are use with various foods to mark events such as graduations, weddings, retirement…Flowers play an important role in making the life of a human being more cheerful and happy. Flowers from the scarlet poppy contains alkaloids such as the baine, which is a source of codeine. The unripe pods of opium poppies are used to make many alkaloids including morphine, the baine narcotine, and codeine. The list of flowers used in medicine is extensive and includes some of the likes as arnica flowers used as an anti- inflammatory analgesic. Hawthorn flowers used as an antispasmodic, cardiac and vasodilator. Marshmallow flower is a diuretic, antitussive and demulcent. Passion flower are sedative, rosemary use as a tonic, diaphoretic, antiseptic and astringent. And the list goes on Roses.. Lavender.. Yarrow.. Evening primrose……..

Seeds

Each seed contains a tiny plant waiting for the right conditions to germinate, or start to grow. Seeds germinate when three needs are met, water, correct temperature (warmth) and a good location (such as in soil). During its early stages of growth, the seedlings relies upon the food supplies stored within the seed until large enough for its own leaves to begin making food through photosynthesis. The seeding’s roots push down into the soil to anchor the new plant and to absorb water and minerals from the soil. And its stem with new leaves pushes up toward the light. The germination stage ends when a shoot emerges from the soil. But the plant is not done growing. It’s just started.To recap, plants need water, warmth, nutrients from the soil, and light to continue to grow. Differences between fruits and vegetables. A fruit is what a flower becomes after it is pollinated. The seeds for the plant are inside the fruit. Vegetables are other plant parts.

Carrots are roots. Asparagus stalks are stems. Lettuce is leaves. Foods we often call vegetables when cooking are really fruits because they contain seeds inside. (lts all fuel)Pollination Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a stamen to a pistil. Pollination starts the production of seeds. Some plants don’t have flowers, such as mosses and ferns that reproduce by spores. Cone bearing plants like pines or spruce trees for example, reproduce by means of pollen that is produced by a male cone and travels by wind to a female cone of the same species. The seeds then develop in the female cone. Pollination is very important. It leads to the creation of new seeds that grow into new plants. Pollination begins in the flower. Flowering plants have several different parts that are important in pollination. Flowers have male parts called stamens that produce a sticky powder called pollen. Flowers also have a female part called the pistil. The top of the pistil is called the stigma, and is often sticky. Seeds are made at the base of the pistil, in the ovule. Pollen must be moved from a stamen to the stigma.Self-Pollination When pollen from a plant’s stamen is transferred to that same plants stigma, it is called self-pollination.Cross- pollination When pollen from a plant’s stamen is transferred to a different plant stigma, it is called cross-pollination. Cross-pollination produces stronger plants. The plants must be of the same species. For example, only pollen from a daisy can pollinate another daisy.

Pollen from a rose or an apple tree would not Work. Pollination occurs in several ways. People can transfer pollen from one flower to another, but most plants are pollinated without any help from people. Usually plants rely on animals or the wind to pollinate them. When insects such as bees, butterflies, moths, flies, and hummingbirds pollinate plants. As they fulfill their purpose, they fuel up on the sticky pollen or sweet nectar made at the base of the petals. When feeding, the animals rub against the stamens and get pollen stuck all over themselves. When they move to another flower to feed, some of the pollen can rub off onto this new plant’s stigma. Plants that are pollinated by animals often are brightly colored and have a strong smell to attract the animal pollinators.Wind-pollinated Flowers Another way plants are pollinated is by the wind.

The wind picks up pollen from one plant and blows it onto another. Plants that are pollinated by wind often have long stamens and pistils. Since they do not need to attract animal pollinators they can be dully colored, unscented and with small or no petals since no insect needs to land on them.Seed Dispersal People plant some seeds, but most plants don’t rely on people. Plants rely on animals and wind and water to help scatter their seeds. Animal dispersal Animals disperse seeds in several ways. First, some plants, like the burr, have barbs or other structures that get tangled in animal fur or feathers, and are then carried to new sites. Other plants produce their seeds inside fleshy that are eaten by animals. The fruit is digested by the animal, but the seeds pass through the digestive tract and are dropped in other locations. Some animals bury seeds, like squirrels with acorns to save for later, but may not return to get the seed. It can grow into a new plant.

https://youtu.be/8ZLv3xAjH3Q Wind dispersal. The kinds of seeds which are often wind dispersed are smaller seeds that have wings or other hair-like or feather-like structures. Plants that produce windblown seeds often produce lots of seeds to ensure that some of the seeds are blown where the seeds can germinate.

https://youtu.be/-Ukk07JH4qI Floating in water dispersal. Many aquatic plants and plants that live near water have seeds that can float, and are carried by water. Plants living along streams and rivers have seeds that float downstream and therefore become germinate at new sites. The size of the seed is not a factor in determining whether or not a seed can float. Some very large seeds, like coconuts, can float and some small seeds also float.

https://youtu.be/7UTWMhFhMFc Other ways dispersal. Some plants have unique ways to disperse their seeds. Several kinds of plants “shoot” seeds out of pods. The seeds can travel quite a few feet from the plant this way.https://youtu.be/OB0P3mx_lxY


discussion

00:14:33 Hannah Sydney: I can see myself doing workshops
00:15:37 Jamee Jory: 😂😂😂
00:25:22 Mel V.: fokpantyhose
00:29:13 Mel V.: soap nuts?
00:30:05 Mel V.: spreads nice on your hand though lol
00:36:17 Melissa H: I can’t just use oil in the fall and winter seasons.
00:38:26 Jamee Jory: @the_sustainable_ceo posted a few things about Flint water crisis and posted this website:
00:38:34 Jamee Jory: http://www.ewg.org
00:50:26 Mel V.: youre mute Aaliyah
01:05:45 Mel V.: but the pain from contractions are also a lack from oxygen, right?
01:07:40 Mel V.: but cant you be relaxed and still stimulate movement ?
01:10:32 Mel V.: burn some motherwort
01:18:49 Yoanne I: I just take ashwaghandha all month long
01:19:00 Yoanne I: and I’m PMS free
01:20:28 Mel V.: same yoanne!
01:27:52 Brittany Rolle: air
01:31:53 Melissa H: @yoanne when you say PMS free what do you mean? Are you referring to irritability or mood swings, breakouts, ?
01:34:21 Yoanne I: yes @melissa H. I do a combination of staying active (exercise and yoga) and I take ashwaghandha everyday…
01:34:50 Yoanne I: ashwaghandha relaxes the nervous system and balances your hormones
01:34:51 Melissa H: cool. I’ll tray that
01:35:17 Melissa H: Since I take less sugar I don’t have as much mood swings or irritability but still have breakouts
01:35:32 Yoanne I: but warning for some ppl it makes you want to have sex more
01:35:53 Mel V.: ashwaganda def helps with irritability Melissa…
01:35:54 Melissa H: hahaha
01:36:14 Mel V.: damiana too
01:36:18 Yoanne I: it does for me….my husband be looking at me like😦
01:36:29 Melissa H: HA @yoanne
01:36:37 Mel V.: lol Yoanne
01:37:24 Mel V.: explains trump
01:38:08 Mel V.: yo imagine Aaliyah teaching a class though lol
01:41:43 Aliyyah Blake: lmao
01:47:00 Mel V.: take notes …
01:47:19 Mel V.: ima check for sharp right turns ..@Aaliyah
01:47:32 Melissa H: And video of movement
01:47:45 Mel V.: haha
01:47:54 Yoanne I: lol
01:48:06 Mel V.: if you see the wrecking ball effect… make sure ya’ll make the sound toks made
01:48:26 Melissa H: HA!
01:49:26 Mel V.: he was giving us more sound effects in regards to the penis movement
01:49:57 Yoanne I: thanks Mel V
01:52:44 Mel V.: so you know how some people say you can know a lot bout a man by looking at his feet or hands… guess we just gota look at the penis…
01:54:00 Yoanne I: that’s right
02:45:44 Aliyyah Blake: my app keeps kicking me out
02:47:12 Jamee Jory: Right!
02:50:14 Mel V.: alright ya’ll I got to go. I am really tired. I’ll be messaging you @Aaliyah, I have an idea we can work on together.
02:55:14 Yoanne I: thank you everyone
02:55:31 Yoanne I: toks you da truth yo!
02:56:12 Yoanne I: appreciate all y’all energy

Male reproductive system

The male reproductive system includes the scrotum, testes, spermatic ducts, sex glands, and penis. These organs work together to produce sperm, the male gamete, and the other components of semen. These organs also work together to deliver semen out of the body and into the vagina where it can fertilize egg cells to produce offspring.

Anatomy of Male Reproductive System

The scrotum is a sac-like organ made of skin and muscles that houses the testes. It is located inferior to the penis in the pubic region. The scrotum is made up of 2 side-by-side pouches with a testis located in each pouch. The smooth muscles that make up the scrotum allow it to regulate the distance between the testes and the rest of the body. When the testes become too warm to support spermatogenesis, the scrotum relaxes to move the testes away from the body’s heat. Conversely, the scrotum contracts to move the testes closer to the body’s core heat when temperatures drop below the ideal range for spermatogenesis.

Two testes, also known as testicles, are the male gonads responsible for the production of sperm and testosterone. The testes are ellipsoid glandular organs around 1.5 to 2 inches long and an inch in diameter. Each testis is found inside its own pouch on one each side of the scrotum and is connected to the abdomen by a spermatic cord and cremaster muscle. The cremaster muscles contract and relax along with the scrotum to regulate the temperature of the testes.
The inside of the testes is divided into small compartments known as lobules. Each lobule contains a section of seminiferous tubule lined with epithelial cells. These epithelial cells contain many stem cells that divide and form sperm cells through the process of spermatogenesis.

The epididymis is a sperm storage area that wraps around the superior and posterior edge of the testes. The epididymis is made up of several feet of long, thin tubules that are tightly coiled into a small mass. Sperm produced in the testes moves into the epididymis to mature before being passed on through the male reproductive organs. The length of the epididymis delays the release of the sperm and allows them time to mature.

Spermatic Cords and Ductus DeferensWithin the scrotum, a pair of spermatic cords connects the testes to the abdominal cavity. The spermatic cords contain the ductus deferens along with nerves, veins, arteries, and lymphatic vessels that support the function of the testes.
The ductus deferens, also known as the vas deferens, is a muscular tube that carries sperm superior from the epididymis into the abdominal cavity to the ejaculatory duct. The ductus deferens is wider in diameter than the epididymis and uses its internal space to store mature sperm. The smooth muscles of the walls of the ductus deferens are used to move sperm towards the ejaculatory duct through peristalsis.

The seminal vesicles are a pair of lumpy exocrine glands that store and produce some of the liquid portion of semen. The seminal vesicles are about 2 inches in length and located posterior to the urinary bladder and anterior to the rectum. The liquid produced by the seminal vesicles contains proteins and mucus and has an alkaline pH to help sperm survive in the acidic environment of the vagina. The liquid also contains fructose to feed sperm cells so that they survive long enough to fertilize the oocyte.

Ejaculatory Duct
The ductus deferens passes through the prostate and joins with the urethra at a structure known as the ejaculatory duct. The ejaculatory duct contains the ducts from the seminal vesicles as well. During ejaculation, the ejaculatory duct opens and expels sperm and the secretions from the seminal vesicles into the urethra.

Urethra
Semen passes from the ejaculatory duct to the exterior of the body via the urethra, an 8 to 10 inch long muscular tube. The urethra passes through the prostate and ends at the external urethral orifice located at the tip of the penis. Urine exiting the body from the urinary bladder also passes through the urethra.The prostate is a walnut-sized exocrine gland that borders the inferior end of the urinary adder and surrounds the urethra. The prostate produces a large portion of the fluid that makes up semen. This fluid is milky white in color and contains enzymes, proteins, and other chemicals to support and protect sperm during ejaculation.

The prostate also contains smooth muscle tissue that can constrict to prevent the flow of urine or semen.The Cowper’s glands, also known as the bulbourethral glands, are a pair of pea-sized exocrine glands located inferior to the prostate and anterior to the anus. The Cowper’s glands secrete a thin alkaline fluid into the urethra that lubricates the urethra and neutralizes acid from remaining in the urethra after urination. This fluid enters the urethra during sexual arousal prior to ejaculation to prepare the urethra for the flow of semen.

The penis is the male external sexual organ located superior to the scrotum and inferior to the umbilicus. The penis is roughly cylindrical in shape and contains the urethra and the external opening of the urethra. Large pockets of erectile tissue in the penis allow it to fill with blood and become erect. The function of the penis is to deliver semen into the vagina during sexual intercourse. In addition to its reproductive function, the penis also allows for the excretion of urine through the urethra to the exterior of the body.

Semen is the fluid produced by males for sexual reproduction and is ejaculated out of the body during sexual intercourse. Semen contains sperm, the male reproductive gametes, along with a number of chemicals suspended in a liquid medium. The chemical composition of semen gives it a thick, sticky consistency and a slightly alkaline pH. These traits help semen to support reproduction by helping sperm to remain within the vagina after intercourse and to neutralize the acidic environment of the vagina. In healthy adult males, semen contains around 100 million sperm cells per ml. These sperm cells fertilize oocytes inside the female fallopian tubes.

Physiology of the Male Reproductive SystemSpermatogenesis is the process of producing sperm and takes place in the testes and epididymis of adult males. Prior to puberty, there is no spermatogenesis due to the lack of hormonal triggers. At puberty, spermatogenesis begins when luteinizing hormone (LH) and  follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are produced. LH triggers the production of testosterone by the testes while trigger FSH triggers the maturation of germ cells. Testosterone stimulates stem cells in the testes known as spermatogonia to undergo the process of developing into spermiogenesis where they grow a flagellum and develop the structures of the sperm head. After spermatogenesis, the cell is finally a sperm cell, or spermatozoa. The spermatozoa are released into the epididymis where they complete their maturation and become able to move on their own.

Fertilization is the process by which a sperm combines with an oocyte, or egg cell, to produce a fertilize zygote. The sperm released during ejaculation must first swim through the vagina and the uterus and into the fallopian tubes where they may find an oocyte. After encountering the oocyte, sperm next have to penetrate the outer corona radiata and zona pellucida layers of the oocyte. Sperm contains enzymes in the acrosome region of the head that allow them to penetrate these layers. After penetrating the interior of the oocyte, the nuclei of these haploidcells fuse to form a diploid cell known as a zygote. The zygote cell begins cell division to form an embryo.

Herbs to energize the Male Reproductive System

Ashwagandha is a sexual “grounding” herb that reduces the frequency of premature ejaculation and increase sexual stamina. It is often touted as the indian version of ginseng because, like ginseng, ashwagandha is revered as an adaptogen that is used alone or in combination with other herbs blended  to target a diminished sexual drive. The plant acts as a wild sedative, an anti-inflammatory and a libido booster. The active ingredients in ashwagandha appear to have a steroid like effect, mean that they indirectly increase activity of steroidal hormones like testosterone and progesterone. Because of testosterone’s effect on  sex drive, this could be what is behind ashwagandha longevity-enhancing and sexually stimulating effects. Ashwagandha also relaxes blood vessels and stimulates and stimulates circulation. Researchers specutate the anti-anxiety action of ashwagandha stems from something in the herb that mimics gamma-amino-butytric acid (GABA), a naturally occurring substance in the brain whose role is to decrease the effect of stimuli that reach the brain. As with other herbs, expect to take this daily for 2-4 weeks before you begin to feel its beneficial effects.

Cayenne Pepper (Capsicum minimum)
Internally capsicum, the active ingredient in cayenne peppers, reduces cholesterol and triglycerides, and helps keep the blood flowing smoothly through veins and arteries. Antioxidant properties in peppers enhance their cardiovascular benefits. Cayenne is also rich in salicylates, natural aspirin like compounds that also acts as a blood thinner. Cayenne pepper warms the body by quickly dilating small capillaries and increasing circulation to the skin. Cayenne pepper most prominent attribute is to increase circulation, and is often added to activate and complement other herbs.

Coleus Forskohlii root (Plectranthus barbatus)
Coleus forskohlii is grown along mountain slopes in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Coleus forskohlii has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. The active photochemical in Coleus forskohlii, forskolin, was discovered in 1974 and has been the subject of many laboratory studies. This compound has a vast array of effects on the body working primarily on an enzymatic level, raising the level of cyclic AMP (adenosine 3.5- monophosphate) a substance that activates all sorts of other cellular enzymes, and helps to dilate the walls of arteries. Coleus forskolin helps in the relaxation of smooth muscles and increases blood flow, both important actions in a healthy sexual response.

Comfrey root (Symphytum officinale )
Comfrey is a marvelous herb and is one of the best-known healing herbs of all times. Its very name, symphytum, means to heal. Comfrey has been shown to affect the sex hormones whichstimulate the ovaries and testes. Such a hormonal effect is also indicated by traditional belief.

Damiana leaf (Turnera aphodisiaca)
Damiana is a small shrub native to Mexico, South America, and Texas, and is used primarily as an aphrodisiac for both sexes. It has a long history of use in folk medicine, for thousands of years Latin american cultures have ritualistically used Damiana as a sexual stimulant. In Mexico it was first used primarily by women, who drank Damiana tea prior to lovemaking. The Mayans and Aztecs used it as a sexual stimulant and as a treatment for respiratory disorders. Damiana was sometimes burned ceremoniously to enable participants to “see visions”.
Damiana has a basis as a treatment for low libido, premature ejaculation, and impotence in both folklore and modern science. The alkaloids in Damiana leaf are stimulating, helps increaseblood flow, and have anecdotal reports of increasing sexual sensitivity and euphoria. Chemical analysis shows that damiana contains alkaloids similar to caffeine that have stimulating and aphrodisiac effects, stimulating blood flow to the genital area and increasing sensitivity. Some people people also report feelings of mild euphoria.

Eleuthero root (Eleutherococcus senticosus.)
One of the most widely used herbs in the world to increase vital energy and combat respiratory and other infections. The adrenal glands have a big impact on our sexual health because of the their role in producing a variety of hormones that regulate many physical responses. Eleuthero helps prevent adrenal burnout and so gives a boost to sexual function and energy. Eleuthero is often referred to as Siberian ginseng but is not a ginseng at all. It is another adaptogen, but a different species altogether.

Epimedium leaf (Epimedium grandiflorum )
Epimedium is an ivy-like  shrub grown of the higher and drier areas of China and Tibet. The name of the epimedium in Mandarin, yin yang huo, translates as “weed for licentious goat”. Legend has it that a goat herder discovered the properties of epimedium by observing his belly goats uncontrollable sexual appetites after they grazed on the herb. TCM practitioners use this herb used to increase the Yang energies for instance, it would be used to enhance male sexual performance. Epimendium is a member of an elite group of herbs that slow down aging and promote longevity. True to its name, “Horny Goat Weed”  promotes male potency  by increasing blood flow to the penis and acting as an aphrodisiac. Unlike the many herbs that have estrogen like effects, epimedium is an unusual herb in that it stimulate the production of testosterone like effects. It stimulates sexual activity in both men and women, increases sperm production, stimulates the sensory nerves, and increases sexual desire.

Fo-Ti Root (Polygonum multiflorum )He-shou-wu’s reputation as a powerful aid to longevity, impotence, and fertility borders on the mythical. Fo-Ti is a member of the bindweed family native to asia. The large woody roots are the source of its medicinal powers. Long used in Asia as an energy tonic, fo-ti was thought to unblock the channels of energy through the body and to bring back color to graying hair. Legend about a man named He Shou-wu who was credited for remarkable vigor, youthfulness and fathering of many children.Garlic  (Allium sativum) If drug companies could patent garlic, you would lose access to one of the most inexpensive and effect herbs to aid and prevention of heart conditions. Along with its smelly cousin onions, garlic helps to lower blood pressure and keeps blood platelets from becoming sticky. Garlic oil or the juice of garlic has a significant protective quality to cells which help to reduce fatty deposits.

Ginkgo biloba (Ginkgo biloba L.)
Ginkgo’s hallmark effect is increased circulation, the better to prepare for the heart-racing sexual excitement. Research shows it to improve genital blood flow in both men and women, making for higher libido, and improved erections, and better orgasms. Clinical studies have indicated ginkgo’s effectiveness in restoring the functioning of the circulatory system which is also an important factor in hair loss.

Ginseng root (Panax ginseng)
Ginseng has multiple effects, it acts as a tonic for the entire body system , a stimulant and aphrodisiac. Like ginkgo it relaxes the arteries to improve  blood blood pressure and circulation which are an important part of a healthy sexual response. Ginseng traditionally has been us to restore sex drive in men. Studies suggest that ginseng increases interest in sex by altering the action of the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Unlike many sexual herbs, ginseng does not increase testosterone. Unfortunately, the fame of ginseng has led to misconceptions about its use and to low grade or adulterated products being sold as ginseng in the West. The roots are called, by the natives of China, Jin-chen, meaning “like a man”, in reference to their resemblance to the human form. The American Indian name for ginseng “garantoquen”, has the same meaning. Panax, thegeneric name is derived from the greek panakos (a panacea), in reference to the miraculous virtue ascribed to it by the Chinese, who consider it a sovereign remedy in almost all diseases. Not all ginseng are created equal. Wild ginseng like many other herbs is preferred over cultivated varieties. Cultivated ginseng comes in two varieties, white and red. The red is cured by steaming which gives it its color and reputedly a warmer nature than the white. Most korean ginseng is of the red variety and is stronger or more yang in nature than that from China. American ginseng, Panax quinquefolium. In appearance American ginseng is a smaller version of its more famous Asian cousin. American ginseng is a “cooler” alternative to Chinese (also known as red or Korean) ginseng (Panax ginseng).

Hawthorn  flowers, leaves, berries (Crataegus monogyna)
Hawthorn berries have been used as heart tonic for thousands of years, the hawthorn tree should be regarded as sacred as all others. Hawthorn berry extracts and supplements remain one of our most valued herbal heart tonics. A great deal of scientific study has validated hawthorn’s benefits to the cardiovascular system. Hawthorn works by dilating coronary arteries, and improving oxygenation and energy  metabolism in the heart. Blends with hawthorn has also shown decreases lactic acid the waste product of exertion that causes heart muscle pain. Hawthorn has the ability to normalize blood pressure, lowering high blood pressure and restoring low blood pressure to normal, making hawthorn berry one of the supreme herbal heart tonics. Both hawthorn flowers and berries are used in herbal blends, but the berries are considered stronger.

Kava-Kava (Piper methysticum)
In the Polynesia and the Pacific Ocean Islands, natives calm down by chewing a few kava-kava leaves, but the best medicine is in the roots, which can be used to make a tea. Kava is used for medicinal, religious, political, cultural and social purposes throughout the pacific. These cultures have a great respect for the plant and place a high importance on it. The word kava is used to refer both to the plant and the beverage produced from its roots. Kava kava can be used as a mild sedative for nervous tension and stress. The active constituents in the roots, kava lactones, can have relaxing and intoxicating properties. Kava kavacan induce hallucinations and heighten sexuality like crazy. It evokes warmth and can stimulate the genitals. Drink kava kava tea no more than one hour before sex or you may succumb to the desire for sleep.

Maca root (Lepidium peruvianum)
This energizing plant is also referred to as Peruvian ginseng (although maca is not in the same family as ginseng, it is actually closely related to the radish). Maca has a folklore reputation as an aphrodisiac and fertility enhancer and has been used for centuries in the Andes, where it thrives on the glaciated slopes of the Andes with a prime elevation of 12,000 to 15,000 feet above sea level. Maca is a natural source of amino acid arginine, which is thought to assist in the generation of nitric oxide that helps counteract male impotence. Many libido and sexual enhancement health supplements on the market today contain arginine for this reason (although this is not clinically validated). The synergy of so many amino acids, vitamins, and minerals in their natural states may increase the assimilation, uptake, and utilization of them in the body makes maca a good source of energy and nutrition. Maca root is being effectively administered to both men and women to help increase libido, men’s sperm activity, and to assist both sexes with issues regarding their physical endurance threshold.

Muira puama bark and root (Ptychopetalum olacoides)
Muira puama grows in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest along the Rio Negro in Brazil where traditional healers use all parts of the tree for food and medicine, but focus primarily on the bark and roots to make a tea taken for fatigue, muscular weakness, and sexual debility. The native peoples of the Amazon who use muira puama combine it with catuaba, allowing the mixture to stand in warm water overnight to make an amber medicinal infusion. (The name catuaba is used for the infusions of the bark of a number of trees native to Brazil.) It has been widely used in South America for hundreds of years. In French clinical trials, it was reported that muira puama was effective in improving libido and treating erectile dysfunction. The herb has a longstanding and worldwide reputation as a treatment for impotence. Folklore throughout South America strongly supports muira puama stimulating properties. It is commonly referred to not only as an aphrodisiac but also as a nerve stimulant that is said to heighten the receptiveness to sexual stimuli. Muira puama is also a preventive of baldness. Muira puama contains the numerous chemicals and volatile oils that restore the sex drive. Muira puama seem to have two effects, increasing libido and increasing penile hardness. Muira puama is rich in naturally occurring sterols, which are possible building blocks for hormones such as testosterone. Also present are numerous other chemicals and volatile oils like camphor, which help restore the sex drive and inner depth of libido. The second effect, penile hardness may stem from its apparent effect on circulation.Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Nettle is a potent herb and are one of nature’s best nutraceuticals, containing protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, beta-carotene, along with vitamins A,C, D, and B complex, all in a form that is easy for the body to use. Several studies have shown that stinging nettles can keep your testosterone circulating freely and keep you feeling sexually vital. For the purposes of men’s sexual health, the key ingredients in stinging nettles are the sterols that appear to lessen the action of DHT, the form of testosterone that causes the prostate to enlarge. Extracts of nettle roots are reliable diuretics that encourage excretion of uric acid, but simultaneously discourage nighttime bathroom urges, making this remarkable plant useful for such disparate problems as gout, and the overnight urinary woes of benign prostate enlargement.

Oats (Avena sativa)
It is said that horses that eat wild oats are more likely to mate. Old sayings like “sowing wild oats”, often contain clues to older beliefs and customs that still hold true today. Oats long traditional use as a libido booster is supported by the presence of steroidalsaponins, which some researchers believe influence hormone regulation, and beta sitosterol, a plant based sterol that chemically resembles testosterone.

Pygeum bark (Prunus Africana)
Pygeum is an evergreen tree native to the higher elevations of central and southern Africa. The bark has been used by the indigenous peoples of the region since ancient times. Because of the popular demands of modern man for the sexual enhancing actions of pygeum products, the tree has become an endangered species in parts of Africa. When taken correctly, pygeum is considered one of the safest herbs used for male health, and often is combined with saw palmetto for maximum results especially when dealing with issues of the prostate. Research indicates that the lipophilic (fat soluble) active constituents, phytosterols, have anti-inflammatory effects which are achieved by interfering with the formation of prostaglandins, hormones that tend to accumulate in the prostates of men with BPH. When it comes to helping make erections firmer pygeum has demonstrated its ability as a player time and time again. If you are an older male at risk for prostate enlargement, benign or otherwise, this herb is helpful.

Sarsaparilla root (Smilax sarsaparilla)
The spicy, pleasant smelling sarsaparilla root is what gave old fashioned root beer its bite and is the part used medicinally. For many years, people thought sarsaparilla had testosterone in it, (it doesn’t, nor does any other plant), and the exact mechanism of action has not been identified. Some herbalists think that that the phytosterols it contains stimulate hormone like activity in the body. Certain root phytochemicals, called saponins, help inflammatory conditions by acting as a blood purifier, most likely by disabling bacterial components called endotoxins. While  the effects of sarsaparilla on hormones remain controversial, sarsaparilla plays a beneficial role in herbal formulas as a detoxifying and stress reduction herb.

Saw Palmetto berries (Sarenoa serrulata)
Saw palmetto is another wonderful instance of scientific research validating traditional herbal medicine. Saw palmetto frequently exceeds pharmaceuticals for aiding benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH). More than a dozen clinical studies involving  3,000 men have verified saw palmetto ability to markedly alleviate BPH symptoms without the libido reducing side effects of the pharmaceutical drug. The herb helps more men than synthetic drugs, and it gets the job done faster. As an added benefit, saw palmetto inhibits enzymes that are suspected to cause male pattern baldness, and there is plenty of anecdotal evidence indicates that saw palmetto stems hair loss and triggers growth. Although it has lost the favor of mainstream medicine in the U.S., it is still widely used in other countries.

Tribulus terrestris (L Tribulus terrestris, Pedalium Murex L)
Tribulus terrestris has long been a constituent in tonics in Indian ayurveda practice, where it is known by its Sanskrit name, “gokshura.” It is also used as an aphrodisiac, diuretic and nervine in Ayurveda, and in Unani, another medical system of India. native to India, Tribulus Terrestris has been used as an aphrodisiac and sexual enhancer for thousands of years. Tribulus also has an established reputation in Eastern European folk medicine among body builders as an effective anabolic product in athletic training and development, and has been popular in America since the 1970’s for the same purposes. Tribulus herb seems boost production and reception of androgen including testosterone, which plays an important part in increasing libido. The hormone regulating effects of Bulgarian Tribulus Terrestris also make this herb suitable for women.

Yohimbe bark (Pausinystalia johimbe
The bark of this West African tree may be your best natural bet for reversing sexual dysfunction. Called “herbal viagra”, yohimbe active phytochemical, yohimbine was once the commonly prescribed drug for erection dysfunction. Yohimbe sexual power comes from a combination of alkaloids, organic plant substances that have strong medicinal properties. The terms yohimbine, “yohimbine hydrochloride”, and yohimbe bark extract are related but different. Yohimbe refers to the herb. Yohimbine refers to the active chemical found not only in yohimbe but also in Indian snakewood, periwinkle, quebracho, and niando. For a significant number of men who try it, yohimbe lives up to its reputation as a sexual performance enhancer. Yohimbe herb extracts are most often used in blends for male ED support, most people don’t realize that yohimbe is also effective in women. This herb increases blood flow to the genitals of both males and females giving women an enhanced sensation and engorgement of genital organs. Men can also experience epididymitis, which is an inflammation of the epididymis, the tube that lies on and around each testicle and plays a role in the transportation, storage, and maturation of sperm cells. Another condition of the male reproductive system is hypogonadism, which occurs when the testicles do not produce enough testosterone.


dlscusslon

00:40:36	Celesteal Light:	inverted 
00:47:53	Celesteal Light:	Could yeast dry 
00:51:40	Jamee Jory:	I went through 3 rounds of IUI this year, from a sperm donor. I wish I knew all this before! 
00:57:47	Jamee Jory:	you said false unicorn? 
00:59:21	Tamara Albertini:	lol
01:21:05	Celesteal Light:	Get out 
01:21:10	Celesteal Light:	with the brain control
01:21:13	Jamee Jory:	Ma
01:23:06	Celesteal Light:	I know
01:23:14	Celesteal Light:	it's true
01:23:22	Celesteal Light:	im always redirecting
01:23:34	Celesteal Light:	its in the world around us
01:25:06	jazmin sadler:	very true!
01:25:22	jazmin sadler:	yeah we have to teach in the home..
01:26:07	jazmin sadler:	and there would be more of a pull if you restrict it from them
01:28:37	jazmin sadler:	yep!
01:34:56	jazmin sadler:	hmmmm!
01:42:12	Celesteal Light:	somehow 
01:42:20	Celesteal Light:	got knocked off the call 
01:46:56	jazmin sadler:	yep! because you’ve accepted it
01:47:09	jazmin sadler:	we are soooo powerful
01:47:10	Yoanne I:	toks what was the other root you mentioned along with poke root?
01:47:31	Yoanne I:	in reference to AIDS
01:49:43	Yoanne I:	multiple sclerosis
01:53:57	jazmin sadler:	✊🏽
01:54:15	jazmin sadler:	night everyone!!! ✨
01:54:20	Aliyyah Blake:	byee


Female Reproductive system.. week14..words..

The female reproductive system includes the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. These organs are involved in the production and transportation of gametes and the production of sex hormones.

The female reproductive system also facilitates the fertilization of ova by sperm and supports the development of offspring during pregnancy and infancy.

The Anatomy of Female Reproductive System.

The ovaries are a pair of small glands about the size and shape of almonds, located on the left and right sides of the pelvic body cavity lateral to the superior portion of  the uterus. Ovaries produce female sex hormones such as estrogen and progesterone as well as ova (commonly called “eggs”) the female gametes. Ova are produced from oocyte cells that slowly develop throughout a woman’s early life and reach maturity after puberty.

Each month during ovulation, a mature ovum is released. The ovum travels from the ovary to the fallopian tube, where it may be fertilized before reaching the uterus.

Fallopian tubes are a pair of muscular tubes that extend from the left and right superior corners of the uterus to the edge of the ovaries. The fallopian tubes end in a funnel-shaped structure called the infundibulum, which is covered with small finger-like projections call fimbriae.
The fimbriae swipe over the outside of the ovaries to pick up released ova and carry them into the infundibulum for transport to the uterus. The inside of each fallopian tube is covered in cilia that work with the smooth muscle of the tube to carry the ovum to the uterus.

The uterus is a hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ located posterior and superior to the urinary bladder. Connected to the two fallopian tubes on its superior end and to the vagina (via the cervix) on its inferior end. The uterus is also known as the womb, as it surrounds and supports the developing fetus during pregnancy. The inner lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium, provides support to the embryo during early development. The visceral muscles of the uterus contract during childbirth to push the fetus through the birth canal.

The vagina is an elastic, muscular tube that connects the cervix of the uterus to the exterior of the body. It is located inferior to the uterus and posterior to the urinary bladder. The vagina functions as the receptacle for the penis during sexual intercourse and carries sperm to the uterus and fallopian tubes. It also serves as the birth canal by stretching to allow delivery of the fetus during childbirth. During menstruation, the menstrual flow exits the body via the vagina.

The vulva is the collective name for the external female genitalia located in the pubic region of the body. The vulva surrounds the external ends of the urethral opening and the vagina, and includes the mons pubis, labia majora, labia minora, and clitoris. The mons pubis, or pubic mound, is a raised layer of adipose tissue between the skin and the pubic bone that provides cushioning to the vulva. The inferior portion of the mons pubis splits into left and right halves called the labia majora. The mons pubis and labia majora are covered with pubic hairs. Inside of the labia majora are smaller, hairless folds of skin called the labia minora that surround the vaginal and urethral openings. On the superior end of the labia minora is a small mass of erectile tissue known as the clitoris that contains many nerve endings for sensing sexual pleasure.

The breasts are specialized organs of the female body that contain mammary glands, milk ducts, and adipose tissue. The two breasts are located on the left and right sides of the thoracic region of the body. In the center of each breast is a highly pigmented nipple that releases milk when stimulated. The areola, a thickened, highly pigmented band of skin that surrounds the nipple, protects the underlying tissues during breastfeeding.
The mammary glands are a special type of sudoriferous glands that transforms to produce milk to feed infants. Within each breast, 15 to 20 clusters of mammary glands become active during pregnancy and remain active until milk is no longer needed. The milk passes through milk ducts on its way to the nipple, where it exits the body.

Female Reproductive System Physiology

The female reproductive cycle is the process of producing an ovum and readying the uterus to receive a fertilized ovum to begin pregnancy. If an ovum is produced but not fertilized and implanted in the uterine wall, the reproductive cycle resets itself through menstruation. The entire reproductive cycle takes about 28 days on average, but may be as short as 24 days or as long as 36 days for some women.

Oogenesis and Ovulation

Under the influence of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH), the ovaries produce a mature ovum in a process known as ovulation. By about 14 days into the reproductive cycle, an oocyte reaches maturity and is released as an ovum. Although the ovaries begin to mature many oocytes each month, usually only one ovum per cycle is released.

Fertilization

Once the mature ovum is released from the ovary, the fimbriae catch the egg and direct it down the fallopian tube to the uterus. It takes about a week for the ovum to travel to the uterus. If sperm reaches and penetrate the ovum, the ovum becomes a fertilized zygote obtaining a full complement of DNA. After a two-week period of rapid cell division known as the germinal period of development, the zygote forms an embryo. The embryo will then implant itself into the uterine wall and develop there during pregnancy.

Menstruation

While the ovum matures and travels through the fallopian tube, the endometrium grows and develops in preparation for the embryo. If the ovum is not fertilized in time or if it fails to implant into the endometrium, the arteries of the uterus constrict to cut off blood flow to the endometrium. The lack of blood flow causes cell death in the endometrium and the eventual shedding of tissue in a process known as menstruation. In a normal menstrual cycle, this shedding begins around day 28 and continues into the first few days of the new reproductive cycle.

Pregnancy

lf the ovum is fertilized by a sperm cell, the fertilized embryo will implant itself into the endometrium and begin to form an amniotic cavity, umbilical cord, and placenta. For the first 8 weeks, the embryo will develop almost all of the tissues and organs present in the adult before entering the fetal period of development during weeks 9 through 38. During the fetal period the fetus grows larger and more complex until it is ready to be born.

Lactation

lactation is the production and release of milk to feed an infant. The production of milk begins prior to birth under the control of the hormone prolactin. Prolactin is produced in response to a the suckling of an infant on the nipple, so milk is produced as long as active breastfeeding occurs.
As soon as the infant is weaned, prolactin and milk production ends soon after. The release of milk by the nipples is known as the “milk-letdown reflex” and is controlled by the hormone oxytocin. Oxytocin is also produced in response to infant suckling so that milk is only released when an infant is actively feeding.

Some Herbs for the Female Reproductive System

Angelica, called Herb of Angels, and one of the favorite herbs for women.
The roots and leaves of  Angelica (Angelica archangelica) and Dong qui (A.sinensis), its Asian cousin, are warming, strengthening, and energizing to the reproductive organs, as well as the digestive, circulatory, and endocrine systems. Angelica is a mighty medicine with many nourishing, restorative and revitalizing gifts. In China, dong qui is regarded as a supreme female tonic. For thousands of years, healers around the world have used these herbs to regulate menstruation, relieve cramping and menopausal distress, promote healthy blood circulation, regulate hormones, and generally ease the journey through the childbearing and menopausal years.

Women who integrate angelica/dong qui into their weekly self-nourishment program often experience side effects which include, but are not limited to increased sexual pleasure and libido, the alleviation of constipation, a rosy complexion, and sound sleep. Both angelicas offer abundant minerals and vitamins. They are brimming with antioxidants, including rich stores of vitamins A, B, (especially B12), and E. Those B vitamins, in combination with abundant niacin, magnesium and calcium, help strengthen the nerves relieving tension and promoting sleep. And all that vitamin E helps to keep skin, internal organs and tissues, especially those of the bladder and vagina, well lubricated, moist and flexible. The Angelica’s high iron content nourishes and builds blood, prevents anemia and increases vital energy.

Generous supplies of phytosterols (hormonal precursors found in plants), glycosides, saponins, and flavonoids support the body’s production of all important hormones, stabilizing emotional swings, and easing hot flashes, irritability, and hormone related headaches. Both these herbs are also rich in coumarin derivatives which promote antispasmodic and vasodilatory effects, and therefore are useful in relieving muscle tension and painful menstrual cramps. Coumarins are nourishing to the heart and circulatory system. They lower blood pressure and thin the blood, thus reducing risk of stroke. Women use angelicas to regulate menstruation after coming off ” The Pill”, to relieve symptoms of premenstrual discomfort and to help stabilize blood sugar levels. Angelicas also contain limonene, which detoxify carcinogens and disrupt the growth of cancerous changes within the cells.

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla or M. matricarioides)
Soothing to the nerves, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antibacterial, sedative and pain relieving chamomile has a well-deserved reputation as a women’s herb. Perhaps best known as a herb to soothe the stomach, chamomile antispasmodic properties help allay nausea, and are an excellent ally when dealing with uterine cramping or congestion. It is a well-known emmenagogue, will help bring on the menses when late, is useful for scanty or irregular menstruation, and menopausal discomforts. German chamomile is often referred to by its Latin name Matricaria, which suggests its use as a gynecological herb. It is commonly called “mother herb” by the German people, alluding to its role as an herb for female disorders. In fact in Germany, chamomile tea is readily available and given freely to both mother and babe in the maternity ward. When feeling stressed, tense or uptight, a nice warm cup of relaxing chamomile tea will help soothe those stress nerves. Chamomile also makes a wonderful relaxing bath herb, and soothing massage oil.

Chaste Tree (Vitex agnus castus)

Vitex is highly esteemed the world over as a female tonic. Vitex exerts a powerful influence over the endocrine system and is especially nourishing to the pituitary gland, which controls and coordinates the menstrual cycle. The berries of this North African shrub are phytosterol rich and help regulate the hormones by promoting the production of progesterone and normalizing the estrogen cycle. Extensive laboratory studies with vitex have demonstrated its ability to stimulate the production of luteinizing hormones, which enhance the progesterone cycle, and at the same time inhibit the release of follicle stimulating hormone, normalizing the estrogen cycle.

Regular use of vitex will help regulate menstruation, relieve emotional swings associated with premenstrual tension, and come to your assistance when dealing with premenstrual abdominal bloating, breast swelling and tenderness, and craving for sweets. Its ability to restore hormonal output enhances fertility, and it helps normalize reproductive functioning when coming off birth control pills, after giving birth and having a miscarriage or abortion. Women in the midst of menopause find that Vitex will ease menopausal flooding help eliminate night sweats and hot flashes, lubricate dry vaginal tissue, even out excessive mood swings and help relieve depression. Vitex also stimulates the production of prolactin and is taken by nursing mothers to ensure an abundant supply of milk as well as rebuild strength and vitality and increase energy. Consistent use of vitex has a strong anti-inflammatory effect on the endometrium and has consistently been shown to offer significant assistance in the shrinking of fibroids.

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Strength building, energizing, enhancing the vitalforces, dandelion roots are rich in manganese, phosphorus, protein, and vitamin A. They also contain bone building calcium, nerve soothing niacin, magnesium, potassium, zinc and vitamin C complex. Consistent us of dandelion roots is said to create a potassium rich, anti- cancer environment, help rid free radicals from the bloodstream and is considered an excellent choice when dealing with cancer. Dandelion roots have traditionally been used to heal breast tissue. Grating the fresh and applying it externally as a poultice will help heal sores, impacted milk glands and cysts. Infused in oil it is excellent for breast protective massage. Regular use of dandelion roots lowers cholesterol, reduces high blood pressure and help prevent arteriosclerosis. Roots dug in the fall contains a full quarter of the weight in inulin and will help stabilize blood sugar levels, help reduce hypoglycemia, and prevent adult onset diabetes.
Rich in phytosterols, the roots are a safe and effective tonic for the reproductive system. Dandelion roots regulate and stabilize hormonal production and also inhibit the growth of fungus responsible for vaginal yeast infections (candida albicans). Everyone knows that dandelion leaves are incredibly nourishing and delicious, but did you know the flowers and Sap are medicinal also? Dandelion flowers steeped in wine are an aperitif said to strengthen the heart, and the sap is a discutient, which means it absorbs and dissolves diseased tissue, tumors and abnormal growths.

Lady’s Mantle (Alchemilla vulgaris)

Many have said that the drops of dew held in the cup formed by the leaves of lady’s mantle are a magical elixir, and enhance the potency of any medicine it is added to. Lady’s mantle is a superb uterine tonic, has a strengthening effect on the female reproductive system, helps regulate menstruation and controls menstrual flooding. Its content of salicylic acid and other sedating properties make it effective at alleviating menstrual cramping or uterine discomfort. Lady’s mantle is also used to shrink fibroids. This herb possesses a reputation as a fertility enhancing herb and also has a special affinity for the breast. Lady’s mantle is an invaluable aid when dealing with lumpy breast tissue, achy breasts, easing tension and relieving breast discomfort.
The leaves and flowers can be used externally as a poultice. External application of lady’s mantle will result in increased tone and firmness to breast tissue. Use it regularly to restore tone to sagging breasts, (note with all tissue and muscle needs to be exercised, so carrying around the breast daily in slingshots increases sagging of breast depleting the tone and firmness). When dealing with vaginitis, lady’s mantle infusion (well strained) is recommended to help dry up excessive discharges. Make a standard infusion and use as a douche or as a sitz bath to treat vaginitis, vulvitis, genital sores or herpes, or to heal perineal tears after childbirth.

Motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca)

This beautiful pink fuzzy plant, as its name implies, has a host of special benefits for women.
Females from puberty to old age find this herb indispensable! If you suffer from PMS, get to know motherwort. It consistently quiets the nervous irritability associated with the premenstrual condition. Motherwort helps restore hormone regularity when feeling stressed and tense. It soothes and strengthens the entire nervous system. Motherwort is an excellent tonic for the uterus and reproductive organs, is unfailing at relieving menstrual cramping, and will consistently bring on menstruation when late. Motherwort is a very good herb for girls just coming into puberty. Just 1-3 cups a day for a few days a week will help regulate menstruation and ease their transition into womanhood. Also an ally of high repute for the menopausal women, motherwort will regulate hormones, moderate mood swings, ease hot flashes, depression and heart palpitations. Motherwort is a gentle heart tonic and very strengthening to the heart and circulatory system. Tests conducted in China have shown motherwort ability to relax the heart and other studies have demonstrated this herbs ability to prevent internal blood clots that trigger heart attacks.

Nettle (Urtica dioica)

One of the finest nourishing tonics in the entire plant kingdom, nettle greens are mineral rich and contain abundant chlorophyll, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and vitamins A, C and K. Nettle is a wonderful ally for the pregnant women or nursing mother.
It only provides optimum nourishment to build the brain, bones, blood, muscle, tissue, nerves and organs of a healthy fetus, but will also improve the quality and quantity of breast milk. Midwives usually recommend pregnant women drink nettle infusions for the last trimester, as its abundant vitamin K helps prevent hemorrhage. American Indian women drink nettle tea during pregnancy to strengthen the fetus and ease delivery.
They also used it to stop bleeding after childbirth.
Menopausal women also have a friend in nettle. With its rich stores of minerals especially calcium, regular use of nettles will nourish and calm your nervous system, strengthen your bones, thereby preventing osteoporosis. Consuming this herb often also helps ensure a healthy heart. Regular use of nettles will boost energy levels, ease depression and mood swings, and support healthy functioning of the kidneys and adrenal system, naturally stressed during menopause. Nettles are also highly regarded for their ability to regulate blood sugar levels, enhance sexual performance and enjoyment, promote healthy hair growth, and alleviate chronic skin conditions such as eczema.

Oatstraw (Avena sativa)

Another highly nourishing, revitalizing, restorative and rejuvenating herb!
Oatstraw abundant calcium helps build strong bones, thereby protecting against osteoporosis. It is effectively combined with other calcium rich herbs such as horsetail, nettles comfrey, red clover, and raspberry leaves for this purpose. Regular use of oatstraw lowers cholesterol, tones and supports the heart and circulatory system, alleviates hemorrhoids, strengthens the endocrine and nervous systems, helps eliminate stress, regulates hormone production and acts like a “love potion”. Just to name a few Oatstraw is a “badass mofo”

Red Clover (Trifolium pratense)

Known by such names as “God given” and “prized herb”, red clover is a humble little field herb with incredible healing gifts. Brimming with nutrients, red clover is especially mineral rich, loaded with calcium and magnesium, contains profuse amounts of protein, vitamin B complex and vitamin C. Red clover infusions can be enjoyed daily as a vitamin and mineral rich beverage with absolutely no risk of side effects. The National Cancer Institute has found anti-tumor properties in this herb, and no less than 33 cultures around the world use red clover to eliminate cancer.
It has been found to contain at least four antitumor compounds including daidzein and genistein. Red clover also contains significant amounts of antioxidants, especially tocopherol, a form of vitamin E shown to help prevent breast tumors in animals. Red clover is prescribed today for the conditions of breast, ovarian and lymphatic cancers. To augment other approaches to the elimination of these diseases, herbalists recommend drinking two to four cups of red clover blossom infusions daily. Massage red clover infused oil into the affected area several times daily, or use fresh flowers, or those strained from the infusion, as a poultice over the area.
Phytosterol rich red clover blossoms have been used for centuries to balance the hormones and promote the production of estrogen. Red clover will help reduce the frequency of hot flashes and night sweats for the menopausal women. Red clover is the number one fertility enhancing herb and I can personally attest to its success in this area with our females. It is a wonderful herb for regulating the menstrual cycle, although because it cleans the blood it is best not used by women prone to heavy bleeding.
Red clover contains salicylates and coumarins which are responsible for what some may consider its blood thinning abilities and make red clover an excellent choice to tone and strengthen the heart and prevent stroke.
Red clover can safely be used by pregnant women and nursing mothers. It will deeply nourish and help replenish minerals lost through pregnancy and lactation. It will also produce abundant breast milk as well as keep mother feeling relaxed and healthy.

Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Loaded with calcium, iron, phosphorus and potassium, and brimming with vitamins B, C and E, red raspberry leaves are a storehouse of nutrients and highly tonic to the entire body. They are highly regarded as a female tonic due to their high content of fragrine, an alkaloid which is strengthening to the entire pelvic region, most especially the uterus and ovaries. Red raspberry leaves are taken by women all over the world during pregnancy to strengthen and tone the uterus in preparation for childbirth.
The high calcium content of the leaves help nourish the nervous system and relieve pain, so drinking the infusion during light labor is a good idea if pain becomes an issue. Drinking the infusion in the morning will help allay nausea and relieve morning sickness. Raspberry leaves are an excellent fertility enhancing herb, and are often combined with red clover blossoms to promote conception and a successful, full term pregnancy. The abundant calcium in the leaves makes raspberry an awesome ally for strengthening the bones and preventing osteoporosis. They are also very astringent and so effective when control heavy menstrual bleeding. Studies indicate raspberry leaves help reduce blood sugar levels, making it a useful herb in the elimination of diabetes.

Rose (Rosa rugosa)

Flower of the Goddess and Queen of the Aromatics, roses have been in use since beginning of time. They are a beauty to behold, smell heavenly and possess much medicinal virtue. Roses have a nourishing effect on the heart and circulatory system and are soothing to the nerves. They are renowned for having a tonic, invigorating effect on the female reproductive system. Wild roses, sweet briar and other species, are rich in phytosterols that stimulate the production of estrogen in the body, and bioflavonoids which are also favorable to estrogen production. Any part of the rose plant, flower and leaves can be used to help regulate hormones, any time during a woman’s reproductive years. Roses can be used to alleviate headaches, relieve menstrual cramping and strengthen the bones. They are fabulous for the skin and will soothe any irritated skin condition. The fruits of the rose, or rose hips, are bursting with nutrients, especially vitamin C, E, selenium and zinc. We throw them into winter teas to boost the immune system. They also increase brain power, concentration and focus.

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa serrulata)

Sweet, nutritive and tonic saw palmetto berries were highly valued by American Indian healers and later used extensively by the Eclectic physicians around the turn of the century. Antiseptic to the urinary tract, bringing tone to the bladder, saw palmetto berries will come to your aid when dealing with urinary or bladder problems. It helps promote strong contractions of the bladder so that it can fully expel its contents. If an infection of the urinary system is suspected, it’s a good idea to combine saw palmetto with echinacea in equal amounts. Saw palmetto has a strong reputation as an aphrodisiac which may be attributed to its ability to nourish the reproductive system as well as the endocrine glands, enhancing all around sexual health. Saw palmetto nourishing and tonifying effects extend to the entire female reproductive system. Regular consumption of infusions of these phytosterol rich berries will bring health and vitality to ovarian, bladder, vaginal and breast tissue. Saw palmetto is a tissue builder, and will actually rebuild, moisturize and plump up dry or atrophied tissue in these areas.

Violet (Viola odorata)

Violet leaves are highly nourishing, contain more vitamin C than any other leafy vegetable known, and are also an excellent source of vitamin A, both antioxidants. The leaves can be eaten during spring and summer lightly steamed like spinach or dandelion leaves. They are nourishing to the lungs, nerves and reproductive systems. Violet leaves have a special affinity for the breast. Fresh violet leaves can be used as a poultice for treating lumpy breast tissue, cysts, infections and growths. Combine this external treatment with two or more cups of violet daily to help relieve pain, and inflammation in the breast. The infusion can also be used as a wash or fomentation, or the fresh leaves infused in oil to be massaged into the area. American Indian legend tells us that the violet was long ago an amethyst crystal living deep within the earth. Great Spirit brought the crystal spirit to the  surface of the earth as a special gift to the human kingdom specifically to eliminate cancer. Some of the earliest writings speak of violet’s ability to dissolve cancerous tumors of the skin, reproductive system, throat and breast. Medical literature from the early part of twentieth century includes five different studies demonstrating violet’s dissolvent and anticancer properties. To receive the anticancer effects of violet, drink at least three cups of infusion daily and poultice the area with the strained out plant material. Apply violet oil or salve as frequently as possible.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Yarrow’s astringent qualities make it a useful ally to help slow excessive menstrual and it is often called upon to help shrink fibroids in premenopausal women. Yarrow is a hormone regulating herb and especially effective at helping the body produce progesterone. Sip Yarrow infusions throughout the day to slow menstrual bleeding. Yarrow is a powerful disinfectant, possesses strong antibacterial properties, and is an excellent herb against urinary infection or incontinence. It also helps to tone and strengthen the bladder.


Causes of Uterine, Ovarian, and Cervical Fibroid Tumors and Cysts

What Are Fibroid Tumors?

Fibroid tumors are benign growths that usually form on the interior muscular wall and the exterior of the uterus, the exterior of the ovaries, and also the cervix in rare cases. The term ‘fibroid’ is really a misnomer because the tumor cells are not fibrous at all, but that’s the Western medical world for you. A tumor is medically defined as: “A swelling or enlargement occurring in inflammatory conditions, a new growth of tissue characterized by progressive, uncontrolled proliferation of cells. The tumor may be localized or invasive, benign or malignant. A tumor may be named for its location, for its cellular makeup, or for the person who first identified it.” SOURCE: Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 3rd edition, pg. 1204. In layman’s term and for purposes of understanding of what a fibroid tumor really is, a fibroid tumor (physically) is an internal trash bag that holds accumulated waste (scarred tissue, pus/mucus, and other junk) trapped in the female body due to blockage of the other major eliminative channels, including the uterus which is also an eliminative channel.

What is a Cyst?

A cyst is medically defined as: “A closed sac in or under the skin lined with epithelium and containing fluid or semisolid material.” SOURCE: Mosby’s supra, pg. 332. A cyst, like a tumor, is an internal trash bag, more so than a tumor though. In fact, the word “cyst” derives from a Greek word “kystis” which means, “bag.” Cysts hold pus, mucus, and other toxic waste fluid which is usually from what is eaten, i.e. decomposed animal flesh and congealed cow snot/pus called dairy products. This is all a cyst is? A BAG OF MUCUS, PUS, and TOXINS! 

Causes of Uterine, Ovarian, and Cervical Fibroid Tumors and Cysts.
DIET
The greatest contributing factor to the physical development of uterine, ovarian, and cervical fibroid tumors and cysts is diet, specifically the SAD (Standard American Diet) which is excessively high in animal flesh (meat) and byproduct (i.e. dairy: milk, cheese, sour cream, butter, and ice cream to name few). However, the greatest culprit in the physical development of sexual reproductive area tumors and cysts is: DAIRY PRODUCTS, liquefied and congealed cow snot and pus which have no place in the glorious and magnificent human body, which is especially true for melanated individuals or people of color (Africans/Nubians, African-Americans, Afro-Carribeans; Hispanics-Latinos, Asians, Native Americans) Though Caucasians can tolerate dairy products better than people of color, Caucasians also have no business consuming dairy products (cow excreta) as dairy products adversely affect Caucasians just as much as it does people of other races and nationalities. Dairy adversely affects all people regardless of race, age, and gender.

HYGIENE Commercial brand feminine hygiene products are major causative factors of female reproductive diseases and disorders such as fibroid tumors and uterine and ovarian cysts. The greatest feminine hygiene product culprit in the development of fibroid tumors has to be commercial bran SANITARY NAPKINS and PADS. Commercial brand sanitary products are bleached with dioxin (organo-chlorine), a left-over chemical from the Vietnam War era used to deforest trees and which has since been used as an industrial bleaching agent in the United States. One drop of organo-chlorines in any size swimming pool can prevent trout eggs from hatching. And just think, today women are placing chemicals used during the Vietnam War into their yonis (vaginas).

Help to heal uterine, ovarian, and cervical tumors and cysts naturally
DIET-NUTRITION: If you suffer from fibroid cysts and/or tumors, we highly recommend an animal an animal excreta-free diet (75% raw foods, 25% vegan). Remember, the greatest dietary contributors to tumors and cysts in the female reproductive system in meat (DEAD ANIMAL FLESH) and dairy (CONGEALED COW SNOT and PUS). Change your diet! Fuel the body! Stop feeding the body! Drink plenty of water daily (fresh lemon squeeze in water and/or alkaline or high pH water is best). Drink herbal teas such as Red Raspberry Leaf tea, Bayberry tea, etc. Avoid PROCESSED and REFINED so-called foods, including snack foods! Avoid chemicals, i.e. WHITE TABLE SUGAR, TABLE SALT, MSG, SACCHARIN, ASPARTAME, etc. 

Avoid REFINED GRAINS (white bread, commercial brand wheat breads, donuts, cakes, cookies, bagels etc.).  Avoid consumption of alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, champagne, etc.), soda pop, coffee hot cocoa, lattes, etc. Drink as much raw, fresh squeezed fruit and vegetable juice as possible.

Fruit juice is cleansing and vegetable juice builds

There are many tumor-dissolving herbs available today for purposes of naturally dissolving cysts and tumors. 

They include: Manjistha, Burdock Root, Goldenseal, Chaparral, Maitake (mushroom), Shitake (mushroom), Rehmannia, Yucca, Yellow Dock Root, and Dandelion Root. Dong Quai Black Cohosh Chasteberry (Also called vitex).

There are many regimen designed and formulated specifically for purposes of expediting and accelerating the dissolution of all female reproductive area tumors and cysts. There’s a safe, sane, effective and economical way to heal from fibroid tumors and cysts without costly, unnecessary, dangerous, and ineffective surgical operations that only exchange money from your pocket into the pocket of hospitals and doctors who benefit from YOUR sickness, disease, and suffering. Surgery is NOT a form of healing, but altering and harming the human body. Surgical removal of tumors and cysts is useless because the process only removes the tumor(s) or cyst(s) but leaves the environment that is conducive to the growth of such tumor(s) and cyst(s) behind which is not logical or wise. Leaving the pro-tumor and /or cysts environment behind without educating the woman on proper diet and nutrition and without addressing the mental, emotional, and psychological state of the woman only sets the woman up to experience the development of more tumors and/or cysts in the future. Doctors (and surgeons) don’t heal or assist in healing! They only treat, manage, and control disease, which means disease is still present.

You can’t treat a thing if it isn’t there. You can’t manage that which does not exist. And you can’t control what is not there. Period! Doctors teach you to live with disease, to share your temple (body) with disease. Doctors teach you to be accepting of pathology, defect, and that which is unnatural.

What Causes Fibroids?

Knowing how to eliminate fibroids naturally requires understanding what causes them in the first place. The major cause of fibroids is too much estrogen in the body, or estrogen dominance. Some of the causes of estrogen dominance are:

Birth control pills.

Spermicides in condoms.

Hormone replacement therapy.

Ingredients in cosmetics.

Plastic cookware.

Growth hormones in meat and milk.

Pesticides and herbicides.

PCBS – polychlorinated biphenyls.

Being overweight.

Stress.

Increased lifetime exposure to estrogen. This is due to early menarche, fewer pregnancies, increased follicular phase and/or obesity. Body fat produces and stores estrogen. Exposure to xenoestrogens such as plastics, pesticides, herbicides, synthetic hormones in both meat and dairy products, or hormone replacement therapy. Poor estrogen metabolism. Some women’s bodies have a harder time removing and metabolizing excess estrogen.

Hypertension.

Infection complications from IUD use.

Perineal talc use.

Anovulatory cycles.

Endometrial hyperplasia (common in women with PCOS)

Natural Remedies for Shrinking Fibroids

In addition to the treatments mentioned above, there are also natural ways to diminish fibroids. It is important that if a woman decides to do follow this regimen, she should consult with her doctor at all times.

Diet Changes

It is important to stop eating heavily processed foods. White flour, white rice, sugar, and all simple carbohydrates cause an insulin spike in the blood. Insulin changes the way that the body handles estrogen. This in turn encourages the formation of fibroids as well as the growth of existing fibroids. Other dietary changes that should be made are:
Eliminate fried foods. They tax the liver and the liver is where estrogen is processed.

Stay away from all forms of caffeine, including tea and chocolate.

Eat lots of dark leafy greens, lentils, beans, and organically raised poultry.

Seaweed helps support the thyroid and adrenals, part of keeping hormone levels in check.

Stay away from alcohol.

Drink filtered water.

Although some doctors recommend soy as being helpful during menopause, soy contains toxins as well as phyto-estrogens (plant based estrogens). These substances increase the estrogen in the body and encourage fibroid growth.

Cleansing the Liver and Kidneys

One of the most important things to do in order to have a healthy uterus is to cleanse the liver and the kidneys. Why is this so important? When looking at both the liver and kidneys, they are vital to human health. These organs produce elements that are essential to survival. They are also responsible for removing toxins from the body, and if they are not functioning, that is a problem. A simple form of detoxification would be the lemon cleanse. This form of cleansing is simple and can be done every day. Another excellent detoxifying agent is apple cider vinegar. The best apple cider to use is Braggs Apple Cider Vinegar (some say). Since the liver deactivates estrogen it is important to keep it functioning at optimal levels. Using a liver cleanse will help your liver clear out toxins and heal itself. Using herbs like milk thistle and dandelion will keep it working at full capacity. Most herbs take some time to make an obvious difference in your health. Plan on taking them for about two to three months before the full benefit of these herbs is apparent.

Environmental Toxins

Many of the products that we use and eat every day can create estrogen in the body and can cause fibroids to grow. Phytoestrogens and xenoestrogens must be avoided to stop estrogen dominance. Xenoestrogens have to do with industrial and chemical processing that cause estrogen dominance symptoms in the body. An example of a xenoestrogen is paraben. Paraben is found in many creams and soaps. Anything that ends in paraben (methylparaben, propylparaben, etc) should be avoided.

Phytoestrogens are compounds found in plants and animals that act like estrogen on the body.

Some examples of phytoestrogens are soybeans and tofu and coffee.

Ways to Avoid Xenohormones

Eat organic foods.

Avoid exposure to pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers.

Use natural feminine care products, including makeup.

Avoid food preservatives and dyes.

Use low VOC paints.

Use recycled unbleached paper products.

Use non-chlorinated oxygen based bleach in the laundry.

Avoid plastics.

Known Xenoestrogens to Avoid:

Atrazine (weed killer).

Butylated hydroxyanisole known as BHA (food preservative).

4-Methylbenzylidene camphor known as 4-MBC (sunscreen lotions).

Erythrosine, FD&C Red No. 3, (food dye).

Bisphenol A (found in polycarbonate plastic and epoxy resin).

Ethinylestradiol (combined oral contraceptive pill, this is released into the environment as a xenoestrogen through the urine and feces of women who use this contraception).

Heptachlor and dieldrin, DDT (insecticides).

To avoid the growth of fibroids, women have to increase their intake of estrogen-inhibiting foods.The idea here is increase the intake of foods that cause estrogen to diminish and limit the estrogen dominating foods.

Increase Vegetables and Fruits

Green organic vegetables help to decrease the size of fibroids. Spinach, kale, and broccoli are some examples. The reason why is because the properties in these vegetables help fight cancer and the growth of tumors. Organic fruits are always good to eat, and they help the body to fight estrogen.

Estrogen Inhibiting Foods

For breast cancer, PMS, fibroids, ovarian cysts, and other situations that estrogen might exacerbate, the following estrogen inhibiting foods might be of interest to you.

Berries

Broccoli

Buckwheat

Cabbage

Citrus Foods

Corn

Figs

Fruits (except apples, cherries, dates, pomegranates)

Grapes

Green beans

Melons

Millet

Onions

Pears

Pineapples

Squashes

Tapioca

Broccoli

Cauliflower

Cabbage

Bok Choy and Brussels sprouts

Citrus lemons, limes, grapefruits, oranges

Onion and Garlic

Raw nuts and seeds.

Olives

Turmeric

Fish and seafood

Green leafy veggies

Seaweeds and algaes

Lifestyle Changes

The body can absorb estrogens present in the environment, These environmental estrogens, or xeno-estrogens, are found in many things that people use on a daily basis. As these substances are used the estrogen is taken into the body and fibroid growth occurs. Some of the substances that can cause the growth of fibroid tissue are:

Personal care products

Cosmetics

Cleaners

Plastics

Pesticides

As much as possible you should try to use organic and eco-friendly items. Doing this limits your exposure to environmental estrogens.

Stress depletes the body of important nutrients and encourages hormonal imbalances. Learn to manage your stress and be sure to take a good adaptogen regularly.

External Treatments

Castor Oil Packs.

Doing a Castor Oil Pack is a very important step in the process of reducing fibroids. Castor oil has anti-inflammatory properties, has the ability to penetrate deep within tissue and it is great in diminishing the size of fibroids and cysts. The process to do this includes using a bottle of castor oil, a heating pad, and several washcloths. The heat is a very important part and should not be skipped.

You will need:

Castor Oil.

Piece of cotton flannel.

Plastic wrap.

Hot water bottle.

To use the castor oil pack:

1. Warm the castor oil.

2. Soak the cloth in it.

3. Fold the cloth and place on the abdomen over the area of the fibroid.

4. Cover the cloth with the plastic wrap.

5. Place a towel over the plastic wrap. (optional)

6. Place a hot water bottle over it and leave on overnight. (optional)

7. Repeat for five nights then take two nights off.

8. Continue this pattern for three weeks.

Hold Off on that Hysterectomy

While many conventional doctors will recommend ablation or hysterectomy for fibroids, they do respond well to natural treatments. By doing what you can to minimize your exposure to environmental estrogens and by learning how to eliminate fibroids naturally, you may be able to avoid surgery. Talk to your naturopath or health care provider about the natural ways to eliminate fibroids and see if it is something that could work for you. Fibroid tumors are not cancer, not malignant. Tumor means a swelling or a growth, not a malignancy, not cancer. Less than 0.1% of all uterine fibroids are malignant. Small fibroids often disappear spontaneously. Larger fibroids are more difficult to resolve, but not impossible to control with natural measures.

The “root chakra” (lowermost energy center in the body, which includes the uterus) said to store unexpressed anger. It is believed that any unwanted growths in these organs can be countered. One woman’s fibroids (and menstrual cramps) disappeared within three months of beginning a vigorous exercise program. Exercise helps insure regular ovulation, and irregular ovulation seems to worsen fibroids.
Through the years, there has been a variety of allopathic techniques that have been used to treat fibroids.

Some of these include: Focused Ultrasound (FUS) treatment with ExAblate, Novasure, myomectomy, and hormone therapy.

Estrogen and progesterone, both female hormones, contribute to the growth of the fibroids. This means that the hormones will increase during the years a woman has a menstrual cycle, because it is during

these years the body produces the highest levels of these hormones. Generally, after menopause occurs and your body produces lower levels of progesterone and estrogen, the fibroids will begin to shrink and any symptoms that have occurred from the hormones will subside.
Uterine fibroids are hormone dependent. They develop during the hormonally active years and decline in menopause. Fibroid tissue has a higher amount of estrogen and progesterone receptors. Fibroid this is hypersensitive to estrogen, but does not have the capacity to regulate estrogen response, this why they can grow to become quite large. Other hormones play a role in the growth of uterine fibroids as well, including prolactin, parathyroid hormone, insulin growth factor, and pituitary growth hormone.

Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids

While many women will never even know that they have uterine fibroids because the condition often exhibits no symptoms, there are some women that will experience certain effects from the fibroids

presence. Symptoms of uterine fibroids include:

A sensation of fullness or pressure in the abdominal area.

Excessive bleeding during menstruation.

Excessive length of menstruation.

Extreme cramping during menstruation.

Lower back pain.

Painful intercourse.

A frequent urge to urinate.

Uterine Fibroids May Negatively Impact Conception and Pregnancy

Fibroids may are thought to be the cause of infertility in 2%-10% of infertility cases. Reports have shown uterine fibroids may be responsible for the following fertility, conception and pregnancy problems:

Interfere with implantation of the ovum.

May compress the fallopian tubes, preventing conception.

Cause anovulatory cycles.

Cause abnormal uterine blood flow, hindering movement of sperm to ova.

Cause miscarriage.

May cause intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).

May cause premature rupture of the membranes.

Contribute to retained placenta after birth.

Cause postpartum hemorrhage.

Cause abnormal labor.

Not all women with uterine fibroids will experience these kinds of troubles and many go on to have healthy pregnancies even with uterine fibroids present. Because there are risks to your fertility and possibly pregnancy, it is best to work to reduce fibroid growth, prevent formation of new fibroids and to maintain healthy lifestyle choices to continue working to bring about the best possible uterine health.

A myomectomy can help to remove the existing tumors that you have, but it will not prevent the tumors from growing back (only lifestyle changes can help to balance the body and promote hormonal balance). However, this method of uterine fibroid removal is the best of the two surgery choices for those women that are still wanting to conceive a child. (smh)

Hysterectomy

This surgical procedure removes the uterus completely. With a hysterectomy, you can’t guarantee that the tumors will not grow back. Unfortunately, there are many other side effects that can occur from a hysterectomy including early menopause, an increased risk of osteoporosis and of course, the inability to become pregnant. Approximately 17% of hysterectomies performed in the United States are due to uterine fibroids. (nah)

Uterine Fibroid Embolization

Another newer procedure that is being used for treating uterine fibroids is uterine fibroid embolization. This method of treatment has proven effective at shrinking fibroids or destroying them completely, however it is not without side effects. This treatment should not be used by those women that are wanting to become pregnant, since it is known to throw the body into early menopause and can even cause infertility. (smfh)

Fueling Tips for Reducing Uterine Fibroids

Your main focus and one of the first things you should do right now is eating more fiber. Fiber helps the body to get rid of excess estrogens.

Good sources of fiber:

Dark leafy greens.

Broccoli.

Swiss chard.

Quinoa.

Chia seeds.

Beans.

Ground flaxseed……..

Choose whole grains whenever possible, avoid white refined grains. Good choices of whole grains would be like millet, spelt, buckwheat, rye and oats.

Avoid Anti-nutrients

Avoid saturated fats, sugar, caffeine, alcohol and junk foods, all of which may contribute to estrogen dominance. We consider these anti-nutrients, which impact fertility negatively. Eat a diet rich in legumes, fresh vegetables and fruits.

Pau d’Arco is extremely antibacterial, which may help prevent infection due to foreign tissue growth.

Goldenseal Root herb is extremely antibiotic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It works to reduce pain and inflammation from foreign tissue growth. Reduction in inflammation may help to prevent scar tissue and adhesion formation.

Dandelion Root & Leaf provides excellent liver support for improved hormonal balance. Dandelion leaf is very nourishing to the body, being high in vitamins and minerals. The root aids in liver health, and stimulates digestion for improved estrogen metabolism.

Ginger Root herb used to increase circulation and promote blood flow to the uterus The increased circulation also helps to reduce inflammation of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

Black Cohosh root promotes regulation of the entire menstrual cycle. For women with a uterus that feels inflamed or irritated throughout the month, Black cohosh may be an effective option in relaxing the uterus reducing inflammation of the uterus.

Red Raspberry Leaf works to tone the uterine muscles and normalize blood flow during menses. This is one of the best normalizing herbs for the female reproductive organs. Raspberry leaf is astringent, contracting and shrinking internal and external body tissues. May help prevent hemorrhage excessive bleeding. One of the best herbs for uterine health.

Dong Quai root increases circulation, which helps to bring in fresh healthy blood to remove excess tissue growth, heal tissue damage, limit scar tissue and adhesion formation. Healthy circulation ensures healthy natural cleansing of the body as well. Proper circulation is required to remove toxins, dead tissue, diseased tissue, metabolic waste from our bodies. This is very important for women with uterine fibroids.

Maitake Mushroom has been shown to enhance immune system function, to be effective at reducing tumors and improving glucose metabolism.

Massage is a series of massage techniques that are used to help support reproductive health, the menstrual cycle, and your fertility all from the comfort of your own home! This type of massage is easy to learn, perform and is cost effective!

One of the greatest benefits of massage is the ability to break up adhesions and bring in circulation to ok area being massaged. Uterine fibroids may compress and compromise circulation to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries or other surrounding organs. Fertility Massage helps to promote healthy circulation,  which helps the body to rid itself of old stagnant blood and tissues in the uterus, and promotes hormonal balance by strengthening the hormonal feedback loop. Do not do during menstruation.

Summary

Uterine fibroids are hormone dependent. Fibroid tissue is hypersensitive to estrogen, but does not have the capacity to regulate estrogen response; this is why they can grow to become quite large. Because they are responsive and may develop due to exposure to estrogen, both from our own estrogen and from human-made chemicals it is vital to reduce excess estrogen and support healthy progesterone levels to balance out unopposed estrogen. It is also vital to promote healthy circulation and detoxification of the tissues in the uterus, work to manage pain if present and to reduce heavy or mid-cycle menstrual bleeding due to fibroids. The overall goal is to support a healthy normal functioning uterus for a lifetime!

Estrogen and Progesterone Output During a Healthy Monthly Cycle. From the onset of puberty to menopause, a woman’s body is designed to have estrogen and progesterone work together to fuel and regulate her monthly cycle. The bulk of estrogen is released into a woman’s blood circulation during the first half of her monthly cycle. Estrogen works to build the lining of a woman’s uterus to prepare it for implantation of a fertilized egg, should fertilization occur.
The bulk of progesterone is released into a woman’s bloodstream during the second half of a healthy monthly cycle. During this time, progesterone acts to maintain the rich lining of the uterus that estrogen helped to build up during the first two weeks of her cycle. If a fertilized egg successfully implants into the uterine wall i.e. if a woman becomes pregnant, her body must continue to produce a large amount of progesterone on a continuous basis to maintain a thick and well vascularized uterine wall throughout the course of pregnancy. This job of continuous progesterone production is handled nicely by a healthy placenta. If there is no implantation/pregnancy, a woman’s body stops producing large amounts of progesterone, which results in sloughing off and elimination of the thickened uterine lining, also known as a woman’s monthly flow. This cycle repeats itself about once every month until a woman experiences menopause, with estrogen dominating the first half of each cycle, and progesterone dominating the second half.


PCOS

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, sometimes also called polycystic ovarian dysfunction is the most common endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age. There are two distinct and consistent features of PCOS. Absent period or inconsistent menstrual cycles and hyperandrogenism (the body is producing too many androgens, the most common one being testosterone).
Stress may cause the body to stop the menstrual cycle, Stress causes the body to release stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline that prevent our fertility hormones from being released at the correct times in the menstrual cycle. This can cause a disruption in the menstrual cycle by affecting how the adrenal glands function. Reducing stress and supporting adrenal health is essential to a healthy menstrual cycle and is a relatively easy fix for healthy fertility. The adrenal glands also directly impact thyroid health.
Poor thyroid function may cause the menstrual cycle to stop. An overactive thyroid that produces too many thyroid hormones is called Hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid is underactive and does not produce enough thyroid hormones. An absent menstrual cycle is a sign of hyperthyroidism, where irregular or heavy cycles may be a sign of hypothyroidism.

A pituitary tumor may cause disruption of the release of and manufacturing of certain hormones which may cause the menstrual cycle to stop.
Premature Ovarian Failure (POF), also known as Ovarian Hypofunction, is defined as a loss of normal ovarian function before the age of 40. The menstrual cycle may cease before the age of 40, or become sporadic. There are a variety of reasons this may happen.
Perimenopause is the time leading up to menopause. As perimenopause progresses toward menopause, it is normal for menstrual cycles to become irregular and for hormone levels to fluctuate. The menstrual cycle may become absent for many cycles and then suddenly come back for a couple cycles, and then come back again, becoming sporadic for some years. As ovarian reserve diminishes and egg health declines, FSH levels rise, the menstrual cycle will become more and more irregular, until eventually it stops.

Menopause is defined as absent menstruation for a year or longer. Menopause may also be confirmed by elevated FSH levels between 60 to 100mL/L on two tests done at least 1 month apart, and/or LH level greater than 50mlU/L and estradiol less than 50pg/mL. Natural therapies cannot reverse the aging process, or bring back the menstrual cycles in a woman who has already gone through, or is going through menopause, at least this is what is being taught.

When to see a doctor! If you have not had a menstrual period for 3 consecutive cycles or more, it is time to make an appointment with your healthcare practitioner. They can help you to determine what the causes may be. Most medical doctors will often prescribe oral contraceptives (birth control pill) to get the menstrual cycle to regulate. It is important to realize that this method will force the body to have a cycle and prevent pregnancy. Oral contraceptives do not solve the problem of why the menstrual cycle is absent to begin with. Luckily there are natural therapies such as herbs, specific massage techniques, supplements reduction techniques and dietary changes than can help support the body in regulating the menstrual cycle in most cases.

Herbs to Promote Menstruation

Before heading right for herbs that are known to help bring back the menstrual cycle (emmenagogues) it is also important to consider herbs that support healing the cause of the absence of menstrual cycle. Why is it you are not having a period to begin with? Once you know what is causing this to happen, you will be able to create a plan for yourself. This is vital when desiring to use herbs as well. For example there are herbs that support hormonal balance through endocrine system support, some that help the body to respond to stress and others that have a direct action on the uterus.

Emmenagogues stimulate and normalize the menstrual cycle

Important caution: It is extremely important to rule out pregnancy prior to beginning any herbs for fertility, especially those used to bring back a menstrual cycle. Most herbs that help to regulate the menstrual cycle are not safe for pregnancy and may potentially cause a miscarriage!

The following herbs may help to bring on a menstrual period. All the herbs in this section will only be effective if the menstrual period is absent due to hormonal imbalance. If the menstrual cycle is absent due to nutritional deficiencies, these herbs may not be as effective. It is very important that diet changes are in place before beginning any herbs to bring back the menstrual cycle.

Black Cohosh root (Actaea racemosa).. has been used for hundreds of years to help bring on a menstrual period. Aids in tone, regular function and shedding of the uterine lining. Promotes regulation of the entire menstrual cycle. Helps to calm and support the uterus.

Dong Quai root (Angelica sinensis).. is the main herb for this issue. Dong Quai works by promoting blood flow to the pelvis where it will stimulate an absent or scanty period. It also nourishes the blood. Eliminates iron deficiency and anemia. One of the best uses is it helps women who are not menstruating to invite there menstruation back. The increased circulation also helps to strengthen and balance the uterus.

Motherwort aerial parts (Leonurus cardiaca) .. This herb is very effective at reducing uterine muscle spasm, cramping and improving uterine tone. Motherwort has been found to mildly stimulate the uterus, while also aiding the uterus to work efficiently. which is helpful in bringing on menstruation.

White Peony (Paeonia officinalis).. This herb helps build the blood and increase circulation to the reproductive organs. Overall this herb has excellent hormone balancing support. It also aids in pain reduction and relaxation. White peony moves the blood in the pelvic area, good for uterine stagnant conditions including absent period.

Herbs to Promote Regular Menstrual Cycles

The following herbs would be used once the first menstrual period comes back or after performing a Fertility Cleanse.

Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus).. helps to promote regular menstrual cycles by aiding in regulation of estrogen levels. Shatavari is also an adaptogen that supports endocrine system function for healthy hormonal balance.

Tribulus (Tribulus terrestris).. This herb has been shown to normalize ovulation in infertile women. Tribulus supports healthy hormone levels, is a known female reproductive system tonic and may increase libido.

Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus).. Vitex is another great herb for amenorrhea due to hormonal imbalance, It helps to balance the hormones while not containing any hormones within the herb. Vitex supports hormonal balance in the body by having an effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis (hormonal feedback loop), correcting the problem at the source. There have been numerous studies showing the effectiveness of vitex for all types of menstrual cycle irregularities when used for many months consistently. Vitex has been found to help normalize ovulation, improve a short luteal phase, support healthy hormone levels and reduce Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Studies have shown vitex extremely helpful in bringing back the menstrual cycle in women with absent periods due to eating disorders and lack of menstruation due to breastfeeding. We do not advise weaning a baby until they are at least over a year old, but for mothers of older babies who are ready to try to conceive again, but still have yet to begin menstruating, vitex is a safe option. 
If you have not had a menstrual cycle for two or more months you may want to consider performing a Woman’s Cleanse. Woman’s cleansing helps to cleanse the uterus of old blood and tissues while helping the liver to get rid of excess hormones to promote a healthy menstrual cycle. If after doing a Woman’s Cleanse your period still does not come back and you have implemented a nutrient dense diet.

Massage.. 

A uterus that is not stimulated to shed the endometrium, or sheds the endometrium inadequately each month, may become atrophied. This means the muscles lose their tone and strength. If the mucosa lining known as the stratum functionale is not stimulated to secrete mucous and build up the endometrium, then the uterus is not lubricated and may become “dry” and weak. You can see why this would not be the best environment to house an embryo. Having a regular menstrual cycle is essential to having a healthy uterus.

Here’s how Massage aids the body in regulating menstrual cycles:

Promotes hormonal balance*

Helps to reduce stress and stress hormones*

Improves communication within endocrine system*

Increases circulation to the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes*

Promotes the movement of fluids*

Helps the body to rid itself of old stagnant blood and tissue.

Overall it is is extremely important to begin by nourishing the body through good nutrition. Your dietary habits are your foundation.. #FUELUP… without that it place first, the body may take a longer time  to respond to herbs for amenorrhea as well. Second, reduces stress and exercise regularly. Third consider an herbal program for getting the menstrual cycle back on track. Last but not leąst, practice fertility massage regularly. This combination is a great plan for working to promote healthy menstrual cycle long-term! Be patient, the body needs time to establish a cycle. Be gentle with yourself and your body will come back into balance.. MAKE UNCOMFORTABLE THE NEW COMFORTABLE…


week 13 numbers and you

00:08:59	Yoanne I:	9
00:09:02	Desiree A:	9
00:09:21	Desiree A:	a vibration
00:09:23	Yoanne I:	energy
00:14:29	Yoanne I:	intiative
00:14:38	Desiree A:	newness
00:16:59	Aliyyah Blake:	so what's #1?
00:25:01	Aliyyah Blake:	I missed 4. what did u say about it? it breaks things down? 
00:25:42	Desiree A:	I missed 5
00:25:46	Yoanne I:	also can you repeat 3
00:42:46	Aliyyah Blake:	1
00:58:06	Yoanne I:	corn silk
01:10:31	Yoanne I:	Vitamix is on sale right now
01:10:51	Yoanne I:	got mine $289 2 weeks ago
01:11:26	Yoanne I:	@tamara
01:12:24	Tamara Albertini:	😩 I already have a Ninja...
01:18:54	Desiree A:	3
01:18:55	Brittany Rolle:	3?
01:58:43	Brittany Rolle:	I have trouble overthinking.. earth element is 90% my chart
02:07:19	Desiree A:	fluoride stare
02:11:46	Aliyyah Blake:	I have a massage appt. ttyl 👋🏾👋🏾👋🏾


week 13 dlscusslon

00:13:53	jazmin sadler:	grounding with mud..
00:13:55	Desiree A:	she went from red/white to all green
00:14:00	Yoanne I:	she was dressed in green
00:14:17	jazmin sadler:	yeah and speaking while in green
00:24:24	Brittany Rolle:	oxygen
00:35:36	Aliyyah Blake:	so if it still tastes like the fruit its ok?
00:58:34	jazmin sadler:	what about allergic reactions on the skin
00:58:34	jazmin sadler:	?
00:58:40	jazmin sadler:	can you use kola nut?
00:59:58	Yoanne I:	so if you have kola nut tincture you can place drops under the tongue then go to the hospital
01:00:06	Yoanne I:	?
01:04:04	jazmin sadler:	ok
01:11:17	Desiree A:	would cayenne pepper tincture work?
01:25:14	jazmin sadler:	lotus flowers are my favorite flowerrrr
01:25:47	Brittany Rolle:	mugwort is great for accessing dreams
01:25:51	Desiree A:	yes I read that also
01:26:16	Desiree A:	I am making ablend with Blue Lotus, Damiana, and Ashwagandha
01:26:58	Desiree A:	For dream recall because I'm having a difficult time remembering my dreams for my assignments and I have heard it has effects
01:27:45	Tamara Albertini:	where can I get blue lotus? I would like to use it for my daughters anxiety
01:27:57	Desiree A:	thank You Brittany, I use mugwort in my smoking blends but haven't drank it
01:29:15	Desiree A:	Tamara I'm still looking for a legit source
01:31:19	Aliyyah Blake:	etsy
01:31:31	jazmin sadler:	liver
01:36:28	Yoanne I:	toks can you  repeat what wormwood does regarding anxiety
01:39:02	jazmin sadler:	thats soooo true! lol
01:39:11	jazmin sadler:	my daughter be looking at me like what is this? lol
01:58:00	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:58:30	Yoanne I:	🤨🤨
02:03:53	Jamee Jory:	Goodnight! 
02:03:55	Yoanne I:	rest well everyone
02:03:56	jazmin sadler:	Have a great night! 
02:03:56	Brittany Rolle:	good night
02:03:59	Desiree A:	Peace All🌻

Botany.. week 13 words..

botany

Botany can be described simply as “the study of plants” but it really is a lot more complex than that. The vast areas of study in botany include plant ecology, ethnobotany, plant species, medicinal plants, paleo botany, molecular biology, plant anatomy and the list goes on….There are many areas to train and study in if you are thinking of becoming a botanist or working in a botany related field. Plants have a was first use to fuel the body, an as man started to make shit that they always have an argument for, the vitalforce of one’s body began to decline. Fast forward to this point in time due to mans meddling with the minerals of the earth and chemicalizing of food, plants have become the only source of socalled “medicine”. ln the practice of plant medicine understanding botany, even just the basics go a long way in helping to understand many plant related fields such as aromatherapy, herbal medicine and elementalartlstry. ln today’s modern world we are once again discovering the value of plants in medicinal practice, as with everything the system is always open to abuse from those looking to make a quick and easy profit. That is why its always good to know your source. Plants are very unique structures, some plant species we still have yet to discover and identify. Many of the great plant explorers as yourselves will contribute greatly to the field, a decision which will open up a whole new world of plants and their use.

To study plants you must have a love for them and also your body. What we are trying to convey that sometimes we have a natural affinity for something that we had never even thought of before so you can quickly become a botany fanatic as many do breathe botany, eat botany and sleep botany… you get the idea. One has to naturally see things globally and aim for a sensitive, energetic approach to this subject before anything else. The study of plants and the botany that we are referring to here is the identification and classification of plants through the use of a specific key relative to the region being studied. It demands a very close and precise study of the sexual organs of the plants (the flower) with a magnifying glass, stems and biomes. As an herbalist the beginning of your botanical path you will begin to feel the thrill and pleasure of being able to name any plant through correct keying will be enough to push you forward. This autonomy is fantastic, it  means that wherever you go in the world you could correctly identify the plants around you without any help provided using the correct field guide system… The parts of a plant can be divided into two groups, sexual reproductive parts and vegetative parts. Sexual reproductive parts are those involved in the production of seed. They include flower buds, flowers, fruit, and seeds. The vegetative parts include leaves, roots, leaf buds, and stems, Although the vegetative parts are not directly involved in sexual reproduction, they are often used in asexual or vegetative forms of reproduction such as cuttings.  

STEMS Stems are structures which support buds and leaves and serve as a conduit for carrying water, minerals, and sweets. The three major internal parts of the stem  are the xylem, phloem, and cambium The xylem and phloem are the major components of a plants vascular system..(veins an arteries). The vascular system transports food, water and minerals and offer support  for the  plant. Xylem vessels conduct water and minerals, while phloem tubes conduct food. The vascular systems of monocots and dicots differ. While both contain xylem and  phloem are paired into bundles, these bundles are dispersed throughout  the stem. But in the stem of a dicot the vascular system forms rings inside the site. The ring of the phloem is near the bark or external cover of the stem and is  a component of the bark in mature stems. The xylem forms the inner ring, it is the sapwood and heartwood in woody plants. The difference in the vascular system of the two groups is of practical interest to the horticulturist because  certain herbicides are specific to either monocots or dicots. All stems must have buds or leaves present  to be classified as a stem. The area of the stem where the leaves are located is called nodes. Nodes are the area of  great cellular activity and growth, where axillary buds develop into leaves or flowers. The area between the nodes is called the internode.   Modified stems Although typical stems are above ground, trunks and branches. There are modified stems which can be found above ground and underground. The above ground stems are crowns, stolons and spurs. The below ground stems are buds, corms, rhizomes and tubers. https://youtu.be/AEqYnUC0qkU

Life Cycles of Plants Plants are classified by the number of growing seasons required to complete a life cycle. Annuals pass through their entire life cycle from seed germination to seed production in one growing season and then return to the elements. Biennials are plants which start from seeds and produce vegetative structures and food storage organs the first season. During the first winter a hardy evergreen rosette of basal leaves persists. During the second season flowers, fruit, and seeds develop to complete the life cycle. The plant then return to the elements. Carrots, beets, cabbage, celery, and onions are biennial plants. Hollyhock, Canterbury Bells, and Sweet William are biennials which are commonly grown for their attractive flowers. Plants which typically develop as biennials may, in some cases, complete the cycle of growth from seed germination to seed production in only one growing season. This situation occurs when drought, variations in temperature or other climatic conditions are experienced. These cause the plant to physiologically pass through the equivalent of two growing seasons, in a single growing season. This phenomenon is referred to as bolting. Perennial plants live for many years, and after reaching maturity, typically produce flowers and seeds each year. Perennials are classified as herbaceous if the top retreat back to the ground each winter and new stems grow from the roots each spring. They are classified as woody if the top persists, as in shrubs or trees. Stems as Food The edible portion of cultivated plants such as asparagus and kohirabi is an enlarged succulent stem. The edible parts of broccoli are composed of stem tissue, flower buds, and a few small leaves. The edible part of potato is a fleshy underground stem called a tuber. Although the name suggests otherwise, the edible part of the cauliflower is proliferated stem tissue.  

PHYSIOLOGY: PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT The three major plant functions that are the basics for plant growth and development are photosynthesis, respiration and transpiration. PHOTOSYNTHESIS One of the major differences between plants and animals on earth is the ability of plants to internally manufacture their own food. To produce food for itself a plant requires energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil. If any of these ingredients is lacking, photosynthesis, or food production will stop. If any factor is removed for a long period of time, the plant will pass on. Photosynthesis literally means “to put together with light.” Any green plant tissue is capable of photosynthesis. Chloroplasts in these cells contain the green pigment called chlorophyll which traps the light energy. However leaves are generally the site of most food production due to their special structure. The internal tissue (mesophyll) contains cells with abundant chloroplasts in an arrangement that allows easy movement of water and air. The protective upper and lower epidermis (skin) layers of the leaf include many stomata that are openings in the leaf formed by two specialized guard cells on either side. Guard cells regulate movement of the gases (i.e. CO2 into and O2 and H20 out of the leaf), involved in photosynthesis. The lower epidermis of the leaf normally contains the largest percentage of stomata. Photosynthesis is the process of turning the energy of sunlight into chemical energy from the raw products of Co2 and H20. This process is necessary to sustain nearly all forms of life. Photosynthesis is divided into two separate reactions known as the light and dark reactions. They take place when light is present but the dark reaction does not require light. The whole process is begun by light reacting with pigments in the leaf causing the splitting of water molecules. This is called photolysis or the Hill Reaction which is not completely understood. Three products are produced in this reaction. Electrons from the hydrogen molecules and remaining H+ lons are used to form two separate energy storage molecules. The air we breathe is from the remaining oxygen portion of H20. The carbon dioxide molecules are transformed into sweetness during the dark reaction using the energy that was formed during the light reaction. Photosynthesis:Produce food.Store energy.Occurs in cells containing chlorplast.Releases oxygen.Uses water.Uses carbon dioxide.Occurs in sunlight. https://youtu.be/g78utcLQrJ4

RESPIRATION Carbohydrates made during photosynthesis are of value to the plant when they are converted into energy. This energy is used in the process of building new tissues. The chemical process by which sugars and starches produced by photosynthesis are converted into energy is called respiration. It is similar to the burning of wood or coal to produce heat or energy. If oxygen is limited or not present then anaerobic respiration or metabolism occurs. The byproducts of this reaction are ethyl alcohol or lactic acid and CO2. This process is also known as fermentation or the Pasteur effect, (Louis Pasteur was the first to describe the effect), which is used to manufacture brewing and dairy products. It also occurs in muscle tissue when they are over doing exercises is the accumulated lactic acid that forms in our tissue because cf limited oxygen. Plant tissues undergo the same process, for example waterlogged soils limit the oxygen available to roots and may cause them to rot because of fermentation. By now, it should be clear that respiration is the reverse of photosynthesis. Unlike photosynthesis, respiration occurs at night as well as during the day. Respiration occurs in all life forms and in all cells. The release of accumulated carbon dioxide and the uptake of oxygen occur at the cell level. In animals, blood carries both oxygen and carbon dioxide to and from the atmosphere by means of the lungs, gills, spiracles etc. In plants there is simple diffusion into the open spaces within the leaf and exchange occurs through the stomata. Respiration:Uses food for plant energy.Releases energy.Occurs in all cells.Uses oxygen.Produces water.Produces carbon dioxide.Occurs in darkness as well as light. https://youtu.be/JiFcOiOVerg

TRANSPIRATION Transpiration is the process by which a plant loses water, primarily through leaf  stomata. Transpiration is a necessary process that involves the use of about 90% of the water that enters the plant through the roots. The other 10% of the water is used in chemical reactions and in plant tissues. Transpiration is necessary for mineral transport from the soil to the plant for the cooling of the plant through evaporation to move sweets and plant chemicals, and for the maintenance of turgor pressure. The amount of water lost from the plant depends on several environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and wind or air movement. An increase in temperature or air movement decreases relative humidity and causes the guard cells in the leaf to shrink, opening the stomata and increasing the rate of transpiration. https://youtu.be/U4rzLhz4HHk


week 12 endocrine dlscusslon

00:11:29 Jamee Jory: I have Native style ceremony drum, I made with deer hide. Will that work?
00:12:29 Desiree A: I haven’t a small one I got in Jamaica
00:18:17 Yoanne I: greetings all
00:18:18 Jamee Jory: that’s awesome!
00:19:09 Desiree A: Yay, congrats Melissa and Jazmin
00:19:24 Mel V.: thank you!!
00:32:46 Jamee Jory: What do we suggest to clients that refuse to give up meat? Is there a “this” is better than “that” instance?
00:40:10 Aliyyah Blake: 🤣
00:50:34 Mel V.: ashwaganda too
00:52:25 Jamee Jory: Can you make them smaller? 🙋‍♀️ Asking for a friend. LOL
00:53:46 Mel V.: jamee lol
00:55:17 Adele N: drop in hormone
01:05:26 Hannah Sydney: what is that last herb ?
01:05:28 Aliyyah Blake: 🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:05:37 Aliyyah Blake: white oak
01:06:06 Hannah Sydney: thanks
01:16:58 Adele N: lawd
01:17:55 Yoanne I: that’s right
01:19:06 Yoanne I: lmao
01:19:52 Brittany Rolle: okra soup is tasty 😂
01:20:09 Adele N: cant stand okra lol
01:20:09 Aliyyah Blake: 😖😖😖😖😖😖
01:23:20 Celesteal: ears of the Corn
01:23:33 Jamee Jory: my stepdad used it for his callused hands
01:24:19 Celesteal: oooh okay
01:25:51 Brittany Rolle: I think the purple corn is the original
01:26:07 Aliyyah Blake: yea its wild corn
01:26:13 Aliyyah Blake: the kind the Indians used to eat
01:41:33 Celesteal: i agree
01:41:40 Celesteal: how they work together 😊
01:53:12 Yoanne I: that’s live
01:54:35 Yoanne I: I’m coming
01:56:32 Celesteal: 😍
01:58:33 Yoanne I: lol
02:01:07 Yoanne I: thank you
02:01:21 Desiree A: Peace all 🌻


Endocrine System.. Week 12 words

The endocrine system includes all of the glands of the body and the hormones produced by those glands. The glands are controlled directly by stimulation from the nervous system as well as by chemical receptors in the blood and hormones produced by other glands. By regulating the functions of organs in the body, these glands help to maintain the body’s homeostasis.
Cellular metabolism, reproduction, sexual development, sugar and mineral regularity, heart rate, and digestion are among some of the ro many processes regulated by the actions of the endocrine system.

Anatomy of the Endocrine System

The hypothalamus is a part of the brain located superior and anterior to the brain stem and inferior to the thalamus. It serves many different functions in the nervous system, and is also responsible for the direct control of the endocrine system through the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus contains special cells called neurosecretory cells-neurons that secrete hormones:

Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH).

Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH).

Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH).

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).

Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH).

Oxytocin.

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH).

All of the releasing and inhibiting hormones affect the function of the anterior pituitary gland. TRH stimulates the anterior pituitary gland to release thyroid-stimulating hormone.  GHRH and GHIH work to regulate the release of growth hormone – GHRH stimulates growth hormone release, while GHIH inhibits its release.  GnRH stimulates the release of follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone while CRH stimulates the release of adrenocorticotropic hormone. The last two hormones – Oxytocin and Antidiuretic hormone are produced by the hypothalamus and transported to the posterior pituitary, where they are stored and later released. The pituitary gland, also known as the hypophysis, is a small pea-sized lump of tissue connected to the inferior portion of the hypothalamus of the brain. Many blood vessels surround the pituitary gland to carry the hormones it releases throughout the body. Situated in a small depression in the sphenoid bone called the sella turcica, the pituitary gland is actually made of 2 completely separate structures;  the posterior and anterior pituitary glands.

The posterior pituitary gland is actually not glandular tissue at all, but nervous tissue instead. The posterior pituitary is a small extension of the hypothalamus through which the axons of some of the neurosecretory cells of the hypothalamus extend. These neurosecretory cells create 2 hormones in the hypothalamus that are stored and released by the posterior pituitary. Oxytocin triggers uterine contractions during childbirth and the release of milk during breastfeeding. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) prevents water loss in the body by increasing the re-uptake of water in the kidneys and reducing blood flow to sweat glands. The anterior pituitary gland is the true glandular part of the pituitary gland. The function of the anterior pituitary gland is controlled by the releasing and inhibiting hormones of the hypothalamus. The anterior pituitary produces six important hormones. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), as its name suggests, is a tropic responsible for the stimulation of the thyroid gland. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) stimulates the adrenal cortex, the outer part of the adrenal gland, to produce its hormones. Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) stimulates the follicle cells of the gonads to produce gametes- ova in females and sperm in males. Luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates the gonads to produce the sex hormones estrogens in females and testosterone in males. Human growth hormone (HGH) affects many target cells throughout the body by stimulating their growth, repair, and reproduction. Prolactin (PRL) has many effects on the body, chief of which is that it stimulates the mammary glands of the breast to produce milk.

The pineal gland is a small pinecone-shaped mass of glandular tissue found just posterior to the thalamus of the brain. The pineal gland produces the hormone melatonin that helps to regulate the human sleep-wake cycle known as the circadian rhythm. The activity of the pineal gland is inhibited by stimulation from the photoreceptors of the retina. This light sensitivity causes melatonin to be produced only in low light or darkness. Increased melatonin production causes humans to feel drowsy at nighttime when the pineal gland is active.

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck and wrapped around the lateral sides of the trachea. The thyroid gland produces 3 major hormones:

Calcitonin.

Triiodothyronine (T3).

Thyroxine (T4).

Calcitonin is released when calcium ion levels in the blood rise above a certain set point. Calcitonin functions to reduce the concentration of calcium ions in the blood by aiding the absorption of calcium into the matrix of bones. The hormones T3 and T4 work together to regulate the body’s metabolic rate. Increased levels of T3 and T4 lead to increased cellular activity and energy usage in the body.

The parathyroid glands are 4 small masses of glandular tissue found on the posterior side of the thyroid gland. The parathyroid glands produce the hormone parathyroid hormone (PTH), which is involved in calcium ion homeostasis. PTH is released from the parathyroid glands when calcium ion levels in the blood drop below a set point. PTH stimulates the osteoclasts to break down the calcium containing bone matrix to release free calcium ions into the bloodstream. PTH also triggers the kidneys to return calcium ions filtered out of the blood to the bloodstream so that it is conserved.

The adrenal glands are a pair of roughly triangular glands found immediately superior to the kidneys. The adrenal glands are each made of 2 distinct layers, each with their own unique functions: the outer adrenal cortex and inner adrenal medulla. The adrenal cortex produces many cortical hormones in 3 classes glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, and androgens.

Glucocorticoids have many diverse functions, including the breakdown of proteins and lipids to produce glucose. Glucocorticoids also function to reduce inflammation and immune response. Mineralocorticoids, as their name suggests, are a group of hormones that help to regulate the concentration of mineral ions in the body.

Androgens, such as testosterone, are produced at low levels in the adrenal cortex to regulate the growth and activity of cells that are receptive to male hormones. In adult males, the amount of androgens produced by the testes is many times greater than the amount produced by the adrenal cortex, leading to the appearance of male secondary sex characteristics.

The adrenal medulla produces the hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine under stimulation by the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system. Both of these hormones help to increase the flow of blood to the brain and muscles to improve the “fight-or-flight” response to stress. These hormones also work to increase heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure while decreasing the flow of blood to and function of organs that are not involved in responding to emergencies.

The pancreas is a large gland located in the abdominal cavity just inferior and posterior to the stomach. The pancreas is considered to be a heterocrine gland as it contains both endocrine and exocrine tissue. The endocrine cells of the pancreas make up just about 1% of the total mass of the pancreas and are found in small groups throughout the pancreas called islets of Langerhans. Within these islets are 2 types of cells, alpha and beta cells. The alpha cells produce the hormone glucagon, which is responsible for raising blood glucose levels. Glucagon triggers muscle and liver cells to break down the polysaccharide glycogen to release glucose into the bloodstream. The beta cells produce the hormone insulin, which is responsible for lowering blood glucose levels after a meal. Insulin triggers the absorption of glucose from the blood into cells, where it is added to glycogen molecules for storage.

The  gonads, ovaries in females and testes in males are responsible for producing the sex hormones of the body. These sex hormones determine the secondary sex characteristics of adult females and adult males. The testes are a pair of ellipsoid organs found in the scrotum of males that produce the androgen testosterone in males after the start of puberty. Testosterone has effects on many parts of the body, including the muscles, bones, sex organs, and hair follicles. This hormone causes growth and increases in strength of the bones and muscles, including the accelerated growth of long bones during adolescence. During puberty, testosterone controls the growth and development of the sex organs and body hair of males, including pubic, chest, and facial hair of males. In men who have inherited genes for baldness testosterone triggers the onset androgenetic alopecia, commonly known as male pattern baldness.

The ovaries are a pair of almond-shaped glands located in the pelvic body cavity lateral and superior to the uterus in females. The ovaries produce the female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen. Progesterone is most active in females during ovulation and pregnancy where it maintains appropriate conditions in the human body to support  a developing fetus. Estrogens are a group of related hormones that function as the primary female sex hormones. The release of estrogen during puberty triggers the development of female secondary sex characteristics such as uterine development, breast development, and the growth of pubic hair. Estrogen also triggers the increased growth of bones during adolescence that lead to adult height and proportions.

The thymus gland is a soft, triangular-shaped organ found in the chest posterior to the sternum. The thymus produces hormones called thymosins that help to train and develop T-lymphocytes during fetal development and childhood. The T-lymphocytes produced in the thymus go on to protect the body from pathogens throughout a person’s entire life. The thymus becomes inactive during puberty and is slowly replaced by adipose tissue throughout a person’s life.

Other Hormone Producing Organs

In addition to the glands of the endocrine system, many other non-glandular organs and tissues in the body produce hormones as well. The cardiac muscle tissue of the heart is capable of producing the hormone atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in response to high blood pressure levels. ANP works to reduce blood pressure by triggering vasodilation to provide more space for the blood to travel through. ANP also reduces blood volume and pressure by causing water and salt to be excreted out of the blood by the kidneys.

The kidneys produce the hormone erythropoietin (EPO) in response to low levels of oxygen in the blood. EPO released by the kidneys travels to the red bone marrow where it stimulates an increased production of red blood cells. The number of red blood cells increase the oxygen carrying capacity of the blood, eventually ending the production of EPO.

In the digestive system, the hormones cholecystokinin (CCK), secretin, and gastrin are all produced by the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. CCK, secretin, and gastrin all help to regulate the secretion of pancreatic juice, bile, and gastric juice in response to the presence of food in the stomach. CCK is also instrumental in the sensation of satiety or “fullness” after eating a meal.

Adipose tissue produces the hormone leptin that is involved in the management of appetite and energy usage by the body. Leptin is produced at levels relative to the amount of adipose tissue in the body, allowing the brain to monitor the body’s energy storage condition.

When the body contains a sufficient level of adipose for energy storage, the level of leptin in the blood tells the brain that the body is not starving and adipose or leptin decreases below a certain threshold, the body enters starvation mode and attempts to conserve energy through increased hunger and food intake and decreased energy usage. Adipose tissue also produces very low levels of estrogens in both men and women. In obese people the large volume of adipose tissue may lead to abnormal estrogen levels.

In pregnant women, the placenta produces several hormones that help to maintain pregnancy. Progesterone is produced to relax the uterus, protect the fetus from the mother’s immune system and prevent premature delivery of the fetus. Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) assists progesterone by signaling the ovaries to maintain the production of estrogen and progesterone throughout pregnancy.

Local Hormones: Prostaglandins and leukotrienes are produced by every tissue in the body (except for blood tissue) in response to damaging stimuli. These two hormones mainly affect the cells that are local to the source of damage, leaving the rest of the body free to function normally.

Prostaglandins cause swelling, inflammation, increased pain sensitivity, and increased local body temperature to help block damaged regions of the body from infection or further damage. They act as the body’s natural bandages to keep pathogens out and swell around damaged joints like a natural cast to limit movement.

Leukotrienes help the body heal after prostaglandins have taken effect by reducing inflammation while helping white blood cells to move into the region to clean up pathogens and damaged tissues.

Physiology of the Endocrine System

Endocrine System vs. Nervous System Function

The endocrine system works alongside of the nervous system to form the control systems of the body. The nervous system provides a very fast and narrowly targeted system to turn on specific glands and muscles throughout the body. The endocrine system, on the much slower acting, but has very widespread, long lasting, and powerful effects. Hormones are distributed by glands through the bloodstream to the entire body, affecting any cell with a receptor for a particular hormone. Most hormones affect cells in several organs  throughout the entire body, leading to many diverse and powerful responses.

Hormone Properties

Once hormones have been produced by glands, they are distributed through the body via the bloodstream. As hormones travel through the body, they pass through cells or along the plasma membranes of cells until they encounter a receptor for that particular hormone. Hormones can only affect target cells that have the appropriate receptors. This property of hormones is known as specificity. Hormone specificity explains how each hormone can have specific effects in widespread parts of the body. Many hormones produced by the endocrine system are classified as tropic hormones. A tropic hormone is a hormone that is able to trigger the release of another hormone in another gland. Tropic hormones provide a pathway of control for hormone production as well as a way for glands to be controlled in distant regions of the body. Many of the hormones produced by the pituitary gland, such as TSH, ACTH, and FSH are tropic hormones.

Hormonal Regulation

The levels of hormones in the body can be regulated by several factors. The nervous system can control hormone levels through the action of the hypothalamus and its releasing and inhibiting hormones. For example, TRH produced by the hypothalamus stimulates the anterior pituitary to produce TSH.  Tropic hormones provide another level of control for the release of hormones. For example, TSH is a tropic hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4.  Nutrition can also control the levels of hormones in the body. For example, the thyroid hormones T3 and T4 require 3 or 4 iodine atoms, respectively, to be produced. In people lacking iodine in their diet, they will fail to produce sufficient levels of thyroid hormones to maintain a healthy metabolic rate. Finally, the number of receptors present in cells can be varied by cells in response to hormones. Cells that are exposed to high levels of hormones for extended periods of time can begin to reduce the number of receptors that they produce leading to reduced hormonal control of the cell.

Classes of Hormones

Hormones are classified into 2 categories depending on their chemical make-up and solubility, water-soluble and lipid-soluble hormones. Each of these classes of hormones has specific mechanisms for their function that dictate how they affect their target cells. Water-soluble hormones include the peptide and amino-acid hormones such as insulin, epinephrine, HGH, and oxytocin. As their name indicates, these hormones are soluble in water. Water-soluble hormones are unable to pass through the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane and are therefore dependent upon receptor molecules on the surface of cells. When a water-soluble hormone binds to a receptor molecule on the surface of a cell, it triggers a reaction inside of the cell. This reaction may change a factor inside of the cell such as the permeability of the membrane or the activation of another molecule. A common reaction is to cause molecules of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) to be synthesized from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) present in the cell. cAMP acts as a second messenger within the cell where it binds to a second receptor to change the function of the cell’s physiology.

Lipid-soluble hormones include the steroid hormones such as testosterone, estrogens, glucocorticoids, and mineralocorticoids. Because they are soluble in lipids, these hormones are able to pass directly through the phospholipid bilayer of the plasma membrane and bind directly to receptors inside the cell nucleus. Lipid-soluble hormones are able to directly control the function of a cell from these receptors, often triggering the transcription of particular genes in the DNA to produce “messenger RNAs (mRNAs)” that are used to make proteins that affect the cell’s growth and function. The endocrine system is a network of glands that produce and release hormones that help control many important body functions, especially the body’s ability to change calories into energy that powers cells and organs. The endocrine system influences how your heart beats how your bones and tissues grow, even your ability to make a baby. It plays a vital role in whether or not you develop diabetes, thyroid conditions, growth disorders, sexual dysfunction, and a host of other hormone-related disorders.

Glands of the Endocrine System

Each gland of the endocrine system releases specific hormones into your bloodstream. These hormones travel through your blood to other cells and help control or coordinate many body processes.

Endocrine glands include:

Adrenal glands: Two glands that sit on top of the kidneys that release the hormone cortisol

Hypothalamus: A part of the lower middle brain that tells the pituitary gland when to release hormones.

Ovaries: The female reproductive organs that release eggs and produce sex hormones.

Islet cells in the pancreas: Cells in the pancreas control the release of the hormones insulin and glucagon.

Parathyroid: Four tiny glands in the neck that play a role in bone development.

Pineal gland: A gland found near the center of the brain that may be linked to sleep patterns.

Pituitary gland: A gland found at the base of brain behind the sinuses. It is often called the “master gland” because it influences many other glands, especially the thyroid. Problems with the pituitary gland can affect bone growth, a woman’s menstrual cycles, and the release of breast milk.

Testes: The male reproductive glands that produce sperm and sex hormones.

Thymus: A gland in the upper chest that helps develops the body’s immune system early in life.

Thyroid: A butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck that controls metabolism.

Even the slightest hiccup with the function of one or more of these glands can throw off the delicate balance of hormones in your body and lead to an endocrine disorder, or far worse endocrine conditions.

Causes of Endocrine Disorders

Endocrine disorders are typically grouped into two categories.

A endocrine condition that results when a gland produces too much or too little of an endocrine hormone, called a hormone imbalance. A endocrine condition due to the development of lesions (such as nodules or tumors) in the endocrine system, which may or may not affect hormone levels. The endocrine feedback system helps control the balance of hormones in the bloodstream. If your body has too much or too little of a certain hormone, the feedback system signals the proper gland or glands to correct the problem. A hormone imbalance may occur if this feedback system has trouble keeping the right level of hormones in the bloodstream, or if your body doesn’t clear them out of the bloodstream properly.

Increased or decreased levels of endocrine hormone may be caused by:

A problem with the endocrine feedback system.

Failure of a gland to stimulate another gland to release hormones (for example, a problem with the hypothalamus can disrupt hormone production in the pituitary gland).

A genetic disorder, such as multiple endocrine meoplasia (MEN) or congenital hypothyroidism.

Infection.

Injury to an endocrine gland.

Tumor of an endocrine gland.

Most endocrine tumors and nodules (lumps) are noncancerous. They usually do not spread to other parts of the body. However, a tumor or nodule on the gland may interfere with the gland’s hormone production.

Types of Endocrine Disorders

There are many different types of endocrine disorders. Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder diagnosed in the U.S.

Adrenal insufficiency. The adrenal gland releases too little of the hormone cortisol and sometimes, aldosterone. Symptoms include fatigue, stomach upset, dehydration, and skin changes. Addison’s disease is a type of adrenal insufficiency.

Cushing’s disease. Overproduction of a pituitary gland hormone leads to an overactive adrenal gland. A similar condition called Cushing’s syndrome may occur in people, particular children, who take high doses of corticosteroid medications.

Gigantism (acromegaly) and other growth hormone problems. If the pituitary gland produces too much growth hormone, a child’s bones and body parts may grow abnormally fast

If growth hormone levels are too low, a child can stop growing in height.

Hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, leading to weight loss, fast heart rate, sweating, and nervousness. The most common cause for an overactive

thyroid is an autoimmune disorder called Grave’s disease.

Hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone, leading to fatigue,constipation, dry skin, and depression.  The underactive gland can cause slowed development in children. Some types of hypothyroidism are present at birth.

Hypopituitarism, The pituitary gland releases little or no hormones. It may be caused by a number of different diseases. Women with this condition may stop getting their periods.

Multiple endocrine neoplasia I and II (MEN I and MEN II), These rare, genetic conditions are passed down through families. They cause tumors of the parathyroid, adrenal, and thyroid glands, leading to overproduction of hormones.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), Overproduction of androgens interfere with the development of eggs and their release from the female ovaries. PCOS is a leading cause of infertility.

Precocious puberty, Abnormally early puberty that occurs when glands tell the body to release sex hormones too soon in life.

Steps to Endocrine System Health.

Here are 7 steps to a natural endocrine system health to keep you on a track for health and well-being. These steps are also crucial if you already have an endocrine imbalance to move you towards health and wellness.

Address Excessive Stress

We all know that stress is bad, yet changing our stressful lives while living in a culture that promotes stress is like swimming upstream. But just because something is hard, it doesn’t mean it can’t be done. Stress is a major cause of illness in the endocrine system. It zaps your adrenals, which can lead to adrenal fatigue. This is characterized by extreme fatigue, burn out, often times depression and sometimes insomnia. When you are stressed your adrenals produce the hormone cortisol. Consistent and excessive levels of cortisol can lead to many health problems, including heart disease, diabetes, extreme fatigue, weight gain and osteoporosis.

So be the fish that heads up river! Evaluate your life in order to simplify it. Do less! Then develop habits and practices that support your well-being, like TUF, yoga, Tai Qi, regular time spent in nature, relaxing vacations and regular movement. Find peace and time for rest and relaxation everyday and take back your time.

Avoid Environmental Toxins

We live in a toxic world. From poor air quality to harsh chemical cleaners to plastic bottled water’s, that are proven endocrine disruptors saturating our daily lives. There are countless endocrine disruptors that have been proven to cause many types of cancer, including ovarian cancer, thyroid cancer and breast cancer. You can avoid a lot of endocrine-disrupting chemicals by eating organic foods (many pesticides are endocrine disruptors), avoiding eating or drinking out of plastic containers, using only natural beauty products and natural household cleaners.

Here is a short list of toxins found in the environment that affect the endocrine system:

Bromides– found in hot tubs, bakery items, soft drinks, plastics and even soft drinks, they negatively affect the thyroid gland.

Triclosan -found in many cleaning products, anti-bacterial soaps, and beauty products it is a known endocrine disruptor, specifically for reproductive disorders.

Phthalates– commonly used to soften plastics and thus found in malleable plastics such as water bottles, as well as hairspray and nail polish.

And the list goes on…….

Support the Endocrine System with Adaptogen Herbs

Adaptogen herbs can be described as deep nourishment for our total well-being. They can build, tonify and nourish our system for increased overall health. Adaptogens are generally mild but persistent and effective in action. They are generally taken in large amounts over long periods of time. Adaptogens can be taken by most people for improved well-being, although it is important to correctly match the herb to the person. I often use adaptogen herbs for people with adrenal fatigue and thyroid disorders.

Some favorite adaptogens include:

Astragalus

Easily one of my most favorite herbs from Traditional Chinese Medicine, we consistently reach for astragalus for people who need gentle, nourishing herbs to support their overall health. We  often use astragalus with people who have adrenal fatigue, who frequently get colds and flus or have seasonal allergies.

Ashwagandha is a supreme herb for restoring endocrine system health. I often use it for people who are simultaneously burnt out and are having trouble getting a good night’s sleep. This can also be a very important herb for people with adrenal fatigue.

Licorice directly supports the adrenal glands (an important part of the endocrine system).

Eleuthero formerly called Siberian Ginseng, this little wonder can markedly improve a person’s stamina and well-being. This herb is perfect for athletes or for people who seemingly run a marathon each day of their life (work, home, school, etc).

Sleep– Habitual, deeply restful sleep is one of the most powerful things we can do to support endocrine system health. Even as little as one night of sleep deprivation creates a hormonal imbalance Yet, many people go night after night on too little quality sleep.  Many people I work with seem to think of a healthy night’s sleep as a luxury! Culturally we look heads down on those who “sleep too much” as being lazy and we tease them for being sleepy. But consistent restful sleep is not a luxury. It’s a foundation for your overall health and well-being. Restful sleep can actually make you more productive! I encourage you to look at your life and prioritize sleep to ensure you get enough.  Herbs and lifestyle changes can help support you if you are having difficulty falling asleep, or if you wake frequently in the night.

Healthy Eating for Endocrine Health– We believe strongly in a personalized diet. There is simply no one way for all people to eat. Someone may need more protein or fats in their diet, while another may do better on a diet based mainly on vegetables. However, there are a few key principles when considering how to eat in a way that supports the endocrine system. Sea vegetables are important sources of iodine, which is crucial to thyroid health and for preventing thyroid disorders. Goiters used to be much more commonplace in our society until iodine was added to salt. However, just because goiters have all but disappeared doesn’t mean that we have adequate iodine intake! Include seaweeds and healthy sources of sea vegetables into your diet weekly.

Nourishing Herbs for the Endocrine System– Creating regular “me time” when you luxuriously nourish yourself is like food for your soul (and your endocrine system). How often do you prioritize joy, rest and leisure in your life? How often do you regularly take care of your body with restorative practices like TUF, yoga, Tai Qi, Qi Gong, dancing, meditation and spending time in nature. What are you waiting for? Prioritize YOU and your good health

Burdock Root a nourishing herb, excellent for building and strengthening the entire system. High in a variety of minerals, especially iron. Specifically recommended as a tonic and a cleansing herb for the liver and lymph system. Often combined with dandelion root as a liver cleansing endocrine tonic tea. Completely non-toxic.

Dandelion considered the supreme herb for the liver, it both detoxifies an nourishes over the course of several weeks it will help cleanse and stimulate the liver. Completely safe and gentle though powerful in action. A tonic for the endocrine glands. Because of its taste, this bitter herb is best combined with better tasting herbs like licorice, ginger, sassafras, or sarsaparilla.

Nettle leaf an excellent liver and blood tonic, especially for young women. A powerfully effective herb yet completely benign and can be used over an extended period of time. Extremely high in minerals especially iron and calcium and thus enriches the blood and nourishes the nervous system. An excellent cleanser and aids the liver in its functions. It has a (green taste), which is easily improved with mints, lemon balm or lemon verbena.

Seaweed (lrish moss, kelp, dulse and related types) are exceptionally high in minerals and are considered one of the best foods for nourishing the endocrine glands.

Wild Yam is an important herb for the health of the liver and endocrine system. Its active constitutes include steroidal saponins which are important hormone precursors, especially of progesterone. Commonly used in formulas for the liver, endocrine glands and the female system. Safe to use for extended periods of time and has no residual side effects. When the goal is to promote fertility it should be taken during the first half of the menstrual cycle. When taken in doses of six  capsules per day daily through the entire cycle it is reputed to have a contraceptive effect. Wild Yam can be used for a variety of women’s issues including menstrual irregularity menstrual cramps, infertility, menopause and endometriosis, she notes an infusion is the strongest preparation to prevent miscarriage, because it relaxes the uterus and soothes the nerves.

Yellow dock, another building tonic herb for the liver rich in minerals, especially iron which is easily digestible. Considered one of the best liver detoxifiers and cleansers, enriching the blood and improving overall health.


Week 11 lntake

11..28..19

00:18:38 Melissa Vargas: sasofrasss ?
00:19:06 herbalbushhouse: sassafrass
00:19:16 Melissa Vargas: cool!
00:32:43 Aliyyah Blake: wait a clot from what?!
00:33:06 Aliyyah Blake: a blood clot coming out of what?
00:33:11 Aliyyah Blake: eww
00:33:21 Melissa Vargas: menstrual cycle
00:33:22 Aliyyah Blake: yea that’s right
00:33:33 Aliyyah Blake: its the old blood
00:34:01 Aliyyah Blake: and you said somebody had a parasite in it?!
00:34:31 Aliyyah Blake: yea by coming out of ur uterus?!?!
00:34:35 Aliyyah Blake: butj
00:34:38 Aliyyah Blake: but*
00:34:49 Aliyyah Blake: colon cleanse
00:39:30 Celesteal Light: yarrow?
00:39:32 Aliyyah Blake: cayeene
00:39:42 Aliyyah Blake: cayenne*
00:40:04 Aliyyah Blake: why are we trying to stop the bleeding
00:40:26 Aliyyah Blake: why is she bleeding
00:49:26 Melissa Vargas: right Melissa
01:01:00 Aliyyah Blake: I got mine when I was 9
01:01:12 Aliyyah Blake: it has to do with activity level too
01:02:10 Celesteal Light: Johnson and Johnsons did experiments on the kids in Puerto Rico putting Harmones in the chicken
01:02:28 Celesteal Light: children developing like crazy
01:02:34 Celesteal Light: breasts and all
01:04:04 Aliyyah Blake: tide used to be too strong& gave ppl infections & rashes
01:04:19 Celesteal Light: cake soap
01:04:29 Aliyyah Blake: country ppl do that
01:04:42 Aliyyah Blake: gettin that dirt off
01:04:42 Jamee Jory: what causes period poops? Like after you start, your colon releases also?
01:04:50 Aliyyah Blake: yea u just ppl a little bit n there
01:04:54 Celesteal Light: Bleach Bath Wow
01:04:58 Celesteal Light: kinky
01:05:11 Aliyyah Blake: its just like a few caps fulls
01:05:17 Aliyyah Blake: not nothing crazy
01:05:24 Aliyyah Blake: cramps
01:05:32 Aliyyah Blake: the uterus
01:05:36 Celesteal Light: Bdsm
01:05:38 Celesteal Light: lol
01:07:16 Aliyyah Blake: I need a sugar anonymous group
01:07:36 Jamee Jory: I started yesterday. Plant based, no vegan trash food, no alcohol (except today and Christmas).
01:07:38 Melissa Vargas: Lmao! @aliyahh
01:08:30 Jamee Jory: I ❤ this group! 😂
01:08:42 Melissa Vargas: my family giving me side eye cuz we talking about periods and they eating lol
01:09:48 Melissa H: HA @melissa
01:10:05 Melissa H: There are memes about you coming next Thanksgiving
01:13:31 Jamee Jory: I heard half your body weight in ounces for water
01:28:17 Melissa Vargas: grapefruit oregano and lime is the best spice blend for anything


dlscusslon

00:09:37 Celesteal Light: environment
00:09:53 Celesteal Light: eco system
00:09:55 jazmin sadler: rainforest
00:11:11 Celesteal Light: deserts
00:11:22 Celesteal Light: dry
00:11:22 jazmin sadler: dry
00:11:23 Yoanne I: dry
00:12:55 jazmin sadler: it fluctuates
00:14:57 Desiree A: tundra
00:15:15 jazmin sadler: grasslands
00:15:16 Melissa H: Swamp
00:17:06 Desiree A: yes
00:17:11 Yoanne I: yes
00:17:11 Celesteal Light: yes
00:17:20 Celesteal Light: facts
00:20:34 Celesteal Light: The same as artificial insemination. much harmones needed
00:20:44 Celesteal Light: to keep the babies
00:21:22 Celesteal Light: The babies are affected by the chemicals
00:25:11 Celesteal Light: Blood
00:25:15 Yoanne I: lymph blood
00:25:25 Aliyyah Blake: the brain
00:25:36 Yoanne I: digestive tract
00:25:45 Aliyyah Blake: the skin
00:25:50 Aliyyah Blake: oh
00:28:25 Celesteal Light: pdp
00:28:26 Aliyyah Blake: that flu shot
00:28:35 Aliyyah Blake: wth is that
00:28:44 Celesteal Light: its a bacteria
00:28:49 Yoanne I: it’s not required…
00:28:51 Celesteal Light: used to find if someone has
00:28:52 Aliyyah Blake: oh naw
00:29:17 Celesteal Light: TB
00:29:25 Yoanne I: you can wear a mask instead of taking the flu shot…I never take that shit
00:29:38 Celesteal Light: yup
00:29:43 Celesteal Light: I had to as well
00:29:54 Celesteal Light: I took a different approach
00:30:17 Yoanne I: yes
00:30:18 jazmin sadler: yes
00:30:28 Celesteal Light: ask that again please
00:30:31 Aliyyah Blake: no
00:30:33 Yoanne I: the body is trying to get rid of something
00:31:09 Celesteal Light: depending on the Biome
00:31:12 Celesteal Light: right?
00:31:20 Celesteal Light: the body’s condition
00:31:45 Yoanne I: could be a blockages somewhere
00:33:01 Celesteal Light: oooohhhh
00:36:48 Celesteal Light: lava
00:36:52 Celesteal Light: lol wild guess
00:36:52 Melissa H: roots of trees, branches, etc
00:36:56 Yoanne I: river
00:36:56 jazmin sadler: roots!
00:36:58 Celesteal Light: hahahha
00:37:15 Yoanne I: yea
00:38:21 Celesteal Light: more
00:38:27 Desiree A: I think it’s accurate because a lot of systems use water in the body
00:38:33 jazmin sadler: I agree with the 70 percent
00:38:49 Celesteal Light: oceans
00:38:56 jazmin sadler: river oceans
00:39:02 jazmin sadler: lakes
00:39:05 Celesteal Light: ice
00:39:25 Celesteal Light: catch basins
00:39:39 Celesteal Light: okay
00:40:06 Celesteal Light: clouds
00:40:13 jazmin sadler: mist
00:40:13 Celesteal Light: vapor
00:40:23 jazmin sadler: true lol
00:40:31 Celesteal Light: 90%
00:40:38 Celesteal Light: oooh snap I was right lol
00:43:00 Celesteal Light: there are plants under water
00:43:19 Celesteal Light: Cleanse Ocean and Air
00:43:21 Yoanne I: bladderwrack
00:44:06 Celesteal Light: mineral s
00:46:40 Yoanne I: is she taking chemo in a pill form
00:47:36 Aliyyah Blake: did something change in her environment?
00:48:12 Aliyyah Blake: the air quality in her house?
00:48:16 Yoanne I: well the cigarettes are going to make it hard for her cells to regenerate also
00:48:35 Aliyyah Blake: she needs to stop vaping!!!
00:48:56 Celesteal Light: parasite
00:48:59 Celesteal Light: maybe
00:49:03 Aliyyah Blake: she needs to stop all of that
00:49:39 Celesteal Light: people walk in with all kinds of stuff on contact.
00:50:06 Aliyyah Blake: she pickin up on their energy
00:50:12 Celesteal Light: draining her energy
00:50:29 Yoanne I: yes she needs to protect her energy aswell
00:50:57 Aliyyah Blake: the bone
00:51:00 Celesteal Light: Bones
00:51:01 Yoanne I: bone marrow
00:51:50 Celesteal Light: can you re list the Herbs
00:51:53 Celesteal Light: please
00:51:59 Celesteal Light: how many parts each
00:53:02 Yoanne I: cramp bark
00:53:09 Melissa Vargas: right lol
00:56:24 Yoanne I: liver is digestive isn’t it
00:57:13 Celesteal Light: Healing Crisis
00:57:18 Celesteal Light: Catnip!
00:57:21 Celesteal Light: for Sleep
00:57:26 Celesteal Light: resting
00:57:40 Celesteal Light: Quit her Job
00:58:21 Desiree A: Right
00:58:22 Celesteal Light: Medical leave
00:58:54 Celesteal Light: change jobs
00:59:27 Desiree A: hematologist
01:00:06 Celesteal Light: energize the body
01:00:35 Desiree A: colon
01:00:46 Celesteal Light: probiotics
01:01:04 Celesteal Light: hey!
01:03:35 Desiree A: what are signs Your colon cleanse is effective?
01:05:02 Melissa Vargas: right
01:05:47 Celesteal Light: Quarantine? Cut everyone off to heal?
01:07:07 Brittany Rolle: they sound like they’re just trying to gain another customer for life
01:07:43 Yoanne I: @desiree your poop is super long it has trouble being flushed down the toilet….lol I know that TMI
01:08:05 Yoanne I: that’s a great colon cleanse
01:10:20 Celesteal Light: Could Cayenne pepper Aid?
01:10:35 Desiree A: @Yoanna I lol there is no TMI here 😂 That is a good cleanse though
01:10:47 Desiree A: cayenne assists with the circulation
01:13:04 Celesteal Light: okay
01:14:43 Celesteal Light: sea moss
01:14:51 Celesteal Light: cactus powder
01:17:40 Yoanne I: no
01:17:45 Yoanne I: grassland
01:17:58 Celesteal Light: lol
01:19:15 Celesteal Light: 🌋 Hot
01:19:17 Celesteal Light: lol
01:25:52 jazmin sadler: true! you don’t need the brain to live
01:25:56 Celesteal Light: Heart stops everything stops
01:26:11 Melissa Vargas: so this is why we need to stop thinking…
01:26:16 Celesteal Light: brain stops Heart keeps body alive
01:26:48 Celesteal Light: we learn from each other
01:33:43 Melissa Vargas: will smith IS A great example of feeling
01:38:15 Desiree A: right sounds and touch
01:43:18 Melissa Vargas: that’s the intimate part we run away from
01:44:00 Melissa Vargas: I feel like its also a part of us living in the past
01:45:40 Celesteal Light: talk to me too 🤙
01:45:54 Celesteal Light: I have to accept the energy that I am
01:48:52 Celesteal Light: Ego
01:48:53 Desiree A: not in Your heart of hearts though 😂📍
01:48:58 Desiree A: 😂
01:49:10 Celesteal Light: lol ❤of ❤🙏🏽
01:49:19 Desiree A: might need a liver detox for that anger lol
01:49:22 Celesteal Light: dang sis lol 😂
01:49:39 Celesteal Light: communication
01:50:10 Yoanne I: nope I’m not angry… just an honest question
01:55:53 jazmin sadler: wow.. def gonna watch that.. what was the name again?
01:56:19 Tamara Albertini: green frontier
01:59:10 Melissa Vargas: ovaries
01:59:21 Celesteal Light: Heart
01:59:22 Melissa Vargas: blood cells
01:59:25 Celesteal Light: red
02:00:21 Celesteal Light: Okay Blood
02:00:30 Desiree A: air
02:05:49 Celesteal Light: lol
02:08:05 Melissa Vargas: smh
02:08:33 Melissa Vargas: they said that about papayas though
02:08:40 Melissa Vargas: yes we do
02:09:13 Desiree A: some of them have pesticides
02:09:16 Desiree A: the tea bags
02:11:19 Celesteal Light: huh
02:11:22 Jamee Jory: I’m open
02:11:25 Celesteal Light: say that again?
02:11:28 Desiree A: i’m going to be traveling
02:11:38 Yoanne I: I’m open to class
02:11:39 Melissa Vargas: class
02:11:50 jazmin sadler: class
02:11:56 Hannah Sydney: class
02:12:13 Celesteal Light: same time
02:12:32 Jamee Jory: goodnight
02:12:33 Celesteal Light: good night
02:12:37 Desiree A: good evening everyone

Biomes.. Week 11 words

Biome

A biome is a large geographical area of distinctive plant and animal groups, which are adapted to that particular environment. The climate and geography of a region determines what type of biome can exist in that region. Major biomes include deserts, forests, grasslands, tundra, and several types of aquatic environments. Each biome consists of many ecosystems whose communities have adapted to the small differences in climate and the environment inside the biome.   All living things are closely related to their environment. Any change in one part of an environment, like an increase or decrease of a species of animal or plant, causes a ripple effect of change through other parts of the environment. The earth includes a huge variety of living things, from complex plants and animals to very simple, one-celled organisms but large or small, simple or complex, no organism lives alone. Each depends in some way on other living and so called nonliving things in its surroundings.

To understand a world biome, you need to know: What the climate of the region is like. Where each biome is found and what its geography is like. The special adaptations of the vegetation. The types of animals found in the biome and their physical and behavioral adaptations to their environment.   Ecological Relationships of Biomes. The survival and well-being of a biome and its organisms dependn on the ecologyical relationship thruoghout the world. Even changes in distant parts of the world and its atmosphere affect our environment and us. The eruption of a volcano in mexico or Southeast Asia can bring the temperature of the whole world down a few degrees. Before we go further let us do some earth facts. (look 2 dem numbers)) Earth is the third planet, and 93.000,000 miles (150,000,000 km.) from the sun. It is estimated to be over 4.5 billion years old. The planet rotates once every 23 hours, 56 minutes, and 4.09 seconds, It makes one full revolution around the sun every 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes, and 9.45 seconds. Earth’s axis is tilted at a 23.5 angle. Earth has a total surface area around 196, 80 00 square miles. approximately 573 surface area is land. Water covers approximately 139,500,000 square miles, or 71% of the total surface area.  

The highest temperatures on Earth have reached 136 F (58″ C) at Libya. Temperatures of – 128 F (-89° C) have been recorded at Vostok station in Antarctica. The atmosphere is a thin, gaseous layer of air that envelops the planet. Its inner layer is called the troposphere and reaches only 11 miles above sea level. It contains most of the planet’s air, which consists of nitrogen (78%) and oxygen (21%). The stratosphere, or outer layer, stretches 11-30 miles above sea level and contains ozone (O3) Ozone filters out most of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation. More than 99% of earth’s atmosphere is less than 50 miles (80 km.) high. However, particles of the atmosphere are found 1.000 miles (1,600 km.) in space above the planet’s surface.  

Our Sun The source of energy for life. Solar energy drives the climate and weather systems of our planet. The sun is a huge ball of hydrogen (72%) and helium (28%) gases. Tremendous pressure and temperatures in its inner core fuses the hydrogen nuclei and forms helium, releasing enormous amounts of energy. This energy travels at the speed of light and reaches Earth in slightly more than 8 minutes. Earth receives only about one billionth of the sun’s energy. About 34% of the solar energy reaching the troposphere is reflected back in space by clouds, dust, chemicals. Most of the energy reaches the troposphere as visible light, infrared radiation, small amount of ultraviolet radiation that wasn’t absorbed by the stratosphere. This reflected solar radiation is turned into infrared radiation, or heat. heat-trapping gasses like water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone affect the speed at which this radiation is returned to space. Without these gasses, known as the natural greenhouse effect, heat would immediately return to space, making it as cold as mars.    

Living Earth Earth is truly a remarkable planet. It is the only planet in our solar system that has the components necessary to support life as we know of. The planet is only a tiny part of the universe, but it is our home along with many other organisms. Animals and plants live almost everywhere on the surface of the planet. We can live on Earth because it has an atmosphere. The atmosphere moderate daytime and nighttime temperature swings. The atmosphere filters radiant energy during the day, preventing the surface from overheating. At night the atmosphere prevents most of the radiant heat from escaping back into space, keeping the surface warn. Plants play the most important part in the cycle of nature. Without plants, there would be no life on earth, with that said without the five elements there would be no plants. They are the primary producers that sustain all other life forms. This is so because plants are the only organisms that can make their own food. Animals, incapable of making their own food, depend directly or indirectly on plants for their supply of food. All animals and the foods they eat can be traced back to plants.   The oxygen we breathe comes from plants. Through photosynthesis, plants take energy from the sun, carbon dioxide from the air, and water and minerals from the soil. They then give off water and oxygen. Animals and other non-producers take part in this cycle through respiration. Respiration is the process where oxygen is used by organisms to release energy from food, and carbon dioxide is given off. The cycles of photosynthesis and respiration help maintain the earth’s natural balance of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water. Leaves are the main food-making part of most plants. They capture energy from sunlight, and turn water and carbon dioxide into sugar and starch. This sugar and starch becomes the food that provides plants with energy to grow, to produce flowers and seeds, and carry on their other life processes.    

Energy (Medicine)

Plants are still used to make quinine, a drug used to treat malaria and other conditions, another drug called digitalis is used in the treatment of heart dlsease which is made from the dried leaves of the purple foxglove plant and the roots of the mexican wild yam are used in producing cortisone , a drug used in treating arthritis and a number of other dlseases. Classifications Organisms are classified according to how closely they are related. Large groups are broken down into smaller groups. In the plant kingdom the largest unit of classification. There are five kingdoms in nature. There are two main groups of animalia (animal kingdom), vertebrates (have spinal cord) .. fish, reptiles, mammals …. and invertebrates (without spinal cord) jelly fish, worms, spiders …. Animals which live within the same species group and occupy the same area at a time are part of the population and all members of the same population have certain traits in common. Many populations can live in the same area because each species fills a specific role of that community ( look at it as purpose) this role is called a niche, each plant and animal is called a niche in the ecological community and is important to the survival of others. Limiting factors on land include temperature, water, light, competition (which there is none when you know wat you are) and soil. The amount of sunlight (fire) and rainfall (water) wind (air), space (ether) and soil (earth) are the main factors for all life be it plant or animal.    

World climate zones Why one area of the world is desert, another grassland, or rainforest, the answer is climate. Two most important factors determining an area’s climate are temperature and precipitation. Our climate system is based on the location of these hot and cold air-mass regions and the atmospheric circulation created by Trade winds and Westerlies. Trade winds north of the equator blow from the northeast. South of the equator, they blow from the southeast. The trade winds of the two hemispheres meet near the equator, causing the air to rise. As the rising air cools, clouds and rain develop. The resulting bands of cloudy and rainy weather near the equator create tropical conditions. Westerlies blow from the southwest on the Northern Hemisphere and from the northwest in the Southern Hemisphere. Westerlies steer storms from west to east across middle latitudes. Both westerlies and trade winds blow away from the 30 degree latitude belt. Over large areas centered at 30 degree latitude surface winds are light. Air slowly descends to replace the air that blows away. Any moisture the air contains evaporates in the intense heat. The tropical deserts, such as the Sahara of Africa and the Sonoran of Mexico, exist under these regions. Seasons The earth rotates about its axis, which is tilted at 23.5 degrees. This tilt and the sun’s radiation result in the earth’s seasons. The sun emits rays that hit the earth’s surface at different angles. These rays transmit the highest level of energy when they strike the earth at a right angle (90 degrees ). Temperatures in these areas tend to be the hottest places on earth. Other locations, where the sun’s rays hit at lesser angles, tend to be cooler. As the Earth rotates on its tilted axis around the sun, different parts of the earth receive higher and lower levels of radiant energy. This creates the seasons.    

The koppen climate classification system recognizes five major climates types based on annual and monthly averages of temperature and precipitation. Each is designated with capital letter. A- moist tropical climate.B- dry climates.C- humid middle latitude climate.D- continental climates.E- cold climates.F- moist, no dry season.S- there is a dry season in the summer.W- there is a wet season in the winter.There are three different climate groups.Group ILow-latitude Climates: These climates are controlled by equatorial a tropical air masses. Tropical Moist Climates (Af) rainforest. Rainfall is heavy in all months. The total annual rainfall is often more than 250 cm. (100 in.). There are seasonal differences in monthly rainfall but temperatures of 27°C (80°F) mostly stay the same. Humidity is between 77 and 88%. High surface heat and humidity cause cumulus clouds to form early in the afternoons almost every day. The climates on eastern sides of continents are influenced by maritime tropical air masses. These air masses flow out from the moist western sides of oceanic high-pressure cells, and bring lots of summer rainfall. The summers are warm and very humid. It also rains a lot in the winter. Average temperature: 18 °C (°F) Annual Precipitation: 262 cm. (103 in.) Latitude Range: 10° S to 25N Global Position: Amazon Basin; Congo Basin of equatorial Africa, East Indies, from Sumatra to New Guinea.  

Wet-Dry Tropical Climates (Aw) savanna. A seasonal change occurs between wet tropical air masses and dry tropical air masses. As a result, there is a very wet season and a very dry season. Trade winds dominate during the dry season. It gets a little cooler during this dry season but will become very hot just before the wet season Temperature Range: 16 °C. Annual Precipitation: 0.25 cm. (0.1 in.). All months less than 0.25 cm. (0.1 in.). Latitude Range: 15 “to 25 N and S. Global Range: India, Indochina, West Africa, southern Africa, South America and the north coast of Australia.   Dry Tropical Climate (BW) desert biome. These desert climates are found in low-latitude deserts approximately between 18 to 28° in both hemispheres These latitude belts are centered on the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, which lie just north and south of the equator. They coincide with the edge of the equatorial subtropical high pressure belt and trade winds. Winds are light, which allows for the evaporation of moisture in the intense heat. They generally flow downward so the area is seldom penetrated by air masses that produce rain. This makes for a very dry heat. The dry arid desert is a true desert climate, and covers 12 % of the Earth’s land surface. Temperature Range: 16 C Annual Precipitation: 025 cm (0.1 in) All months less than 025 cm (01 in). Latitude Range: 15°-25° N and S.  

Global Range: southwestern United States and northern Mexico, Argentina, north Africa, south Africa, central part of Australia. Group IIMid-latitude Climates: Climates in this zone are affected by two different air-masses. The tropical air-masses are moving towards the poles and the polar air-masses are moving towards the equator. These two air masses are in constant conflict. Either air mass may dominate the area, but neither has exclusive control. Dry Mid latitude Climates (BS) steppe Characterized by grasslands, this is a semiarid climate. It can be found between the desert climate (BW) and more humid climates of the A, C, and D groups If it received less rain, the steppe would be classified as an arid desert. With more rain, it would be classified as a tallgrass prairie. This dry climate exists in the interior regions of the North American and Eurasian continents. Moist ocean air masses are blocked by mountain ranges to the west and south. These mountain ranges also trap polar air in winter, making winters very cold. Summers are warm to hot. Temperature Range: 24 C (43 F). Annual Precipitation: less than 10 cm (4 in) in the driest regions to 50 cm (20 in) in the moister steppes. Latitude Range 358 55 N. Global Range: Western North America (Great Basin, Columbia Plateau, Great Plains), Eurasian interior, from steppes of eastern Europe to the Gobi Desert and North China.  

Mediterranean Climate (Cs) chaparral biome. This is a wet-winter, dry-summer climate. Extremely dry summers are caused by the sinking air of the subtropical highs and may last for up to five months. Plants have adapted to the extreme difference in rainfall and temperature between winter and summer seasons. Sclerophyll (woody plants with evergreen leaves that are thick and tough in order to reduce water loss) plants range in formations from forests, to woodland, and scrub. Eucalyptus forests cover most of the chaparral biome in Australia. Fires occur frequently in Mediterranean climate zones. Temperature Range: 7 °C (12 F). Annual Precipitation 42 cm (17 in). Latitude Range, 30°-50° N and S. Global Position: central and southern California; coastal zones bordering the Mediterranean Sea, coastal Western Australia and South Australia; Chilean coast; Cape Town region of South Africa.   Dry Mid latitude Climates (Bs) grasslands biome These dry climates are limited to the interiors of North America and Eurasia. Ocean air masses are blocked by mountain ranges to the west and south. This allows polar air masses to dominate in winter months. In the summer, a local continental air mass is dominant with a small amount of rain falls during this season. Annual temperatures range widely. Summers are warm to hot, but winters are cold. Temperature Range: 31″C 56F) Annual Precipitation: 81 cm (32 in.) Latitude Range: 30 – 55 N and S Global Position: western North America (Great Basin, Columbia Plateau, Great Plains); Eurasian interior  

Moist Continental Climate (Cf) Deciduous Forest biome. This climate is in the polar front zone- the battleground of polar and tropical air masses. Seasonal changes between summer and winter are very large. Daily temperatures change often. Abundant precipitation falls throughout the year. It is increased in the summer season by invading tropical air masses. Cold winters are caused by polar and arctic masses moving south. Temperature Range: 31°C (56. Average Annual Precipitation: 81 cm (32 in). Latitude Range: 30-55e N and S (Europe: 45° – 60 N). Global Position: eastern parts of the United States and southern Canada; northern China, Korea, Japan, central and eastern Europe.   Group IIIHigh-latitude climates: Polar and arctic air masses dominate these regions. Canada and Siberia are two air-mass sources which fall into this group. A southern hemisphere counterpart to these continental centers does not exist. Air masses of arctic origin meet polar continental air masses along the 60th and 70th parallels. Boreal forest Climate (taiga biome) continental climate with long, very cold winters, and short, cool summers. This climate is found in the polar air mass region. Very cold air masses from the arctic often move in. The temperature range is larger than any other climate mass. Precipitation increases during summer months, although annual precipitation is still small. Much of the boreal forest climate is considered humid. However, large areas in western Canada and Siberia receive very little precipitation and fall into the sub humid or semiarid climate type. Temperature Range: 41 °C (74 ℉), lows:-25 °C (-14°F) highs, 16″C (60°F). Average Annual Precipitation- 31 cm (12 in). Latitude Range: 50- 70° N and S. Global Position: central and western Alaska; Canada, from the Yukon Territory to Labrador, Eurasia, from northern Europe across all of Siberia to the Pacific Ocean.  

Tundra Climate (E) tundra biome The tundra climate is found along arctic coastal areas. Polar and arctic air masses dominate the tundra climate. The winter season is long and severe. A short, mild season exists, but not a true summer season. Moderating ocean winds keep the temperatures from being as severe as interior regions Temperature Range-22″С to 6°C (-10°F to 41F). Average Annual Precipitation: 20 cm (8 in). Latitude Range: 60°-75° N. Global Position: arctic zone of North America; Hudson Bay region. Greenland coast, northern Siberia bordering the Arctic Ocean.   Highland Climate (H) Alpine Biome Highland climates are cool to cold, found in mountains and high plateaus. Climates change rapidly on mountains, becoming colder the higher the altitude gets. The climate of a highland area is closely related to the climate of the surrounding biome. The highlands have the same seasons and wet and dry periods as the biome they are in Mountain climates are very important to mid-latitude biomes. They work as water storage areas. Snow is kept back until spring and summer when it is released slowly as water through melting Temperature Range:-18 °C to 10°C (-2″F to 50°F). Average Annual Precipitation: 23 cm (9 in.). Latitude Range: found all over the world. Global Poston Rocky Mountain Range n North America, the Andean mountain ranges in Europe, Mt. Kilimanjaro in Africa, the Himalayas in Tibet, Mt. Fuji in Japan.  

What Does Adaptation Mean?

The special characteristics that enable plants and animals to be successful in a particular environment are called adaptations. Camouflage, as in a toad’s ability to blend in with its surroundings, is a common example of an adaptation. The combination of bright orange and black on a monarch butterfly is an adaptation to warn potential predators that the butterfly is poisonous and prevent it from being eaten. These special features have evolved over long periods of time, through the process of natural selection. Adaptations afford the organism a better chance to survive in its surroundings. Types of biomes on planet earth. Just check out the links

Ocean biome: https://youtu.be/Cy-hx61ZjKs

Savanna biome: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=huDRtKZcHAA&authuser=0

Temperate deciduous biome: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtpRrOjjSZU&authuser=0

Coral reef biome: https://youtu.be/wbNeIn3vVKM

Wetland biome: https://youtu.be/ft_2nj96jLM

Desert biome: https://youtu.be/l3iqOBaCsMs

Tundra biome: https://youtu.be/4b91MGt-Bg4

Taiga biome: https://youtu.be/gN4PRKZdP5Q

Chaparral biome: https://youtu.be/PI6tgQjZHGg

Freshwater biome: https://youtu.be/b2zhAJimmhU

Grassland biome: https://youtu.be/0OWYOgXMxdk

Tropical rainforest biome: https://youtu.be/wmEO4Rd–Sc


Intake 11/21

00:13:37	Desiree A:	😆😆😆
00:25:27	Desiree A:	Yes, they are probably backed up
00:25:49	Aliyyah Blake:	lymphatic system 
00:26:32	Aliyyah Blake:	the liver
00:27:08	Yoanne:	will need cascara to move things out the body
00:33:51	Jamee Jory:	I'm confused by Comfrey being illegal.  Both Herbs of Mexico and my co-op sell it. Is it just illegal in certain states?
00:42:43	Yoanne:	can’t seem to get my mic on
00:44:36	Melissa Vargas:	earth dominant
00:45:36	Yoanne:	loosing ether
00:46:39	Desiree A:	fat
00:46:43	Aliyyah Blake:	tissue
00:46:48	Aliyyah Blake:	kind of
00:47:10	Aliyyah Blake:	the muscle is behind the tissue
00:47:17	Aliyyah Blake:	the muscles ateophy
00:47:22	Aliyyah Blake:	atrophy
00:47:26	Yoanne:	shorten
00:47:35	Aliyyah Blake:	they sag
00:47:43	Aliyyah Blake:	the muscles r weak
00:47:59	Aliyyah Blake:	protection
00:48:04	Aliyyah Blake:	its a shield
00:48:17	Yoanne:	lol
01:06:39	Desiree A:	I've heard that You can't ingest Arnica also
01:19:05	Melissa Vargas:	head
01:19:18	Desiree A:	everywhere there is hair?
01:19:35	Melissa Vargas:	I was thinking hair too
01:21:17	Desiree A:	genital lice lmao
01:21:29	Aliyyah Blake:	pubic lice
01:21:40	Aliyyah Blake:	hey need an environment to move around in
01:21:53	Aliyyah Blake:	our hair is too much
01:23:10	Aliyyah Blake:	yea u get it from ppl
01:24:07	Aliyyah Blake:	outside
01:25:19	Aliyyah Blake:	🤣🤣
01:25:22	Aliyyah Blake:	damn
01:29:03	Aliyyah Blake:	what part of the body was grasslands? 
01:29:20	Aliyyah Blake:	hair & skin
01:31:19	Desiree A:	I always wake up 15 mins before my alarm lol 
01:40:48	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:59:46	Aliyyah Blake:	can she swim?
02:01:47	Aliyyah Blake:	cherries 
02:02:56	Aliyyah Blake:	bleach kills germs
02:03:50	Jamee Jory:	Salt floats will help with relaxing and meditating. 
02:04:07	Aliyyah Blake:	salt water pools
02:05:15	Aliyyah Blake:	isnt that what yoga does? 
02:07:06	Jamee Jory:	Yes. I was gonna suggest yoga/stretching too
02:07:34	Jamee Jory:	lymphatic massage?
02:08:05	Tamara Albertini:	yes Jamee! that would def help
02:08:07	Aliyyah Blake:	nutrients
02:33:44	Aliyyah Blake:	did u post the salve video already?
02:36:16	Desiree A:	Would You want to make Your own dressings?
02:37:43	Aliyyah Blake:	cum quats?
02:39:06	Melissa Vargas:	i post recipes on my Instagram .. 
02:39:23	Aliyyah Blake:	smoothie bowls
02:39:47	Yoanne:	cum quarts ...what’s that
02:39:51	Aliyyah Blake:	fruit salads
02:40:30	herbalbushhouse:	✊🏿
02:42:42	Aliyyah Blake:	 does she like spicy food?
02:42:54	Aliyyah Blake:	ok ttyl


dlscusslon 11..19..19

00:09:55	Melissa Vargas:	true
00:10:35	Jamee Jory:	Video or it never happened! 😂😂😂
00:10:39	Melissa Vargas:	lol!!!
00:10:54	Melissa Vargas:	peeps I was not aware of this... haha
00:10:54	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂
00:11:06	Melissa Vargas:	right jamee
00:11:23	Brittany Rolle:	get your waistline ready 😂😂😂
00:11:29	Melissa Vargas:	hahaha yes
00:11:35	Tamara Albertini:	😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😂
00:11:43	Melissa Howell:	Hahaha. 
00:11:47	Melissa Howell:	Yes Jamee
00:12:45	Melissa Vargas:	haha
00:12:58	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥
00:13:44	Melissa H:	Yep. Learned that when I played basketball. Watch the waist
00:14:00	Melissa Vargas:	oh wow
00:14:10	Melissa Vargas:	oxygen 
00:16:21	Melissa Vargas:	arthritis 
00:16:28	Desiree A:	scoliosis?
00:17:30	Melissa Vargas:	too much air? 
00:17:34	Melissa H:	It's weakened in some areas and overcompensating in others
00:18:51	Melissa Vargas:	air
00:19:46	Melissa H:	nervous
00:19:53	Tamara Albertini:	nervous
00:27:35	Tamara Albertini:	well said!
00:29:29	Tamara Albertini:	body is working as a whole
00:38:32	Melissa Vargas:	smh!
00:41:48	Melissa Vargas:	yes!!
00:41:57	Tamara Albertini:	every sport needs a Herbalist on the team
00:42:01	Melissa Vargas:	girl you on top of it
00:43:19	Aliyyah Blake:	🤣🤣🤦🏾‍♀️ 
00:46:49	Tamara Albertini:	yea that tea is the truth!
00:47:49	Tamara Albertini:	good question!
00:47:55	Tamara Albertini:	scar tissue
00:50:52	Tamara Albertini:	wow
00:52:52	Brittany Rolle:	happened to me twice when I got my navel pierced and had to take it out
00:54:09	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥
00:54:13	Tamara Albertini:	right!
00:55:37	Melissa Vargas:	lol 
00:55:42	Tamara Albertini:	well alright now
00:55:45	Tamara Albertini:	😂
00:57:55	Melissa Vargas:	lol!
00:58:27	Aliyyah Blake:	😩😩 I'm bout to get another one 
00:58:32	Tamara Albertini:	good observation
00:58:34	Melissa Vargas:	wow!
00:58:40	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥
00:58:49	Aliyyah Blake:	damn
00:58:55	Melissa Vargas:	damn ...
00:59:08	Tamara Albertini:	😂😂😂
00:59:14	Tamara Albertini:	lololol
00:59:17	Melissa Vargas:	HAHAHA
00:59:24	Desiree A:	😂😂😂
00:59:56	Desiree A:	plant based ink? 🤔
01:01:18	Tamara Albertini:	the ink will be stored somewhere in the body
01:01:31	Melissa Vargas:	He putting all of us on the spot lmao 
01:01:34	Brittany Rolle:	I feel bad now 😂😂
01:02:09	Melissa Vargas:	wth! lol 
01:02:21	Tamara Albertini:	😂😂 for real!
01:03:15	Tamara Albertini:	😂😂😂
01:03:25	Melissa Vargas:	lol!! jazmin!!
01:03:32	Melissa Vargas:	I'm dying 
01:03:43	Brittany Rolle:	I have the permanent metal retainer behind my teeth after braces... now I wanna take this out
01:04:10	Tamara Albertini:	yea I got a full extraction with one tooth no root canal...it was a back tooth
01:04:12	Melissa Vargas:	listen I had braces, rubber bands, all dat ... 
01:05:38	Tamara Albertini:	right the body will know what to do
01:07:09	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥🔥🔥🔥
01:09:34	Desiree A:	Right, to Ancient cultures
01:19:55	Melissa Vargas:	there are no straight line in nature though
01:24:24	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥
01:28:13	Tamara Albertini:	yes def
01:28:28	Tamara Albertini:	she can also put I let in oil (base oil)
01:29:18	Tamara Albertini:	coconut or olive
01:30:37	Melissa Vargas:	lol!!
01:30:46	Melissa Vargas:	right
01:31:03	Brittany Rolle:	they have an oxygen bar in India now where you pay to inhale scented oxygen
01:31:57	Melissa Vargas:	that's crazy Brittany 
01:38:09	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥
01:39:37	Brittany Rolle:	And the Gregorian calendar that we follow is not true as well
01:42:36	Tamara Albertini:	🔥🔥🔥🌱
01:43:06	Tamara Albertini:	control
01:43:19	Brittany Rolle:	yes!
01:43:53	Tamara Albertini:	can’t control “humans” b/c we ARE nature
01:45:24	Tamara Albertini:	😂
01:45:45	Melissa Vargas:	the ether?
01:46:09	Tamara Albertini:	the heart
01:48:56	Brittany Rolle:	wow
01:49:09	jazmin sadler:	everybody cured lol
01:49:13	Melissa Vargas:	right
01:49:29	Tamara Albertini:	lol they might as well take all the herbs off the market lol
01:51:29	Tamara Albertini:	it absorbs back into the body
01:51:56	Tamara Albertini:	need a colon cleanse
01:53:17	jazmin sadler:	comfrey is still legal in texas 
01:53:19	Brittany Rolle:	yep! with the death side effect
01:53:23	jazmin sadler:	i just bought some..
01:53:33	jazmin sadler:	LMAOOOOOO

01:53:34	Tamara Albertini:	😂😂😂 for real
01:53:38	Tamara Albertini:	happy
01:53:41	Tamara Albertini:	ha!
01:53:54	Tamara Albertini:	😂
01:54:00	jazmin sadler:	supressing!
01:55:42	Tamara Albertini:	That’s real sis!
01:56:07	Tamara Albertini:	right!
01:56:46	Tamara Albertini:	someone may need that energy
01:58:53	Tamara Albertini:	energy flow...that’s your magic
01:59:00	Tamara Albertini:	the way you communicate
02:01:06	Desiree A:	overthinking lol
02:01:14	Desiree A:	Trust Self
02:01:28	Brittany Rolle:	retrain the brain
02:02:01	jazmin sadler:	we have been taught not to trust ourselves
02:05:49	Tamara Albertini:	treat the body as a whole
02:08:19	Melissa H:	[Total Sidenote: @tamara Are you Ancestral Strands?]
02:08:29	Tamara Albertini:	yes sis
02:08:40	Melissa H:	Love your work Queen!
02:08:42	Tamara Albertini:	Yes you are the best Toks! the truth!
02:09:16	Tamara Albertini:	Give thanks sis! 💚🌱
02:09:35	Desiree A:	💯💯💯
02:10:12	Melissa H:	lol
02:10:16	jazmin sadler:	exactly!! lol
02:12:24	Brittany Rolle:	good night everyone!
02:12:26	Desiree A:	Peace All🌻
02:12:29	Melissa H:	Many thanks! Good night

Muscular system week..10 words

The muscular system is responsible for the movement of the human body. Attached to the bones of the skeletal system are about 700 named muscles that make up roughly half of a person’s body weight. Each of these muscles is a discrete organ constructed of skeletal muscle tissue, blood vessels, tendons and nerves. Muscle tissue is also found inside of the heart, digestive organs, and blood vessels. In these organs, muscles serve to move substances throughout the body.
Anatomy of the Muscular System
Muscle Types
There are three types of muscle tissue: Visceral, cardiac, and skeletal. Visceral muscle is found inside of organs like the stomach, intestines, and blood vessels. The weakest of all muscle tissues, visceral muscle makes organs contract to move substances through the organ. Because visceral muscle is controlled by the unconscious part of the brain, it is known as involuntary muscle-it cannot be directly controlled by the conscious mind.The term “smooth muscle” is often used to describe visceral muscle because it has a very smooth, uniform appearance when viewed under a microscope. This smooth appearance starkly contrasts with the banded appearance of cardiac and skeletal muscles.

Cardiac Muscle
Found only in the heart, cardiac muscle is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body.
Cardiac muscle tissue cannot be controlled consciously, so it is an involuntary muscle. While hormones and signals from the brain adjust the rate of contraction, cardiac muscle stimulates itself to contract. The natural pacemaker of the heart is made of cardiac muscle tissue that stimulates other cardiac muscle cells to contract. Because of its self-stimulation, cardiac muscle is considered to be autorhythmic or intrinsically controlled.
The cells of cardiac muscle tissue are striated- that is, they appear to have light and dark  stripes when viewed under a light microscope. The arrangement of protein fibers inside of the cells causes these light and dark bands. Striations indicate that a muscle cell is very strong, unlike visceral muscles. The cells of cardiac muscle are branched X or Y shaped cells tightly connected together by special junctions called intercalated disks. Intercalated disks are made up of finger like projections from two neighboring cells that interlock and provide a strong bond between the
cells. The branched structure and intercalated disks allow the muscle cells to resist high blood pressures and the strain of pumping blood throughout a lifetime. These features also help to spread electrochemical signals quickly from cell to cell so that the heart can beat as a unit.

Skeletal muscle is the only voluntary muscle tissue in the human body-it is controlled consciously. Every physical action that a person consciously performs (e.g. speaking, walking or writing) requires skeletal muscle. The function of skeletal muscle is to contract to move parts of the body closer to the bone that the muscle is attached to. Most skeletal muscles are attached to two bones across a joint, so the muscle serves to move parts of those bones closer to each other.
Skeletal muscle cells form when many smaller progenitor cells lump themselves together to form long, straight, multinucleated fibers. Striated just like cardiac muscle, these skeletal muscle fibers are very strong. Skeletal muscle derives its name from the fact that these muscles always connect to the skeleton in at least one place. Most skeletal muscles are attached to two bones through tendons. Tendons are tough bands of dense regular connective tissue whose strong collagen fibers firmly attach muscles to bones. Tendons are under extreme stress when muscles pull on them, so they are very strong and are woven into the coverings of both muscles and bones. Muscles move by shortening their length, pulling on tendons, and moving bones closer to each other. One of the bones is pulled towards the other bone, which remains stationary bone that is connected via tendons to the muscle is called the origin. The place of the moving bone that is connected to the muscle via tendons is called the insertion. The belly of the muscle is the fleshy part of the muscle in between the tendons that does the actual contraction. Skeletal muscles are named based on many different factors, including their location, origin and insertion, number of origins, shape, size, direction, and function.

Location: Many muscles derive their names from their anatomical region. The rectus abdominis and transverse abdominis, for example, are found in the abdominal region. Some muscles, like the tibialis anterior, are named after the part of the bone (the anterior portion of the tibia) that they are attached to. Other muscles use a hybrid of these two, like the brachioradialis, which is named after a region (brachial) and a bone (radius).

Origin and Insertion: Some muscles are named based upon their connection to a stationary bone (origin) and moving bone (insertion). These muscles become very easy to identify once you know the names es of the bones that they are attached to. Examples of this type of muscle include the sternocleidomastoid (connecting the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid process of the skull) and the occipitofrontalis (connecting the occipital bone to the frontal bone.
Number of Origins: Some muscles connect to more than one bone or to more than one place on a bone and therefore have more than one origin. A muscle with two origins is called a biceps. A muscle with three origins is a triceps muscle. Finally, a muscle with four origins is a quadriceps muscle.
Shape, Size, and Direction: We also classify muscles by their shapes. For example, the deltoids have a delta or triangular shape. The serratus muscles feature a serrated or saw-like shape. The rhomboid major is a rhombus or diamond shape. The size of the muscle can be used to distinguish between two muscles found in the same region. The gluteal region contains three muscles differentiated by size-the gluteus maximus (large), gluteus medius (medium), and gluteus minimus (smallest). Finally, the direction in which the muscle fibers run can be used to identify a muscle. In the abdominal region, there are several sets of wide, flat muscles. The muscles whose fibers run straight up and down are the rectus abdominis, the ones running transversely (left to right) are the transverse abdominis, and the ones running at an angle are the obliques.

Function: Muscles are sometimes classified by the type of function that they perform. Most of the muscles of the forearms are named based on their function because they are located in the same region and have similar shapes and sizes. For example, the flexor group of the forearm flexes the wrist and the fingers. The supinator is a muscle that supinates the wrist by rolling it over to face palm up. In the leg, there are muscles called abductors whose role is to abduct (pull together) the legs. Groups Action in Skeletal Muscle: Skeletal muscles rarely works by themselves to achieve movements in the body. More often they work in groups to produce precise movements. The muscle that produces any particular movement of the body is known as an agonist or prime mover. The agonist always pairs with an antagonist muscle that produces the opposite effect on the same bones. For example, the biceps brachii muscle flexes the arm at the elbow, As the antagonist for this motion, the triceps brachii muscle extends the arm at the elbow. When the triceps is extending the arm, the biceps would be considered the antagonist. In addition to the agonist/antagonist pairing, other muscles work to support the movements of the agonist. Synergistic are muscles that help to stabilize a movement and reduce extraneous movements. They are usually found in regions near the agonist and often connect to the same bones. Because skeletal muscles move the insertion closer to the immobile origin, fixator muscles assist in movement by holding the origin stable. If you lift something heavy with your arms, fixators in the trunk region hold your body upright and immobile so that you maintain your balance while lifting.

Skeletal muscle fibers differ dramatically from other tissues of the body due to their highly specialized functions. Many of the organelles that make up muscle fibers are unique to this type of cell. The sarcolemma is the cell membrane of muscle fibers.  The sarcolemma acts as a conductor for electrochemical signals that stimulate muscle cells. Connected to the sarcolemma are transverse tubules (T-tubules) that help carry these electrochemical signals into the middle of the muscle fiber. The sarcoplasmic reticulum serves as a storage facility for calcium ions (Ca2+) that are vital to muscle contraction. Mitochondria, the “power houses” of the cell, are abundant in muscle cells to break down sugars and provide energy in the form of ATP to active muscles. Most of the muscle fiber’s structure is made up of myofibrils, which are the contractile structures of the cell.  Myofibrils are made up of many proteins fibers arranged into repeating subunits called sarcomeres. The sarcomere is the functional unit of muscle fibers.
Sarcomere Structure: Sarcomeres are made of two types of protein fibers, thick filaments and thin filaments is the protein that causes muscles to contract. Thick filaments are made of many bonded units of the protein myosin. Myosin is the protein that causes muscles to contract. Thin filaments are made of three proteins. Actin forms a helical structure that makes up the bulk of the thin filament mass. Actin contains myosin-binding sites that allow myosin to connect to and move actin during muscle contraction. Tropomyosin is a long protein fiber that wraps around actin and covers the myosin binding sites on actin. Troponin, bound very tightly to tropomyosin, troponin moves tropomyosin away from myosin binding sites during muscle contraction.

Function of Muscle Tissue: The main function of the muscular system is movement. Muscles are the only tissue in the body that has the ability to contract and therefore move the other parts of the body related to the function of movement is the muscular system’s second function, the maintenance of posture and body position. Muscles often contract to hold the body still or in a particular position rather than to cause movement. The muscles responsible for the body’s posture have the greatest endurance of all muscles in the body-they hold up the body throughout the day without becoming tired.
Another function related to movement is the movement of substances inside the body. The cardiac and visceral muscles are primarily responsible for transporting substances like food from one part of the body to another. The final function of muscle tissue is the generation of body heat. As a result of the high metabolic rate of contracting muscle, our muscular system produces a great deal of waste heat. Many small muscle contractions within the body produce our natural body heat. When we exert ourselves more than normal, the extra muscle contractions lead to a rise in body temperature and eventually to sweating.

Skeletal Muscles as Levers: Skeletal muscles work together with bones and joints to form lever systems. The muscle acts as the effort force, the joint acts as the fulcrum, the bone that the muscle moves acts as the lever and the object being moved acts as the load. There are three classes of levers, but the vast majority of the levers in the body are third class levers. A third class lever is a system in which the fulcrum is at the end of the lever and the effort is between the fulcrum and the load at the other end of the lever. The third class levers in the body serve to increase the distance moved by the load compared to the distance that the muscle contracts.
The trade off for this increase in distance is that the force required to move the load must be greater than the mass of the load. For example, the biceps brachii of the arm pull on the  radius of the forearm, causing flexion at the elbow joint in a third class lever system. A very slight change in the length of the biceps causes a much larger hand, but the force applied by the biceps must be higher than the load moved by the muscle. Motor Units: Nerve cells called motor neurons control the skeletal muscles. Each motor neuron controls several muscle cells in a group known as a motor unit. When a motor neuron receives a signal from the brain, it stimulates all of the muscles cells in its motor unit at the same time. The size of motor units varies throughout the body, depending on the function of a muscle. Muscles that perform fine movements-like those of the eyes or fingers-have very few muscle fibers in each motor unit to improve the precision of the brain’s control over these structures. Muscles that need a lot of strength to perform their function-like leg or arm. Muscles have many muscle cells in each motor unit. One of the ways that the body can control the strength of each muscle is by determining how many motor units to activate for a given function. This explains why the same muscles that are used to pick up a pencil are also used to pick up a bowling ball.

Contraction Cycle: Muscles contract when stimulated by signals from their motor neurons. Motor neurons contact muscle cells at a point called the Neuromuscular Junction (NMJ). Motor neurons release neurotransmitter chemicals at the NMJ that bond to a special part of the sarcolemma known as the motor end plate. The motor end plate contains many ion channels that open in response to neurotransmitters and allow positive ions to enter the muscle fiber. The positive ions form an electrochemical gradient to form inside of the cell, which spreads throughout the sarcolemma and the T-tubules by opening even more ion channels.
When the positive ions reach the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Ca2+ ions are released and allowed to flow into the myofibrils. Ca2+ ions bind to troponin, which causes the troponin molecule to change shape and move nearby molecules of tropomyosin. Tropomyosin is moved away from myosin binding sites on actin molecules, allowing actin and myosin to bind together.
ATP molecules power myosin proteins in the thick filaments to bend and pull on actin molecules in the thin filaments. Myosin proteins act like oars on a boat, pulling the thin filaments closer to the center of a sarcomere. As the thin filaments are pulled together, the sarcomere shortens and contracts. Myofibrils of muscle fibers are made of many sarcomeres in a row, so that when all of the sarcomeres contract, the muscle cells shortens with a great force relative to its size. Muscles continue contraction as long as they are stimulated by a neurotransmitter. When a motor neuron stops the release of the neurotransmitter, the process of contraction reverses itself. Calcium returns to the sarcoplasmic reticulum; troponin and tropomyosin return to their resting positions and actin and myosin are prevented from binding. Sarcomeres return to their elongated resting state once the force of myosin pulling on actin has stopped.

Types of Muscle Contraction: The strength of a muscle’s contraction can be controlled by two factors, the number of motor units involved in contraction and the amount of stimulus from the nervous system.
A single nerve impulse of a motor nueron will cause a motor unit to contract briefly before relaxing thiis small contraction is known as a twitch contraction. If the motor neuron provides several signals within a short period of time, the strength and duration of the muscle contraction increases.
This phenomenon is known as temporal summation. If the motor neuron provides nerve impulses in rapid succession, the muscle may enter the state of tetanus, or complete and lasting contraction. A muscle will remain in tetanus until the nerve signal rate slows or until the muscle becomes too fatigued to maintain the tetanus. Not all muscle contractions produce movement. Isometric contractions are light contractions are light that increase the tension in the muscle without exerting enough force to move a body part. When people tense their bodies due to stress, they are performing an isometric contraction. Holding an object still and maintaining posture are also the result of isometric contraction.

Functional Types of Skeletal Muscle Fibers: Muscle tone provides a slight tension on the muscle to prevent damage to the muscle maintain some amount of muscle tone at all times, unless the muscle has been disconnected Skeletal muscle fibers can be divided into two types based on how they produce and use energy: Type I and Type II.
Type I fibers are very slow and deliberate in their contractions. They are very resistant to fatigue because they use aerobic respiration to produce energy from sugar. We find type I fibers in muscles throughout the body for stamina and posture. Near the spine and neck regions, very high concentrations of Type I fibers hold the body up throughout the day.
Type II fibers are broken down into two subgroups. Type II A and Type II B
Type II A fibers are faster and stronger than Type I fibers, but do not have as much endurance. Type Il A fibers are found throughout the body, but especially in the legs where they work to support your body throughout a long day of walking and standing. Type II B fibers are even faster and stronger than Type Il A, but have even less endurance. Type Il B fibers are also much lighter in color than. Type I and Type ll A due to their lack of myoglobin, an oxygen-storing pigment. We find Type ll B fibers throughout the body, but particularly in the upper body where they give speed and strength to the arms and chest at the expense of stamina.

Muscle Metabolism and Fatigue: Muscles get their energy from different sources depending on the situation that the muscle is working in. Muscles use aerobic respiration when we call on them to produce a low moderate level of force. Aerobic respiration requires oxygen to produce about 36-38 ATP molecules from a molecule of glucose. Aerobic respiration is very efficient, and can continue as long as a muscle receives adequate amounts of oxygen and glucose to keep contracting. When we use muscles to produce a high level of force, they become so tightly contracted that oxygen carrying blood cannot enter the muscle. This condition causes the muscle to-create energy using lactic acid fermentation, a form of anaerobic respiration. Anaerobic respiration is much less efficient than aerobic respiration-only 2 ATP are produced for each molecule of glucose. Muscles quickly tire as they burn through their energy reserves under anaerobic respiration. To keep muscles working for a longer period of time, muscle fibers contain several important energy molecules. Myoglobin, a red pigment found in muscles, stores oxygen in a manner similar to hemoglobin in the blood The oxygen from myoglobin allows muscles to continue aerobic respiration in the absence of oxygen. Another chemical that helps to keep muscles working is creatine phosphate. Muscles use energy in the form of ATP to ADP to release its energy. Creatine phosphate donates its phosphate group to ADP to turn it back into ATP in order to provide extra energy to the muscle. Finally, fibers contain energy-storing glycogen, a large macromolecule made of many linked glucoses. Active muscles break glucoses off of glycogen molecules to provide an internal fuel supply.

When muscles run out of energy during either aerobic or anaerobic respiration, the muscle quickly tires and loses its ability to contract. This condition is known as muscle fatigue. A fatigued muscle contains very little or no oxygen, glucose or ATP, but instead has many waste products from respiration, like lactic acid and ADP. The body must take in extra oxygen after exertion to replace the oxygen that was stored in myoglobin in the muscle fiber as well as to power the aerobic respiration that will rebuild the energy supplies inside of the cell. Oxygen debt (or recovery oxygen uptake) is the name for the extra oxygen that the body must take in to restore the muscle cells to their resting state. This explains why you feel out of breath for a few minutes after a strenuous activity. With their rich supply of blood, skeletal muscles are fairly resistant to infection. When following a healthy lifestyle, few people will experience a life-threatening muscular ailment. Though rare serious disorders can target the muscles. A few disorders can affect the muscles indirectly by attacking the nerves that stimulate muscles. Among these ailments are botulism and tetanus.

Herbs and Remedies for the Muscular System: More than 100 plants are known to have pain-relieving properties, but some are really outstanding. Reporting on herbal painkillers for arthritis, a review of clinical trials in the Clinical Journal of Pain says devil’s claw (Harpagophytum procumbens), capsaicin from hot chiles (Capsicum spp.). gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) from seed oils, and certain blended herbal extracts are especially good. Other studies indicate broader pain-relieving benefits from these as well as two traditional favorites, white willow (Salix spp.) and peppermint (Mentha piperita).
Herbal Help: Devil’s Claw and Capsaicin.

Devil’s claw is a South African herb with medicinally active roots. This herb eases muscular tension or pain in the back, shoulders and neck. A popular treatment for osteoarthritic pain, it may ease rheumatoid arthritic pain as well. The herb’s active ingredients are harpagide and harpagoside, both iridoid glycosides with analgesic (pain-relieving) and inflammatory actions. Devil’s claw extract has been shown to reduce osteoarthritic hip or knee pain by 25 percent and improve mobility within a few weeks.

Capsaicin puts the heat in hot peppers. It manipulates the body’s pain status by hindering pain perception, triggering the release of pain-relieving endorphins and providing analgesic action. Commercial capsaicin-containing creams such as Zostrix, Heet and Capzasin-P are used topically for arthritis and nerve pain. Creams containing capsaicin can significantly reduce osteoarthritic pain when applied to joints four times daily. A higher concentration  best for peripheral nerve pain-such as that from diabetic nerve damage, HIV and pain following cancer surgery. When using topical capsaicin productsbe sure to avoid touching your eyes and other sensitive areas. Capsaicin also can be taken internally to help with chronic digestive discomfort, or dyspepsia. If you like to munch hot peppers, rest assured that they do not aggravate stomach ulcers as is commonly believed, and they actually might protect your stomach from prescription-drug damage.
More Pain-relieving Herbs

Arnica.. available in creams,oils and tablets, relieves osteoarthritis pain in the knee and pain following carpal-tunnel release surgery. It contains helenin, an analgesic, as well as anti inflammatory chemicals.

Boswellia.. contains anti-inflammatory and analgesic boswellic acids that can soothe pain from sports injuries and also can help osteoarthritic knee pain. Clove is a popular home remedy for a toothache. Apply a drop or two of this excellent anti-inflammatory directly to your aching tooth or tooth cavity. Fennel.. seeds are stocked with 16 analgesic and 27 antispasmodic chemicals. It makes a pleasant licorice-flavored tea and is especially good for menstrual cramps. But avoid the herb while pregnant or nursing because of its estrogenic effects.

Feverfew.. is a remedy many people swear by for headaches including migraines. Feverfew can reduce both the frequency and severity of headaches when taken regularly.

Ginger root..has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that can alleviate digestive cramps and mild pain from fibromyalgia.

Green tea.. is great for stiff muscles, it has nine muscle-relaxing compounds, more than just about any other plant.

Licorice root ..is recommended by the German Commission E for sore throat. Not surprising, considering its nine anesthetic, 10 analgesic and 20 anti-inflammatory compounds.

Oregano.., Rosemary and Thyme are herbs you should be sprinkling liberally onto your food, as they are replete with analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory compounds. (Oregano alone has 32 anti-inflammatories!) Mix and match these garden herbs into a pain-relieving tea. Aromatherapy: Experience the Sweet Smell of Pain Relief Ever thought of using your nose to help ease your pain? Volatile in essential oils can easily enter your body via your olfactory system and adjust brain electrical activity to alter your perception of pain. Clinical aromatherapists commonly use lavender, peppermint, chamomile, and damask rose for pain relief and relaxation. A report from Nursing Clinics of North America says that massage with lavender relieves pain and enhances the effect of orthodox pain medication. Lavender and chamomile oils are gentle enough to be used with children and, in blends, have relieved children’s pain from HIV, encephalopathy-induced muscle spasm and nerve pain. Both oils contain anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic chemicals, and exert sedative, calming action. Rose essential oil contains pain-reducing eugenol, cinnamaldehyde and geraniol, but the report’s author suggests it may also alter perception of pain because it embodies the soothing aromas of the garden.


week 9 lntake/rltuals

00:19:38 Brittany Rolle: Full moon for me is a period of releasing, so what i write down what I intend to release (anger, resentment, etc.) and burn the paper. I visualize everything I want to release in the flames
00:22:13 Brittany Rolle: Do you have water in your chart Melissa?
00:22:26 Melissa Vargas: yes i do
00:23:05 Brittany Rolle: yes that figures! always water signs drawn to Yemaya 🙌🏾
00:27:08 Melissa Vargas: so true
00:30:04 Melissa Vargas: Damn so true
00:33:58 Brittany Rolle: astral projection and travel
00:47:49 Melissa Vargas: yooo
00:51:37 Melissa Vargas: a kid asked me today why is the sun hot ! lol
00:55:18 Melissa Vargas: what’s going on in your environment?
00:55:36 Celesteal Light: what time do you feel pain?
00:56:02 Jamee Jory: How often are you bowel movements?
00:56:06 Melissa Vargas: we need more info lol
00:56:18 Celesteal Light: fish has parasites
00:56:36 Jamee Jory: Something is constricting your blood flow.
00:56:53 Celesteal Light: It has an effect on your overall digestion.
00:57:00 Celesteal Light: okay
00:57:06 Melissa Vargas: what does your daily routine look like?
00:57:29 Celesteal Light: are you eating mostly raw or cooked foods?
00:58:02 Melissa Vargas: do you exercise?
00:58:04 Celesteal Light: when was the last time you flushed and detoxed
00:58:10 Melissa Vargas: when is that
00:58:30 Melissa Vargas: explain to me what does every now and then mean
00:58:41 Melissa Vargas: for exercising
00:58:48 Celesteal Light: your diet should be 80%raw foods and 20% cooked or acidic
00:59:02 Celesteal Light: you need live foods to feed the body
00:59:26 Melissa Vargas: yes
00:59:29 Celesteal Light: and to release toxins and parasites out of the body.
01:00:17 Celesteal Light: when you eat do you drink immediately?
01:00:30 Celesteal Light: its fermented food
01:00:42 Celesteal Light: build up if gas between fecal matter
01:00:54 Celesteal Light: high air pressure between
01:00:59 Melissa Vargas: when you poop and its hurting this means you are lacking water to get a painless bowel movement. what time do you have your last meal?
01:02:07 Melissa Vargas: pain also mean transformation, so your body is also asking you to pain attention to your digestive system.
01:02:42 Brittany Rolle: earth dominant so needs water to soften
01:02:49 Brittany Rolle: and keep it flowing
01:03:28 Brittany Rolle: water
01:04:27 Melissa Vargas: no
01:04:54 Melissa Vargas: temporary
01:09:35 Melissa Vargas: when combined with other herbs too..this aloe works within the 30 mins for sure.
01:10:33 Melissa Vargas: true very true
01:11:14 Melissa Vargas: I used this with aloe alone.. when I had a irritated stomach…
01:16:56 Melissa Vargas: same
01:18:36 Melissa Vargas: headaches are usually an indication of poor blood circulation.
01:18:44 Celesteal Light: adrenal fatigue
01:19:26 Melissa Vargas: blood circulation can be interrupted by a few things such as sugar, chemical, etc.
01:20:10 Melissa Vargas: the alcohol is interrupting your blood circulation. especially if you’re not drinking enough water.
01:21:05 Jamee Jory: I always say you should be drinking at least half your body weight in ounces
01:22:40 Aliyyah Blake: 🤔
01:28:25 Melissa Vargas: nah f*** that lol
01:29:16 Melissa Vargas: yes. yes. so true
01:30:28 Melissa Vargas: Thats crazy
01:31:54 Melissa Vargas: omg my nephew told me I remind him of that doctor lol 😂
01:36:34 Melissa Vargas: trueeee
01:37:04 Melissa Vargas: yooooo yesss
01:37:41 Melissa Vargas: Thats a good quote right there lol
01:39:40 Melissa Vargas: Thats was so good
01:40:57 Melissa Vargas: tell me about it
01:42:52 Melissa Vargas: true
01:43:28 Aliyyah Blake: charge for the consultation
01:46:26 Melissa Vargas: lol right
01:48:32 Melissa Vargas: right. I ain’t trying to do Lyft for too long lol
01:51:30 Melissa Vargas: ase! yes lol
01:52:31 Jamee Jory: Earlier you said “Everybody has parasites”… Do we ever completely eliminate them? Or is that why we do a cleanse 2-3 times a year?
02:05:36 Aliyyah Blake: lol
02:05:44 Aliyyah Blake: dont put me on the map!!!
02:05:58 Hannah Sydney: this happened to me, my body grows eczema on the elbows and I have a foot fungus on my left foot. when I eat really clean this stops itching and it goes away on my elbow.
02:07:23 Melissa Vargas: Lmao damn
02:08:25 Hannah Sydney: yeah that’s nasty, I know I don’t want to be in that place anymore. I want to feel clear.
02:08:38 Celesteal Light: 😁
02:08:49 Celesteal Light: getting my confidence up
02:09:37 Jamee Jory: San Diego and LA.
02:09:39 Aliyyah Blake: I dont have time to help other ppl like that
02:09:46 Hannah Sydney: 🔥
02:09:51 Melissa Vargas: good night ya’ll great session
02:10:03 Celesteal Light: good night loves 😁⭐
02:10:22 Celesteal Light: Thank you


week 9 alr element

00:23:58 Brittany Rolle: you can put chlorophyll or chlorella in the water to get more oxygen to the blood
00:25:47 Brittany Rolle: mucus
00:33:49 Melissa Vargas: like when you get blood work done they say take a deep breath
00:41:02 Melissa Vargas: a “gift from god”
00:45:59 Melissa Vargas: haha
00:48:38 Melissa Vargas: mad boogers lol
01:02:34 Melissa Vargas: what is galp?
01:04:41 Aliyyah Blake: gout
01:06:08 Aliyyah Blake: Gout : A form of arthritis characterized by severe pain, redness, and tenderness in joints. Pain and inflammation occur when too much uric acid crystallizes and deposits in the joints.

01:16:03 Melissa Vargas: everyone has been talking about the documentary …
01:16:24 Melissa Vargas: true
01:16:32 jazmin sadler: LOL!
01:16:47 Melissa Vargas: lol
01:17:12 Brittany Rolle: 😂 toks say no long talking
01:21:30 Melissa Vargas: right
01:21:37 Melissa Vargas: haha
01:24:38 Melissa Vargas: yes we do…
01:32:43 Melissa Vargas: word up
01:37:42 Melissa Vargas: lol
01:38:05 Melissa Vargas: I’m from Ny haha
01:38:11 Melissa Vargas: yeppp
01:40:44 Brittany Rolle: a lot of people put Vaseline on their lips for balm
01:41:59 Melissa Vargas: what are your thoughts on lavender farms?
01:44:39 Melissa Vargas: that’s a really good point!
01:45:41 Melissa Vargas: lmao
01:51:05 Celesteal Light: gn
01:51:08 Melissa Vargas: peace
01:51:09 Brittany Rolle: good night
01:51:15 Desiree A: Peace Everyone


Slmple salves


Alr element Week 9

ELEMENT AIR Air Element..personal growth. This element encompasses colors that are clear and energizing. These colors are greens associated  with growth and purple inviting abundance. Air represents energy that moves vertically and is therefore associated with cylinders and columns. Air is the gaseous form of matter which is mobile and dynamic.  Within the body, air (oxygen) is the basis for all energy transfer reactions It is a key  element required for fire to burn. Air is existence without form. By Air we mean the transparent, rarefied, kinetic force which sets the universe in motion. lt moves the blood through the vessels, wastes from the body, thoughts through the mind, it moves the birds to warmer climates in winter, it moves the planets around their suns.  

Qualities – weightless, mobile, cool, dry, porous and subtle. Action – motion or movement, evaporation, dryness wind, breeze, vayu, breath,prana, spirit Facilitates – touch and vibration. Substance – anything dry and airy, or that creates gas. Example-toast, cookies, cabbage, beans. Intake-increases coolness, dryness, movement, circulation and lightness.  

Invisible, unpredictable, unreliable, playful, soothing, destructive, inspiring and life giving. The element of Air / wind is all these things and much more. It is the representation of all that we cannot see our souls, our spirits, our minds, and our hearts, of that what lies beneath or beyond as some scholars say. Purity of the spirit and the heart, clarity of thought within the mind, focus of intent, unhindered sight, are all under the control of the clear soaring unfettered element of Air. Yet the Air is not always calm. Unpredictable and changing the element of Air can easily be a roaring hurricane as it can be a playful breeze. To quote an ancient saying, “Who can tell the mind of the Wind? Who can catch it and hold it in their hand? Who can tell where the Wind has been blowing? And who among the wise can foretell where it will go?  

Appearance Invisible, Air cannot be seen, but its influence can be clearly felt. Air in motion is moving things across the land unseen but felt. One cannot see the wind, nor hold it in their hands, wind cannot be captured, and wind cannot be tamed. Instead what we can see is the ripple upon the waters, the fallen leaves dancing in a circle, dust swirling across the path, or sees it invisible as it plays with one’s hair, Air can also be motionless and when wind is absent Air can no longer be as much as felt as detected. We breathe Air even if it does not move as Wind, and it surrounds us even still as an invisible force upon our lives. Contrary to the other elements that together form the basic elements of the word Air is the one element that seems to be less physical than spiritual. It is a fact, which the ancients see as proof that the physical world sprang from its wind that this element’s manifestation resulted in the genesis of the other ones thus ancients conclude, the term “wind” Is incorrect when referring to this element, as it does not represent the element’s original state, only its realization as matter. Humans often speak of Air” when referring to this element, contrary to the ancient people preference, which is closely related to their mythological roots, where Wind represents spirit and thus dominates all other elements. Therefore it shouldn’t surprise to see the reverse approach by human scholars compared to the ancient beings view when looking at this element.  

Let’s hear a definition by a philosopher named Whitebeard “Physical Air is mostly represented as Wind, or Air in motion. Wind cannot be seen, although it can be felt. Wind cannot be held, captured, or tamed. The invisible mover of things we can clearly see, the wind influences the weather, the seasons, and therefore in a sense the essence of time itself. Wind can be destructive as easily as it can be soothing. Wind can as soon be a howling tornado as it can be a gentle breeze and cannot be seen, invisible mover that plays among the flowers. Because we can see wind in the things it moves leaves or hair, we often associate the element of Air with the Wind. Yet air also has the capability of being still. Still Air is the invisible provider of life to our lungs. It should be noted that motionless Air can be the provider of gentle breath to our lungs but it can also stifle just as easy. Air can be oppressive, hot, and stifling just as easily as it can be cool and calming. In this way, Air is influenced by Fire and Water making Air heated or cooled”.  

Wind also has the ability to affect the other elements, if subtly. Wind, given time, can wear away earth, even the tallest mountain. Wind can spread fire, or whip it so that it blows the fire out just as a single breath can blow out a candle. It is a thought by the ancients that the Wind takes water back (as the ancients believe that Water originated from Wind) to carry it away if the fire gets too dominant. There are three main views concerning the spiritual nature of wind and wind in general. These views, although sometimes parallel are greatly different from one another. There exists an ancient view, the common human view, and the finally what some call the magical view. Of the three, the ancients view has been most influential concerning the more popular views of wind, yet despite this more common human view of the nature of wind maintains popularity among the common classes. The earth magical view in contrast is a view held by most wizards and is met with controversy by all. The earth magical view and the ancient view the two more educated views of the nature of Air, are constantly in debate and often  the two parties opposite have gathered just to debate what exactly the true nature of Air is. In order to maintain an impartial view, all three main views of the spiritual nature of Air have been included here. It is interesting to note how both the earth magical and ancient views influence the more prevalent human view of the element of Air.  

The ancient beliefs concerning the nature of wind is shared by most ancient tribes across the world with the notable exception of the elite ancients, whose controversial beliefs are viewed with scorn by any other tribe of the ancients. Ancient’s beliefs concerning the element of Air have been accepted by some human tribes although limited mostly to nobility, wealthy merchants, and in general more educated classes among the human tribes. Of all the views, ancient’s beliefs concerning the nature of Air is the most mystical and due to the fact that ancients are scattered throughout planet earth, it is the most widely held view. In the ancient view the element of Air is connected to the state of being, the creation, auratic transformation and restoration of entities in general, as the Air’s spiritual quality is always identified as the pure basis of “being” itself. Though the air may move or become altered due to the terrain it exists over, it is still always there, neither being born nor dying, only appearing in different forms and states of existence and being combined with other elements. The ancients, know the creation of (what we are taught to call) the world out of the thoughts (or the Dream) of a High spiritual being that kNOW that the element of Air  symbolizes these thoughts and the dream simply as it is now, representing ideas and concepts on how the world is laid out.  “What lies within the wind, is expressed in the supreme being, its auratic state, and the Air is what reigns the elemental connections.

The air could  be deemed to be nearest to the Thoughts of the Supreme Being, whereas the earth represents decay of all things, which can be seen and not felt by heart, leading away from the ideas the Air  represents. Although the elements of earth is thought to be alive, wind is the completeness that all life strives for. Wind as the spirit or soul stands for completeness, peace, tranquility, and a contentment to simply be, as the existence ultimate goal is to fall back into the eternal dream from where it sprang from. The unification with the original idea is what ancient people know. Wind as the mind stands for intellectual achievement, wisdom and learning in everything.   Although different human views concerning the spiritual nature of Air  vary from culture, the human view of air maintains popularity among the poorer classes of the world. In other words, the human view is that of the common folk, as a philosopher once said it so poignantly. “It is not an educated view in this sense but it is nonetheless an accurate one as said common folk rely on the kindness” of Air for their livelihood. The common human interpretation holds that spiritual Air represents those things that we cannot physically see, but whose presence clearly felt upon our lives. Air  is often associated with the spirit or soul. Emotionally, Air/wind is often associated with pride, high thinking, vanity, and loftiness, a point of view that ancient people or even spiritual leader may strongly contest. Conversely. Air can also represent emotions such as friendship, contentment, and sorrow. Mentally, Air represents achievement, learning, wisdom, clarity of thought, as well as illusion.

Air is lucid, creative, changing, shifting, and undependable unlike the steady reliability of earth. While Air is spirit, Earth is substance, the wind’s unwavering counterpart. Movement of Air by itself, the essence of Air, can also be connected to the soul essence of other beings if we chose to know wat we are. The alteration and manipulation of those essences means to create a desired effect, such as confusion or comfort of the spirit. Because one cannot see wind, the element of Air also has many properties that are unseen or trick the eye, such as illusion or confusion. This element has a reputation for being one of the more peaceful elements, but can, at times, lead to chaos and destruction as well through manipulation of mind and body. It is interesting to note that here lies a major difference between ancients and human concepts regarding the way how the elements are represented yet in all what we call races there ls dat one energy that one seeks. While humans see Air  as just one element among others, as a tool that can be manipulated, the ancients magic of nature sees the Wind as the crucial component through which magic works. It should be pointed out that ancients magic could best be described as original wind inspired alteration, while human wind magic was pure.  

The magic View The Air magic View of Wind, with the exception of the views held by the elite ancients are the most controversial. Many debates have been held between the more outgoing ancient cultures and the wizards. Although in their more honest moments, both parties admit that their views are very much similar to each as earth magic View gained most of their knowledge of Wind from the ancients even though they are primarily religiously motivated by the latter. The true difference in between the two views is that earth magic views. Wind as a tool and its views tend to be logical rather than the mystical, “romantically” of the ancients, as some put it. The earth magic view of wind is not widely accepted, indeed aside from the wizards educated at earth magic view and a few nobles or wealthy individuals educated at the universities.

What is Air words……..

The Atmosphere is a mixture of different gases, particles and aerosols collectively known as air which envelops the earth. The atmosphere provides various functions, not least the ability to sustain life. The atmosphere protects us by filtering out deadly cosmic rays, powerful ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the Sun, and even meteorites on collision course with earth. Although traces of atmospheric gases have been detected well out into space 99% of the mass of the atmosphere lies below about 25 to 30 km altitude Atmospheric Layers Although air is well mixed throughout the atmosphere, the atmosphere itself is not physically uniform but has significant variations in temperature and pressure with altitude which define a number of atmospheric layers. These include the troposphere (0 to 16 km) stratosphere (16 to 50 km), mesosphere (50 to 80 km) and thermosphere (80 to 640 km). The boundaries between these four layers are defined by abrupt changes in temperature, an include  respectively the troposphere, stratopause  and mesosphere.

In the troposphere and mesosphere temperature generally drops with increasing altitude, whilst in the stratosphere and thermosphere temperature rises with the increase in altitude. In addition to temperature, other criteria can be used to define different layers in the atmosphere. The ionosphere, for example, which occupies the same region of the atmosphere as the thermosphere, is defined by the presents of ions, a physic-chemical criterion. The region beyond the ionosphere is known as the exosphere. The ionosphere and the exosphere together make up the upper atmosphere (or thermosphere). The magnetosphere is the region above the Earth’s surface in which charged particles affected by the earth’s magnetic field. Another well-known layer of the atmosphere is the ozone layer, occupying much of the stratosphere. This layer is defined by its chemical composition – where ozone is especially abundant. Exosphere The exosphere is the highest layer of the atmosphere. Together with the ionosphere, it makes up the thermosphere.

The exosphere extends to 10,000 km above the earth’s surface. This is the upper limit of our atmosphere. The atmosphere here merges into space in the extremely thin air. Air atoms and molecules are constantly escaping to space from the exosphere. In this region of the atmosphere, hydrogen and helium are the prime components and are only present at extremely low densities. This is the area where many satellites orbit the earth. Stratosphere The stratosphere is the second major layer of the atmosphere It lies above the troposphere and is separated from it by the tropopause, It occupies the region of atmosphere from about 12 to 50 km, although its lower boundary tends to be higher nearer the equator and lower nearer the poles. The stratosphere defines a layer in which temperatures rises with increasing altitude, At the top of the stratosphere the thin air may attain temperatures close to 0°C. This rise in temperature is caused by the absorption of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the Sun by the ozone layer.   Such a temperature profile creates very stable atmospheric conditions, and the stratosphere lacks the air turbulence that is so prevalent in the troposphere. Consequently, the stratosphere is almost completely free of clouds or other forms weather. The stratosphere provides some advantages for long-distant flight because it is above stormy weather and has strong, steady, horizontal winds The stratosphere is separated from the mesosphere above by the stratopause.

lonosphere The ionosphere is a layer of ionized air in the atmosphere extending from almost 80 km above the earth’s surface altitudes of 600 km and more. Technically, the ionosphere is not another atmospheric layer. It occupies the same region of the upper atmosphere as the thermosphere. In this region of the atmosphere the Sun’s energy is so strong that it break apart molecules and atoms of air, leaving ions (atoms with missing electrons) and free floating electrons. The ionosphere is the region of the atmosphere where the aurora occur. lonization of air molecules in the ionosphere is produced by ultraviolet radiation from the Sun, and to a lesser extent by high-energy particles from the Sun and from cosmic rays The large number of free electrons in the ionosphere allows the propagation of electromagnetic waves. Radio signals – a form of electromagnetic radiation – can be “bounced” off the ionosphere allowing radio communication over long distance. (where satellites orbit and use these particles to communicate).

Magnetosphere The Earth is like a huge magnet, and its magnetic influence extends far into space. The magnetosphere is that area of space, around the Earth, that is controlled by the Earth’s magnetic field. It is made up of positively charged protons and negatively charged electrons. All magnetic objects produce invisible lines of force that extend between the poles of the object. In the simplest terms, Earth can be thought of as a dipole (2-pole) magnet. Magnetic field lines radiate between Earth’s north and south magnetic poles just as they do between the poles of a bar magnet. Charged particles become trapped on these field lines forming the magnetosphere. Earth’s magnetic field lines are not as symmetrical as those of the bar magnet. The impact of the solar wind – the constant stream of high energy particles causes the lines facing towards the Sun to compress, while the field lines facing away from the Sun stream back to form Earth’s magnetotail. The magnetosphere extends into the vacuum of space from approximately 80 to 60,000 kilometers on the side toward the Sun, and trails out more than 300,000 kilometers away from the Sun. Earth’s magnetic field protects us from the harmful effects of the solar wind. A great deal of matter in the solar wind is deflected sideways around the Earth by the magnetosphere The solar wind would singe our atmosphere if not for the Earth’s magnetic field. Many of the remaining particles that are given off by the Sun are concentrated into belts or layers called the Van Allen radiation belts.

Mesosphere The mesosphere (literally middle sphere) is the third highest layer in our atmosphere occupying the region 50 km to 80 km above the surface of the Earth, above the troposphere and stratosphere, and below the thermosphere. It is separated from the stratosphere by the stratopause and from the thermosphere by the mesopause. Temperatures in the mesosphere drop with increasing altitude to about -100°C. The mesosphere is the coldest of the atmospheric layers. In fact it is colder than Antarctica lowest recorded temperature. It is cold enough to freeze water vapor into ice clouds. You see these clouds if sunlight hits them after sunset, They are called Noctilucent Clouds (NLC). NLCs are most readily visible when the Sun is from 4 to 16 degrees below the horizon. The mesosphere is also the layer in which a lot of meteors burn up while entering the Earth’s atmosphere. From the Earth they are seen as shooting stars.

Troposphere The lowest layer of the atmosphere is called the troposphere. It ranges in thickness from 8 km at the poles to 16 km over the equator. The troposphere is bounded above by the tropopause, a boundary marked by stable temperatures. Above the troposphere is the stratosphere. Although variations do occur, temperature usually declines with increasing altitude in the troposphere. Hill walkers know that it will be several degrees cooler on the top of a mountain than in the valley below. The troposphere is denser than the layers of the atmosphere above it (because of the weight compressing it), and it contains up to 75%of the mass of the atmosphere. It is primarily composed of nitrogen (78% and oxygen (21 %) with only small concentrations of other trace gases. Nearly all atmospheric water vapor or moisture is found in the troposphere. The troposphere is the layer where most of the world’s weather takes place. Since temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere, warm air near the surface of the earth can readily rise, being less dense than the colder air above it. In fact air molecules can travel to the top of the troposphere and back down again in a just a few days. Such vertical movement or convection of air generates clouds and ultimately rain from the moisture within the air, and gives rise to much of the weather which we experience. The troposphere is capped by the tropopause, a region of stable temperature. Air temperature then begins to rise in the stratosphere. Such a temperature increase prevents much air convection beyond the tropopause, and consequently most weather phenomena, including towering cumulonimbus thunderclouds, are confined to the troposphere. Sometimes the temperature does not decrease with height in the troposphere, but increases. Such a situation is known as a temperature inversion.

Temperature inversions limit or prevent the vertical mixing of air. Such atmospheric stability can lead to air pollution episodes with air pollutants emitted at ground level becoming trapped underneath the temperature inversion. Weather Weather is caused by the movement or transfer of heat energy. Energy is transferred wherever there is a temperature difference between two objects. There are three main ways energy can be transferred: radiation, conduction and convection. In the atmosphere, the main way energy is moved from hotter to colder regions is by convection. Convection involves the bodily movement of the more energetic molecules in air. Convection takes place both vertically and horizontally. Air convects or rises vertically when air near the ground becomes warmer, and therefore less dense, than air above it. This is common in the troposphere where atmospheric temperature usually falls with increasing altitude. Air convects horizontally with surface pressure differences, which develop because of temperature contrasts, generated wind. Horizontal convection is sometimes called advection. Regions nearer the equator receive much more energy than regions nearer the poles, and are consequently much warmer. These latitudinal differences in surface temperature create global-scale flows of energy within the atmosphere, giving rise to the major weather patterns of the world. At smaller scales, common weather systems like frontal depressions are formed when warm air masses rise above colder ones, generating clouds and rain. At the smallest scales, individual rain-bearing cumulonimbus thunderclouds, and even the smaller rain-free cumulus clouds, are phenomena of heat transfers via convection.

The troposphere is capped by the tropopause, a region of stable temperature about 12 km above the Earth’s surface. Air temperature then begins to rise in the stratosphere. Such a temperature increase prevents much air convection beyond the tropopause, and consequently most weather phenomena are confined to the troposphere. Energy The Earth’s atmosphere is full of energy. This energy drives the world’s weather, and shapes the climates. Over the longer term, changes to this energy can bring about variations in climate. “At the planetary scale, changes that are currently taking place as result of man-made greenhouse gas emissions may be causing global warming.” (any thoughts on this statement) All bodies emit energy in the form of electromagnetic radiation. Light is a form of electromagnetic radiation. So are infrared heat, ultraviolet radiation, radio waves and x- rays. The type of radiation emitted by a body depends upon its temperature, Hotter objects release more energetic radiation. The Sun, for example, emits visible light and ultraviolet energy. The Earth and its atmosphere, being much cooler, emit radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum. Living things, including humans, also emit radiation in the infrared part of the spectrum. This energy is known as heat energy. When the Earth receives (light and ultraviolet) energy from the Sun, much of it is absorbed either by the atmosphere or at the Earth’s surface. The Earth re-radiates (infrared) energy back to space, such that there is a balance between incoming energy from the Sun and outgoing energy from the Earth.

This global energy balance maintains a fairly even temperature at the surface of the Earth. Of course, there are differences in temperature between different parts of the world due to the different amounts of received sunlight. Regions nearer the equator receives much more energy than regions nearer the poles, and are consequently much warmer. These differences in surface temperature create flows of energy within the Earth atmosphere itself, which are the driving forces behind the world’s weather. Gases and aerosols in the Earth’s atmosphere affect the transfer of energy to and from the planet. The greenhouse gases absorb a lot of infrared energy that is trying to escape to space, and heat up the planet. For this reason, the Earth is on average 33°C warmer than the moon, which is a similar distance from the Sun. This natural warming process is called the greenhouse effect. Gases and aerosols in the atmosphere scatter incoming sunlight in all directions. Blue light is scattered the most, which is why the sky appears blue during the daytime. Different parts of the Earth’s surface also affect the transfer of energy. Polar regions covered in white snow and ice are much more reflective than darker areas of the planet, and proportionally less sunlight is absorbed there. Pressure Gravity pushes the layers of air down to the Earth’s surface. This push is called air pressure, consequently, 99% of the total mass of the atmosphere is below 32 km. Like all fluids (gases and liquids), the air exerts a pressure on everything within and around it, although we are not aware of it. Pressure is a force, or weight, exerted on a surface per unit area, and is measured in Pascals (Pa). The pressure exerted by a kilogram mass on the Earth’s surface is approximately 10 Pa. The pressure exerted by the whole atmosphere on the Earth’s surface is approximately 100,000 Pa. Usually, atmospheric pressure is quoted in millibars (mb). 1 mb is equal to 100 Pa, so standard atmospheric pressure is about 1000 mb. In fact, actual values of atmospheric pressure vary from place to place and from day to day. At sea level, commonly observed values range between 970 mb and 1040 mb. Note: Pressure decreases with altitude, pressure observed at various stations must be adjusted to the same level, usually sea level. Variations in atmospheric pressure lead to the development of winds that play a significant role in shaping our daily weather.

Blue Sky The light we receive from the Sun is electromagnetic energy which has a range of wavelengths. Usually we cannot differentiate between the different wavelengths the light appears white, but they become visible in a rainbow. In a rainbow we see seven colors. In order of decreasing wavelength these are red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet. We cannot see electromagnetic energy that has a longer wavelength than red (inferred) or shorter wavelength than violet (ultraviolet). The Earth’s sky is blue because the air molecules (largely nitrogen and oxygen) are much smaller than the wavelength of light. When light encounters particles much smaller than its wavelength, light is scattered in all directions. This scattering is known as “Rayleigh scattering”. Blue light, however, is much more readily scattered than light of longer wavelength. In fact blue light is scattered some 16 times more strongly than red light. Consequently, the sky appears blue. Rayleigh scattering also provides the explanation for the color of skies at dusk and dawn. A setting or rising Sun appears red because the blue light has been scattered away from the direct sunlight. Occasionally, other colors of the sky can be seen. These are caused by the scattering of light by particles much bigger than air molecules, sometimes larger than the wavelength of light. Dust particles, from natural or man-made pollution, can be many times larger than air molecules but still small enough to not fall out to the ground. If the dust particles are much larger than the wavelength of light, the scattered light will be neutral in colors. For example white or gray. By the same principle water molecules in clouds are sufficiently large to scatter all wavelengths equally. Therefore the scattered light contains all wavelengths and clouds appear white.


lntake 3

11..07..19

00:11:22	Desiree A:	Right
00:22:58	Desiree A:	digestive?
00:27:11	jazmin sadler:	for breast milk production should you drink blessed thistle before the baby or after?
00:27:53	Desiree A:	Will nettle be good for them for calcium during?
00:28:22	jazmin sadler:	ok .. she had trouble with her last baby , there was blood in her milk so she stopped
00:43:28	jazmin sadler:	wow.. definitely
00:43:38	Desiree A:	Build up of toxins
00:44:14	Brittany Rolle:	bile present
00:46:17	Desiree A:	Right there's no rest period and they don't rotate the land
00:47:17	Desiree A:	For pregnant women what are the best foods that are rich in the minerals they need
00:48:34	Melissa Vargas:	mint?
00:49:49	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
00:50:36	Desiree A:	parthogenesis lmao
00:50:58	Desiree A:	😂😂
00:51:16	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
00:51:59	Desiree A:	yes
00:53:03	Desiree A:	Thank You that was very helpful
00:53:52	Desiree A:	You mean to the womb?
00:54:11	Brittany Rolle:	you mean connecting to their unborn child?
00:54:11	Desiree A:	Yes, that is something I Am looking in to 
00:54:20	Desiree A:	I think I know what You are trying to say
01:01:55	Celesteal Light:	yes
01:02:57	Desiree A:	Peace every One I will see You next class
01:09:58	Melissa Vargas:	sorry!
01:10:10	Celesteal Light:	no worries
01:14:06	Hannah Sydney:	ether
01:14:11	Hannah Sydney:	that’s what I was thinking
01:15:23	Brittany Rolle:	she’s also lacking some minerals with the salty craving
01:15:34	Hannah Sydney:	she needs some earth to ground her like potatoes
01:17:20	Brittany Rolle:	and her diet lacks lot of fiber
01:17:38	Brittany Rolle:	I think she said no dairy
01:17:55	jazmin sadler:	lol if it’s raw why would she have problems with digestion?
01:18:38	Jamee Jory:	I would suggest to eliminate gluten. like breads, pastas, etc. vegan restaurants are loaded with gluten products. 
01:23:40	Jamee Jory:	Apples, Squashes 
01:24:25	Jamee Jory:	pears
01:27:01	Brittany Rolle:	callaloo
01:27:12	Brittany Rolle:	it’s callaloo
01:29:13	Brittany Rolle:	what about incorporating some sea moss to help with the digestion as well as give her the minerals she needs, she can make a smoothie with the fruits and add that
01:32:03	Jamee Jory:	What about her moderate breast lumps? is that also from digestion/ constipation? 
01:35:43	Brittany Rolle:	yes we make soursop and sea moss smoothie
01:35:49	Brittany Rolle:	smoothies
01:36:14	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂😂
01:37:21	Brittany Rolle:	thank you Jazmin for sharing the cinnamon suggestion
01:38:53	Jamee Jory:	Quinoa is good for grabbing. I learned this last night researching why I saw it in my poop. LOL
01:39:38	Jamee Jory:	fats and lubricants 
01:41:55	Jamee Jory:	stop eating from restaurants 
01:42:12	Aliyyah Blake:	tell her I cant help you until you tell the truth about your diet
01:49:52	Celesteal Light:	eggplant? 
01:49:59	Celesteal Light:	shape
01:50:38	Celesteal Light:	Casaba Melon


11/05/19

00:08:43	Desiree A:	it pumps 5 liters
00:14:40	Desiree A:	Yes
00:30:16	Melissa Vargas:	your mute
00:30:32	Melissa Vargas:	we hear you now
00:30:32	jazmin sadler:	yes
00:30:37	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:30:37	Celesteal Light:	now we do
00:30:49	Melissa Vargas:	clotting in the blood
00:33:30	Celesteal Light:	is that a single herb
00:33:42	Celesteal Light:	butchers brew*
00:33:51	Celesteal Light:	broom
00:33:52	Celesteal Light:	ok
00:33:55	Celesteal Light:	ty
00:35:33	Celesteal Light:	wow
00:35:52	Celesteal Light:	expand please
00:36:03	jazmin sadler:	tough exterior
00:36:07	Celesteal Light:	ridged
00:36:17	Desiree A:	callous
00:36:32	Celesteal Light:	how do we connect with that
00:37:09	Celesteal Light:	😍
00:37:18	Celesteal Light:	great answer
00:40:09	Melissa Vargas:	no
00:43:58	Celesteal Light:	so which herb
00:44:09	Celesteal Light:	helps produce more blood again
00:44:19	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:44:24	Celesteal Light:	okat cool
00:44:27	Celesteal Light:	okay
00:49:11	Desiree A:	that happened to my cousin around that same age smh
00:50:44	Desiree A:	i thought that was for stroke?
00:50:58	Desiree A:	the left side?
00:51:00	Celesteal Light:	slurred speech
00:51:30	Desiree A:	ok I see
00:52:15	Celesteal Light:	💚
00:54:04	Celesteal Light:	messes with Adrenal function
00:54:05	Melissa Vargas:	clogs the veins 
00:54:08	Celesteal Light:	over working
00:54:26	Celesteal Light:	inflammation
00:55:03	Celesteal Light:	yup lol
00:55:03	Melissa Vargas:	yeahh
00:55:03	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂😂
00:55:10	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂
00:55:42	Celesteal Light:	Juan Valdes 🐴☕
00:58:20	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:58:52	Celesteal Light:	how could you use the fruit part of it? 
00:59:15	Celesteal Light:	ginko
00:59:41	Celesteal Light:	the stinky part
00:59:43	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:59:53	Celesteal Light:	it tastes funky
00:59:58	Celesteal Light:	a bit
01:00:11	Celesteal Light:	ok
01:02:51	Celesteal Light:	how is that spelled? 
01:03:03	Celesteal Light:	gin
01:03:06	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:04:39	Celesteal Light:	say that again 
01:04:41	Celesteal Light:	please
01:05:04	Celesteal Light:	okay got cha
01:05:14	Celesteal Light:	no
01:05:29	Celesteal Light:	much work
01:06:00	Celesteal Light:	battle field
01:06:03	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:06:14	Celesteal Light:	makes sense
01:06:52	Melissa Vargas:	thinking
01:06:53	Melissa Vargas:	lol
01:08:09	Celesteal Light:	i do
01:08:12	jazmin sadler:	I do!
01:08:37	Celesteal Light:	is there a certain way we speak to them
01:10:26	Melissa Vargas:	nah
01:10:27	Celesteal Light:	yea
01:10:29	Hannah Sydney:	it’s tough love
01:10:34	Desiree A:	😂
01:10:45	Celesteal Light:	ive gotten back lashed for that
01:11:01	Celesteal Light:	🙏🏽
01:11:05	Desiree A:	Saving others at the expense of Self, played out
01:11:05	Celesteal Light:	ty
01:12:29	Celesteal Light:	Great Dad🙏🏽
01:15:39	Celesteal Light:	Thank you
01:15:45	Desiree A:	Much Truth in that
01:19:47	Celesteal Light:	thank you
01:19:55	jazmin sadler:	🙏🏽
01:21:22	Celesteal Light:	food
01:21:25	Celesteal Light:	😊
01:21:26	jazmin sadler:	😂
01:21:29	Celesteal Light:	mine too though
01:21:33	Celesteal Light:	fix my heart 
01:21:36	Celesteal Light:	🥗
01:22:48	Aliyyah Blake:	beets. onion & what 
01:22:59	jazmin sadler:	red potatoes
01:23:01	Celesteal Light:	red potato
01:23:05	Melissa Vargas:	lots of reds
01:23:10	Desiree A:	all red things
01:23:19	Celesteal Light:	💔❤
01:23:24	Aliyyah Blake:	in a soup & add those herbs or drink as a tea? 
01:23:34	jazmin sadler:	herbs will be like a base
01:23:42	Aliyyah Blake:	plus cayenne 
01:24:01	Aliyyah Blake:	that sounds so good
01:24:57	Aliyyah Blake:	what about purple cabbage & purple carrots? 
01:25:12	jazmin sadler:	chard is really good
01:25:18	Aliyyah Blake:	if u braise it
01:25:20	Celesteal Light:	chard yummy
01:25:25	Aliyyah Blake:	😋😋😋
01:25:30	Celesteal Light:	ooooh lala yall making me hungry
01:25:43	Celesteal Light:	who's cooking im coming
01:25:55	Aliyyah Blake:	what about sorrel?
01:25:56	Jamee Jory:	right!
01:26:15	Celesteal Light:	@Aliyyah facts
01:26:34	Desiree A:	wait say that again lol
01:26:48	Desiree A:	about the clockwise
01:26:48	jazmin sadler:	counter clock to lock
01:26:57	Celesteal Light:	clock wise when you make it
01:27:02	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
01:28:03	Celesteal Light:	when you say 1 part is that a tbl spoon each? 
01:28:13	Celesteal Light:	for herb
01:28:30	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:28:42	Celesteal Light:	ok
01:29:20	Celesteal Light:	wow your good
01:29:44	jazmin sadler:	wowwww lol
01:30:47	Celesteal Light:	failer
01:30:50	Celesteal Light:	lol more so 
01:30:53	Desiree A:	hmm right like not doing enough 
01:31:18	Celesteal Light:	facts
01:31:51	Desiree A:	lawd lol no need to worry 😊
01:33:11	Celesteal Light:	once I learn how to make the products and know how to use and blend them I would be more confident
01:33:56	Jamee Jory:	I'm not Amazon. LOL 
01:35:39	Celesteal Light:	wow
01:36:01	Celesteal Light:	whattttt
01:36:05	Celesteal Light:	scabies
01:36:09	Celesteal Light:	noooo
01:36:44	Celesteal Light:	awwww sis
01:37:47	Desiree A:	I have a disclaimer that I will post
01:38:19	Melissa Vargas:	thank you @desiree
01:39:46	Desiree A:	Yes ma'am 😆
01:39:55	Melissa Vargas:	right. and not everyone is your client although everyone may be coming to you
01:48:29	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
01:48:29	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:48:48	Aliyyah Blake:	I do it during 🤷🏾‍♀️
01:49:03	Melissa Vargas:	wait what’s a Dubee?
01:49:14	Aliyyah Blake:	🤭🤭
01:49:19	jazmin sadler:	lol!!
01:49:28	Aliyyah Blake:	😙🍃💨
01:49:43	Melissa Vargas:	lmao
01:53:19	jazmin sadler:	Yesss I need that 😂
01:56:33	Desiree A:	Peace All 🌻
01:56:40	Hannah Sydney:	😂😂 goo night
01:56:42	Melissa Vargas:	good night


Cardiovascular System.. week 8.. words 11/05

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The cardiovascular system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and approximately 5 liters of blood that the blood vessels transport. Responsible for transporting oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and cellular waste products throughout the body, the cardiovascular system is powered by the body’s hardest-working organ..the heart, which is only the size of a closed fist. Even at rest, the average heart easily pumps over 5 liters of blood throughout the body every minute.

Cardiovascular System Anatomy

The heart is a muscular pumping organ located medial to the lungs along the body’s midline in the thoracic region. The bottom tip of the heart, known as its apex, is turned to the left, so that about 2/3 of the heart is located on the body’s left side with the other 1/3 on right. The top of the heart, known as the heart’s base, connects to the great blood vessels of the body, the aorta, vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and pulmonary veins.

Circulatory Loops There are 2 primary circulatory loops in the human body the pulmonary circulation loop and the systemic circulation loop.

Pulmonary circulation transports deoxygenated blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs, where the blood picks up oxygen and returns to the left side of the heart. The pumping chambers of the heart that support the pulmonary circulation loop are the right atrium and the right ventricle. Systemic circulation carries highly oxygenated blood from the left side of the heart to all of the tissues of the body (with the exception of the heart and lungs). Systemic circulation removes wastes from body tissues and returns deoxygenated blood to the right side of the heart. The left atrium and left ventricle of the heart are the pumping chambers for the systemic circulation loop.

Blood vessels are the body’s highways that allow blood to flow quickly and efficiently from the heart to every region of the body and back again. The size of blood vessels corresponds with the amount of blood that passes through the vessel. All blood vessels contain a hollow area called the lumen through which blood is able to flow. Around the lumen is the wall of the vessel, which may be thin in the case of capillaries or very thick in the case of arteries. All blood vessels are lined with a thin layer of simple squamous epithelium known as the endothelium that keeps blood cells inside of the blood vessels and prevents clots from forming. The endothelium lines the entire circulatory system, all the way to the interior of the heart where it is called the endocardium.

There are three major types of blood vessels, arteries, capillaries and veins. Blood vessels are often named after either the region of the body through which they carry blood or for nearby structures. For example, the brachiocephalic artery carries blood into the brachial (arm) and cephalic (head) regions. One of its branches, the subclavian artery, ru*/ns under the clavicle hence the-name subclavian. The subclavian artery runs into the axillary region where it becomes known as the axillary artery.

Arteries and Arterioles

Arteries are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart. Blood carried by arteries is usually highly oxygenated, having just left the lungs on its way to the body’s tissues The pulmonary trunk and arteries of the pulmonary circulation loop provide an exception to this rule, these arteries carry deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs to be oxygenated.

Arteries face high levels of blood pressure as they carry blood being pushed from the heart under great force. To withstand this pressure, the walls of the arteries are thicker, more elastic, and more muscular than those of other vessels. The largest arteries of the body contain a high percentage of elastic tissue that allows them to stretch and accommodate the pressure of the heart.

Smaller arteries are more muscular in the structure of their walls. The smooth muscles of the arterial walls of these smaller arteries contract and expand to regulate flow of blood through their lumen. In this way the body controls how much blood flows to different parts of the body under various circumstances. The regulation of blood flow also affects blood pressure, as smaller arteries give blood less area to flow through and therefore increases the pressure of the blood on the arterial walls.

Arterioles are narrower arteries that branch off from the ends of the arteries and carry blood to the capillaries. They face much lower blood pressure than the arteries due to their greater numbers, decreased blood volume and distance from the direct pressure of the heart. Thus arteriole walls are much thinner than those of arteries. arterioles like arteries are able to use smooth muscle to control their aperture and regulate blood flow and blood pressure.

Capillaries are the smallest and thinnest of the blood vessels in the body and also the most. common They can be found running throughout almost every tissue of the body and border the edges of the body’s avascular tissues. Capillaries connect to arterioles on one end and venules on the other. Capillaries carry blood very close to the cells of the tissues of the body in order to exchange gases, nutrients, and waste products. The walls of capillaries consist of only a thin layer of endothelium co that there is a minimum amount of structure possible between the blood and the tissues. The endothelium acts as a filter to keep blood cells inside of the vessels while allowing liquids, dissolved gasses and other chemicals to diffuse along their concentration gradients into and out of tissue.

Precapillary sphincters are a band of smooth muscle found at the arterioles ends of capillaries. These sphincters regulate blood flow into the capillaries. Since there is a limited supply of blood, and not all tissue have the same energy and oxygen requirements, the precapillary sphincters reduce the blood flow to inactive tissue and allow free flow into active tissue.Veins and venules

Veins are the large return vessels of the body and acts as the blood return counterpart of arteries. Because the arteries, arterioles and capillaries absorb most of the force of the heart’s contractions, veins and venules are subject to very low blood pressures. This lack of pressure allows the walls of the veins to be much thinner, less elastic and less muscular than the walls of the arteries.

Veins rely on gravity, inertia and the force of skeletal muscle contractions to help push blood back to the heat. To facilitate the movement of blood, some veins contain many one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing away from the heart. As skeletal muscle in the body contract, they squeeze nearby veins and push blood through valves closer to the heart. When the muscle relaxes, the valve traps the blood until another contraction pushes the blood closer to the heart. Venules are similar to arterioles as they are small vessels that connect capillaries, but unlike arterioles, venules.connect to veins instead of arteries. Venules pick up blood from many capillaries and deposit it into larger veins for transport back to the heart.

Coronary Circulation

The heart has its own set of blood vessels that provide the myocardium with the oxygen and nutrients necessary to pump blood throughout the body. The left and right coronary arteries branch off from the aorta and provide blood to the left and right sides of the heart The coronary sinus is a vein on the posterior side of the heart that returns deoxygenated bloods from the myocardium to the vena cava. Hepatic Portal Circulation The veins of the stomach and intestines perform a unique function, instead of carrying blood directly back to the heart, they carry blood to the liver through the hepatic portal vein. Blood leaving the digestive organs is rich in nutrients and other chemicals absorbed from fuel (food). The liver remove toxins, stores sugars (sweets) and processes the products of digestion before they reach the rest of the body tissue. Blood from the liver then returns to the heart through the inferior vena cava.

Blood The average human body contains about 4 to 5 liters of blood. As liquid connective tissue, it transports many substances through the body and helps to maintain its energy by delivering nutrients to all cells, removing wastes from all cells and transfers gases. Blood is made up of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and-liquid plasma.

Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes are by far the most common type of blood cell and make up about 45% of blood volume. Erythrocytes are produced inside of red bone marrow from stem cells at the astonishing rate of about 2 million cells every second. The shape of erythrocytes is biconcave-disks with a concave curve on both sides of the disk so that the center of an erythrocyte is its thinnest part. The unique shape of erythrocytes gives these cells a high surface area to volume ratio and allows them to fold to fit into thin capillaries. Immature erythrocytes have a nucleus that is ejected from the cell when it reaches maturity to provide it with its unique shape and flexibility. The lack of a nucleus means that red blood cells contain no DNA and are not able to repair themselves once damaged. Erythrocytes transport oxygen in the blood through the red pigment hemoglobin. Hemoglobin contains iron and proteins joined to greatly increase the oxygen carrying capacity of erythrocytes. The high surface area to volume ratio of erythrocytes allows oxygen to be easily transferred into the cell in the lungs and out of the cell in the capillaries of the systemic tissues. White blood cells also known as leukocytes, make up a very small percentage of the total number of cells in the bloodstream, but have important functions in the body’s immune system There are two major classes of white blood cells granular leukocytes and agranular leukocytes.

There are three types of granular leukocytes. Neutrophils, eosinophils and basophils, each type of granular leukocyte is classified by the presence of chemical-filled vesicles in their cytoplasm that give them their function. Neutrophils contain digestive enzymes that neutralize bacteria that invade the body. Eosinophils contain digestive enzymes specialized for digesting viruses that have been bound to by antibodies in the blood. Basophils release histamine to intensify allergic reactions and help protect the body from parasites.

There are two major classes of agranular leukocytes, which are lymphocytes and monocytes.

Lymphocytes include T cells and natural killer cells that fight off viral infections and B cells that produce antibodies against infections by pathogens.

Monocytes develop into cells called macrophages that engulf and ingest pathogens and the dead cells from wounds or infections. Platelets also known as thrombocytes, platelets are small cell fragments responsible for the clotting of blood and the formation of scabs. Platelets form in the red bone marrow from large megakaryocyte cells that periodically rupture and release thousands of pieces of membrane that become the platelets. Platelets do not contain a nucleus and only survive in the body for up to a week before macrophages capture and digest them.

Plasma is the non-cellular or liquid portion of the blood that makes up about 55% of the blood is volume. Plasma is a mixture of water, proteins, and dissolved substances. Around 90% of plasma is made of water, although the exact percentage varies depending upon the hydration levels of the individual. The proteins within plasma include antibodies and albumins. Antibodies are part of the immune system and bind to antigens on the surface of pathogens that infect the body.

Albumins help maintain the body’s osmotic balance by providing an isotonic solution for the cells of the body. Many different substances can be found dissolved in the plasma including glucose, oxygen, carbon dioxide, electrolytes, nutrients, and cellular waste products. The plasma functions as transportation medium for these substances as they move throughout the body.

The Cardiovascular System has three major functions. transportation of materials, protection from pathogens and regulation of the body’s elements.

Transportation

The cardiovascular system transports blood to almost all of the body’s tissues. The blood delivers essential nutrients and oxygen and removes wastes and carbon dioxide to be processed or removed from the body. Hormones are transported throughout the body via the blood’s liquid plasma. The cardiovascular system protects the body through its white blood cells. White blood cells clean up cellular debris and fight pathogens that have entered the body. Platelets and red blood cells form scabs to seal wounds and prevent pathogens from entering the body and liquids from leaking out. Blood also carries antibodies that provide specific immunity to pathogens that the body has previously been exposed to or has been vaccinated against. The cardiovascular system regulates the body through the five elements to maintain the necessary energy for the body to maintain optimum performance. Blood vessels help maintain a body temperature by controlling the blood flow to the surface of the skin. Blood vessels near the skin’s surface open during times of overheating (spike in the fire element) to allow hot blood to dump its heat into the body’s surroundings. In the case of hypothermia, these blood vessels constrict (decreasing ether) to keep blood flowing only to vital organs in the body’s core. Blood helps regulate the body’s pH due to the presence of bicarbonate ions (recall the layers of the atmosphere) , which act as a buffer solution (ozone layer). Finally, the albumins in blood plasma helps the osmotic concentration of the body’s cells by maintaining an isotonic environment.

The heart some may consider a four-chambered “double pump,” where each side (left and right) operates as a separate pump.The left and right sides of the heart are separated by a muscular wall of tissue known as the septum of the heart. The right side of the heart receives deoxygenated blood from the systemic veins and pumps it to the lungs for oxygenation. The left side of the heart receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it through the systemic arteries to the tissues of the body. Each heartbeat results in the simultaneous pumping of both sides of the heart, making the heart a very efficient pump.

Regulation of Blood Pressure Several functions of the cardiovascular system can control blood pressure. Certain hormones along with autonomic nerve signals from the brain affect the rate and strength of heart contractions. Greater contractile force and heart rate lead to an increase in blood pressure. Blood vessels can also affect blood pressure. Vasoconstriction decreases the diameter of an artery by contracting the smooth muscle in the arterial wall. The sympathetic (fight or flight) division of the autonomic nervous system causes vasoconstriction, which leads to increases in blood pressure and decreases in blood flow in the constricted region. Vasodilation is the expansion of an artery as the smooth muscle in the arterial wall relaxes after the fight-or-flight response wears off or under the effect of certain hormones or chemicals in the blood. The volume of blood in the body also affects blood pressure. A higher volume of blood in the body raises blood pressure by increasing the amount of blood pumped by each heartbeat. Thicker more viscous blood from clotting disorders can also raise blood pressure.

Hemostasis, or the clotting of blood and formation of scabs, is managed by the platelets of the blood. Platelets normally remain inactive in the blood until they reach damaged tissue or leak out of the blood vessels through a wound. Once active, platelets change into a spiny ball shape and become very sticky in order to latch on to damaged tissues. Platelets next release chemical clotting factors and begin to produce the protein fibrin to act as structure for the blood clot. Platelets also begin sticking together to form a platelet plug. The platelet plug will serve as a temporary seal to keep blood in the vessel and foreign material out of the vessel until the cells of the blood vessel can repair the damage to the vessel wall. Common Ailments of the Circulatory System Heart attack also called myocardial infarction; involves the death of a heart muscle.

Chest pain, also called angina pectoris, one of the symptoms of heart attack.

Coronary arteries, a blockage in these will result in heart attack.

Cholesterol, fatty element that clogs the coronary or heart arteries.

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, this occurs when excessive or too force is exerted against the artery walls as the heart pumps blood.

Obesity, the condition of being grossly overweight may cause hypertension.

Sphygmomanometer, a instrument used to measure systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Low blood pressure, also called hypotension, a disease that is caused by poor diet or by some chronic condition.

Anemia, most common blood disorder that is marked by abnormalities in the number or function of red blood cells.

Iron deficiency anemia, most prevalent type of anemia where there is a lack of iron to make hemoglobin.

Leukemia is a tyce of cancer which affects the blood or bone marrow. There is abnormal production of white blood cells which crowds our red blood cells and platelets.

Atherosclerosis is a condition where fatty deposits develop in the artery walls which cause them to harden.

Stress is a kind of feeling that causes a person to be anxious and worried.

Caffeine is a kind of food that can raise your blood pressure.

Aortic Aneurysm, the aorta is the major blood vessel carrying blood away from the heart. Weakening of the blood vessel wall causes a bulge, called an aneurysm. Large or fast growing aneurysms can rupture, causing significant loss of blood into the abdominal One cavity. Most aneurysms occur in the abdominal area, but some begin higher up in the a chest. Usually, aortic aneurysms do not cause symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may include back, chest or abdominal pain. A person might be aware of a pulsating feeling around the naval area. Treatment options range from watchful waiting to surgery, depending on the size and location of the aneurysm. Atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, develops when plaque builds up in the the arteries. Plaques are made up of cells, connective tissue and certain fats. These deposits occur in patches along the inner walls of large and medium sized arteries. Growth of plaques can block blood flow and oxygen to the affected areas, possibly leading to a heart attack or stroke. Smoking and high blood pressure are two major risk factors for developing atherosclerosis.

Deep vein thrombosis, DVT-occurs when blood clots form in one of the deep veins typically the thigh or calf. Many people with the condition do not have symptoms, but hey may have leg pain, swelling or skin discoloration in the affected area. DVT can be life-threatening if the clot travels to the lungs-a condition called pulmonary embolism. This condition causes shortness of breath and pain with deep breathing. Factors contributing to the formation of a DVT are being bed ridden, prolonged sitting, and trauma to the area, pregnancy and obesity. Medication is typically used to break up clost. (in an emergency while you wait one can use cayenne pepper to ald in moving the blood. Polyarteritis nodosa, PAN is a serious inflammatory condition of the small to medium sized arteries. Many body systems are involved, including the skin, central nervous system, heart, kidneys and intestinal tract. PAN is commonly associated with hepatitis B infection, but in most cases the cause for the illness is unknown. Symptoms of PAN are quite variable, although fever, night sweats, weight loss, fatigue, and muscle and joint aches are typical . Treatment of the condition depends on the extent of the illness and which parts of the body are involved. Corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs are often used.

Arteriovenous malformations, AVMs are abnormal tangles of blood vessels within an area of the circulatory system. They typically develop before or right after birth. AVMs that form in the brain or spinal cord can result in particularly severe problems and even death. Most people with AVMs in the brain or spinal cord experience few, if any symptoms. If they do occur, it is due to a decrease in oxygen to the area, bleeding, or pressing on a vital structure. Headaches, seizures and paralysis are some possible side effects. A few herbs that strengthen the cardiovascular system. Herbs have been in use for thousands of years and are used for their effectiveness in wellness and eliminating undesired conditions from the body. Herbs are very effective in boosting the immune system, increasing the body resistance to infections, eliminating allergies, and raising and renewing the body vitality.

Hawthorn One of the most valuable heart herbs is Hawthorn berries. Rich in bioflavonoids, hawthorn acts as a normalizer upon the heart, increasing blood flow and oxygen to that part of the body. Hawthorn helps to gently move the heart to normal levels of functioning, and it may safely be used in heart weaknesses and palpitations. Hawthorn is good for protection against the early stages of heart conditions, pressure/tightness in the chest, and mild arrhythmia. It’s known to speed-up vitality from heart attacks. The leaves and flowers of the plant are best for heart conditions. Hawthorn dilates the coronary (and other) blood vessels getting more oxygen to the heart. This herb contains enzymes that get the heart pumping with more force, and converts socall bad “LDL” (the body doesn’t produce anything bad) cholesterol into the “good” HDL kind. Hawthorn can also dissolve plaques deposits in arteries. The effects of hawthorn happen when taken over time.

Motherwort Another valuable cardio-tonic is motherwort. Motherwort, a member of the mint family, is specific for a racing heartbeat caused by anxiety and tension. The ancient Greeks and Romans used this herb to regulate heart palpitations and treat depression. A woman’s menstrual cycle is affected by motherwort because it regulates the related hormones. However, both sexes benefit from its effects on the heart. Motherwort in Latin is lion heart” It can strengthen the heartbeat without increasing the pulse. It increases circulation to the heart by sedating and relaxing coronary arteries. This herb is also used for heart irregularities caused by hyperthyroidism.

Because motherwort stimulates the uterus, pregnant women should avoid taking it.

Ginkgo biloba has been recommended by herbalists for over 5,000 years to improve circulation throughout the body. Some trees live 1,000 or more years, and researchers are just beginning to understand their medicinal value. The gingko biloba tree dates back more than 300 million years, making it one of the oldest species still alive. Not only does Gingko exert a positive effect upon the vascular system by delivering blood and oxygen more efficiently to the various organ systems, but it also improves memory and the ability to concentrate. Studies also show that gingko contains powerful antioxidants which may slow the aging process. Gingko reduces fibrous tissues in arteries which are like “Velcro” to plaque, causing arteries to narrow.

The production of the Butcher’s Broom, if you suffer from discomfort and pain caused by poor circulation in the legs (a heavy leg feeling) consider the using the herb butcher’s broom. This herb is particularly good for people who are on their feet most of the day. This herb will improve circulation in the hands and feet and reduce edema. This bush used to be dried and used as a broom which is, of course, how it was named. Both the root and the above ground part of the bush are used in herbal medicine. Butcher’s broom is known to cleanse blood vessels. It helps the blood to maintain viscosity and supports blood circulation, especially in the legs. Butcher’s broom may interfere with some high blood pressure medications.

Cayenne, when butcher’s broom is used in combination with cayenne, you have a powerful team to rebuild the circulatory system. Cayenne was brought to Europe from Central America in the 17th century. Cayenne is an anti-irritant and anti-inflammatory which is why it helps the circulatory system.lt also increases gastric juices, and supports metabolism. The substance in cayenne that makes a medicinal herb is capsaicin which is found in more than 130 species of pepper. A real wonder of the herbal world is Garlic. This amazing food and herbal medicine does everything from clearing up ear infections to preventing heart conditions. Include it in the daily eating and it will support the body in many ways, perhaps more than any other herb. Think of garlic as a basic food that augments the body’s health and protects it in general. Garlic helps keep the blood vessels clean along with maintaining its tugar allowing blood pressure to normalize, along with other foods and herbs blood cholesterol maintains good standing, it also fights infections, aids in digestion, relieves gas and helps with respiratory problems. The list of benefits goes on. Garlic lowers cholesterol and triglyceride levels which in turn keeps blood platelets from getting sticky. Garlic also stimulates the process by which blood clots dissolve (fibrinolysis).

Ginseng another famous. There are many types of ginseng, but for our purposes, the most interesting two are panax ginseng also called Korean Red Ginseng, and American Ginseng. The American is somewhat “lighter” in its effects, and therefore more appropriate for people with high blood pressure. (Side note: a ginseng crop takes at least four years to mature). Ginseng means “root of man,” and it has the property of increasing physical and mental endurance. It has the power to move people to their physical peak, and many athletes claim that it gives them a competitive edge.

Ginseng has “adaptogenic” properties, which means it has a unique ability to normalize body functions. For example, if blood pressure climbs too high, or if blood sugar falls too low, an adaptogen will help to return the body to normal levels. It relaxes the lining in blood vessels.

https://youtu.be/_lgd03h3te8


02:57:14	Melissa Vargas:	yayy
03:06:36	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
03:13:41	Melissa Vargas:	haha
03:30:42	Aliyyah Blake:	is this real?
03:34:30	Aliyyah Blake:	where we given this intake somewhere?
03:42:56	Brittany Rolle:	yarrow is great for stopping bleeding too
03:44:33	jazmin sadler:	yeah she may not be aware of the side effects..
03:45:57	Aliyyah Blake:	the side effects are printed on the medicine
03:51:32	Melissa Vargas:	yep..that was me a year ago
03:51:39	Brittany Rolle:	so true
03:56:18	Desiree A:	Parasite and Colon cleanse 
03:56:34	Celesteal Light:	kidney Flush too
03:56:48	Brittany Rolle:	she also mentioned itching, indication of parasites
03:57:00	Desiree A:	true
04:05:20	Desiree A:	cayenne stimulates digestion
04:09:50	jazmin sadler:	lemon balm?
04:09:54	jazmin sadler:	for sleep
04:10:20	Desiree A:	us Calendula for sleep?
04:10:25	Desiree A:	is*
04:11:12	Brittany Rolle:	I would recommend soursop leaf for sleep, works every time
04:11:17	Desiree A:	catnip helps digestion also
04:15:49	Desiree A:	laxative
04:18:10	Hannah Sydney:	adding hyssop for cough would that be too much? or licorice root? which helps to restore balance in the stomach lining.
04:21:34	Hannah Sydney:	cinnamon has a lot of fiber which could help solidify the stool
04:22:53	Desiree A:	chemicals and hormones influencing You too
04:32:26	Brittany Rolle:	help with sleep
04:40:23	Melissa Vargas:	lol
04:40:29	Melissa Vargas:	me too
04:45:45	Melissa Vargas:	agreed
04:55:08	jazmin sadler:	yesssss! 🙌🏽
04:55:42	Melissa Vargas:	word jazmin.. I'm waiting for that gr8 8
04:56:03	jazmin sadler:	coming veryyyyyyy soon! 🙌🏽🙌🏽
04:57:23	Melissa Vargas:	lol
04:58:00	Melissa Vargas:	that's that evil laugh
04:58:02	Brittany Rolle:	🤣🤣
04:59:43	Desiree A:	rejuvelac
04:59:46	Melissa Vargas:	what?!
05:01:41	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
05:01:46	Melissa Vargas:	haha
05:04:14	Brittany Rolle:	good night all
05:04:15	Desiree A:	Peace All🌻


Water dlscusslon..

release and renewal

00:19:47	Melissa Vargas:	say that again lol
00:23:27	jazmin sadler:	That was real lol
00:23:39	Melissa Vargas:	fluff
00:29:22	Melissa H:	not for nutrients but it could help move waste out. not to be consumed regularly though
00:29:36	jazmin sadler:	I agree
00:29:43	Desiree A:	I drink distilled when I detox
00:33:43	jazmin sadler:	yeah we heard you
00:33:50	Melissa Vargas:	lol
00:38:43	jazmin sadler:	hmmmm!
00:47:31	Brittany Rolle:	hormones
00:50:25	jazmin sadler:	does menopause have a lot to do with diet?
00:51:09	Melissa H:	Yes. We don't have to go into menopause
00:51:34	jazmin sadler:	Yeah they say it’s “normal” lol
00:51:52	Melissa Vargas:	nooo lol
00:53:08	jazmin sadler:	if women have issue producing breast milk
00:53:14	jazmin sadler:	what does that mean?
01:01:41	Desiree A:	runny bowel movement
01:06:10	jazmin sadler:	I don’t feel that it changes
01:13:11	jazmin sadler:	So true!
01:14:11	Melissa H:	I've had downloads before
01:14:22	jazmin sadler:	All the time..
01:14:27	Melissa Vargas:	same
01:20:37	Melissa Vargas:	like "blue and red states"
01:27:30	Desiree A:	It's more concentrated?
01:29:55	Jamee Jory:	Does giving blood recycle the blood in your body?
01:34:39	Melissa H:	Yeah. I sat next to someone on a plane who worked for CDC and was on the team responsible for determining which flu shot to release each year. I told her I would never take it and she admitted that they don't know which strain to give. And that the strains mutate so quickly that they are never ahead of the actual flu, but following behind it trying to catch up. 
01:35:21	Melissa Vargas:	wow
01:35:51	Melissa Vargas:	scorpioss
01:36:49	Melissa H:	What type of water should we be using for our teas lol?
01:37:15	jazmin sadler:	I was gonna ask that too lol
01:42:44	Melissa H:	Non-water question: About herbs (we might have talked about this before, I just don't remember) - Once we have steeped the herbs for tea, is there any benefit to eating the herbs themselves?
01:43:35	Melissa H:	lol
01:43:47	Melissa Vargas:	calendula taste good 
01:44:16	Melissa H:	thanks.
01:44:20	Melissa Vargas:	right!
01:44:22	Melissa Vargas:	same!
01:44:25	Melissa H:	yes. me too
01:45:38	Melissa Vargas:	that's what I do too
01:45:52	Melissa Vargas:	yumm
01:46:06	Melissa Vargas:	please share I love tamarind 
01:46:09	Melissa Vargas:	right!
01:46:17	Aliyyah Blake:	we're all weird 🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:46:23	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss lol I'm ready
01:46:33	Melissa Vargas:	yes true
01:46:47	Melissa Vargas:	aooww that's what that was?
01:46:48	Aliyyah Blake:	I'm happy to know I wasnt trippin
01:47:09	Melissa Vargas:	lol
01:47:10	Melissa H:	actually could be a good idea to do a "tea tasting" and have each other's teas
01:47:17	Melissa H:	YES!
01:47:27	Melissa Vargas:	omg that would be cool Melissa 
01:47:50	Melissa Vargas:	yeah
01:48:41	Melissa H:	Maybe we can assign different weeks. There are 8 of us and we have until March
01:48:47	Desiree A:	No
01:51:55	Melissa Vargas:	haha lol
01:54:08	Melissa Vargas:	cool
01:54:16	Melissa H:	Ok. Thank you much!
01:54:24	Jamee Jory:	goodnight!


Water element.. week 7 words

water element

Element water Water element (release and renewal) – The element of water is expressed in dark blues and black. These colors invite personal wisdom. The energy of water element is represented by any shape that produces flow. Still water energy is represented by any shape that would holds water and creates a womb like effect. Moving water shapes are drawn as cascades or ripples. This energy flows to the sides and down. Water characterizes change and represents the liquid state. Water is necessary for the survival of all living things. A large part of the human body is made up of water. Our blood, lymph, and other fluids move between our cells and through our vessels, bringing energy, and carrying away wastes, regulating temperature, bringing disease fighters and carrying hormonal information from one area to another. Water is a substance without stability. By Water we mean to imply the cohesive aspects of reality which flows into and holds things together, perfectly and simply witnessed in the ubiquitous H20 molecule.  

Qualities- oily (unctuous), moist, cool, soft, and sticky Attribute – cohesion, lubrication.

Facilitates -fluidity and taste (via saliva) ocean, rain, snow, sweat and fountain.

Substance -anything liquid, fluid, Suppleness fluidity or watery.

Example – drinks, soups, melons, cucumber.

Intake – increases smoothness, coolness, softness and flow of fluids. Womb, kidney, bladder, circulatory system. Reproductive System and Reproductive Glands.

Water in its physical form is needed for life as we know it,  as one must drink or absorb in a way some form of Water to sustain life. Be it plant, animal even sentient life – seems to depend to a large degree on water. Water is often associated with emotions, art, time and especially healing and philosophy. It has the depth of a philosopher’s soul and is the inspiration of artist.  

Appearance: Water is liquid, while Earth is solid, Air/wind, gas and Fire the changeover between them…. It’s the most common liquid matter and therefore most people believe it to also represent the mother of all liquid matters. Therefore it can be said that the universal spirit didn’t only create the water, but also blood, breast milk, lymph and everything liquid. Water is often also interpreted as the purest form of liquid, as the “primal liquid,” which only appears in different shapes and forms, but in its transformation always retains its basic elemental properties. In its natural state water can be found salty (undrinkable for most living creatures) or fresh (the form most plants, animals and people require it). Fresh water is found in wells or in rivers. Salt water is mostly found on seas, wide open spaces filled with water, too big you can’t see land at the other side – in these gigantic seas of the world. Water is an unpredictable element, because it is so variable It can cause death and destruction upon those living near open water, but it also grants life – at humanoids for example it first appears in the function form of the sperm, later it helps to maintain the energy of ones body.  

Physical Water: Water is in physical form one of the things you need to survive. It’s something you quickly have enough of, or too less of. Water can only be trusted in small proportions, in wells or fountains. And even then it is a mysterious element, because it can disappear in no time on a hot day in front of your eyes. Nobody knows for sure where it has gone to if that happens, but it is a thought that the wind takes the water back (as the ancients believe water originated from wind). We know that what is taught to be ether, the space that allows water,air,earth an fire to be, the darkness where all life comes from. lf the Fire gets too dominant. The heat of the fire seems to represent the natural elemental enemy of the Water – but also vise versa – water can extinguish fire, fire can make water evaporate. Water has many properties which many people have learned to admire, but they also fear it. Water can carry boats to distant lands, water in wide open spaces also provide food in the form of  see veggies and fish. But be careful some say that everyone who fishes on the sea more than it is due is said that he will be taken by the sea like one takes the fish out of the sea water can be very destructive, as it can overflow its banks, taking things with in a flood. It is an element with two faces. For example from the skies in the form of rain, your crops need it, but if they get too much they will die because of it, and so will you.  

Water stands, like Fire, for deep, but also for variable, or expressed in a positive way “open” emotions, for the acceptance of diversity and the will for the new. Water also represents the contemplative moment, the searching in your inner self, for the discovering of the deepest and darkest things of ones being but also for unleashed chaos. Water, in opposition to the stability of earth, stands for inspiration for creation, for giving birth to ideas, longings and hopes, for moving and for changing. If Water stands still it will rot just like things made of derivative of the element of earth. The flowing and the constant re-arrangement as well as the inherent desire to increase, to overflow, to pave the way of the unknown, are also waters strength.   Water is the first idea to get started, reaching for a goal, where fire is the first step towards achieving these goals.  It is not incidentally that many a culture on planet earth sees the water as the source for all. Water means surviving or not surviving, life or death. Water stands  for the influence of the moon on the planet earth (supposed to control the tide through still disputed magical means) and mysteries.

Water stands for freedom and independence. Water is creation and destruction of prior things, care and wisdom, but also tranquility and healing to restore what was once lost. The element of water stands for cleanness and pureness, for innocence and virginity. Water is the force which changes people, minds, time and everything as water itself is constantly changing, but always the same, a constant pulse of life. Where fire transforms, water is the element which demands transformed and is transformation itself.   To represent Water alchemists often use the sign of a drop or the wave, depending on how the element is used in an alchemical formula. Art also is said to need water for inspiration, and is therefore dedicated to this element. The most common natural representations of water are the rain and the sea. Blue, purple and white are the colors of the Water. The circle, a symbol of the Sea, also a symbol of the water in general, probably because it is shapeless, but has the will to spread in all directions. The mythological beast of the Water is the sea-horse or the fish horse, It is a fine representation of the double meaning of Water. It can be a sign for fishers of a clean, fertile and pure sea, but it can also mean that there is a heavy storm approaching.


What is water.. their words…

Water is a liquid at ambient conditions, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state (ice), and gaseous state (water vapor or steam). Water covers 70.9% of the Earth’s surface, and is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, it is found mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds (formed of solid and liquid water particles suspended in air), and precipitation. Oceans hold 97% of surface water, glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers, lakes and ponds 0.6%.  A very small amount of the earth’s water is contained within biological bodies and manufactured products. On earth water moves continually through a cycle of evaporation or transpiration.   Evaporation transpiration precipitation and runoff, usually reach the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute to the precipitation over land. Clean drinking water is essential to human and other life forms. Water plays an important role in the world economy, as it functions as a solvent for a wide variety of chemical substances and facilitates industrial cooling and transportation. Water in nature appears in all three common states of matter and may take many different forms on earth, water vapor and clouds in the sky, sea water and icebergs in the polar oceans, glaciers and rivers in the mountains and the liquid in aquifers in the ground. Water is a tasteless, odorless liquid at standard temperature and pressure.

The color of water and ice is, intrinsically, a very slight blue hue although water appears colorless in small quantities. Ice also appears colorless, and water vapor is essentially invisible  as a gas. Water is transparent, and thus aquatic plants can live within the water because sunlight can reach them. Only strong UV light is slightly absorbed. Water is a good solvent and is often referred to as the universal solvent. Substances that dissolve in water, e.g., salts, sugars, acids, alkalis, and some gases especially oxygen, carbon dioxide (carbonation) are known as hydrophilic (water- loving) substances, while those that do not mix well with water (e.g., fats and oils) are known as hydrophobic (water-fearing) substances. All the major components in cells (proteins, DNA and polysaccharides) are also dissolved in water.   Pure water has a low electrical conductivity, but this increases significantly with the dissolution of a small amount of ionic material such as sodium chloride. The boiling point of water (and all other liquids) is dependent on the barometric pressure. For example, on the top of Mt. Everest water boils at 68 °C (154 °F), compared to 100 °C (212 °F) at sea level. Conversely, water deep in the ocean near geothermal vents can reach temperatures of hundreds of degrees and remain liquid. Water has the second highest molar specific heat capacity of any known substance, after ammonia, as well as a high heat of vaporization (40.65 kJ-mol”) both of which are a result of the extensive hydrogen bonding between its molecules. These two unusual properties allow water to moderate earth’s climate by buffering large fluctuations in temperature.  

The maximum density of water occurs at 3.98 °C (39.16 F). It has the anomalous property of becoming less dense, not more, when it is cooled down to its solid form, (ice) It expands to occupy 9% greater volume in this solid state, which accounts for the fact of ice floating on liquid water. Water is miscible with many liquids, such as ethanol, in all proportions, forming single homogeneous liquid. On the other hand, water and most oils are immiscible usually forming layers according to increasing density from the top. As a gas water vapor is completely miscible with air. Water forms an azeotrope with many other solvents. Water can be split by electrolysis into hydrogen and oxygen. As an oxide of hydrogen, water is formed when hydrogen or hydrogen-containing compounds burn or react with oxygen or oxygen-containing compounds. Water is not a fuel it is an end-product of the combustion of hydrogen. The energy required to split water into hydrogen and oxygen by electrolysis or any other means is greater than the energy released when the hydrogen and oxygen recombine. Humans and other animals have developed senses which enable them to evaluate the portability of water by avoiding water that is too salty or putrid. The taste of spring water and mineral water, often advertised in marketing of consumer products, derives from the minerals dissolved in it. However, pure H20 is tasteless and odorless. The advertised purity of spring and mineral water refers to absence of toxins, pollutants and microbes.  

Water in the Universe Much of the universe’s water is produced as a byproduct of star formation. When stars are born, their birth is accompanied by a strong outward wind of gas and dust. When this outflow of material eventually impacts the surrounding gas, shock waves are created, compress and heat the gas. The water observed is quickly produced in this warm dense gas. (Water has been detected in interstellar clouds within our galaxy, the milky way. Water probably exists in abundance in other galaxies, too, because its components, hydrogen and oxygen, are among the most abundant elements in the universe. Interstellar clouds eventually condense into solar nebulae and solar systems such as ours).   Water Distribution Hydrology is the study of the movement, distribution, and quality of water throughout the Earth. The study of the distribution and movement of groundwater is hydro geology, of glaciers is glaciology, of inland waters is limnology and distribution of oceans is oceanography. Ecological processes with hydrology are in focus of ecohydrology. The collective mass of water found on, under, and over the surface of a planet is called the hydrospherę. Earth’s approximate water volume (the total water supply of the world) is (we don’t know)1,360,000,000 km3 (326,000,000 mi), groundwater and fresh water are useful or potentially useful to humans as water resources. Liquid water is found in bodies of water, such as an ocean, sea, lake, river, stream, canal, ponds or puddles. The majority of water on Earth is sea water. Water is also present in the atmosphere in solid, liquid, and vapor states. It also exists as groundwater in aquifers. Water is important in many geological processes. Groundwater is present in most rocks and the pressure of this groundwater affects patterns of faulting. Water in the mantle is responsible for the melt that produces volcanoes at subduction zones, On the surface of the Earth, water is important in both chemical and physical weathering processes. Water and, to a lesser but still significant extent, ice, are also responsible for a large amount of sediment transport that occurs on the surface of the earth. Deposition of transported sediment forms many types of sedimentary rocks, which make up the geologic record of earth’s history.

Water Cycle The water cycle (known scientifically as the hydrologic cycle) refers to the continuous exchange of water within the hydrosphere, between the atmosphere, soil, water, surface water, groundwater, and plants. Water moves perpetually through each of these regions in the water cycle consist of the following transfer processes.

Evaporation from oceans and other water bodies into the air and transpiration from land plants and animals into air.

Precipitation from water vapor condensing from the air and falling to earth or ocean.

Runoff from the land usually reaching the sea.   Most water vapor over the oceans returns to the oceans, but winds carry water vapor over land at the same rate as runoff into the sea. Over land, evaporation and transpiration contribute another 71 Tt per year. Precipitation, at a rate of 107 Tt per year over land, has several forms most commonly rain, snow, and hail, with some contribution from fog and dew. Condensed water in the air may also refract sunlight to produce rainbows.  

Surface Water Rivers, streams, lakes, and reservoirs-they all contain water flowing on the earth’s surface. Rivers and streams carry flowing water whereas as lakes, wetlands, and reservoirs hold or store water. Regardless of their role they are all surface-water resources that are replenished by precipitation. Rain falling on the land surface that does not seep into the ground becomes runoff water, which flows into rivers, streams, or lakes. The land area that drains water to a particular river, stream, or lake is called a watershed, which can be identified on a map by tracing a line along the highest elevations, generally a ridge, between two areas on a map. About 80 percent of the total freshwater that we use daily comes from surface water. The estimated amount of surface-water withdrawal in the United States was 323 billion gallons per day. Most of this water was used for irrigation and public supplies. Because surface water such a vital role in our lives, it is important to have accurate measures of stream flow to determine stream stage and discharge over time.  

Water runoff Water runoff often collects over watersheds flowing into rivers. A mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters is hydrological transport model. Some of water is diverted to irrigation for agriculture. Rivers and seas offer opportunity for travel and commerce. Through erosion, runoff shapes the environment creating river valleys and deltas which provide rich soil and level ground  for the establishment of population centers. A flood occurs when an area of land usually low-lying, is covered with water. It is when a river overflows its banks or flood from the sea. A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. This occurs when a region receives consistently below average precipitation.  

Fresh Water Storage Some runoff water is trapped for periods of time, for example in lakes. At high altitude, during winter, and in the far north and south, snow collects in ice caps, snow pack and glaciers. Water also infiltrates the ground and goes into aquifers. This groundwater later flows back to the surface in springs or more spectacularly in hot springs and geysers. Groundwater is also extracted artificially in wells. This water storage is important, since clean, fresh water is essential to human and other land-based life. In many parts of the world, it is in short supply.  

Ground Water Although it is hidden from view, vast quantities of water exist in the crevices, cracks, and pore spaces of rocks and soils that make up the Earth’s crust. As a matter of fact, more subsurface or “ground” water is contained below the land surface than is contained within all of the surface reservoirs and lakes, including the Great Lakes. The depth to groundwater may be within a few feet of land surface or several thousand feet below land surface. The age of groundwater may be just a few hours old at shallow depths or hundreds to thousands of years old at great depths.

Geologic materials that can store and freely transmit groundwater are called aquifers. The speed at which water moves through an aquifer depends on the size of the open void spaces containing the water and how well these spaces are connected. Where geologic materials are porous (many void spaces) and permeable (large, well-connected spaces), water can easily be transmitted to wells or springs. As with surface water, groundwater also is replenished by precipitation. Approximately 21 percent of the freshwater withdrawn in the united states supplies, livestock uses, irrigation, industry, and mining uses groundwater. Nearly 82 billion gallons a day were obtained from wells and springs to meet water needs.  

Thermoelectric water industrial Applications Thermoelectric power accounts for about half of total water withdrawals. Most of is derived from surface water and used for once-through cooling at power plants . About 52 percent of fresh surface-water withdrawals and about 96 percent of saline withdrawals are for thermoelectric-power use. Water is used in power generation. Hydroelectricity is electricity obtained from hydropower. Hydroelectric power comes from water driving a water turbine connected to a generator. Hydroelectricity is a low-cost, non-polluting, renewable energy source. The energy is supplied by the sun. Heat from the sun evaporates water, which condenses as rain in higher altitudes, from where it flows down. Discharge of untreated water from industrial uses is pollution. Pollution includes discharged solutes (chemical pollution) and discharged coolant water (thermal pollution). Self-supplied industrial water withdrawals accounted for about 5 percent of water use. Industrial water use includes water used for fabrication, processing, washing, and cooling, and also includes water used by smelting facilities, petroleum refineries, and industries producing chemical products, food, and paper products. Industrial water use has declined 24 percent since 1985 and in 2000 was at the lowest level since reporting began in 1950.

Public supply water is water withdrawn by public and private water suppliers, in contrast to self-supplied water, which is water withdrawn by a user. Public-supply water may be used for domestic, commercial, industrial, thermometric power, or public use purposes. Irrigation Water Use fresh water in the United States. Irrigation accounts for about a third of water use and is currently the largest use of freshwater in the u.s.  Irrigation water use includes water used for growing  crops, frost protection, as well as water used to maintain areas such as parks and golf courses. Sea water contains about 3.5% salt on average, plus smaller amounts of other substances. The physical properties of sea water differ from fresh water in some important respects. It freezes at a lower temperature (about-1.9″C) and its density increases with decreasing temperature to the freezing point, instead of reaching maximum density at a temperature above freezing. The salinity of water in major seas varies from about 0.7% Baltic Sea to 4.0% in the Red Sea. Tides are the cyclic rising and falling of Earth’s ocean surface caused by the tidal forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the oceans. Tides cause changes in the depth of the marine and estuarine water bodies and produce oscillating currents known as tidal streams. The changing tide produced at a given location is the result of the changing positions of the Moon and Sun relative to the Earth coupled with the effects of earth rotation and the local bathymetry. The strip of seashore that is submerged at high tide and exposed at low tide, the inter-tidal zone, is an important ecological product of ocean tides.  

Water Effects on Life From a biological standpoint, water has many distinct properties that are critical for the proliferation of life that set it apart from other substances. It carries out this role by allowing organic compounds to react in ways that ultimately allow replication. All known forms of life depend on water. Water is vital both as a solvent in which many of the body’s solutes dissolve and as an essential part of many metabolic processes within the body. Metabolism is the sum total of anabolism and catabolism, In anabolism, water is removed from molecules (through energy requiring enzymatic chemical reactions) in order to grow larger molecules. (e.g. starches, triglycerides and proteins for storage of fuels and information).In catabolism, water is used to break bonds in order to generate smaller molecules (e.g. glucose, fatty acids and amino acids to be used for fuels for energy use or other purposes). Without water, these particular metabolic processes could not exist. Water is fundamental to photosynthesis and respiration. Photosynthetic cells use the sun’s energy to split off water’s hydrogen from oxygen, Hydrogen is combined With CO2 (absorbed from air or water) to form glucose and release oxygen, All living cells use such fuels and oxidize the hydrogen and carbon to capture the sun’s energy and reform water and CO2  in the process (cellular respiration). Water is also central to acid-base neutrality and enzyme function. Water is considered to be neutral, with a pH (the negative log of the hydrogen ion concentration) of 7. Acids have pH values than 7 while bases have values greater than 7.  

Aquatic life forms Earth’s surface waters are filled with life. The earliest life forms appeared in water nearly all fish live exclusively in water, and there are many types of marine mammals such as dolphins and whales. Some kinds of animals, such as amphibians, spend portions of their lives in water and portions on land. Plants such as kelp and algae grow in water and are the basis for some underwater ecosystems.   Other Water Uses Combined withdrawals for self-supplied domestic, livestock, aquaculture, and mining activities represented about 3  percent of total water withdrawals. Self-supplied domestic withdrawals include water used for household purposes which is not obtain from public supply. Water use for human consumption is called drinking water. Water that is not potable may be made potable by filtration ar distillation, or a range of other methods. Water that is not fit for drinking but is not harmful humans when used for swimming or bathing is called by various names other than potable or drinking water, and is sometimes call safe water or safe for bathing. Chlorine is a skin and mucous membrane irritant that is used to make water safe for bathing and drinking…(lawd gad) Non potable water (wastewater) generated by humans may be referred to as grey water and black water which contains sewage and other forms of waste products……..  


week 6.. lntake

00:20:53	SWP Sabrina:	🤣🤣🤣🤣
00:22:10	Desiree A:	Right, like white things. flour, starches
00:24:34	Aliyyah Blake:	herpes feeds off sugars too
00:33:16	jazmin sadler:	can someone write the list in the chat.. I missed some I only have 6 lol
00:33:41	Aliyyah Blake:	calendula 
00:33:50	Therese Prentice:	do you recommend drinking each of the individual herbs for us?
00:33:58	Melissa Vargas:	black walnut calendula cinnamon chips chaparral dandelion leaf lemon balm 
00:34:12	Melissa Vargas:	elecampane 
00:34:43	jazmin sadler:	thank you 💓
00:36:42	Melissa Vargas:	did he say parsley root?
00:36:55	jazmin sadler:	yes!
00:37:46	Nicole Sanchez:	How long do you steep the lemon balm for, I feel like it gets bitter fast.
00:43:32	Therese Prentice:	Dandelion Root is for Bowels?
00:44:19	Therese Prentice:	yess thanks
00:44:27	Desiree A:	Yes!
00:44:29	jazmin sadler:	all good!
00:44:35	Hannah Sydney:	it makes sense
00:45:02	Therese Prentice:	red Raspberry for Hormones and nourishing too
00:45:12	jazmin sadler:	red raspberry and red clover is my favoriteeee blend
00:46:57	Jamee Jory:	How many parts per blend for numerology? 
00:46:59	Therese Prentice:	I say that adaptagens go where they are needed
00:47:32	Melissa Vargas:	kava kava ?
00:47:57	Therese Prentice:	ashes Ganda is my favorite adaptagen
00:48:08	Therese Prentice:	and ashwaganda
00:48:36	Therese Prentice:	reishi mushroom
00:48:57	Therese Prentice:	maca is an adaptagen
00:49:14	Melissa Vargas:	st. john wort?
00:50:48	Desiree A:	st John's wort is more sedative too I think like for nerves
00:53:42	Therese Prentice:	can you speak more about rhodiola?
00:54:38	Therese Prentice:	I heard it takes longer to work?
00:56:56	Jamee Jory:	would you still use red raspberry if making this for a man?
00:57:15	Therese Prentice:	red raspberry for parasites?
01:01:39	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂😂😂
01:01:45	jazmin sadler:	lmaoooooo
01:01:47	SWP Sabrina:	🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:01:48	Therese Prentice:	love that analysis
01:01:58	Therese Prentice:	I got it
01:02:45	jazmin sadler:	I just don’t understand how you can tolerate herbal tea, it’s not bad at all lol
01:05:03	Desiree A:	Can You send that list @Aliyyah ?
01:08:34	Aliyyah Blake:	I'll put it in the other group chat
01:09:44	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss, I agree with this 1000%
01:11:00	Aliyyah Blake:	Desiree I sent it in the group chat
01:11:23	Desiree A:	Awesome, thank You!
01:16:19	Melissa H:	YESSSSS! This is so good!
01:18:25	Desiree A:	Yes, thank You for those nuggets!
01:34:05	Hannah Sydney:	does she take any medications?
01:34:33	Desiree A:	Yes but a lot of good information and it's relatable
01:43:58	Desiree A:	Yes, maybe add one to the day time like black walnut
01:47:08	Jamee Jory:	Maybe a bath with Epsom and magnesium? helps with minerals and relaxation at night.
01:50:21	Jamee Jory:	Maybe adding the herbs will help motivate better food choices?
01:53:19	jazmin sadler:	yes agreed!
01:58:35	jazmin sadler:	wowww
01:59:59	Therese Prentice:	you would be aggressive with her?
02:00:10	Therese Prentice:	lol
02:00:23	Therese Prentice:	Wow got it
02:00:25	jazmin sadler:	she’s too comfortable
02:00:46	jazmin sadler:	it will make her uncomfortable which is good
02:00:50	Therese Prentice:	ok cool
02:01:10	Therese Prentice:	damn
02:02:24	Jamee Jory:	🤣 I love that you put get rid of bf in 30 day goals! 
02:02:39	Melissa Vargas:	haha
02:02:47	jazmin sadler:	lol that was real
02:05:17	Jamee Jory:	Genius!
02:13:17	jazmin sadler:	and it shows how much they want the change
02:13:50	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
02:13:51	Jamee Jory:	How much does she pay a day in fast foods?
02:14:03	Melissa H:	good question Jamee
02:14:05	Melissa Vargas:	at least 12 dollars
02:14:08	jazmin sadler:	It’s a choice..
02:16:33	jazmin sadler:	boom!
02:16:41	jazmin sadler:	so simple
02:16:47	jazmin sadler:	if she’s serious..
02:18:03	jazmin sadler:	yeah.. she has to want it more for herself than you do!
02:19:10	Jamee Jory:	goodnight 
02:19:12	jazmin sadler:	have a beautiful night!
02:19:16	Desiree A:	All right! goodnight all



If you would like to be on the map please send me the info you would like me to display on there. please and thankyou


Simple Herb Clasifications

Plant Group

Aromatic/Pungent 

Major Phytochemicals

essential oils 

resins

allyl-sulphides

glucosinolates.

Primary Healing Actions

stimulating (warming or hot)

drying (disperse moisture and stagnation)

diaphoretic (stimulates perspiration)

carminative

expectorant

decongestant

antiseptic

cold and flu remedies

Single Herb Examples

Aromatic

eucalyptus

chamomile 

peppermint

sage 

rosemary 

oregano

thyme 

lavender 

fennel.

Pungent: 

capsicum

ginger

horseradish

clove.


Plant Group

Bitters

Major Phytochemicals

Alkaloids

iridolds

anthraquinone

glycosides.

Primary Healing Actions

detoxifying (enhance elimination)

cooling (reduce inflammation and fever)

blood purifying 

laxative

liver protective.

Single Herb Examples

goldenseal 

oregon grape

yellow dock 

milk thistle

cascara sagrada

buckthorn 

sarsaparilla

burdock 

dandelion root

yucca 

gentian 

orange peel,

lobelia 

chocolate 

myrrh gum 

hops.


Plant Group

Salty

Major Phytochemicals

mineral salts

Primary Healing Actions

nourishing (supplies minerals and nutrients)

softening (breaks up hard masses) 

gently detoxifying.

Single Herb Examples

dandelion leaf

chickweed

mullein 

celery 

barley grass 

parsley

red clover

nettles 

alfalfa

horsetail 

oat straw.


Plant Group

Sour

Major Phytochemicals

organic acids (citric,malic and ascorbic acid)

flavonoids

Primary Healing Actions

Cooling (reduces inflammation and fever)

antioxidant

nourishing and refreshing

protect cardio- vascular system

Single Herb Examples

lemon 

hawthorn 

plantain leaf

schizandra

elderberry

grape 

bilberry

mangosteen 

lyceum

willow bark.


Plant Group

Astringent

Major Phytochemicals

tannins.

Primary Healing Actions

tightening (contract tissue and arrest discharge)

styptic (stops bleeding)

vulnerary (helps wounds heal)

counteracts venom.

Single Herb Examples

White oak bark

uva ursi

bayberry root bark

red raspberry

yarrow

lady’s mantle

eyebright

kudzu.


Plant Group

Mucilant

Major Phytochemicals

mucilage

gums 

pectins.

Primary Healing Actions

Soothing (reduces irritation and inflammation)

absorbent (absorbs moisture and toxins)

vulnerary (tissue healing)

decongestant

bulk laxative.

Single Herb Examples

Psyllium hulls

slippery elm

marshmallow 

dulse 

gum arabic

guar gum

fenugreek

okra.


Plant Group

Sweet

Major Phytochemicals

immune stimulating.

Primary Healing Actions

Tonifying (strengthens body structure and function)

adaptagenic (helps body adapt to stress)

immune stimulating

energizing (builds energy reserves).

Single Herb Examples

licorice root

ginseng root

stevia

dong qual

eleuthero root

astragals

bee pollen.


week 6 discussion

00:29:27	Desiree A:	True, they are becoming less covert about it though. meaning they are getting desperate.
00:29:32	Desiree A:	what is it called?
00:29:46	Brittany Rolle:	the game changers
00:32:59	Brittany Rolle:	red
00:33:02	Desiree A:	red
00:39:06	Desiree A:	No, is it protection?
00:39:06	Brittany Rolle:	excess
00:40:02	Jamee Jory:	vitamin D
00:51:11	Bea Divine:	the skins natural oils should protect from harmful rays also
00:59:51	jazmin sadler:	never INNERstood why they said vitamin D came from dairy. 🙄
01:00:12	Desiree A:	Lol right
01:08:13	Desiree A:	😂
01:21:41	Celesteal Light:	such a great Class!!!
01:21:46	Celesteal Light:	whoaaaa
01:23:22	Celesteal Light:	something citric? 
01:23:31	Celesteal Light:	lemon grass? 
01:23:40	Celesteal Light:	lemon balm
01:23:55	Celesteal Light:	okay
01:23:56	Jamee Jory:	what about just plain olive oil? 
01:24:35	Melissa Vargas:	chamomile is a great scent
01:24:38	Desiree A:	chamomile topically?
01:24:42	Desiree A:	Yes
01:41:59	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂😂
01:42:18	jazmin sadler:	lmaooo
01:43:29	jazmin sadler:	That is interesting! Lol
01:43:57	Celesteal Light:	parasite
01:44:01	jazmin sadler:	programming.
01:44:01	Desiree A:	parasites
01:44:07	Bea Divine:	!!!
01:44:10	Desiree A:	it's a mind thing also
01:44:14	Melissa H:	yes jazmin lol
01:45:15	Desiree A:	I'm like that with beef and chicken
01:47:18	jazmin sadler:	isn’t that acidic ?
01:47:46	Desiree A:	I hear different things about acv
01:49:32	jazmin sadler:	😂😂😂
01:49:41	Desiree A:	😂😂😂
01:50:02	Desiree A:	You have to measure it right lol and mix it eotj the carrier oil
01:50:22	jazmin sadler:	I have a question before we go...
01:50:33	jazmin sadler:	how do you feel about colonics?
01:55:46	jazmin sadler:	for how long?
01:56:20	Celesteal Light:	one says Salt and the other calcium I dont know why
01:56:32	Celesteal Light:	one to ingest amd the other topical
01:56:39	Celesteal Light:	bentonite clay
01:57:36	Aliyyah Blake:	which brands?
01:58:13	jazmin sadler:	thank you!
02:00:00	Desiree A:	Do You take it before or after You eat?
02:00:39	jazmin sadler:	good question!
02:08:32	Melissa Vargas:	killa
02:27:24	Desiree A:	soap nuts?
02:33:24	Brittany Rolle:	good night everyone


The Skeletal System Week 6.. words

The skeletal system includes all of the bones and joints in the body. Each bone is a complex living organ that is made up of many cells, protein fibers, and minerals. The skeleton acts as a scaffold by providing support and protection for the soft tissues that make up the rest of the body. The skeletal system also provides attachment points for muscles to allow movements at the joints. New blood cells are produced by the red bone marrow inside of our bones. Bones act as the body’s warehouse for calcium, iron, and energy in the form of fat. Finally, the skeleton grows throughout childhood and provides a framework for the rest of the body to grow along with it.

Skeletal System Anatomy

The skeletal system in an adult body is made up of 206 individual bones. These bones are arranged into two major divisions and the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton.
The axial skeleton runs along the body’s midline axis and is made up of 80 bones in the following regions:
Skull
Auditory ossicles
Sternum
Hyoid
Vertebral column
The appendicular skeleton is made up of 126 bones in the following regions:
Upper limbs
.Lower limbs
.Pelvic girdle
Pectoral (shoulder) girdle.

Skull
The skull is composed of 22 bones that are fused together except for the mandible. These 21 fused bones are separate in children to allow the skull and brain to grow, but fuse to give added strength and protection as an adult. The mandible remains as a movable jaw bone and forms the only movable joint in the skull with the temporal bone. The bones of the superior portion of the skull are known as the cranium protect the brain from damage. The bones of The the inferior and anterior portion of the skull are known as facial bones and support the eyes, nose, and mouth.

Hyoid and Auditory Ossicles
The hyoid is a small, U-shaped bone found just inferior to the mandible. The hyoid is the only bone in the body that does not form a joint with any other bone it is a floating bone. The hyoid’s function is to help hold the trachea open and to form a bony connection for the tongue muscles. The malleus, incus, and stapes known collectively as the auditory ssicles are the smallest bones in the body. Found in a small cavity inside of the temporal bone, they serve transmit and amplify sound from the eardrum to the inner ear.

Vertebrae
Twenty-six vertebrae form the vertebral column of the human body. They are named by region.

Cervical (neck)-7 vertebrae
Thoracic (chest) – 12 vertebrae
Lumbar (lower back)-5 vertebrae
Sacrum- 1 vertebra
Coccyx (tailbone) – 1 vertebra
With the exception of the singular sacrum and coccyx, each vertebra is named for the first letter of its region and its position along the superior-inferior axis. For example, the most superior thoracic vertebra is called T1 and the most inferior is called T12.

Ribs and Sternum
The sternum, or breastbone, is a thin, knife-shaped bone located along the mid-line of the anterior side of the thoracic region of the skeleton. The sternum connects to the ribs by thin bands of cartilage called the coastal cartilage. There are 12 pairs of ribs that together with the sternum form the rib cage of the thoracic region. The first seven ribs are known as “true ribs” because they connect the thoracic vertebrae directly to the sternum through their own band of costal cartilage. Ribs 8, 9, and 10 all connect to the sternum through cartilage that is connected to the cartilage of the seventh rib, so we consider these to be “false ribs.” Ribs 11 and 12 are also false ribs, but are also considered to be “floating ribs” because they do not have any cartilage attachment to the sternum at all.

The pectoral girdle connects the upper limb (arm) bones to the axial skeleton and consists of the left and right clavicles and left and right scapula.
The humerus is the bone of the upper arm. It forms the ball and socket joint of the shoulder with the scapula and forms the elbow joint with the lower arm bones. The radius and ulna are the two bones of the forearm. The ulna is on the medial side of the forearm and forms a hinge joint with the humerus at the elbow. The radius allows the forearm and hand to turn over at the wrist joint.
The lower arm bones form the wrist joint with the carpals, a group of eight small bones that give added flexibility to the wrist. The carpals are connected to the five metacarpals that form the bones of the hand and connect to each of the fingers. Each finger has three bones known as phalanges, except for the thumb, which only has two phalanges.

Pelvic Girdle and lower limb formed by the left and right hip bones, the pelvic girdle connects the lower limb (leg) bones to the axial skeleton. The femur is the largest bone in the body and the only bone of the thigh (femoral) region. The femur forms the ball and socket hip joint with the hip bone and forms the knee joint with the tibia and patella. Commonly called the kneecap, the patella is special because it is one of few bones that are not present at birth. The patella forms in early childhood to support the knee for walking and crawling. The tibia and fibula are the bones of the lower leg. The tibia is much larger than the fibula and bears nearly all of the body’s weight. The fibula is mainly a muscle attachment point and is to maintain balance. The tibia and fibula form the ankle joint with the talus, one of the seven tarsal bones in the foot. The tarsals are a group of seven small bones that form the posterior end of the foot and heel. The tarsals form joints with the five long metatarsals of the foot. Then each of the metatarsals forms a joint with one of the set of phalanges in the toes. Each toe has three phalanges except for the big toe, which only has two phalanges.

Microscopic Structure of Bones
The skeleton makes up about 30-40% of an adult’s body mass. The skeleton’s mass is made up of  bone matrix and many tiny bone cells. Roughly half of the bone matrix’s mass is water, while the other half is collagen protein and solid crystals of calcium carbonate and calcium phosphate.

Living bone cells are found on the edges of bones and in small cavities inside of the bone matrixc, Although these cells make up very little of the total bone mass, they have several very important roles in the functions of the skeletal system. The bone cells allow bones to..

. Grow and develop

. Be repaired following an injury or daily wear

.Be broken down to release their stored minerals

Types of Bones
All of the bones of the body can be broken down into five types, long, short, flat, irregular and sesamoid.

Long bones are longer than they are wide and are the major bones of the limbs. Long bones grow more than the other classes of bone throughout childhood and so are responsible for the bulk of our height as adults. A hollow medullary cavity is found in the center of long bones and serves as a storage area for bone marrow. Examples of long bones include the femur, tibia, fibula, metatarsals, and phalanges.

Short bones are about as long as they are wide and are often cubed or round in shape. The carpal bones of the wrist and the tarsal bones of the foot are examples of short bones.

Flat bones vary greatly in size and shape, but have the common feature of being very thin in one direction. Because they are thin, flat bones do not have a medullary cavity like the long bones. The frontal, parietal, and occipital bones of the cranium along with the ribs and hip bones are all examples of flat bones.

Irregular bones have a shape that does not fit the pattern of the long, short, or flat bones. The vertebrae, sacrum, and coccyx of the spine as well as the sphenoid, ethmoid and zygomatic bones of the skull are all irregular bones.

Sesamoid bones are formed after birth inside of tendons that run across joints. Sesamoid bones grow to protect the tendon from stresses and strains at the joint and can help to give a mechanical advantage to muscles pulling on the tendon. The patella and the pisiform bone of the carpals are the only sesamoid bones that are counted as part of the 206 bones of the body. Other sesamoid bones can form in the joints of the hands and feet, but are not present in all people. 

Parts of Bones

The long bones of the body contain many distinct regions due to the way in which they develop. At birth, each long bone is made of three individual bones separated by hyaline cartilage. Each end bone is called an epiphysis (epi = on; physis-to grow) while the middle bone is called a diaphysis (dia passing through). The epiphysis and diaphysis grow towards one another and eventually fuse into one bone. The region of growth and eventual fusion in between the epiphysis and diaphysis is called the metaphysis (meta- after). Once the long bone parts have fused together, the only hyaline cartilage left in the bone is found as articular cartilage on the ends of the bone that form joints with other bones. The articular cartilage acts as a shock absorber and gliding surface between the bones to facilitate movement at the joint.

Looking at a bone in cross section, there are several distinct layered regions that make up a bone. The outside of a bone is covered in a thin layer of dense irregular connective tissue called the periosteum. The periosteum contains many strong collagen fibers that are used to firmly anchor tendons and muscles to the bone for movement. Stem cells and osteoblast cells in the periosteum are involved in the growth and repair of the outside of the bone due to stress and injury. Blood vessels present in the periosteum provide energy to the cells on the surface of the bone and penetrate into the bone itself to nourish the cells inside of the bone. The periosteum also contains nervous tissue and many nerve endings to give bone its sensitivity to pain when injured.

Deep to the periosteum is the compact bone that makes up the hard, mineralized portion of the bone. Compact bone is made of a matrix of hard mineral salts reinforced with tough collagen fibers. Many tiny cells called osteocytes live in small spaces in the matrix and help to maintain the strength and integrity of the compact bone.

Deep to the compact bone layer is a region of spongy bone where the bone tissue grows in thin columns called trabeculae with spaces for red bone marrow in between. The trabeculae grow in a specific pattern to resist outside stresses with the least amount of mass possible, keeping bones light but strong. Long bones have a spongy bone on their ends but have a hollow medullary cavity in the middle of the diaphysis. The medullary cavity contains red bone marrow during childhood, eventually turning into yellow bone marrow after puberty.

Articulations
An articulation, or joint, is a point of contact between bones, between a bone and a tooth. Synovial joints are the most common type of articulation and feature a small gap between the bones. This gap allows a free range of motion and space for synovial fluid to lubricate the joint. Fibrous joints exist where bones are very tightly joined and offer little to no movement between the bones. Fibrous joints also hold teeth in their bony sockets. Finally, cartilaginous joints are formed where bone meet cartilage or where there is a layer of cartilage between two bones. These joints provide a small amount of flexibility in the joint due to the gel-like consistency of cartilage.

Skeletal System Physiology

Support and Protection

The skeletal system’s primary function is to form a solid framework that supports and protects the body’s organs and anchors the skeletal muscles. The bones of the axial skeleton act as a hard shell to protect the internal organs, such as the brain and the heart from damage caused by external forces. The bones of the appendicular skeleton provide support and flexibility at the joints and anchor the muscles that move the limbs

Movement

The bones of the skeletal system act as attachment points for the skeletal muscles of the body. Almost every skeletal muscle works by pulling two or more bones either closer together or further apart. Joints act as pivot points for the movement of the bones. The regions of each bone where muscles attach to the bone grow larger and stronger to support the additional force of the muscle. In addition, the overall mass and thickness of a bone increase when it is under a lot of stress from lifting weights or supporting body weight.

Hematopoiesis

Red bone marrow produces red and white blood cells in a process known as hematopoiesis. Red bone marrow is found in the hollow space inside bones known as the medullary cavity. Children tend to have more red bone marrow compared to their body size than adults do, due to their body’s constant growth and development. The amount of red bone marrow drops off at the end of puberty, replaced by yellow bone marrow.

Storage

The skeletal system stores many different types of essential substances to facilitate growth and repair of the body. The skeletal system’s cell matrix acts as our calcium bank by storing and releasing calcium ions into the blood as needed. Proper levels of calcium ions in the blood are essential to the proper function of the nervous and muscular systems. Bone cells also release osteocalcin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar and fat deposition. The yellow marrow inside of our hollow long bones is used to store energy in the form of lipids. Finally, red bone marrow stores some iron in the form of the molecule ferritin and uses this iron to form hemoglobin in red blood cells.

Growth and Development

The skeleton begins to form early in fetal development as a flexible skeleton made of hyaline cartilage and dense irregular fibrous connective tissue. These tissues act as a soft, growing framework and placeholder for the bony skeleton that will replace them. As development progresses, blood vessels begin to grow into the soft fetal skeleton, bringing stem cells and nutrients for bone growth. Osseous tissue slowly replaces the cartilage and fibrous tissue in a process called calcification. The calcified areas spread out from their blood vessels replacing the old tissues until they reach the border of another bony area. At birth, the skeleton of a newborn has more than 300 bones, as a person ages these bones grow together and fuse into larger bones, leaving adults with only 206 bones.

Flat bones follow the process of intramembranous ossification where the young bones grow from a primary ossification center in fibrous membranes and leave a small region of fibrous tissue in between each other. In the skull these soft spots are known as fontanels, and give the skull flexibility and room for the bones to grow. Bone slowly replaces the fontanels until the individual bones of the skull fuse together to form a rigid adult skull.

Long bones follow the process of endochondral ossification where the diaphysis grows inside of cartilage from a primary ossification center until it forms most of the bone. The epiphyses then grow from secondary ossification centers on the ends of the bone. A small band of hyaline cartilage remains in between the bones as a growth plate. As we grow through childhood, the growth plates grow under the influence of growth and sex hormones, slowly separating the bones. At the same time the bones grow larger by growing back into the growth plates. This process continues until the end of puberty, when the growth plate stops growing and the bones fuse permanently into a single bone. The vast difference in height and limb length between birth and adulthood are mainly the result of endochondral ossification in the long bones.

Common Bone Diseases
Bone diseases are disorders and conditions that cause abnormal development and/or impairment in normal bone development. This can result in weakened bones, inflamed joints and pain. Its reported that your bones naturally lose density after the age of 20 due to the aging process.. (any thoughts). However, some diseases of the bone can cause excessive loss of bone strength and density. Nutrient deficiencies such a lack of vitamin D or C, hormonal imbalances and cell abnormalities can also cause bone disorders in both children and adults.

Rickets this preventable bone disease affects young children and is caused by a deficiency of the nutrient vitamin D. Rickets causes weak, brittle bones that fracture easily and bone and muscle pain.

Osteomalacia is similar to rickets because it is caused by a defect in vitamin D metabolism by the body, but it affects mainly adults. It is characterized by weakened bones and abnormal bone formation.

Acromegaly is a bone condition caused by excess of growth hormone production by the body. Overgrown bones in the face, hands and feet characterize this disease. The most common cause of acromegaly is a benign tumor on the pituitary gland in the brain.

Perthes disease affects the bone of the hip joint in children. The femoral head, which is the joint area on the long bone in the upper leg, deteriorates due to a lack of blood supply, causing pain and the inability to walk.

Fibrous Dysplasia results in excessive growth or swelling of bone due to abnormal cell development. There are several types of fibrous dysplasia that mainly affect the bones of the skull, face, ribs, upper arms, pelvis, thighs and shins.

Osteomyelitis is a bacterial infection of bone, which can either be sudden and acute or chronic. Treatment may include antibiotics and in some cases, surgery to remove the infected bone tissue. 
Our bones define us, make us beautiful, provide leverage for movement and allow us to stand upright. We build bone until our third decade. After that, a steady loss begins, like sand slipping through an hourglass. Nevertheless, while osteoporosis has become a major public health problem, it is not inevitable. A number of strategies will keep your bones strong and some of them run counter to the party line on osteoporosis prevention.

Lifestyle Tips for Healthy Bones
Physical activity tones bone and muscle, and strong muscles minimize the risk of bone shattering falls. To stimulate new bone formation, the exercise has to stress the bone. Weight bearing exercises, walking, jogging, jumping rope, climbing stairs maintain hips and spine. Strength-training exercises also strengthens your bones. It’s never too late to start. Research shows that endurance and resistance training boosts bone mass in elders.

Eat for strong bones
What  does acid and inflammation have to do with bones? A lot, as it turns out. Inflammation is linked to osteoporosis, as well as a number of other diseases. Anti-inflammatory  eating such foods as vegetables, fruits and omega-3 fatty acids that are high in nutrients and possess high mineral count appear to reduce the risk of osteoporosis. This kind of eating is also alkalinizing (which reduces acidity).
Diets that generate acid cause calcium loss. Here’s why: Acid-base balance is critical for many bodily processes. When dietary acid enters the blood, calcium compounds come out of bone to neutralize it. Eventually, that calcium is flushed out in the urine. Although the loss is small, the theory is that, over time, acidic diets slowly, steadily deplete the bone calcium stores.


lntake form

10/17/19
lntake

00:08:11	Celesteal:	bacteria
00:08:18	Celesteal:	deadcells
00:08:19	Jamee Jory:	thrush?
00:08:32	Jamee Jory:	yeast?
00:08:48	Celesteal:	fungus
00:09:12	Celesteal:	low immune 
00:10:59	Celesteal:	yes
00:11:10	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:11:10	Jamee Jory:	ready 
00:15:45	Celesteal Light:	@all of them are really 3
00:24:22	Celesteal:	lol
00:25:36	Celesteal:	yes
00:29:05	Brittany Rolle:	I will research the drugs
00:30:32	Jamee Jory:	atorvortatin, enlalpril, aspirin, fourosomide, cardiverol, coq10, vit c, e, b complex, & chromium piccolonate
00:31:33	Celesteal:	yes
00:35:09	Brittany Rolle:	Atorvastatin is used to treat high cholesterol, and to lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, or other heart complications in people with type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors.
00:35:25	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of atorvastatin include: hemorrhagic stroke, arthralgia, diarrhea, and nasopharyngitis. Other side effects include: urinary tract infection, insomnia, limb pain, muscle spasm, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia, and nausea. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:36:10	Brittany Rolle:	Enalapril is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) in adults and children who are at least 1 month old.  Enalapril is also used to treat congestive heart failure (CHF). CHF is a disorder of the ventricles (the lower chambers of the heart) which decreases the heart’s ability to pump blood to the body.
00:36:27	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of enalapril include: increased blood urea nitrogen and increased serum creatinine. Other side effects include: hypotension. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:37:10	Brittany Rolle:	Aspirin is used to treat pain, and reduce fever or inflammation. It is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and chest pain (angina).
00:37:50	Brittany Rolle:	More frequently reported side effects include: dyspepsia, epigastric discomfort, heartburn, and nausea. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects.
00:42:05	Brittany Rolle:	Furosemide is used to treat fluid retention (edema) in people with congestive heart failure, liver disease, or a kidney disorder such as nephrotic syndrome. this is a diuretic (water pill)
00:45:35	Brittany Rolle:	Furosemide side effects: shortness of breath, swelling of the feet or lower legs, weight loss, sores, ulcers or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
00:46:34	Brittany Rolle:	Carvedilol is used to treat heart failure and hypertension (high blood pressure). It is also used after a heart attack that has caused your heart not to pump as well.
00:46:48	Brittany Rolle:	Commonly reported side effects of carvedilol include: hyperglycemia. Other side effects include: angina pectoris, hypotension, nausea, orthostatic hypotension, rales, visual disturbance, and vomiting.
00:49:40	Brittany Rolle:	yes
00:50:26	Brittany Rolle:	yes that’s for aspirin!
00:50:35	Brittany Rolle:	sorry mic is acting up
00:52:09	Melissa H:	Sorry All. Had to step away for a few minutes.
00:52:28	Brittany Rolle:	he would definitely have to cut out the sugar
00:58:05	Brittany Rolle:	yes something may be up with the elimination channels
00:58:10	Brittany Rolle:	he doesn’t sweat
00:58:38	Brittany Rolle:	earth and fire dominant
01:01:48	Jamee Jory:	Was there anything about drinking water? And, the leg swelling,  is that an indication of water retention? 
01:05:14	Jamee Jory:	What I'm putting together is that we need a diuretic, oxygen, blood purifier, and colon cleanser? 
01:06:32	Jamee Jory:	Another thing that didn't make sense to me was he eats 50% fruit, but only 35% of his diet is raw. Is he cooking his fruit?
01:06:34	Brittany Rolle:	yes there were a lot of side effects for that but I put those specifically because he experienced
01:06:50	Brittany Rolle:	😂 Jamee
01:09:20	Melissa Vargas:	cascara sangrada 
01:12:12	Jamee Jory:	🤣 that's where his 50% fruits come from 
01:12:38	Jamee Jory:	nettle 
01:12:40	Brittany Rolle:	for the colon cleanse, nettle can definitely go along with the cascara sagrada. it will clean out the digestive system
01:12:45	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:12:57	Brittany Rolle:	nettle is also anti inflammatory
01:13:47	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂 y’all are funny! are we making one tea or two?
01:14:17	Brittany Rolle:	dandelion is a natural diuretic as well, lowers cholesterol and high blood pressurw
01:17:28	Jamee Jory:	🤣
01:18:09	Jamee Jory:	Maybe add something for energy to get him onto tea, instead of coffee
01:19:16	Melissa Vargas:	I agree @jamee
01:20:21	Brittany Rolle:	I’m sorry but the fact that this man bikes, weight lifts and don’t sweat is cracking me up. He needs to sit in a sauna every day to open up those pores and eliminate!
01:21:01	Brittany Rolle:	right! that’s true too
01:25:49	Jamee Jory:	what about hawthorn berry?
01:36:01	Brittany Rolle:	that’s good
01:41:44	Celesteal:	can you repeat the part from liver produces cholesterol to patch up please?
01:47:12	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:59:44	Brittany Rolle:	yes
02:01:10	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾


00:05:27	Desiree A:	Not yet
00:10:03	Desiree A:	That's kind of difficult lol
00:10:28	Desiree A:	Yes, chickens eat grain that grows from the ground

00:10:54	Desiree A:	The Earth has a hand in it All. Even the Air, aka trees.
00:11:28	Brittany Rolle:	natural light?
00:14:53	Desiree A:	red, brown
00:15:10	Desiree A:	dusky
00:16:07	Brittany Rolle:	no
00:19:35	Brittany Rolle:	yes there is a Doctor here that hasn’t worn shoes in decades and everyone calls him the crazy doctor
00:30:10	Celesteal Light:	 my phone died
00:32:55	Celesteal Light:	Earth Herbalist
00:33:47	Desiree A:	Someone who eats a lot of meat could be heavy
00:34:02	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:34:15	Celesteal Light:	it could
00:34:32	Desiree A:	Yes, like not Spiritual
00:34:40	Jamee Jory:	I'm thinking like grounded, stable energy
00:35:00	Celesteal Light:	rigid
00:39:42	Desiree A:	Could that be too much Air?
00:39:46	Melissa Vargas:	Hannah can you mute your phone please
00:53:06	Desiree A:	Skin?
00:53:14	Celesteal Light:	poop? 
00:53:18	Celesteal Light:	lol
00:53:23	Jamee Jory:	fat
00:53:47	Desiree A:	Organs?
00:54:05	Celesteal Light:	oooohhhhghh
00:58:04	Brittany Rolle:	🤣
01:09:42	Brittany Rolle:	chlorophyll
01:09:44	Desiree A:	plants
01:10:00	Desiree A:	green
01:19:05	Desiree A:	Hmm like sterileness or Holiness?
01:22:26	Jamee Jory:	Yes! I was just gonna mention that! They wore white this weekend!
01:24:40	Celesteal Light:	the state of the world is reflecting the body as a whole much sickness around the world
01:37:52	Desiree A:	Inner-G
01:37:52	Jamee Jory:	vibrational energy 
01:37:52	Brittany Rolle:	energy
01:38:05	Desiree A:	Life Force 
01:40:24	Celesteal Light:	gas?

01:40:36	Brittany Rolle:	through space
01:40:44	Celesteal Light:	heat
01:40:47	Celesteal Light:	fire
01:41:00	Celesteal Light:	water
01:41:08	Celesteal Light:	air
01:42:29	Celesteal Light:	moonlight is cool right
01:44:06	Celesteal Light:	no
01:44:18	Desiree A:	Right lol
01:44:37	Desiree A:	Because eventually the Crystal can leech Inner-G from You
01:45:01	Celesteal Light:	wow!
01:45:13	Celesteal Light:	gotta put mine outside
01:45:26	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:45:56	Celesteal Light:	didn't know that
01:50:59	Celesteal Light:	I needed to hear that
01:52:18	Celesteal Light:	my phones on mute
01:52:40	Desiree A:	Wait, so do We need to send intake forms in?
01:52:51	Desiree A:	5:30 est or CST?
01:53:24	Celesteal Light:	thank you Melissa
01:53:32	Brittany Rolle:	that’s great
01:53:43	Hannah Sydney:	yes that would be awesome
01:53:47	Desiree A:	That is 4:30 for me so I will be at work but I can try to get off early.
01:53:52	Desiree A:	that's great!
01:54:01	Melissa Vargas:	awesome!
01:54:25	Jamee Jory:	Can I observe and not speak? definitely not ready! LOL 
01:55:21	Celesteal Light:	facts 💯
01:55:23	Celesteal Light:	lol
01:57:25	Desiree A:	Got You!
01:58:32	Desiree A:	Yeeaasss 😄 no bites yet
02:00:25	Desiree A:	WOO!
02:00:38	Celesteal Light:	lol
02:00:58	Celesteal Light:	It's not going to work for me I had it too long * 
02:01:04	Celesteal Light:	I've hear that
02:01:08	Celesteal Light:	diabetes
02:01:22	Celesteal Light:	they felt they cant be healed
02:01:46	Celesteal Light:	the legs swell and say that can drink too much water
02:02:09	Celesteal Light:	okay 
02:02:17	Celesteal Light:	thank you for that
02:02:21	Celesteal Light:	many thanks
02:02:36	Celesteal Light:	habe a great night all
02:02:39	Celesteal Light:	have
02:02:45	Brittany Rolle:	good night all

Earth element Week 5.. words

Earth Element (grounding and support)– The element Earth is associated with muted tones such as yellows and brown. These colors slow the energies. Shapes of the earth energy are squares and rectangles, they are horizontal shapes that encourage the grounding of energy. Changing artwork and windows from portrait to landscape can increase the earth energy in a home. Earth represents the solid state of matter. It manifests stability, permanence, and rigidity. In our body, the parts such as bones, teeth, cells, and tissues are manifestations of the earth. Earth is considered a stable substance. By Earth we are to understand not only the terrain of our planet or the iron in our red blood cells and spleen, but also the quality of steadfastness of mind, strength of one’s moral fiber, one’s slow and quiet undeterred advancement towards a goal, and the resistance to the manifestations of others.  

Qualities – heavy, rough, solid, stable, slow, soil, mud, clay, dust, crystals, salt

Attribute – resistance, density

Facilitates – fragrance, odor and shape Substance- anything solid, heavy, grounded, firmness

Example -fried foods, cheese, cakes, banana

Intake-increases heaviness, stability, obesity and solidity in the body kidneys, adrenals, spinal column, legs, feet, bones, large intestine, skin and adrenal glands.   All living beings are dependent on Earth for a place to live and for fuel (grow food).

Earth is the first thing you need for almost everything to ensure consistency as it provides a ground, stability and endurance. Earth is a element that is peaceful and tranquil, It is an element busy with the day to day life problems, an element often seen as the great player in the eternal game of the world, counterpart to the lucidity and creativity of Alr (wind). Earth is the most passive and strong element although it can be destructive if one experiences its wrath, Most people rely on this element and what it produces or stands for, for it is familiar and may appear not to change much. It is seen as the force within us where we build ourselves upon, the invulnerable force within us we can turn to in great misery. The people associated to the Element of earth can be the spiritual leaders, who are not only known for their strength and unwavering convictions in the positive sense, but also for their intransigence and stubbornness.  

Appearance While wind is spirit, Earth is substance, the wind’s unwavering counterpart. And just as water is seen as the mother of everything liquid, so is Earth the father of everything solid, Earth is more than the ground we stand on, the brown dirt we know with this name, it  is stone as well in all it varieties, including the most precious gems. It appears also in the form of wood and every object we shape, though endowed with a spirit to serve us as tools is Earth in its realization. Much more than any other elements Earth therefore is defined mostly by its appearance, which also tell us about the monumental history this element concentrates in itself, be it in form of a mountain range, the strong mitral mineral, an item made by our forefathers or in the incredible force of an earthquake.  

Physical Earth Earth is rock, Earth is stone. Earth is sand, and Earth is the place we live. Earth is the flesh of the planet, and the flesh and bones we bear in us are seen as the earthen part of ourselves. Earth is stable, constant, solid, strong and unrelenting and is trusted without thoughts as it is what is there and remains. Also the treasures of the soil are often interpreted as equivalents of the element of Earth, just in its different appearances are these stones soft, hard or unbreakable as the famous (Uruyant Mineral,) common or rare precious.   They form the tools in which the cultures put their trust to survive. The spiritual myth tells us that through these minerals we the children of this universe learn to value might and wealth, principles we cannot get from anything else to master the hardships of existence. But even the peaceful Earth can become angry, and take many, many lives. For the worst thing that could happen is that the ground beneath your feet begins to shake, move and finally crumble and swallow you whole, be it in the physical, spiritual or mental sense. For the Earth is the element we build our existence upon. It is the base of all. Earth keeps Earth Planet in one piece as it is just that piece and it is that what defines ourselves in how we appear also as persons.  

Spiritual Earth Spiritual Earth is in some way very much like physical Earth. It is the base on which people build their personality, which keeps your mind together and lets you focus and helps to determine. People with a bad mental health are believed to have not enough of the Element of Earth, they are said to lack strength, will and endurance, all virtues, which are needed to give other elements their ground. Also, where Fire and Water stand for change creation and destruction, Earth stands for existence and being itself. Fire and Water determine the becoming. Both forms of it, life and death, are balanced in the universe. The Earth stands for the coldness of the eternal frosty embrace of the Planet and the warmth of life on the planet, the warmth comes from below. Earth represents safety and balance but overall constancy, the constancy of being within the confines of life and death.  Earth is overall a practical element, so while the virtues of other elements can be very abstracts and vague, the teachings of the Earth are rather direct and have clearly defined purpose.  

Symbols of Earth The most common representatives of Earth are sand and rock. In their daily use both these archetypes of the element show how much Earth constitutes time, the essential category of existence. While people construct their homes with rock and stone to give their lives the face of permanence, the trickling of the sands in an hourglass on the other hand doesn’t only measure the time left for the mortals on this planet, but also indicates that everything that lives must eventually come to the earthen standstill. But the trees and the forest are also symbolic for the element of Earth. Also headstrongness and determination are seen as a sign of earthen nature of a character.  

Black (coal and so-called “stone oil”), brown (soil and wood) and red (bricks to build homes) are the main colors of this element. Alchemists often use signs like the square a single horizontal line marks the elements use as the basis for other alchemical reactions. The sign often signifies wood, the part of the element  of Earth, which can be identified with living and growing. In the clerical sense Earth is most often represented in the form of an altar. The altar is an elevated place or structure usually made from wood or stone before which religious ceremonies may be  or which sacrifices are offered to god. In doing so, the two basic elemental counterparts Earth and Air( the altar and the spiritual meaning ) are united. This symbol is a very old one and is said to have its origin in the practices of ancient times.

What is soil aka earth..

Why Soil is So Important People simply cannot survive without (Earth) soil. Soil is what plants grow in and can be 12% of the bodies make up at any given point in time. It plays an important role in producing most of our food, timber, and fibers for clothing. It also provides a base for our homes, our industry, and many of our leisure activities. In spite of our dependence, we often treat the soil as if it were an inexhaustible resource which we do not seem to care for. Soil is a vital part of the natural environment. It is just as important as plants, animals, rocks, land-forms, lochs, and rivers. It influences the distribution of plant species and provides a habitat for a wide range of organisms. It controls the flow of water and chemical substances between the atmosphere and the earth, and acts as both a source and storage for gases (like oxygen and carbon dioxide) in the atmosphere.  

Soils not only reflects natural processes but also record human activities both at present and in the past. They are therefore part of our cultural heritage. The modification of soil for agriculture and the burial of archaeological remains are some examples.. Soil, together with the plant and animal life it supports, the rock on which it develops its position in the landscape and the climate it experiences, forms an amazingly intricate natural system more powerful and complex than any machine that man has created. Soil may look still and lifeless, but this impression couldn’t be further from the truth. It is constantly changing and developing through time (just as the body). Soil its always responding to changes in environment, along with the influences of man and land use. Some changes in the soil will be of short duration and reversible (sound familiar), others will be a permanent feature of soil development.  

Ecosystems Services Soil provides ecosystem services critical for life. soil acts as a water filter and a growing medium, providing habitat for billions of organisms, contributing to biodiversity and supplies most of the antibiotics used to fight diseases. Humans use soil as a holding facility for solid waste, filter for wastewater, and foundation for our cities and towns. Wetlands deliver a wide range of ecosystem services that contribute to human well-being, such as fish, fiber, water supply, water purification, climate regulation, flood regulation, coastal protection, recreational opportunities, and increasing tourism. Despite these important  benefits, the degradation and loss of wetlands is more rapid than that of other ecosystems. Finally, soil is the basis of all nation’s agro ecosystems which provide us with fiber, food and fuel. Advances in watershed, natural resource, and environmental sciences have shown that soil is the foundation of basic ecosystem function. Soil filters our water, provides essential nutrients to our forests and crops, and helps regulate the Earth’s temperature as well as many of the important greenhouse gases.  

What Is Soil “Soil” is a word which has several different meanings. To the engineer soil is usually thought of as the finely ground, loose rock material at the Earth’s surface (often termed overburden and frequently regarded as an inconvenience because it may have to be stripped, stored carefully and replaced as part of an engineering project). The geologist calls this layer the regolith’ (essentially meaning the same as the engineer’s overburden) and frequently begins investigations below it. The farmer and gardener think of the soil as the top few centimeters, the depth of plough or cultivation for the former and a spade or garden fork depth for the latter (the ‘topsoil). They tend to ignore what’s underneath. Yet this deeper material (or ‘subsoil’) is very important for plant growth, storing and supplying nutrients and water. Also, a number of chemical substances (whether naturally produced within the soil or added by human activity) pass from the topsoil through to the subsoil. These may eventually reach underground and surface water stores.   Soil is made up of organic matter, minerals, and living organisms.

Organic matter is decaying material such as rotting leaves and dead animals. Minerals are crushed rocks or bedrock. Living organisms include moles, worms and beetles, which churn through the earth, as well as essential bacteria that help to break down organic matter. Once you step on the earth, you come in contact with life. Soil is not just a piece of dirt. Soil is the entire surface of the planet we call earth. made up of living and nonliving material spread a very thin layer that covers the entire surface of the planet we call earth. Without soil, there would be nowhere to grow food that is the sustenance of life. Soil contains food, water and air that are needed by plants to grow. The healthier the plant, the better it is for humans and animals to eat. The quality of the soil ultimately affects the health of people and animals.  

Four Major Components of Soil Soil must provide nutrients, water, and air and help to support all life. Soil is a combination of materials. One part of soil is rock that has been broken down over time by wind, water, and chemical processes. Another material is called organic matter. It is made up of decaying plant and animal matter. 5 percent will consist of organic matter such as leave. Water and air are the other ingredients in soil. 25 percent will consist of water and 25 percent will consist of air. In a good garden soil, about 45 percent will be made up of rock particles.   Soil Types People describe soil types in many different ways such as heavy, light, sandy, clay,loam, poor, or good. Soil scientists describe soil types by how much sand, silt and clay are present. This is called texture. It is possible to change the texture by adding different things. Changing texture can help in providing the right conditions needed for plant growth.

Sand: is the largest particle in the soil. When you rub it, it feels rough. This is because it has sharp edges. Sand doesn’t hold many nutrients.

Silt: is a soil particle whose size is between sand and clay. Silt feels smooth and powdery. When wet it feels smooth but not sticky.

Clay: is the smallest of particles. Clay is smooth when dry and sticky when wet. Soils high in clay content are called heavy soils. Clay also can hold a lot of nutrients, but doesn’t let air and water through it well.

Loamy: This soil is a mixture of sand and clay with varying proportions. Calcareous or chalky soils: This soil may contain limestone or chalk and very little plant food

Peat soil: This soil is usually found in marshy land and is a source of fuel and contains more than 20% humus.  

Soil Profile A soil profile is the side view of the soil, from the uppermost layer to the bottom layer, there are six layers that exist  in a soil profile. They are as follows The top most layer of the soil is composed mainly of fresh soil and decaying organic matter. The color ranges from brown to black.The second layer of the soil consists of highly decomposing organic matter. The color ranges from brown to gray.The third layer of soil is composed of sand and silt. It has lost most of its nutrients. The color of this layer is light brown.The fourth layer consists of clay, large rocks, and bedrock. The color ranges from rust to tan.The fifth layer of soil is bedrock. The color is gray.The sixth layer of soil is comprised of rock. The color is gray.these layers do change depending on biome and environment…A Home to many The earth is home to a countless number of different organisms. It is believed that there are probably more individual species living below ground than above the surface. We have identified only a fraction of them so far. Soils contain so much life that they are what the rainforests are to the tropics. Worms, beetles, caterpillars, ants, and larger animals like moles, are all obvious soil creatures. However, just one teaspoon of soil will also contain up to several million protozoa (probably the simplest form of animal life), bacteria, algae, and ematodes (microscopic worm-like animals).

Many of these species are vital to the proper functioning of soils, Unfortunately, we know nowhere nearly enough about them to describe the roles of more than just a few. Soil can look after itself, can’t it? Since soil is underneath us, we cannot easily see when things go wrong as we are able to when plants and animals disappear or die. There is a tendency to assume that everything is ‘alright’. However, in different parts of the world, misuse of the soil has brought about a whole list of major environmental disasters. In both the past and at present, this neglect has led to catastrophic consequences. The effects of drought on over-farmed land in Africa during the 1980s, as well as the American Dust Bowl of the 1930s are familiar examples, but there is good evidence that the collapse of several ancient civilizations was influenced at least in part by the mismanagement of soil.   There are still several issues of concern. Soil erosion, pollution, acidification, loss of fertility and of organic matter all occur in different parts of the world. These problems result either directly or indirectly from using inappropriate management techniques on particular soils.

It should be evident that when we talk about nature conservation and environmental protection, the well-being of soils must also be a major consideration. Soil is essential for many of mankind’s activities. Yet, it is a part of our environment which is frequently taken for granted. We only start to take notice when it becomes damaged in some way, for example, by pollution or erosion. Even then, damage to the soil itself is not always the main issue. Instead, it is the after effect on other parts of the environment that receive much of the attention. The rate of soil development is extremely slow, according to the timescales of human beings. “It has taken hundreds, thousands and, in some environments, millions of years to produce the range of soils that exist today”. The soil is not an unlimited resource to be lost or damaged by poor management, just a few years of inappropriate use can, in some instances seriously harm soil which has developed over centuries.  

Ways to Conserve Soil Use rotational grazing. There is a short grazing period followed by a rest period of longer duration. Grazing is done when the farm is still in the vegetative stage. This prevents crops from being completely eaten away. Don’t cultivate soils on steep slopes. You can construct wind barriers at the boundaries of the farm. This will prevent wind  from blowing away the soil. Add humus to your soil. It will prevent soil erosion. Keep grassed waterways to drain out storm water. To fight storm water, use structures made of natural materials such as logs or a collection of large stones as opposed to cement and concrete. Natural resources are more effective and inexpensive. Plant strips of grass, trees or shrubs between water and cropland. It prevents surface movement of fertilizers, pesticides and soil.

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Week 4

00:13:26	Celesteal Light:	thanks for asking him to record
00:13:46	Celesteal Light:	I need this 
00:24:42	Melissa Vargas:	local food pantries
00:32:19	Brittany Rolle:	same 😂😂😂
00:34:00	Melissa Vargas:	practice with the kids
00:37:08	Melissa H:	HA!
00:40:31	Melissa H:	A pre-recorded podcast or live podcast?
00:40:54	Melissa H:	Cool.
00:43:48	Celesteal Light:	yes
00:43:49	Desiree A:	A little lol
01:13:51	Melissa H:	yes
01:24:05	Melissa H:	HAHAHA! Yes we understand
01:24:08	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾😂
01:33:10	Melissa H:	Yes. There are some herbs though that depending on the stage of pregnancy can be harmful.
01:33:18	Melissa H:	Also all doulas are not trained the same :)
01:34:02	Brittany Rolle:	exactly
01:36:55	Melissa H:	YES! We don't talk about miscarriages that way. But the first thing the body is designed to do is to fight off anything "foreign". A fertilized egg is first foreign to the body.
01:37:12	Melissa H:	We can't hear you because Celesteal Light isn't muted lol
01:46:05	Desiree A:	I've heard of them
01:48:45	Aliyyah:	my phone is dying. talk to u guys later
01:55:01	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone🌻
01:55:02	Melissa H:	THanks. Good night everyone


Here is some additional herbs for detox information, to consider while preparing for any herbal detox cleanse

Alfalfa – it has all eight amino acids, increases energy, endurance, and helps digestion, a herbal body cleanse is supported with alfalfa as it contains almost every vitamin and mineral! Alfalfa is a natural deodorizer, infection and cancer fighter, is also high in chlorophyll. Alfalfa is an effective herbal body cleanse ingredient.  

Barberry Bark– a powerful intestinal and stomach cleanser, blood purifier, eliminates constipation and mucoid plaque off colon walls, antiseptic properties and helps all liver problems.  

Cascara Sagrada– a colon cleanse and bowel tonic, it will stimulate peristalsis. (muscle movement through the intestinal tract).

Burdock Root – skin and blood cleanser, improves liver function, antibacterial and antifungal, diuretic and increases perspiration.  

Cayenne Pepper – blood and tissue cleanser, a natural stimulant, it increases elimination especially through the skin, sweating .

Chaparral– an effective blood cleanser, virus and bacteria hunter eliminator.

Cloves -kills parasites and bacterias.

Dandelion Root– liver a blood purifier, filters toxins, a cleanser and tonic, rich in vitamins and minerals, helps those with anemia, hypoglycemia, rheumatism, stomach, gallbladder and spleen problems.  

Echinacea – supports immune  system, cleanses lymph system, is antimicrobial, improves lymphocyte and  phagocyte functions.  

Fennel Seed – reduces appetite, helps remove waste from all parts of the body, improves digestion, gas removal, kills pinworms and calms the nervous system, useful in combination with cascara sagrada for a milder effect.  

Garlic– blood cleanser, antimicrobial, kills yeast, parasites and clears viral infections, can help lower blood fats and cholesterol.  

Ginger Root– helps nausea, relieves congestion, stimulates circulation, sweating, skin cleanser, relieves headaches, and reduces fever and gas. Ginger improves the effect of other herbs when used in herbal blends.  

Goldenseal Root – blood, skin, liver, kidney cleanser, antimicrobial, helps to stop infections, eliminates poisons, and removes mucus from nasal areas, bronchial, throat, intestines, stomach and bladder. An ancient herbal body cleanse ingredient, very effective.  

Hawthorn Berry – used for centuries as a herbal detox ingredient for treating disease, good for the heart valves prevents atherosclerosis and helps strengthen heart muscles, used for angina pectoris and difficulty with breathing. antiseptic and great for the kidneys, helpful for high or low blood pressure, rheumatism, hypoglycemia, and arthritis.  

Horsetail -high in silica, helps the body to assimilate calcium, good for circulation, the bladder, kidneys, glands, hair, fingernails and liver.  

Irish Moss – exceptionally high in nutrients, good for the bladder, intestines and glands thyroid especially), tumors, bronchitis, goiter, varicose veins, lungs and joint problems.  

Kelp -a very rich source of vitamins contains 28 minerals and every trace mineral including large amounts of iodine. Kelp is excellent for the glandular system, helps digest food, assists the thyroid, and stimulates digestive secretions of stomach and pancreas. Kelp gives nutrients to the pituitary gland affecting the entire body, stimulates metabolism to burn excess calories, and helps remove plaque from the arteries, gall bladder and kidneys even  wrinkles. It cleanses and strengthens the entire-body making it an excellent herbal detox aid. An effective aid for goiter, asthma, diabetes and eczema.  

Licorice root– mid laxative, supports immune system. Licorice helps chemically balance  other herbs by assisting  PH levels. Good for removal of age spots,  removes drugs from the body,  improves circulation and is a great anti-cancer fighter.  

Lobelia herb– removes congestion, lymph system cleanser, good for cramps or pain, removes worms, fever and great for lungs. A powerful herbal detox assistant.   Myrrh Gum – builds immune system, effective stomach and intestinal cleanser, antiseptic, helps eliminate gas, rebuilds the digestive tract. Another ancient natural body cleanse aid.  

Oregon Grape Root – blood purifier, liver stimulant, skin and colon cleaner……..

Parsley Leaf-flushes kidneys as a diuretic, purifier, freshens breath.  

Red Raspberry Leaf -prevents hemorrhage and diarrhea, good source of iron, builds blood and increases energy. Astringent, great digestive aid, improving intestinal function and dislodging mucoid plaque from colon walls. A great overall herbal body cleaning aid.  

Rose Hips-are very rich in vitamin C, B complexes, A, E and rutin, contains vitamin D and P. Very good for the skin, high in iron, calcium, potassium and silica Rose Hips stop infections, dizziness, cramps, colds, anti-cancer agent, psoriasis and stress. an excellent blood purifier.  

Sarsaparilla Root -blood and lymph cleanser.  

Yellow Dock – 60% iron very good tonic, a high effective herbal body cleanse to treat anemia,cancer and leukemia. A liver and spleen tonic blood purifier and builder, stimulates elimination channels especially the skin, great lymph system purifier.


Week 4 digestive discussion

00:11:26	Jamee Jory:	treat infection 
00:13:09	Melissa Vargas:	can you say the name of the herb tea you were drinking
00:15:59	Jamee Jory:	Oh wow! He did say he was only able to sleep 3-4 hours a day
00:19:10	Desiree A:	in the mouth
00:19:10	Jamee Jory:	chewing 
00:19:13	Desiree A:	saliva
00:19:27	Aliyyah Blake:	your eyes
00:19:33	Aliyyah Blake:	and your nose
00:19:47	Melissa Vargas:	yeah
00:20:29	jazmin sadler:	Jamee can you put your phone on mute please, we can hear you in the background :) 
00:21:23	Aliyyah Blake:	saliva breaking down the food. the esophagus 
00:21:38	Aliyyah Blake:	and the .muscles moving it down to the stomach 
00:25:20	Jamee Jory:	sorry! 
00:29:58	Melissa Vargas:	lol!!! 
00:30:10	Melissa Vargas:	my dad made me eat it that way haha
00:30:38	Melissa Vargas:	with honey too
00:32:45	Melissa Vargas:	so different 
00:46:44	Brittany Rolle:	i switched to spelt flour
00:47:04	Desiree A:	Yeaass, substitutes like flax "egg"
00:47:28	Jamee Jory:	I have a screenshot of a spelt sourdough brand.  I haven't seen it, but I haven't looked either. I'll post it 
00:47:52	jazmin sadler:	Ok, thanks!
00:50:23	Melissa Vargas:	starch!
00:56:17	Jamee Jory:	my brother calls it pond water. 🤣🤣🤣
01:02:28	Desiree A:	I live in Oklahoma and we have the watermelon trucks thankfully lol
01:07:24	Brittany Rolle:	I always ask if the first fruits had no seeds.. what would we have now!
01:13:05	Desiree A:	So if we did a product for a colon cleanse it would also be good to do one with sea vegetables to assist?
01:14:07	Desiree A:	Hmm maybe a powder for smoothies
01:14:33	Desiree A:	Yes that makes sense 
01:16:58	Desiree A:	What about Psyllium husk?
01:17:52	Desiree A:	So that is good to add to the colon cleanse. Do You have to take the bentonite clay separate from that?
01:20:38	Desiree A:	Awesome! Thank You, I have been wondering about that for awhile.
01:22:14	Desiree A:	Yes definitely, there are many methods
01:23:14	Desiree A:	Those are good questions, there are a lot of reproductive herbs that weren't listed. like red clover, vitex berry, red raspberry. These can all be used
01:23:59	Bea Divine:	facts
01:24:05	Bea Divine:	for breech babies
01:24:29	Bea Divine:	changes the frequency
01:24:34	Brittany Rolle:	mugwort is also used for astral trave
01:24:35	Celesteal Light:	note taken
01:28:07	Celesteal Light:	dang
01:35:41	Desiree A:	I know someone who does. Do digestive issues like that cause auto- immune diseases like lupus?
01:39:25	Desiree A:	Thank You!
01:40:37	Jamee Jory:	Is candida a digestive issue?
01:41:20	Desiree A:	You can have an overgrowth of candida in the gut, yes? I think I am dealing with this 
01:41:40	Jamee Jory:	me too
01:41:49	Aliyyah Blake:	I think so.
01:41:59	Aliyyah Blake:	that's why we have to take pre and probitoics
01:45:40	Bea Divine:	but dog food is trash thou... it's junk food for dogs
01:46:54	Brittany Rolle:	my cousin’s dog had to get its cecum removed, that’s similar to the appendix
01:47:02	Brittany Rolle:	they feed that dog anything
01:48:18	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:54:23	Aliyyah Blake:	BOOM!
01:55:07	Aliyyah Blake:	treat the symptoms 
01:55:42	Aliyyah Blake:	thats why its called the PRACTICE of medicine.. they experiment. 
01:55:57	Brittany Rolle:	yup!
01:56:00	Aliyyah Blake:	they tryna see something 
01:56:15	Desiree A:	😂😂
02:05:39	Desiree A:	Right!
02:07:00	Desiree A:	hybrid
02:07:20	Brittany Rolle:	wild boars
02:08:17	Desiree A:	gelatin as well like gummy candies, Hostess, Lil Debbie. Everything has pork
02:11:39	Brittany Rolle:	✊🏾
02:11:39	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone 🌻


Digestive System Week 4.. words

Digestive system

The digestive system is a group of organs working together to convert food into energy and basic nutrients to feed the entire body. Food passes through a long tube inside the body known as the alimentary canal or the gastrointestinal tract (GI tract). The alimentary canal is made up of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach/ small intestines, and large intestines. In addition to the alimentary canal, there are several important accessory organs that help your body to digest food but do not have food pass through them. Accessory organs of the digestive system include the teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver gallbladder, and pancreas.

To achieve the goal of providing energy and nutrients to the body, six major functions take place in the digestive system:

1. Ingestion2. Secretion3. Mixing and movement4. Digestion5. Absorption6. Excretion

Digestive System Anatomy

Food begins its journey through the digestive system in the mouth, also known as the oral cavity. Inside the mouth are many accessory organs that aid in the digestion of food, the tongue, teeth, and salivary glands. Teeth chop food into small pieces, which are moistened by saliva before the tongue and other muscles push the food into the
pharynx. Oral cavity, cross-section.

The teeth are 32 small, hard organs found along the anterior and lateral edges of the mouth. Each tooth is made of a bone-like substance called dentin and covered in a layer of enamel-the hardest substance in the body. Teeth are living organs and contain blood vessels and nerves under the dentin in a soft region known as the pulp. The teeth are designed for cutting and grinding food into smaller pieces.

The  tongue is located on the inferior portion of the mouth just posterior and medial to the teeth. It is a small organ made up of several pairs of muscles covered in a thin, bumpy skin-like layer. The outside of the tongue contains many rough papillae for gripping food as it is moved by the tongue’s muscles. The taste buds on the surface of the tongue detect taste molecules in food and connect to nerves in the tongue to send taste information to the brain. The tongue also helps to push food toward the posterior part of the mouth for swallowing.

Surrounding the mouth are 3 sets of salivary glands. The salivary glands are accessory organs that produce a watery secretion known as saliva. Saliva helps to moisten food and begins the digestion of carbohydrates. The body also uses saliva to lubricate food as it passes through the mouth, pharynx, and esophagus.

The pharynx, or throat, is a funnel-shaped tube connected to the posterior end of the mouth. The pharynx is responsible for the passing of masses of chewed food from the mouth to the esophagus. The pharynx also plays an important role in the respiratory system, as air from the nasal cavity passes through the pharynx on its way to the larynx and eventually the lungs. Because the pharynx serves two different functions, it contains a flap of tissue known as the epiglottis that acts as a switch to route food to the esophagus and air to the larynx.

The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach that is part ot the upper gastrointestinal tract. It carries swallowed masses of chewed food along its length. At the inferior end of the esophagus is a muscular ring called the lower Stomach, gallbladder and pancreas esophageal sphincter or cardiac sphincter. The function of this sphincter is to close the end of the esophagus and  the stomach.

The  stomach is a muscular sac that is located on the left side of the abdominal cavity just inferior to the diaphragm. In an average person, the stomach is about the size of their two fist next to each other. This major organ acts as a storage tank for food so that the body has time to digest large meals properly. The stomach also contains hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes that continue the digestion of food that began in the mouth.

The small intestine is a long, thin tube about 1 inch in diameter and about 10 feet long that is part of the lower gastrointestinal tract. It is located just inferior to the stomach and takes up most of the space in the abdominal cavity. The entire small intestine is coiled like a hose and the inside surface is full of many ridges and folds. These folds are used to maximize the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients. By the time food leaves the small intestine around 90% of all nutrients have been,extracted from the food that entered it.

The liver is a roughly triangular accessory organ of the digestive system located to the right of the stomach, just inferior to the diaphragm and superior to the small intestine. The liver weighs about 3 pounds and is the second largest organ in the body. The liver has many different functions in the body, but the main function of the liver in digestion is the production of bile and its secretion into the small intestine. The gallbladder is a small, pear- shaped organ located just posterior to the liver. The gallbladder is used to store and recycle excess bile from the small intestine so that it can be reused for the digestion of subsequent meals.

The pancreas is a large gland located just inferior and posterior to the stomach. It is about 6 inches long and shaped like short, lumpy snake with its “head” connected to the duodenum and its tail pointing to the left wall of the abdominal cavity. The pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine to complete the chemical digestion of foods.

The large intestine is a long, thick tube about 2 1/2 inches in diameter and about 5 feet long. It is located just inferior to the stomach and wraps around the superior and lateral border of the small intestine. The large intestine absorbs water and contains many symbiotic bacteria that aid in the breaking down of wastes to extract some small amounts of nutrients. Feces in the large intestine exit the body through the anal canal.

The digestive system is responsible for taking whole foods and turning them into energy and nutrients to allow the body to function, grow, and repair itself. The six primary processes of the digestive

Ingestion of Food Cycle.

Secretion of fluids and digestive enzymes

Mixing and movement of food and wastes through the body

Digestion of food into smaller pieces

Absorption of nutrients

Excretion of wastes

The first function of the digestive system is ingestion, or the intake of food. The mouth is responsible for this function, as it is the orifice through which all food enters the body. The mouth and stomach are also responsible for the storage of food as it is waiting to be digested. This storage capacity allows the body to eat only a few times each day and not to ingest more than it can process at one time.

Secretion, in the course of a day, the digestive system secretes around 7 liters of fluids. These fluid include saliva, mucus, hydrochloric acid, enzymes, and bile. Saliva moistens dry food and contains salivary amylase, a digestive enzyme that begins the digestion of carbohydrates. Mucus serves as a protective barrier and lubricant inside of the GI tract. Hydrochloric acid  helps to digest food chemically and protects the body by killing bacteria present in our food. Enzymes are like tiny biochemical machines that disassemble large macromolecules like proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids into their smaller components. Finally, bile is used to emulsify large masses of lipids into tiny globules for easy digestion.

Mixing and Movement

The digestive system uses 3 main processes to move and mix food. Swallowing is the process of using smooth and skeletal muscles in the mouth, tongue, and pharynx to push food out of the mouth, through the pharynx, and into the esophagus. Peristalsis is a muscular wave that travels the length of the GI tract, moving partially digested food a short distance down the tract. It takes many waves of peristalsis for food to travel from the esophagus, through the stomach and intestines, and reach the end of the Gl tract.

Segmentation occurs only in the small intestine as short segments of intestine contract like hands squeezing a toothpaste tube. Segmentation helps to increase the absorption of nutrients by mixing food and increasing its contact with the walls of the intestine.

Digestion is the process of turning large pieces of food into its component chemicals. Mechanical digestion is the physical breakdown of large pieces of food into smaller pieces.

This mode of digestion begins with the chewing of food by the teeth and is continued through the muscular mixing of food by the stomach and intestines. Bile produced by the liver is also used to mechanically break fats into smaller globules. While food is being mechanically digested it is also being chemically digested as larger and more complex molecules are being broken down into smaller molecules that are easier to absorb.

Chemical digestion begins in the mouth with salivary amylase in saliva splitting complex carbohydrates into simple carbohydrates. The enzymes and acid in the stomach continue chemical digestion, but the bulk of chemical digestion takes place in the small intestine thanks to the action of the pancreas. The pancreas secretes an incredibly strong digestive cocktail known as pancreatic juice,which is capable of digesting lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids. By the time food has left the duodenum, it has been reduced to its chemical building blocks-fatty acids, amino acids, monosaccharides, and nucleotides.

Absorption, once food has been reduced to its building blocks, it is ready for the body to absorb. Absorption begins in the stomach with simple molecules like water and alcohol being absorbed directly into the bloodstream. Most absorption takes place in the walls of the small intestine which are densely folded to maximize the surface area in contact with digested food. Small blood and lymphatic vessels in the intestinal wall pick up the molecules and carry them to the rest of the body. The large intestine is also involved in the absorption of water and vitamins B and K before feces leave the body.

Excretion is final function of the digestive system. The excretion of waste in a process known as defecation. Defecation removes indigestible substances from the body so that they do not accumulate inside the gut. The timing of defecation is controlled voluntarily by the conscious of the brain, but must be accomplished on a regular basis to prevent a backup of indigestible materials.

Digestive Disorders

Digestive disorders encompass a wide array of conditions that affect the gastrointestinal tract. These disorders vary in severity, from minor annoyance (such as mild heartburn) to potentially life-threatening illness (such as a perforated ulcer).

Common digestive disorders

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)Severe heartburn’ in layman’s language. Weakness of the valve between the esophagus and stomach may allow stomach acid to reflux (regurgitate, backup) into the esophagus and irritate and inflame the lining. This results in chest pain which can mimic that of angina (pain of cardiac ischemia or an MI).

Jaundice – Literally means “yellow” in French. Yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes from a backup of bile metabolic by-products from the blood into body tissues. May result from blockage of the ducts draining bile from the liver into the intestines or excessive breakdown of red blood cells. Hemoglobin from destroyed RBCs is broken down, and in part ends up in bile secretions.

Diverticulosis/diverticulitis – Small pouches may form along the walls of the large intestine called diverticula which if symptomatic, causing discomfort to the client, is called diverticulosis. These abnormal out-pocketings may collect and not be able to empty fecal material which can lead to inflammation, diverticulitis.

Cirrhosis -Literally, “orange-yellow��� in Greek. A degenerative disease of the liver that often develops in chronic alcoholics, but can have other causes. The name refers to the gross  appearance of the organ.

Portal hypertension – A potential complication of chronic alcoholism resulting in liver damage and obstruction of venous blood flow through the liver. The rising blood pressure in the veins between the gastrointestinal tract and liver causes engorgement of veins around the umbilicus (navel). The characteristic radiating pattern of veins is called a “caput medusae” (head of Medusa). Medusa was the ‘snake-haired lady” in Greek mythology.

Esophageal varices– bulging, engorged veins in the walls of the esophagus are often a complication of chronic alcoholism (see portal hypertension). The thin-walled, swollen veins are at risk of tearing resulting in severe, possibly fatal, bleeding.

Dysphagia -Difficulty swallowing. May be related to GERD (see above), esophageal tumor or other causes.

Crohn’s Disease– a chronic inflammatory disease primarily of the bowel. Typical symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. There may also be rectal bleeding that can lead to anemia. Special X-rays and tests are needed to differentiate Crohn’s from other diseases with similar symptoms.

Peritonitis– Inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity. Before antibiotics, people would die from peritonitis if an inflamed appendix burst. Indications of peritonitis are called “peritoneal signs”.. tender abdomen, rebound pain (pain when manual pressure released from examining abdomen), board-like rigidity of abdominal muscles, no bowel sounds (gurgles). The peritoneal membrane is very sensitive to exposure to foreign substances. Contact with blood bile, urine, pus… will cause peritoneal signs.

Gastritis and Gastric Ulcers- Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach lining) and gastric ulcers (breaks or open sores in this lining) are most commonly caused by infections or the use of certain medications.

(Duodenal) Ulcers- Ulcers can also occur in the duodenum when stones that form in the gallbladder keep bile out.

Ulcerative Colitis –This inflammatory disease affects only the large intestine. Diarrhea occurs when waste products move through the large intestine too quickly, constipation results when this movement is too slow.

Hemorrhoids- These are clusters of swollen veins, and are thought to result from increased pressure in the veins of the rectum and/or anus.

Helpful Therapies & Herbs for Digestion

As polite topics of conversation go, constipation, gas, diarrhea and irritable bowels definitely don’t top the list. But we won’t let that stop us. After all, digestive health is important: Your elimination system carries away the wastes of all of your cells, allowing each organ to function in a proper environment. And elimination troubles can put your daily routine out of whack. It’s your good fortune that some simple digestive herbs and effective natural remedies can put you back on track, we aren’t too embarrassed to share them with you.

Start at the Stomach

Although a small amount of starch is broken down in the mouth, thanks to amylases in your saliva, the stomach is where the first real action is, where powerful chemicals of digestion are mixed with the food mass. If these digestive juices, including hydrochloric acid, pancreatic juice and bile, are in short supply, the whole process gets off to a poor start.

Traditional herbalists all over the globe agree that herbs with a bitter taste tend to promote digestive secretions and speed up digestion.

Gentian (Gentiana lutea) is the most popular digestive bitter herb in western herbalism. Europeans often drink a bitter aperitif (an ounce or so of a bitter herbal beverage) before the first bite of a meal, to stimulate digestive secretions and keep food passing through rapidly. Bitter herbs reduce gas, bloating, symptoms of food allergies and indigestion. Other bitter digestants include barberry root (Berberis vulgaris), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and artichoke (Cynara scolymus).

Carminative herbs warm up the digestive tract, speed up and increase the thoroughness of digestion and reduce gas. Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) dill (Anethum graveolens), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), caraway (Carum carvi) and lemon balm (melissa officinalis) are carmitive.

Contractions move the digesting food slowly toward the large intestine. It normally takes about 90 to 120 minutes for the first part of a meal to reach the large intestine, although the last portion of the meal may not make it there for five hours. Did you know? Although it’s about 30 feet long, the digestive tract needs smaller helpers too like acids, enzymes and bacteria all help break down food.

The Ideal Bowel Movement

Regular, bulky, soft and comfortable bowel movements are vital to good health. Yet 4.5 million Americans say they are constipated most or all of the time. Constipation is medically defined as passing stools less than three times a week, or in low quantity.

Digestive Herbs: 3 Factors in efficient elimination

A proper bowel movement depends mainly on three factors: peristalsis, fiber and moisture. Peristalsis is the wavelike smooth muscle contraction that propels feces out of the large intestine. When the bowel is functioning properly, muscles squeeze briefly every few seconds and then relax, propelling the stool toward the rectum. So-called stimulant laxatives promote this wave. Among the best are senna leaf (Senna alexandrina), cascara sagrada (Rhamnus purshiana) and aloe leaf (Aloe vera). They should be used only short-term for brief episodes of acute constipation.

Fiber absorbs moisture, increasing stool size, giving the muscles in the intestinal walls something to grab onto, and making the stool softer. Sources of fiber, known as bulk fiber laxatives, include pectin from fruit, flaxseed, chia seed and oat bran. These can be taken daily as necessary to create a soft, spongy stool. A basic directive is to increase fiber intake (fruits vegetables and dried legumes). Psyllium seed (Plantago spp.), a common bulk fiber laxative, balances bowel function and relieves pain in irritable bowels.

Psyllium capacity to absorb fluids makes the herb useful for treating diarrhea. As it travels through the gut, the mucilage in psyllium creates a soothing effect, which may help relieve cramping in irritable bowels.

Proper moisture content is critical for good elimination. Mucilages are herbs that create a healing slime that coats and soothes the gut wall and keeps the stool moist and slippery enough to exit smoothly. These include marshmallow root (Althaea officinalis), slippery elm bark (Ulmus rubra) and mullein leaf (Verbascum spp.). Marshmallow root is used for inflammation of the stomach membranes. To use marshmallow root or slippery elm, stir1 tablespoon of the powdered bulk herb into a bite of food per meal.

Probiotics, the friendly bacteria in our gut, are key in maintaining or restoring a healthy intestinal tract. Try eating live-culture yogurt or taking high-quality probiotic supplements to fortify the colony with good bugs, which can prevent constipation. Studies link a lack of exercise with increased colon cancer risk, so physicians customarily prescribe physical exercise for constipated patients.

Regular Bowel Movements

Proper bowel timing includes the key concepts of transit time and regularity. The time it takes for a meal to go in the mouth and come out the other end is referred to as “transit time, For a person who eats a healthy diet, free of refined, processed foods, 30 hours is an average transit time. Ayurvedic practitioners say the ideal transit time is 18 to 24 hours. In our constipation- prone society, 48 hours, or considerably more, is commonplace.

Why does transit time matter? The longer the end products of digestion stay in our system, the more chance they have of decomposing into unhealthy compounds. And if bowel transit time is slow, increasing the time that fecal matter spends within the colon leads to greater absorption of water from the feces. More water is absorbed, resulting in harder, smaller stools that have more difficulty moving forward. Increasingly, evidence implicates slow transit constipation in the development of gallstones.

Measure your transit time by swallowing something that colors the stool. Mark the time that you see the color in the feces. Charcoal powder. beets and chlorophyll all work well.

Regularity is the interval between bowel movements. Depending on whom you ask, recommendations run from “three bowel movements per week is plenty ” to “a bowel movement every day is essential.” Mammals are designed so that each meal stimulates fecal movement and initiates a bowel movement. Most natural healing practitioners prefer one bowel movement per day, or up to one per meal.

Triphala, an Ayurvedic combination of the fruits amalaki, haritaki and bibhitaki, is the classic herbal remedy for long-term digestive benefit. It tones the intestinal walls, detoxifies the system and promotes evacuation. Triphala has a high tannin content, so in low doses, it treats diarrhea (1 gram per day). In higher doses, it treats constipation in a slow, gentle way, toning the walls of the gut while it works. Triphala is suitable for children and is ideal for older folks who need just a little help with regularity.

Turmeric root (Curcuma longa), a common curry spice, helps keep digestive inflammation under control.

One of the herb’s active ingredients, curcumin (the pigment that gives turmeric its distinctive yellow color), has anti-inflammatory effects comparable to cortisone, the standard drug prescribed for inflammation. Curcumin also treats pain directly. Like cayenne pepper (Capsicum annuum), turmeric depletes nerve endings of substance P, the pain receptor neurotransmitter.

Licorice root (Glycyrhiza glabra) guards digestive mucous membranes by increasing the production of mucin, a secretion that protects gut linings against stomach acid and other digestivejuices.

Peppermint is a well-known digestive herb for easing tummy troubles. Peppermint oil is a relaxant for the muscles of the intestinal wall. Enteric-coated capsules delay this effect until the remedy is further down in the digestive tract-this also reduces peppermint-tasting burps.

Used by nearly every culture in the world, tasty, aromatic ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a time- tested digestive remedy for upset stomach. European practitioners also use ginger in tea for indigestion. It reduces spasms and increases the secretion of digestive juices, including bile and saliva. Ginger contains ingredients that soothe the gut and aid digestion by increasing peristalsis that moves food through the intestine.

Use 1 teaspoon of the chopped herb brewed as tea, three times a day

Warming cinnamon bark is a mild but useful remedy for sluggish digestion. Commission E, the European standard for herbal medicines, recommends cinnamon for loss of appetite, dyspeptic complaints, bloating and flatulence. Brewed as tea, three times a day.


10/3/19

00:25:24	Desiree A:	Yes
00:25:30	Bea Divine:	I have
00:25:34	Bea Divine:	yikes!
00:29:07	Desiree A:	Oregano oil
00:42:41	Brittany Rolle:	will HPV be covered?
00:49:18	Aliyyah Blake:	the parasites?
00:49:46	Desiree A:	from waste
00:50:55	Aliyyah Blake:	earth
00:50:57	Desiree A:	earth
00:52:44	Desiree A:	They can pass during Your cycle
00:53:01	Aliyyah Blake:	ew
00:55:10	Aliyyah Blake:	by the way they act
00:59:47	Desiree A:	One of my first clients that is filling out the to has fibroid cysts that are the size of grapefruits down to golf balls.
01:00:30	Celesteal Light:	chapperal?
01:01:56	Desiree A:	Truth Sis. I have had them also and eliminated them naturally by changing my diet and taking herbs
01:03:31	Celesteal Light:	My friend had her Uterus taken out
01:06:15	Jamee Jory:	Do you have a probiotic suggestion? 
01:06:48	Brittany Rolle:	renew life is a good brand
01:06:51	Brittany Rolle:	it’s on amazon
01:07:33	Celesteal Light:	what about your tonic ? 
01:07:41	Celesteal Light:	does it give probiotics
01:09:05	Desiree A:	Clots also
01:09:26	Celesteal Light:	is it possible for someone not to have thier period due to thier diet of being Vegan ? 
01:09:54	Aliyyah Blake:	yes
01:10:21	Brittany Rolle:	my period is now 2-3 days with very very little bleeding since I went vegan
01:10:23	Aliyyah Blake:	I've done it before. all I ate was junk food though 
01:10:27	Celesteal Light:	lolol
01:10:47	Celesteal Light:	I haven't had it for a long while
01:10:55	Celesteal Light:	since being vegan
01:13:51	Celesteal Light:	they sharing
01:14:41	Celesteal Light:	yup 
01:15:36	Desiree A:	Even if You are plant based and Your partner is not and You engage they can transfer their parasites. I'm general not just pregnancy
01:16:03	Brittany Rolle:	wow
01:16:42	Desiree A:	bacterial vaginosis also
01:17:37	Celesteal Light:	bread/sugar? 
01:17:46	Desiree A:	What is the natural solution for yeast and bv?
01:17:58	Desiree A:	What bowl? lol
01:18:13	Celesteal Light:	Garlic in the vagina
01:18:22	Hannah Sydney:	I was told garlic in the vagina
01:18:41	Hannah Sydney:	a gynaecologist told me this
01:18:43	Celesteal Light:	it doesn't
01:18:45	Jamee Jory:	Is yeast the same as candida?
01:18:46	Desiree A:	Acidic side
01:18:50	Celesteal Light:	over night
01:19:17	Celesteal Light:	it doesn't lol the whole clove
01:19:31	Desiree A:	Yes what about candida overgrowth in the vagina and gut?
01:19:51	Celesteal Light:	😂
01:20:00	Celesteal Light:	🔥
01:20:10	Aliyyah Blake:	🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣
01:20:37	Celesteal Light:	would lavender help? 
01:21:32	Celesteal Light:	what about Candida the yeast big sister? 
01:24:56	Brittany Rolle:	that’s very true!
01:25:41	Desiree A:	I have seen pics of fibroids with teeth and hair
01:26:53	Celesteal Light:	wow just checked it ... real human teeth too... 
01:27:24	Celesteal Light:	yup
01:27:44	Celesteal Light:	we have a had time trying to grow teeth as an adult
01:27:54	Celesteal Light:	hard*
01:31:44	Melissa H:	that's deep lol
01:32:39	Celesteal Light:	Amino Acids
01:36:35	Melissa H:	that's deep too lol
01:39:15	Hannah Sydney:	same
01:39:16	Hannah Sydney:	lol
01:39:36	Celesteal Light:	yay Recap!
01:39:40	Celesteal Light:	🙏🏽
01:41:15	Celesteal Light:	this was beautiful
01:41:25	Celesteal Light:	I'll let you know if I do 
01:41:31	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾👍🏾👍🏾
01:41:40	Celesteal Light:	later


10/1/19

00:17:24	Brittany Rolle:	someone has their mic on
00:17:31	Brittany Rolle:	can’t really here
00:17:35	Brittany Rolle:	hear*
00:24:48	Aliyyah Blake:	how is the sun NOT hot?
00:25:03	Aliyyah Blake:	how do you know?
00:26:18	Jamee Jory:	So, is it the reflection that makes it hot?
00:28:07	Bea Divine:	like in a plane
00:28:41	Desiree A:	Right like mountain tops
00:36:45	Brittany Rolle:	can you repeat the question please sorry I missed that
00:52:20	Melissa Vargas:	red pepper 
00:52:35	Bea Divine:	lmaooo red ooman
00:53:23	Aliyyah Blake:	ghost peppers
00:56:22	Desiree A:	or experiencing a craving for spicy things when having certain emotions?
01:02:38	Melissa Vargas:	the Bronx?
01:03:05	Brittany Rolle:	all those fights over the Popeyes sandwiches too!
01:22:15	Aliyyah Blake:	you're exactly right
01:22:23	Aliyyah Blake:	that's EXACTLY what they do
01:23:51	Bea Divine:	can we discuss fire herbs and when we use it to balance out the other elements when dealing w/ clients
01:25:47	Hannah Sydney:	I have a question about hemmorhoids
01:27:57	Hannah Sydney:	does too much fire cause them?
01:28:19	Brittany Rolle:	or too much earth?
01:41:58	Desiree A:	Right, the Mindset is the maim factor. You have to sacrifice
01:43:34	Bea Divine:	transference of energy
01:43:58	Bea Divine:	yup, gotta protect ya energy
01:48:39	Desiree A:	does that go for keloids that itch also?
01:54:49	Jamee Jory:	I'm here. just on the road. I'll see my friend tomorrow and ask if I can share his picture from last year, when his eczema flared.
01:58:18	Desiree A:	💯💯
02:07:42	Desiree A:	Good night All 😊


What Are Fibroid Tumors

Fibroid tumors are benign growths that usually form on the interior muscular wall and the exterior of the uterus, the exterior of the ovaries, and also the cervix in rare cases. The term ‘fibroid’ is really a misnomer because the tumor cells are not fibrous at all, but that’s the Western medical world for you. A tumor is medically defined as: “A swelling or enlargement occurring in inflammatory conditions; a new growth of tissue characterized by progressive, uncontrolled proliferation of cells. The tumor may be localized or invasive, benign or malignant. A tumor may be named for its location, for its cellular makeup, or for the person who first identified it.” SOURCE: Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 3rd edition, pg. 1204 In layman’s term and for purposes of understanding of what a fibroid tumor really is, a fibroid tumor (physically) is an internal trash bag that holds accumulated waste (scarred tissue, pus/mucus, and other junk) trapped inthe female body due to blockage of the other major eliminative channels, including the uterus which is also an eliminative channel.

What is a Cyst? A cyst is medically defined as: “A closed sac in or under the skin lined with epithelium and containing fluid or semisolid material.” SOURCE: Mosby’s supra, pg. 332 A cyst, like a tumor, is an internal trash bag, more so than a tumor though. In fact, the word “cyst” derives from a Greek word “kystis” which means, “bag.” Cysts hold pus, mucus, and other toxic waste fluid which is usually from what is eaten, i.e. decomposed animal flesh and congealed cow snot/pus called dairy products. This is all a cyst is. A BAG OF MUCUS, PUS, and TOXINS!

Causes of Uterine, Ovarian, Cervical Fibroid Tumors and Cysts.

The greatest contributing factor to the physical development of uterine, ovarian, and cervical fibroid tumors and cysts is diet, specifically the SAD (Standard American Diet) which is excessively high in animal flesh (meat) and byproduct (i.e. dairy:milk, cheese, sour cream, butter, and ice cream to name a few). However, the greatest culprit in the physical development of sexual reproductive area tumors and cysts is: (DAIRY PRODUCTS), liquefied and congealed cow snot and pus which have no place in the glorious and magnificent body, which is especially true for melanated individuals or people of color (Africans/Nubians, African-Americans, Afro-Carribeans, Hispanics-Latinos, Asians, Native Americans). Though Caucasians can tolerate dairy products better than peoples of color, Caucasians also have no business consuming dairy products (cow excreta) as dairy products adversely affect Caucasians just as much as it does people of other races and nationalities. Dairy adversely affects all people regardless of race, age, and gender.

Hygiene.. commercial brand feminine hygiene products are major causative factors of female reproductive diseases and disorders such as fibroid tumors, uterine and ovarian cysts. The greatest feminine hygiene product culprit in the development of fibroid tumors has to be commercial brand SANITARY NAPKINS and PADS. Commercial brand sanitary products are bleached with dioxin (organo-chlorine), a left-over chemical from the Vietnam War era used to deforest trees and which has since been used as an industrial bleaching agent in the United States. One drop of organo-chlorines in an Olympic size swimming pool can prevent trout eggs from hatching. And just think, today women are placing a chemical used during the Vietnam War into their yonis (vaginas). Please be careful out there.
How one can help eliminate uterine, ovarian,cervical tumors and cysts naturally.
DIET- Nutrition: If you suffer from fibroid cysts and/or tumors, we highly recommend an animal and animal excreta-free diet . Remember, the greatest dietary contributors to tumors and cysts in the female reproductive system in meat (DEAD ANIMAL FLESH) and dairy. We are energy! Energy needs fuel to maintain flow and continue to be. Energy/ fuel does not come from the dead. Dead flesh or products thereof are CARCASS. When ingested makes the body use even more energy trying to turn it into something the body can use as fuel.

Change your diet! Eat healthy!We say Fuel the body! not feed the body. Drink plenty of water daily, if available alkaline or high pH water are great but if not readily accessible seeded lemon water is great. Avoid processed and refined foods, including snack foods!  Avoid chemicals, i.e. WHITE TABLE SUGAR, SALT, MSG, SACCHARIN, ASPARTAME, etc. Avoid REFINED GRAINS (white bread, commercial brand wheat breads, donuts, cakes,cookies, bagels etc.). Avoid consumption of alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, champagne, etc.), soda pop, coffee hot cocoa, lattes, etc. 

Drink as much raw, fresh squeezed fruit and vegetable juice as possible. Fruit juice is cleansing and vegetable juice builds.
HERBS: There are many tumor-dissolving herbs available today for purposes of naturally dissolving cysts and tumors. They include: Manjistha, Burdock Root, Goldenseal, Chaparral, Maitake (mushroom), Shitake (mushroom), Rehmannia, Yucca, Yellow Dock Root, and Dandelion Root. Dong Quai Black Cohosh Chasteberry (Also called vitex). There are many regimen designed specifically for purposes of expediting and accelerating the dissolution of all female reproductive area tumors and cysts. There’s a safe, sane, effective and economical way to eliminate fibroid tumors and cysts without costly, unnecessary, dangerous, and ineffective surgical operations that only exchange money from your bank account into the hospitals and doctors bank account. 

Surgery is NOT a form of healing, but altering and harming the human body. Surgical removal of tumors and cysts is useless because the process only removes the tumor(s) or cyst(s) but leaves the environment that is conducive to the growth of such tumor(s) and cyst(s) behind which is not logical or wise. Leaving the pro-tumor/cysts environment behind without educating the woman on proper Fuel nutrition and without addressing the mental state of the woman only sets the woman up to experience the development of more tumors and/or cysts in the future. Doctors (and surgeons) don’t heal or assist in healing! They only treat, manage, and try to control disease, which means disease is still present.

This is why we choose to erase those words from our vocab and use the word eliminate. You can’t treat a thing if it isn’t there. You can’t manage that which does not exist. And you can’t control energy. 
Most health industries and institutions teach us to live with disease, to share your temple (body) with disease and to be accepting of pathology, defect, and that which is unnatural. All things that are not a part of wat we are.
Knowing how to eliminate fibroids naturally requires an understanding of what causes them in the first place. The major cause of fibroids is too much estrogen in the body, or estrogen dominance. Some of the causes of estrogen dominance are:

Birth control pills. 

Spermicides in condoms.

Hormone replacement therapy.

Ingredients in cosmetics.

Plastic cookware.

Growth hormones in meat and milk.

Pesticides and herbicides.

PCBS-polychlorinated biphenyls.

Being overweight, Body fat produces and stores estrogen.

Stress.

Poor estrogen metabolism. Some women’s bodies have a harder time removing and metabolizing excess estrogen.

Hypertension.

It is important to stop eating heavily processed foods. White flour, white rice, sugar, and all simple carbohydrates that cause an insulin spike in the blood. Insulin changes the way that the body handles estrogen. Eliminate fried foods. They tax the liver and the liver is where estrogen is processed. Seaweeds helps support the thyroid and adrenals, part of keeping hormone levels in check. Soy contains toxins as well as phyto-estrogens (plant based estrogens). These substances increase the estrogen in the body and encourage fibroid growth.

Cleansing eliminative channels

One of the most important things to do in order to have a healthy uterus is to cleanse the liver, kidneys and colon. Why is this so important? When looking at both the liver, kidneys and colon they are vital to human health. These organs produce elements that are essential to survival. They are also responsible for removing toxins in the body, and if they are not functioning, that is a problem. A simple form of detoxification would be the lemon cleanse. This form of cleansing is simple and can be done every day. Another excellent detoxifying agent is apple cider vinegar. A good apple cider to use is Braggs apple cider vinegar. Since the liver deactivates estrogen it is important to keep it functioning at optimal levels. Using a liver cleanse will help your liver clear out toxins and energize itself. Using herbs like milk thistle and dandelion will keep it working at full capacity. Most herbs take some time to make an obvious difference in your health. Plan on taking them for about two to three months before the full benefit of these herbs is apparent.

Environmental Toxins

Many of the products that we use and eat every day can create estrogen in the body and can cause fibroids to grow. Phytoestrogens and xenoestrogens must be avoided to stop estrogen dominance. Xenoestrogens have to do with industrial and chemical processing that cause estrogen dominance symptoms in the body. An example of a xenoestrogen is paraben. Paraben is found in many creams and soaps. Anything that ends in paraben (methylparaben, propylparaben, etc) should be avoided. Phytoestrogens are compounds found in plants and animals that act like estrogen on the body.

Some examples of phytoestrogens are soybeans and tofu and coffee. Ways to Avoid Xenohormones

Eat organic food.

Avoid exposure to pesticides, herbicides and synthetic fertilizers.

Use natural feminine care products.

Use organic, natural body care products, including makeup.

To avoid the growth of fibroids, women have to increase their intake of estrogen-inhibiting foods. The idea here is to increase the intake of foods that cause estrogen to diminish and limit the estrogen-dominating foods. Organic fruits and vegetables help to decrease the size of fibroids. Spinach

kale 

Berries

Buckwheat

Citrus Foods

Figs

Fruits (except apples, cherries, dates, pomegranates)

Grapes (seeded)

Green beans

Melons

Millet

Onions

Pears

Pineapples

Squashes

Cabbage

Bok Choy and Brussels sprouts

Citrus lemons, limes, grapefruits, oranges

Onion and Garlic

Raw nuts and seed

Olives

Turmeric

Green leafy veggies

Seaweeds and algaes

Fermented foods like kefir, sauerkraut……..

External remedies

Castor Oil Packs

Doing a Castor Oil pack is a very important step in the process of reducing fibroids. Castor oil, according to the great Edgar Cayce, has anti-inflammatory properties, and it is great in diminishing the size of fibroids. The process to do this includes using a bottle of castor oil, a heating pad, and several washcloths. The heat is a very important part and should not be skipped.

You will need:

Castor Oil

Piece of cotton flannel

Plastic wrap

Hot water bottle

To use the castor oil pack:

1 Warm the castor oil.

2. Soak the cloth in it.

3. Fold the cloth and place on the abdomen over the area of the fibroid.

4. Cover the cloth with the plastic wrap.

5. Place a towel over the plastic wrap.

6. Place a hot water bottle over it and leave on (overnight) to be discussed.

7. Repeat for five nights then take two nights off

8. Continue this pattern for three weeks.

Progesterone cream is one way that many women can balance their hormone levels and reduce or eliminate fibroids. This cream is available at most health food stores. Generally about 1/8 of a teaspoon is rubbed on the inner arms twice a day. (am still weary of progesterone cream being that the body produces its own).

Hold OFF on that Hysterectomy
Fibroid tumors are not cancer, not malignant. Tumor means a swelling or a growth, not a malignancy, not cancer. Less than 0.1% of all uterine fibroids are malignant. Small fibroids often disappear spontaneously. Larger fibroids are more difficult to resolve, but not impossible to eliminate with natural measures.

The “root chakra” (lowermost energy center in the body, which includes the uterus) said to store unexpressed anger. It is believed that any unwanted growths in these organs can be countered by allowing the anger to safely discharge. One woman’s fibroids (and menstrual cramps) disappeared within three months of beginning a vigorous exercise program. Exercise helps insure regular ovulation, and irregular ovulation seems to worsen fibroids. Consuming three or more servings of whole grains or beans daily not only reduces the size of fibroids but offers protection from breast and endometrial cancers as well.

The Importance of Fiber Your main focus and one of the first things you should do right now is eating more fiber. Fiber helps the body to get rid of excess estrogens.

Good sources of fiber:

Dark leafy greens

Broccoli

Swiss chard

Quinoa

Chia seeds

Beans

Ground flaxseed

Whole Grains

Choose whole grains whenever possible, avoid white refined grains. Good choices of whole grains would be jacob tears, millet, spelt, buckwheat, rye and oats.

Pau d’Arco is extremely antibacterial, which may help prevent infection due to foreign tissue growth.

Goldenseal Root is extremely antibiotic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory. It works to help reduce pain and inflammation from foreign tissue growth. Reduction in inflammation may help to prevent scar tissue and adhesion formation.

Dandelion Root/Leaf provides excellent liver support for improved hormonal balance. Dandelion leaf is very nourishing to the body, being high in vitamins and minerals. The root aids in liver health, and stimulates digestion for improved estrogen metabolism.

Ginger Root A wonderful herb used to increase circulation and promote blood flow to the uterus. The increased circulation also helps to reduce inflammation of the uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes.

Black Cohosh root promotes regulation of the entire menstrual cycle. For women with a uterus that feels inflamed or irritated throughout the month, Black cohosh may be an effective option in relaxing the uterus reducing inflammation of the uterus.

Red Raspberry Leaf works to tone the uterine muscles and normalize blood flow during menses. This is one of the best normalizing herbs for the female reproductive organs. Raspberry leaf is astringent contracting and shrinking internal and external body tissues. May help prevent hemorrhage excessive bleeding. One of the best herbs for uterine health.

Dong Quai root increases circulation, which helps to bring in fresh healthy blood to remove excess tissue growth, heal tissue damage, limit scar tissue and adhesion formation. Healthy circulation ensures healthy natural cleansing of the body as well. Proper circulation is required to remove toxins, dead tissue, diseased tissue and metabolic waste from the body. This is very important for women with uterine fibroids.

Maitake Mushroom has been shown to enhance immune system function, to be effective at reducing tumors and improving glucose metabolism.

A series of Massage techniques that are used to help support reproductive health, the menstrual cycle, and your fertility all from the comfort of your own home! This type of massage is easy to learn, perform and is cost effective!

One of the greatest benefits of massage is the ability to break up adhesions and bring in circulation to the area being massaged. Uterine fibroids may compress and compromise circulation to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries or other surrounding organs. Fertility Massage helps to promote healthy circulation, helps the body to rid itself of old stagnant blood and tissues in the uterus, and promotes hormonal balance by strengthening the hormonal feedback loop. Do not do during menstruation.

Summary

Uterine fibroids are hormone dependent. Fibroid tissue is hypersensitive to estrogen, but does not have the capacity to regulate estrogen response, this is why they can grow to become quite large. Because they are responsive and may develop due to exposure to estrogen, both from our own estrogen and from human-made chemicals it is vital to reduce excess estrogen and support healthy progesterone levels to balance out unopposed estrogen. It is also vital to promote healthy circulation and detoxification of the tissues in the uterus, work to eliminate pain if present and to reduce heavy or mid-cycle menstrual bleeding due to fibroids. The overall goal is to support a healthy normal functioning uterus for a lifetime!

Estrogen and Progesterone Output During a Healthy Monthly Cycle

From the onset of puberty to menopause, a woman’s body is designed to have estrogen and progesterone work together to fuel and regulate her monthly cycle. The bulk of estrogen is released into a woman’s blood circulation during the first half of her monthly cycle. Estrogen works to build the lining of a woman’s uterus to prepare it for implantation of a fertilized egg should fertilization occur.

The bulk of progesterone is released into a woman’s bloodstream during the second half of a healthy monthly cycle. During this time, progesterone acts to maintain the rich lining of the uterus that estrogen helped to build up during the first two weeks of her cycle. If a fertilized egg successfully implants into the uterine wall i.e. if a woman becomes pregnant, her body must continue to produce a large amount of progesterone on a continuous basis to maintain a thick and well vascularized uterine wall throughout the course of pregnancy. This job of continuous progesterone production is handled nicely by a healthy placenta. If there is no implantation/pregnancy, a woman’s body stops producing large amounts of progesterone, which results in sloughing off and elimination of the thickened uterine lining, also known as a woman’s monthly flow.


Fire element

Wildfire

Element fire (forceful energy)-The colors that represent the element of fire (expansion and transformation) are red and orange or any other bright color that bounces light and energizes. The shapes that create the energy of fire are angular such as pyramids, triangles, diamonds, and sunbursts. These shapes send energy quickly in all directions and therefore create movement and change. Fire is the power to transform solids into liquids, to gas, and back again. In other words, it possesses power to transform the state of any substance. Within our bodies, the fire or energy binds the atoms together. It also converts food to fat (stored energy) and muscle. Fire transforms food into energy. It creates the impulses of nervous reactions, our feelings, and even our thought processes. Fire is considered a form without substance. By Fire we mean the universal force in nature that produces heat and radiates light, it is our passion to pursue despite obstacles and delays, it is what burns away the cloak of ignorance and allows the truth to shine with brilliance. Fire removes doubt from the mother-substance of human heart and replaces it with joy.

Qualities hot, sharp, dry, subtle, weightless and rough sun, spark, flame, ray. Action-radiation of heat and light. Facilitates -form, color and temperature. Substance-anything combustible and spicy. Example-chilies, ginger, pepper, clove, cumin. Intake– increases digestion, metabolism (fire and heat), glow and color of skin.

Digestive system, muscles, stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, nervous system, pancreatic Gland     Fire in its physical appearance can do for you what the sun itself do for the whole universe. It provides you with light and warmth and can serve you as heat source to cook upon. Fire is also an impulsive and a dangerous element, that can smolder and suddenly burst. Fire can give wings of courage, compassion and devotion, Fire is obstinate and heady, absolutely not subtle. It is seen as the force burning inside us, giving us will power to go for our goals, bestowing upon us the passion to do it all our self resulting in honor and freedom to do it without backstabbing and with an open face. (he will walk with pride and dignity to his enemy trusting his willpower, and destroy his foe burning everything on his path. He has guts, he is not just some inexperienced young armature with a new little plan, he is going to his goal in life and knows it. You Can see passion; he will give anything to achieve his goal, and does that, you can see willpower and courage. desire and strength are burning in his heart and he will change everything by doing the thing he must).

Physical Fire is in physical form, just as in spiritual form, a dangerous thing. You can use it to cook on, but you’ll have to watch it otherwise it will get out of hand and destroy your home. You can use it as a weapon, but it always will be a sword with blades pointing at both sides. An axe can be used against you if the enemy gets it in their hands, Fire can be used against you at the time you have it in your hand. Fire has no borders, once released it will go on destroying until it is destroyed. If you want to use it, you have to keep it in a cage. If have Fire for a campfire, you have to put stones around it so it won’t become so big it isn’t warming you, but burning you. Fire mostly overdoes its job if you don’t put a limit on it. You can use it to prepare a meal, which you need for living, but if you don’t get the food away from the fire it will burn. According to the ancients and their myths surrounding this element, it is inherent in the nature of fire, to try to overcome the earthen boundaries of singularity of things and to reach back to the Winds, to the multitudes of the thoughts of the dreamer of the world  to the ancient people this is why fire spreads whenever it can and tries to infect everything with its rebellion against the boundaries of existence, as it wants to destroy, only to return to the love of the One.

Fire is mostly seen as a red, yellow or orange force and it is hot with the tendency to expand and en-kindle things nearby. You can use it as your private sun, for light, warmth and to cook on. It destroys everything  it can reach, except stone. If you can make it hot enough you can use it to make iron soft for a while, so you can give it another form. Spiritual Fire Stands for unbridled emotions, hatred and anger, but also love and happiness. Fire stand for changings, as it means the changeover between Earth, Water and Wind (Air). Fire stands for fighting in the open field, without mean tricks and ambushes. Fire is the thing burning in your soul, moving you to fight for the things you believe in. Even if there is just tiny chance to survive.

Fire represents a dream, a virtue, a belief, and never means your commitment only, but its realization. If the Fire has caught something, it fights for it until it has consumed it or has burned it down and destroyed it. It extinguishes by itself or gets extinguished. Fire doesn’t know fear or doubt. And it doesn’t know mercy or shame either. If  it wants something, it will get over everything on its path to get it. Fire also stands for inspiration, compassion, love, longing and lust. Symbols of Fire The most common symbols of fire are of course, the flame and the sun. Also a man who fights without defense and with great courage is dedicated to fire.”TUF” A triangle is the alchemist’s symbol of Fire. The stirring up music of a drum, which can give a man courage by letting his blood flow faster through his veins or bring a person into a trance, which can help a person in search for the truth, is the instrument of the Fire. Red, orange and yellow are the colors of the element.  

Observing Fire

Control Fire

A state, process or instance of combustion in which fuel or other material is ignited and combined with oxygen, giving off light, heat and flame. The ancient considered fire one of the major elements in the universe, alongside water, earth and air. This grouping makes intuitive sense. You can feel fire, just like you can feel earth, water and air. You can also see it and smell it, and you can move it from place to place. However, fire is really something completely different. Earth, water and air are all forms of matter they are made up of millions and millions of atoms collected together. Fire isn’t matter at all. It’s a visible, tangible side effect of matter changing form, it’s one part of a chemical reaction. Typically, fire comes from a chemical reaction between oxygen in the atmosphere and some sort of fuel (wood or gasoline, for example). Of course, wood and gasoline don’t spontaneously catch on fire just because they’re surrounded by oxygen. For the combustion reaction to happen, you have to heat the fuel to its ignition temperature. Fire is presented as a tool meeting many survival needs.

The heat provided by a fire allows the body to be warmed, wet clothes to be dried, water to be disinfected, and food to be cooked. The psychological boost and the sense of safety and protection it gives are not to be overlooked. In the wild,fire can provide a sensation of home, a focal point, in addition to being  an essential energy source. Fire may deter wild animals from interfering with the survivor. However wild animals may be attracted to the light and heat of a fire. The light and smoke emitted by a fire can also be used to work at night and can signal rescue units.

Control of Fire by early humans The ability to control fire was a dramatic change in the habits of early humans. Making fire to generate heat and light made it possible for people to cook food, increasing the variety and availability of nutrients. The heat produced would also help people stay warm in cold  weather, enabling them to live in cooler climates. Fire also kept nocturnal predators at bay. The use of fire  became progressively more sophisticated, with it being used to create charcoal and to control wildfires. Fire has also been used for centuries as a method of torture and execution, as evidence by death by burning as well as torture devices such as the iron boot which could be filled with water, oil, or even lead and then heated over an open fire to the agony of the wearer.

By the Neolithic Revolution, during the introduction of grain-based agriculture, people all over the world used fire as a tool in landscape management. These fires were typically controlled burns or “cool fires”, as opposed to uncontrolled “hot fires” which damage the soil. Hot fires destroy plants and animals, and endanger communities. This is especially a problem in the forests of today where traditional burning is prevented in order to encourage the growth of timber crops. Cool fires are generally conducted in the spring and autumn. They clear undergrowth, burning up biomass that could trigger a hot fire should it get too dense. They provide a greater variety of environments, which encourages game and plant diversity. For humans, they make dense, impassable forests traversable. There are numerous modern applications of fire. In its broadest sense, fire is used by nearly every human being on earth in a controlled setting every day. Users of internal combustion vehicles employ fire every time they drive.

Thermal power stations provide electricity for a large percentage of humanity. The use of fire in warfare has a long history. Hunter-gatherer groups around the world have been noted as using grass and forest fires to injure their enemies and destroy their ability to find food, so it can be assumed that fire has been used in warfare for as long as humans have had the knowledge to control it, Fire was the basis of all early thermal weapons. Homer detailed the use of fire by Greek commandos who hid in a wooden horse to burn Troy during the Trojan War. Later the Byzantine fleet used Greek fire to attack ships and men. In the First World War, the first modern flamethrowers were used by infantry and were successfully mounted on armored vehicles in the Second World War. In the latter war incendiary bombs were used by Axis and Allies alike, notably on Tokyo, Rotterdam London, Hamburg and, notoriously, at Dresden, in the latter two cases firestorms were deliberately caused in which a ring of fire surrounding each city and was drawn inward by an  updraft caused by a central cluster of fires.

The United States Army Air Force also extensively used incendiaries against Japanese targets in the latter months of the war devastating entire cities constructed primarily of wood and paper houses. The use of napalm was employed in July 1944, towards the end of the Second World War, although its use did not gain public attention until the Vietnam War. Molotov cocktails were also used. Use as Fuel Setting fuel aflame releases usable energy. Wood was a prehistoric fuel, and is still viable today. The use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, natural gas, and coal, in power plants supplies the vast majority of the world’s electricity today.

The International Energy Agency states that nearly 80% of the world’s power comes from these sources. The fire in a power station is used to heat water, creating steam that drives turbines. The turbines then spin an electric generator to produce electricity. Fire is also used to provide mechanical work directly, in both external and internal combustion engines. The nonburnable solid remains of a combustible material left after a fire is called clinker if its melting point is below the flame temperature, so that it fuses and then solidifies as it cools and ash if its melting point is above the flame temperature.

Protection and Prevention Firefighting services are provided in most developed areas to extinguish or contain uncontrolled fires. Trained firefighters use fire apparatus, water supply resources such as water mains and fire hydrants or they might use A and B class foam depending on what is feeding the fire. Fire prevention is intended to reduce sources of ignition. Fire prevention also includes education to teach people how to avoid causing fires. Buildings, especially schools and tall buildings, often conduct fire drills to inform and prepare citizens on how to react to a building fire. Purposely starting destructive fires constitutes arson and is a crime in most jurisdictions. Model building codes require passive fire protection and active fire protection systems to minimize damage resulting from a fire. The most common form of active fire protection is fire sprinklers. To maximize passive fire protection of buildings, building materials and furnishings in most developed countries are tested for fire-resistance, combustibility and flammability.   Upholstery, carpeting and plastics used in vehicles and vessels are also tested.

Significance of consuming Fire It is not surprising that fire plays such a significant role in the Bible. The Creator Himself is described as a “consuming fire.” (Dan. 4:24, Heb. 12.29) Doesn’t it seem rather strange to our understanding to call the Creator a consuming fire? Rarely, if ever, do we associate to the creation process. We usually associate it with destruction Fire has played perhaps one of the most significant roles in the advancement of civilization.  Practically no manufacturing would be possible apart from the use of fire to break down shape materials for our use. Our very lives depend upon the energy given by the biggest fire near the earth, the sun. It  is interesting to note that the more judgmental, vengeful, legalistic, ritualistic, and fundamental one is, the more likely they are to see fire as God’s punishment. They have a difficult time seeing fire as a positive symbol of God. For this mindset, fire usually means hell, the lake of fire, and everlasting punishment. On the other hand, the more loving merciful, and compassionate one has become, the more likely they are to see fire as a symbol of love, zeal, and sacredness. “They are on fire for God” is an expression used in positive sense. The judgmental person will usually see fire away from themselves, out in the future somewhere awaiting those whom it would swallow up in judgment, its flames flickering like the tongue of a snake sensing the air for the smell of those whom it will eternally torment or annihilate.

Fire is usually started by friction or percussion, two sticks rubbing together or the striking of flint against iron. This causes a spark which produces a fire. Fires are usually always noticed. They draw attention. Is this not also the case with the fires of anger or love? An angry person rarely keeps their anger to themselves. They are like a spark. They will usually ignite, agitating others until a conflict (fire) occurs. In the same way one burning with love and compassion, which is like a fire, will spread flames of kindness, melting the hearts of those around them. Indeed have we not all been in a continuous battle within ourselves and our actions and thoughts toward others, wrestling with the desire for vengeance, judgment, wrath, and punishment on the one hand, while at the same time desiring an end to all of these through mercy, forgiveness, self-denial, and love for ourselves as well as others? Both are fire. Both stir the emotions. Both stir men and women to action. One brings death; one brings life! Fire is never static. It moves. It seeks to consume. This is true whether it be the hateful fire of man’s anger or the passion to bring healing, joy, and love to those around them. Fire always produces change. It will force one to act, to respond.

Fire brings focus. “Fiery” trials often let us know which kind of fire is burning in our bosom Fire Types Type ‘A’ fires are started when easily ignitable materials have reached their igniting temperature. These materials can be clothes, boxes, paper, plastics and trash. Type ‘B’ fires usually involve liquids that are highly flammable and spread easily. These fires are also started by gas, paint, petrol viscous yet highly flammable too. This fire type may also be started with gases that are easily ignited by heat, such as propane and butane. Type ‘C’ fire are started within an appliance, electric equipment, appliance motors and transformers. ‘A’ type ‘C’ fire can easily be put out by cutting its power source which abruptly changes its type of fire. Type ‘D’ fire source are combustible metals such as calcium, lithium, magnesium and its alloys, phosphorus and titanium among the more known chemical elements. These chemicals, when heated and oxidation is present cause sparks that may turn into fast spreading flames.

A wildfire is any uncontrolled fire in combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or a wilderness area. Other names such as brush fire, bush fire, forest fire, grass fire, hill fire, peat fire, vegetation fire, veld fire and wildland fire may be used to describe the same phenomenon depending on the type of vegetation being burned. A wildfire differs from other fires by its extensive size, the speed at which it can spread out from its original source, its potential to change direction unexpectedly, and its ability to jump gaps such as roads, rivers and fire breaks. Wildfires are characterized in terms of the cause of ignition, their physical properties such as speed of propagation, the combustible material present and the effect of weather on the fire. Wildfires occur on every continent except Antarctica. Fossil records and human history contain accounts of wildfires, as wildfires can occur in periodic intervals. Wildfires can cause extensive damage, both to property and human life, but they also have various beneficial and effects on wilderness areas. Some plant species depend on the effects of fire for growth and reproduction, although large wildfires may also have negative ecological effects… Flame color varies depending on what you’re burning and how hot it is. Color variation within in a flame is caused by uneven temperature.

Typically, the hottest part of a flame the base glows blue, and the cooler parts at the top glow orange or yellow. In addition to emitting light, the rising carbon particles may collect on surrounding surfaces as soot. The dangerous thing about the chemical reactions in fire is the fact that they are self perpetuating. The heat of the flame itself keeps the fuel at the ignition temperature so it continues to burn as long as there is fuel and oxygen around it. The flame heats any surrounding fuel so it releases gases as well. When the flame ignites the gases, the fire spreads. On Earth, gravity determines how the flame burns. All the hot gases in the flame are muclh hotter (and less dense) than the surrounding air, so they move upward toward lower pressure. This is why fire typically spreads upward, and it’s also why flames are always pointed at the top. if you were to light a fire in a microgravity environment, say onboard the space shuttle, it would form a sphere!

Fire Variables In the last section, we saw that fire is the result of a chemical reaction between two gases, typically oxygen and a fuel gas. The fuel gas is created by heat. In other words with heat providing the necessary energy, atoms in one gaseous compound break their bonds with each other and recombine with available oxygen atoms in the air to form new compounds plus lots more heat. Only some compounds will readily break apart and recombine in this way  the various atoms have to be attracted to each other in the right manner. For example, when you boil water, it takes the gaseous form of steam, but this gas doesn’t react with oxygen in the air. There isn’t a strong enough attraction between the two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom in a water molecule and the two oxygen atoms in an oxygen molecule, so the water compound doesn’t break apart and recombine. The most flammable compounds contain carbon and hydrogen, which recombine with oxygen relatively easily to form carbon dioxide, water and other gases.

Different flammable fuels catch fire at different temperatures. It takes a certain amount of heat energy to change any particular material into a gas, and even more heat energy to trigger the reaction with oxygen. The necessary heat level varies depending on the nature  of the molecules that make up the fuel. A fuel’s piloted ignition temperature is the heat level required to form a gas that will ignite when exposed to a spark. At the unpiloted ignition temperature, which is much higher, the fuel ignites without a spark. The fuel’s size also affects how easily it will catch fire. A larger fuel, such as a thick tree, can absorb a lot of heat, so it takes a lot more energy to raise any particular piece to the ignition temperature. A toothpick catches fire more easily because it heats up very quickly. A fuel’s heat production depends on how much energy the gases release in the combustion reaction and how quickly the fuel burns. Both factors largely depend on the fuel’s composition.

Some compounds react with oxygen in such a way that there is a lot of “extra heat energy” left over. Others emit a smaller amount of energy. Similarly, the fuel’s reaction with oxygen may happen very quickly, or it may happen more slowly. The fuel’s shape also affects burning speed. Thin pieces of fuel burn more quickly than larger pieces because a larger proportion of their mass is exposed to oxygen at any moment. For example, you could burn up a pile of wood splinters or paper much more quickly than you could a block of wood with the same mass, because splinters and paper have a much greater surface area. In this way, fires from different fuels are like different species of animal – they all behave a little differently. Experts can often figure out how a fire started by observing how it affected the surrounding areas. A fire from a fast-burning fuel that produces a lot of heat will inflict a different sort of damage than a slow-burning, low-heat fire.


9/26/19

00:25:11	Aliyyah Blake:	what her did you say after yellow dock?
00:25:31	Brittany Rolle:	French Tree
00:25:46	Brittany Rolle:	okay
00:40:00	Brittany Rolle:	dandelion and barberry?
00:40:04	Jamee Jory:	dandelion and burdock?
00:40:07	Brittany Rolle:	did I spell it right
00:41:58	Brittany Rolle:	so if I decide to use dandelion as the staple in each of my blends thats fine for the liver?
00:53:44	Aliyyah Blake:	I thought bike was black
00:53:49	Aliyyah Blake:	bile*
00:54:30	Aliyyah Blake:	I thought bile inside the liver is black
00:58:18	Jamee Jory:	I know many people that have their gallbladder removed. Doesn't that make their liver work extra?
01:07:31	Desiree A:	Calendula
01:22:04	Hannah Sydney:	oxygen?
01:22:53	Brittany Rolle:	is it the alveoli
01:27:16	Jamee Jory:	What were the ingredients again? Nettle, Red raspberry, oat straw...
01:27:24	Desiree A:	Heard of it but never made it
01:27:52	Jamee Jory:	one more time for the last ingredient? 
01:31:58	Hannah Sydney:	does it also matter how much is being put into the blend?
01:40:40	Melissa H:	Great class. Thanks.
01:43:21	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:44:49	Desiree A:	Blends to address Reproductive issues like pcos, endometriosis*, bacterial vaginosis etc
01:45:20	Melissa H:	Agree with Desiree as well as fibroids and cysts
01:46:11	Desiree A:	Also something to addresd candida overgrowth in the gut
01:46:59	Melissa H:	Blends that support brain health - and address memory loss, alzheimers, dementia
01:49:15	Jamee Jory:	What about someone with mental health issues that's on a smorgasbord of prescriptions? They can't just stop their meds and switch to herbs can they? 
01:50:17	Hannah Sydney:	good night everybody


Moon cycle

As we maintain a state of constant energy transforming with each breath so does the moon. Some say the moon affects us greatly. Look at how it affects the tides of the ocean that extends its reach inland and raises the water table, its a time when you won’t have to water your plants because there is an abundance of water emerging from within our earth.

The moon affects every living thing on this earth. The moon has a powerful force, push and pull. Ancient cultures understood this and used the moon’s influences and the lunar calendar for farming, gardening, planning parties and events, starting business ventures even relationships and so should we, I have been aware of the moon’s phases for years and have used this natural rhythm to flow with project development, release dates, product making, taking vibrational baths,…. “Return to nature” “sync with nature” we often hear people say. To live with the natural rhythms of the moon and the seasons, we should choose to be nature for it is wat we are.   That same one vitalforce that flows through us all and allows us to transform the matter that we choose to become. There is a flow and acceptance of the energy we feel instead of resistance and forcing against nature battling our thoughts with thinking, stressing not only mind also body. We are taught that the moon is powerful in ways some can only imagine, even so the moon just like every other universal lifeforce has to generate its energy from somewhere….

MOON ORBIT AROUND EARTH

The moon always faces the earth as it orbits around the earth during its 29 day orbit. The moon passes through the same “zodiac signs” for 2-3 days every orbit around the earth. The moon is dark as it passes between the sun and the earth, the sun is not reflecting light onto the moon. The moon has not decreased or disappeared, although it appears this way.

LUNAR CALENDAR

29 ½ DAYS the lunar calendar coincides with the moon orbit around the earth “the lunar cycle”. In one year, there are 13 orbits around the earth. To find a current or future lunar calendar, look online or purchase a book with a current moon calendar or just simply observe.

PHASES OF THE MOON

There are four phases of the moon. new moon, first quarter moon, full moon and last quarter moon. The light of the moon is waxing- increasing or waning-decreasing.

Ok, lets keep this simple while exploring the four phases of the moon cycle. nature time and time again displays the oneness that it is, that we are! Take the  New moon cycle which begins with three days of complete darkness, just as many of the ancient story books talk about “in the beginning was darkness” and we know when we speak of darkness its main feature is the color black. which some say is the color that represent the ether element, the foundation of all things which provided the space for the other four elements as we know them to be.. alr, water, fire, earth. So when applying the new moon cycle to ones daily being one should take the period of the new moon to ignite new beginnings, either it be relationships, business ventures or even the production of a new product. you see in the darkness is where all thoughts originate some call them ideas, dreams but despite the title used it all comes from the darkness, lets say the mind. New moon ls also a great time to begin a specific types of body cleansing…. 

First quarter moon First quarter moon marks a period between the new moon and the full moon. It is when the moon is “waxing” when your goals should be flowing, its a period of air dominance, all about movement and growth where your thoughts are taking form…. This period of time is great for releasing the habit of thinking that can have us stuck repeating the same cycle over an over…. should be a time of search not research. Waxing 14 days from new moon to full moon. The waxing moon looks as if the moon is increasing, getting larger. As the moon is waxing, you will see more of our light of the moon. The moon appears larger as it grows from right to left in the northern hemisphere. In the southern hemisphere it is the opposite growing from left to right. Its a period one can build, absorb, take in, and strengthen. As we enter the first quarter of the moon cycle “waxing” its a period when one should building up ones goals for the harvest. Some seeds may have to sit 3 months, 6 months or even 9 months depending on the different conditions of course. but this is always a time of intense action. Either by you or by the herbal blend you have set in the new moon phase, 9 times out of 10 its  both.

Full moon The moon is a brightly lit full circle, that may appear to be a full 360 degrees. This is a time  of harvest there ls always an abundance…. Observation is key when one becomes the flow. Last quarter moon marks a period between the full moon and the new moon. It is when the moon is “waning” 14 days from full to new moon as if the moon is decreasing (getting smaller) . As the moon is waning, you will see less of our light of the moon, ocean tides can become low, water table becomes low forcing roots to penetrate deeper in the earth to strengthen their stability. One uses this period of time to cleanse the body and mind in preparation for the period of transformation.. allowing the vltalforce to flow even stronger allowing for clearer and stronger thoughts… Like the cycles of the moon one can relate to our seasons of a year, seasons of our belng, even to ones day. As we emerge from the darkness (ether) some refer to as sleep we enter into our first quarter of a day where we prepare (work hard as hell) to be able to harvest in the full moon (so one can eat). As the last quarter comes around we relax from our long day allowing the mind and body to enter a cleansing period (some may look at wat served them that day and what didn’t) we know when ones enters sleep one cleanses and generate energy in order to allow more space for the amplified thoughts of our new moon as we begin the entire cycle again… will be a great discussion when we get to it.


9/24/19

00:19:56	Melissa Vargas:	use a topical paste
00:22:30	Melissa Vargas:	carbon
00:22:48	Brittany Rolle:	yep
00:24:17	Melissa Vargas:	start pumping more air
00:31:01	Melissa Vargas:	good because I forgot the names of the respiratory system
00:38:05	Sabrina Keeton:	🤣🤣
00:46:07	Sabrina Keeton:	yes 
00:46:09	Brittany Rolle:	tea tree?
00:47:07	Desiree A:	I do that with Eucalyptus for migraines
00:50:35	Melissa Vargas:	i was thinking of breathing through their nose haha
01:00:37	Brittany Rolle:	same! it’s a “normal” thing here too
01:00:39	Melissa Vargas:	so how does that relate to easy brusing
01:05:24	Brittany Rolle:	bunch of lies 😂😂
01:18:07	Melissa Vargas:	and having a baby
01:27:01	Brittany Rolle:	what do you think about colon hydrotherapy?
01:39:50	Melissa Vargas:	can you go back to the whopping cough- explain how that happens again
01:49:27	Desiree A:	will You Be Sending out the intake sheet?
01:53:06	Melissa Vargas:	you were saying that we will use the super tonic tincture during the liver cleanse?
02:04:39	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾


next part


Observing ether..


Nitewaks..


Week 2 words.. Energizing the Respiratory system

The cells of the human body require a constant stream of oxygen that we get from the air element we breathe to stay alive. The respiratory system provides oxygen to the body’s cells while removing carbon dioxide, a waste product that can be lethal if allowed to accumulate within the body.. There are three major parts of the respiratory system, the airway, the lungs, and the muscles of respiration.

The airway, which includes the nose,mouth, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles, carries air between the lungs and the body’s exterior.

The lungs act as the functional units of the respiratory system by passing oxygen into the body and carbon dioxide out of the body.

Finally, the muscles of respiration, including the diaphragm and intercostal muscles, work together to act as a pump, pushing air into and out of the lungs during breathing.

The nose and nasal cavity form the main external opening for the respiratory system and are the first section of the body’s airway, also called the respiratory tract through which air moves. The nose is a structure of the face made of cartilage, bone, muscle, and skin that supports and protects the anterior portion of the nasal cavity. The nasal cavity is a hollow space (ether) within the nose and skull that is lined with hairs and mucus membrane. The function of the nasal cavity is to warm, moisturize, and filter air entering the body before it reaches the lungs. Hairs and mucus lining the nasal cavity help to trap dust, mold, pollen and other environmental contaminants before they can reach the inner portions of the body. Air exiting the body through the nose returns moisture and heat to the nasal cavity before being exhaled into the environment.

The mouth, also known as the oral cavity is the secondary external opening for the respiratory tract. Most normal breathing takes place through the nasal cavity, but the oral cavity can be used to supplement or replace the nasal cavity functions when needed. Because the pathway of air entering the body from the mouth is shorter than the pathway for the air entering from the nose, the mouth does not warm and moisturize the air entering the lungs as well as the nose performs this function. The mouth also lacks the hairs and sticky mucus that filter air passing through the nasal cavity. The one advantage of breathing through the mouth is that its shorter distance and larger diameter allows more air to quickly enter the body.

The pharynx、also known as the throat, is a muscular funnel that extends from the posterior end of the nasal cavity to the superior end of the esophagus and larynx. The pharynx is divided into 3 regions: the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and laryngopharynx.
The nasopharynx is the superior region of the pharynx found in the posterior of the nasal cavity. Inhaled air from the nasal cavity passes into the nasopharynx and descends through the oropharynx, located in the posterior of the oral cavity. Air inhaled through the oral cavity enters the pharynx at the oropharynx. The inhaled air then descends into the laryngopharynx, where it is diverted into the opening of the larynx by the epiglottis.
The epiglottis is a flap of elastic cartilage that acts as a switch between the trachea and the esophagus. Because the pharynx is also used to swallow food, the epiglottis ensures that air passes into the trachea by covering the opening to the esophagus. During the process of swallowing, the epiglottis moves to cover the trachea to ensure that food enters the esophagus and to prevent choking.

The larynx, also known as the voice box, is a short section of the airway that connects the laryngopharynx and the trachea. The larynx is located in the anterior portion of the neck, just inferior to the hyoid bone and superior to the trachea. Several cartilage structures make up the larynx and give it its structure. The epiglottis is one of the cartilage pieces of the larynx and serves as the cover of the larynx during swallowing. Inferior to the epiglottis is the thyroid cartilage, which is often referred to as the adam’s apple as it is most commonly enlarged and visible in adult males. The thyroid holds open the anterior end of the larynx and protects the vocal folds. Inferior to the thyroid cartilage is the ring-shaped cricoid cartilage which holds the
larynx open and supports its posterior end. In addition to cartilage, the larynx contains special structures known as vocal folds, which allow the body to produce the sounds of speech and singing. The vocal folds are folds of mucous membrane that vibrate to produce vocal sounds The tension and vibration speed of the vocal folds can be changed to change the pitch that they produce.

The trachea or windpipe, is a 5-inch long tube made of C-shaped hyaline cartilage rings lined with pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. The trachea connects the larynx to the bronchi and allows air to pass through the neck and into the thorax. The rings of cartilage making up the trachea allow it to remain open to air at all times. The open end of the cartilage rings faces posterior toward the esophagus, allowing the esophagus to expand into the space occupied by the trachea to accommodate masses of food moving through the esophagus. The main function of the trachea is to provide a clear airway for air to enter and exit the lungs. In addition, the epithelium lining the trachea produces mucus that traps dust and other contaminants and prevents it from reaching the lungs. Cilia on the surface of the epithelial cells move the mucus superior toward the pharynx where it can be swallowed and digested in the gastrointestinal tract or hork it up an spit that mess out.

Bronchi and Bronchioles

At the inferior end of the trachea, the airway splits into left and right branches known as the primary bronchi. The left and right bronchi run into each lung before branching off into smaller secondary bronchi. The secondary bronchi carry air into the lobes of the lungs, 2 in the left and 3 in the right lung. The secondary bronchi in turn split into many smaller tertiary bronchi within each lobe. The tertiary bronchi split into many smaller bronchioles that spread throughout the lungs. Each bronchiole further splits into many smaller branches less than a millimeter in diameter called terminal bronchioles. Finally, the millions of tiny terminal bronchioles conduct air to the alveoli of the lungs.

As the airway splits into the tree-like branches of the bronchi and bronchióles, the structure of the walls of the airway begins to change. The primary bronchi contain many C-shaped cartilage rings that firmly hold the airway open and give the bronchi a cross-sectional shape like a flattened circle or a letter D. As the bronchi branch into secondary and tertiary bronchi the cartilage becomes more widely spaced and more smooth muscle and elastin protein is found in the walls. The bronchioles differ from the structure of the bronchi in that they do not contain any cartilage at all. The presence of smooth muscles and elastin allow the smaller bronchi and bronchioles to be more flexible and contractile.

The main function of the bronchi and bronchioles is to carry air from the trachea into the lungs. Smooth muscle tissue in their walls helps to regulate airflow into the lungs. When greater volumes of air are required by the body, such as during exercise, the smooth muscle relaxes to dilate the bronchi and bronchioles. The dilated airway provides less resistance to airflow and allows more air to pass into and out of the lungs. The smooth muscle fibers are able to contract during rest to prevent hyperventilation. The bronchi and bronchioles also use the mucus and cilia of their epithelial lining to trap and move dust and other contaminants away from the lungs.

The lungs are a pair of large, spongy organs found in the thorax lateral to the heart and superior to the diaphragm. Each lung is surrounded by a pleural membrane that provides the lung with space to expand as well as a negative pressure space relative to the body’s exterior. The negative pressure allows the lungs to passively fill with air as they relax. The left and right lungs are slightly different in size and shape due to the heart pointing to the left side of the body. The left lung is therefore slightly smaller than the right lung and is made up of 2 lobes while the right lung has 3 lobes. The interior of the lungs is made up of spongy tissues containing many capillaries and around 30 million tiny sacs known as alveoli. The alveoli are cup-shaped structures found at the end of the terminal bronchioles and surrounded by capillaries. The alveoli are lined with thin simple squamous epithelium that allows air entering the alveoli to exchange its gases with the blood passing through the capillaries.

Muscles of Respiration

Surrounding the lungs are sets of muscles that are able to cause air to be inhaled or exhaled from the lungs. The principal muscle of respiration in the human body is the diaphragm, a thin sheet of skeletal muscle that forms the floor of the thorax. When the diaphragm contracts, it moves inferior a few inches into the abdominal cavity, expanding the space within the thoracic cavity and pulling air into the lungs. Relaxation of the diaphragm allows air to flow back out the lungs during exhalation. Between the ribs are many small intercostal muscles that assist the diaphragm with expanding and compressing the lungs. These muscles are divided into 2 groups: the internal intercostal muscles and the external intercostal muscles. The internal intercostal muscles are the deeper set of muscles and depress the ribs to compress the thoracic cavity and force air to be exhaled from the lungs. The external intercostal is found superficial to the internal intercostal and function to elevate the ribs, expanding the volume of the thoracic cavity and causing air to be inhaled into the lungs.

Physiology of the respiratory system

Pulmonary ventilation is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange. The respiratory system uses both a negative pressure system/and the contraction of muscles to achieve pulmonary ventilation. The negative pressure system of the respiratory system involves the establishment of a negative pressure gradient between the alveoli and the external atmosphere. The pleural membrane seals the lungs and maintains the lungs at a pressure slightly below that of the atmosphere when the lungs are at rest. This results in air following the pressure gradient and passively filling the lungs at rest. As the lungs fill with air the pressure within the lungs rises until it matches the atmospheric pressure. At this point more air can be inhaled by the contraction of the diaphragm and the external intercostal muscles, increasing the volume of the thorax and reducing the pressure of the lungs below that of the atmosphere again. To exhale air, the diaphragm and external intercostal muscles relax while the internal intercostal muscles contract to reduce the volume of the thorax and increase the pressure within the thoracic cavity. The pressure gradient is now reversed, resulting in the exhalation of air until the pressures inside the lungs and outside of the body are equal. At this point, the elastic nature of the lungs causes them to recoil back to their resting volume, restoring the negative pressure gradient present during inhalation.

External respiration is the exchange of gases between the air filling the alveoli and the blood in the capillaries surrounding the walls of the alveoli. Air entering the lungs from the atmosphere has a higher partial pressure of oxygen and a lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide than does the blood in the capillaries. The difference in partial pressures causes the gases to diffuse passively along their pressure gradients from high to low pressure through the simple squamous epithelium lining of the alveoli. The net result of external respiration is the movement of oxygen from the air into the blood and the movement of carbon dioxide from the blood into the air. The oxygen can then be transported to the body’s tissues while carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere during exhalation.

Internal respiration is the exchange of gases between the blood in capillaries and the tissues of the body. Capillary blood has a higher partial pressure of oxygen and a lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide than the tissues through which it passes. The difference in partial pressures leads to the diffusion of gases along their pressure gradients from high to low pressure through the endothelium lining of the capillaries. The net result of internal respiration is the diffusion of oxygen into the tissues and the diffusion of carbon dioxide into the blood.

Transportation of Gases

The 2 major respiratory gases, oxygen and carbon dioxide/are transported through the body in the blood. Blood plasma has the ability to transport some dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide, but most of the gases transported in the blood are bonded to transport molecules. Hemoglobin is an important transport molecule found in red blood cells that carries almost 99% of the oxygen in the blood. Hemoglobin can also carry a small amount of carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs. However, the vast majority of carbon dioxide is carried in the plasma as bicarbonate ion. When the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is high in the tissues the enzyme carbonic anhydrase catalyzes a reaction between carbon dioxide and water to form carbonic acid. Carbonic acid then dissociates into hydrogen ion and bicarbonate ion. When the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is low in the lungs, the reactions reverse and carbon dioxide is liberated into the lungs to be exhaled.

Homeostatic Control of Respiration

Under normal resting conditions, the body maintains a quiet breathing rate and depth called eupnea. Eupnea is maintained until the body’s demand for oxygen and production of carbon dioxide rises due to greater exertion. Autonomic chemoreceptors in the body monitor the partial pressures of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood and send signals to the respiratory center of the brain stem. The respiratory center then adjusts the rate and depth of breathing to return the blood to its normal levels of gas partial pressures.

Some common ailments of the respiratory system

1.Common Cold, Influenza or Flu, characterized  by sneezing, runny nose, sore throat. Sometimes fever, headache and body pains may be felt by the body.

2. Asthma, a condition suffer by people who are over sensitive to tree pollen, dust particles and other pollutants. A person with asthma has difficulty in breathing. Has difficulty in breathing. Sometimes coughs and wheezes when he breathes out.

3. Sinusitis, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may be due to infection, allergy or autoimmune issues. Most cases are due to a viral infection and resolve over the course of 10 days.

4. Whooping cough (pertussis) is an infection of the respiratory system caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis (or B. pertussis). It’s characterized by severe coughing spells which can sometimes end in a “whooping” sound when the person breathes in. lt mainly affects infants younger than 6 months old due to a weak immune system, and kids 11 to 18 years old whose immunity has started to fade from poor eating habits. 

5. Rhinitis, is a medical term for irritation and inflammation of the mucous membrane inside the nose. Common symptoms of rhinitis are a stuffy nose, runny nose, and post-nasal drip. The most common kind of rhinitis is allergic rhinitis, which is usually triggered by airborne allergens such as pollen and dander.  Allergic rhinitis may cause additional symptoms, such as sneezing and nasal itching, coughing. headache, fatigue, malaise, and cognitive impairment. The allergens may also affect the eyes causing watery, reddened or itchy eyes and puffiness around the eyes.

6. Bronchitis is inflammation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi, the airways that carry airflow from the trachea into the lungs. Bronchitis can be divided into two categories, acute and chronic, each of which has distinct etiologies, pathologies, and therapies. Acute bronchitis is characterized by the development of a cough, with or without the production of sputum, mucus that is expectorated (coughed up) from the respiratory tract. Acute bronchitis often occurs during the course of an acute viral illness such as the common cold or influenza. Viruses cause about 90% of cases of acute bronchitis, whereas bacteria account for fewer than 10%. Chronic bronchitis, a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary condition, is characterized by the presence of a productive cough that lasts for three months or more per year for at least two years. Chronic bronchitis most often develops due to recurrent injury to the airways caused by inhaled irritants. Cigarette smoking is the most common cause, followed by air pollution and occupational exposure to irritants.

7. Pharyngitis comes from the Greek word pharynx meaning throat and the suffix -itis meaning inflammation. It is an inflammation of the throat. In most cases it is quite painful, and is the most common cause of a sore throat. Like many types of inflammation, pharyngitis can be acute-characterized by a rapid onset and typically a relatively short course-or chronic. Pharyngitis can result in very large tonsils which cause trouble swallowing and breathing. Pharyngitis can be accompanied by a cough or fever, for example, if caused by a systemic infection.

9. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It affects the lower respiratory tract. This includes small bronchi (airways) and air sacs in the lungs. The three main causes of pneumonia, bacterial pneumonia caused by bacteria, most commonly Streptococcus pneumonia, viral pneumonia caused by a virus (responsible for half of all pneumonias) A typical bacterial pneumonia often called ‘walking pneumonia’ but can cause a more serious or potentially fatal pneumonia.

Here are some of the best herbs to boost lung health.

LICORICE ROOT 

Licorice is one of the more widely consumed herbs in the world. It occurs in more formulas than any other single herb because it is thought to harmonize the action of all other herbs. Licorice is very soothing and softens the mucous membranes of the throat and especially the lungs and stomach and at the same time cleanses any inflamed mucous membrane that needs immune system support.. It reduces the irritation in the throat and yet has an expectorant action. lt is the saponins (detergent-like action) that loosen the phlegm in the respiratory tract, so that the body can expel the mucus. Compounds found in the root help relieve bronchial spasms and block the free radical cells that produce the inflammation and tightening of the airways. The compounds also have antibacterial and antiviral effects to them as well which helps fight off viral and bacterial strains in the body that can cause lung infections. Glycyrrhizin and flavonoids can even help prevent deteriorating lung cells from forming which means they can even prevent lung C.

COLTSFOOT

Coltsfoot has been traditionally use by  Native Americans for thousands of years to strengthen the lungs. It clears out excess mucus from the lungs and bronchial tubes. It soothes the mucus membranes in the lungs, and has been shown in research to assist with asthma, coughs, bronchitis, and other lung ailments. Coltsfoot is available in dried form for tea or as an alcohol extract known as a tincture.

CANNABIS

The toxic breakdown of therapeutic compounds in cannabis from burning the plant are totally avoided with vaporization. Extraction and inhaling cannabinoid essential oils of the unprocessed plant affords significant mitigation of irritation to the oral cavity that comes from smoking. Cannabis is perhaps one of the most effective anti-cancer plants in the world. shown in study after study to stimulate cannabinoid receptor activation in specific genes and mediate the anti-invasive effect of cannabinoids. Vaporizing cannabis allows the active ingredients to stimulate the body’s natural immune response and significantly reduces the ability of infections to spread.

OSHA ROOT

Osha is an herb native to the rocky mountain area and has historically been used by the Native Americans for respiratory support. The roots of the plant contain camphor and other compounds which make it one of the best lung-support herbs in America One of the main benefits of osha root is that it helps increase circulation to the lungs, which makes it easier to take deep breaths. Also, when seasonal sensitivities flare up your sinuses, osha root which is not an actual antihistamine, does produce a similar effect and may help calm respiratory irritation. 

THYME

Thyme is very powerful in the fight against chest congestion. It produces powerful antiseptic essential oils which are classified as naturally antibiotic and anti-fungal. Thyme is  well-known to zap acne than expensive prescription creams, gels and lotions. Thyme tea has the power to chase away and eliminate bacteria and viruses so whether your infection is based on either, it will work. Thyme has been used as a lung remedy consumed since antiquity and is used extensively today to prevent and eliminate respiratory tract infections and bacterial infection.

OREGANO

Although oregano contains the vitamins and nutrients required by the immune system, its primary benefits are owed to its carvacrol and rosmarinic acid content. Both compounds are natural decongestants and histamine reducers that have direct, positive benefits on the respiratory tract and nasal passage airflow. Oil of oregano fights off the dangerous bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, better than the most common antibiotic treatments. Oregano has so many health benefits that a bottle of organic oregano oil should be in everyone’s medicine cabinet.

LOBELIA

Did you know that horses given lobelia are able to breathe more deeply? Its benefits are not limited to equestrians. It has been used as “asthmador” in Appalachian folk medicine. Lobelia by some accounts, is thought to be one of the most valuable herbal remedies in existence. Extracts of Lobelia inflata contain lobeline, which showed positive effects in the treatment of multidrug-resistant tumor cells. Lobelia contains an alkaloid known as lobeline, which thins mucus and breaks up congestion. Additionally, lobelia stimulates the adrenal glands to release epinephrine, in effect; this relaxes the airways and allows for easier breathing. Also, because lobelia helps to relax smooth muscles, it is included in many cough and cold remedies. Lobelia should be part of everyone’s respiratory support protocol

ELECAMPANE

Elecampane has been used by Native Americans for many years to clear out excess mucus that impairs lung function. It is known as a natural antibacterial agent for the lungs. Helping to lessen infection particularly for people who are prone to lung infections like bronchitis. Herbal  practitioners often recommend one teaspoon of the herb per cup of boiling water, drunk three times daily for two to three weeks but elecampane is also available in tincture format for ease.

EUCALYPTUS

Native to Australia, eucalyptus isn’t just for Koala bears! Aborigines, along with a mass diversity of cultures have all used the refreshing aroma of eucalyptus to promote respiratory health and soothe throat irritation. Eucalyptus is a common ingredient in cough lozenges and syrups and its effectiveness is due to a compound called cineole. Cineole has numerous benefits, it’s an expectorant, can ease a cough, fights congestion, and soothes irritated sinus passages. As an added bonus, because eucalyptus contains antioxidants, it supports the immune system during a cold or other illness.

MULLEIN

Both the folwers and the leaves of the mullein plant are used to make an herbal extract that helps strengthen the lungs. Mullein is used by herbal practitioners to clear excess mucus from the lungs, cleanse the bronchial tubes, and reduce inflammation that is present in the respiratory tract. A tea can be made from one teaspoon of the dried herb to one cup of boiled water. Alternatively, you can make a tincture form of this herb.

LUNGWORT

Lungwort is a tree-growing lichen that actually resembles lung tissue in appearance. However this natural remedy doesn’t just look the part. As early as the 1600s, lungwort has been used to promote lung and respiratory health and clear congestion.  Pulmonaria selections come in all kinds so seek an herbal_artlst for direction. Lungwort also contains compounds that are powerfully effective against harmful organisms that affect respiratory health.

CHAPARRAL

Chaparral, a plant native to the southwest, has been appreciated by the Native Americans for lung detoxification and respiratory support. Chaparral contains powerful antioxidants that resist irritation and NDGA which is known to fight histamine response. NDGA inhibits aerobic and anaerobic glycolysis (the energy-producing ability) of cancer cells. Chaparral is also a herb that fights harmful organisms. The benefits of chaparral are most available in a tincture extraction but chaparral tea may support respiratory problems by encouraging an expectorant action to clear airways of mucus.

SAGE

Sage’s textured leaves give off a heady aroma, which arises from sage’s essential oils. These oils are the source of the many benefits of sage tea for lung problems and common respiratory ailments. Sage tea is a traditional treatment for sore throats and coughs. The rich aromatic properties arising from sage’s volatile oils of thujone, camphor, terpene and salvene can be put to use by inhaling sage tea’s vapors to dispel lung disorders and sinusitis. Alternatively, brew a strong pot of sage tea and place it into a bowl or a vaporizer.

PEPPERMINT

Peppermint, and peppermint oil, contains menthol,  a soothing ingredient known to relax the smooth muscles of the respiratory tract and promote free breathing. Dried peppermint typically contains menthol, menthone, menthyl acetate, menthofuran and cineol. Peppermint oil also contains small amounts of many additional compounds including limonene, pulegone, caryophyllene and pinene. Paired with the antihistamine effect of peppermint, menthol is a fantastic decongestant. Many people use therapeutic chest balms and other inhalants that contain menthol to help break up congestion. Additionally, peppermint is an antioxidant and fights harmful organisms.

PLANTAIN LEAF

With fruit that is similar in appearance to a banana, plantain leaf has been used for hundreds of years to ease cough and soothe irritated mucous membranes. Many of its active constituents show antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, as well as being and antitoxic. Clinical trials have found it favorable against cough, cold, and lung irritation Plantain leaf has an added bonus in that it may help relieve a dry cough by spawning mucus production in the lungs.

Seek the advice of an herbal_artlst or naturopathic doctor on the dosages and frequency according to your condition. Many of the herbs above may combined for cumulative effects. All of the above are available in various forms, as supplements, tea blends and prepared oils. You can always grow your own as well to ensure your herbs are organic and ethically harvested.


9/19/19

00:13:54	Brittany Rolle:	I didn’t get this assignment! 3 herbs for which conditions?
00:22:25	Desiree A:	diuretic
00:38:44	Ashley Murray:	When are we starting the liver cleanse (sorry my mic still not working)
00:39:06	Desiree A:	did You say We need to tell You what herbs We have already?
00:49:51	Hannah Sydney:	yeah
00:51:10	Hannah Sydney:	catnip use for constipation. helps promotes gastric juices
00:52:56	Hannah Sydney:	aloe Vera for indigestion
00:53:02	Hannah Sydney:	soothes the acid
00:53:28	Hannah Sydney:	okay promotes
00:54:19	Hannah Sydney:	a mineral
01:05:03	Melissa Vargas:	I missed that name of the food
01:05:25	Brittany Rolle:	that’s horseradish
01:05:52	Melissa Vargas:	thank u
01:11:24	Brittany Rolle:	it looks like cassava too
01:12:15	Aliyyah Blake:	what kind of peppers?  cayenne? 
01:17:17	Melissa Vargas:	so using the garlic paste under the foot is another way to cleanse the blood
01:17:19	Melissa Vargas:	?
01:36:10	Melissa Vargas:	so my dad has made this with orange peels as well ... more vitamin d?
01:36:22	Desiree A:	is it more of a salve or only internally?
01:39:49	Melissa Vargas:	are we meeting again Tuesday ?
01:40:31	Melissa Vargas:	can you add me to the group where we can see the assignments
01:42:37	Desiree A:	Yes!
01:43:56	Desiree A:	What if We have Black Walnut powder?
01:44:30	Desiree A:	like cheesecloth
01:44:45	Desiree A:	paint strainers work also
01:44:51	Melissa Vargas:	did you use apple cider in this tincture?
01:45:54	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:46:31	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾
01:46:32	Desiree A:	Thank You 🌻 Have a nice evening All 💛🐞


conditions are.. constipation/ indigestion and MS.
choose 1herb from herbal library that you will use for each condition mention. Be prepared to explain why you choose each herb and how would lt help the body.

observation

Ether discussion

00:28:15	Brittany Rolle:	evaporation? fire?
00:28:24	Desiree A:	Air
00:33:33	Hannah Sydney:	yes
00:34:10	Hannah Sydney:	I was thinking I the body
00:43:12	Desiree A:	Black
00:43:31	Desiree A:	😂😂
01:10:21	Desiree A:	like a tincture
01:11:02	Desiree A:	Yes that makes sense 
01:13:23	Brittany Rolle:	sorry can you repeat
01:15:46	Brittany Rolle:	yes
01:24:27	Desiree A:	Friday is good
01:24:38	Desiree A:	What is the purpose of the night walk?
01:25:05	Brittany Rolle:	will the night walks be on call as well or we are doing these individually?
01:31:13	Desiree A:	Yes!
01:31:38	Hannah Sydney:	yes
01:32:22	Brittany Rolle:	😂😂😂😂
01:42:38	Hannah Sydney:	is it isopropyl alcohol to add with the black walnut?
01:43:58	Desiree A:	What day is the homework due by?
01:44:17	Desiree A:	Ok lol
01:47:20	Hannah Sydney:	like telepathically
01:48:39	Brittany Rolle:	👍🏾
01:48:42	Desiree A:	Peace Everyone🌻🐞

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